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Space Weather and ESA


Space Weather and ESA E. Daly, A. Glover, A. Hilgers & B. Arbesser-Rastburg ESA Technical Directorate Outline Parts of ESA concerned Activites of the parts The future ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Space Weather and ESA

Space Weather and ESA
  • E. Daly, A. Glover, A. Hilgers B.
  • ESA Technical Directorate

  • Parts of ESA concerned
  • Activites of the parts
  • The future problems and prospects

ESA Parties involved
  • Technical Directorate
  • Operations
  • Science
  • Earth Observation
  • Policy Office
  • User directorates/ domains
  • Navigation
  • Telecommunications
  • Humans Spaceflight and Exploration
  • Science
  • Launchers
  • Earth Observation

  • Many affected missions
  • Consideration of effects during design
  • Operations support
  • Science missions support space weather
  • The scientific results underpin space weather
  • Science data useful for applications
  • ESA participation in International Living with a

see ESA Report to ILWS China 2006 (google ESA
  • SOHO Extension to 2009 (and bonus?)
  • Ulysses 3rd polar pass to 2008
  • Cluster extension 2009
  • Double-Star ext. 2007
  • XMM, Rosetta, Integral (Rad. Mons.)

  • Proba-2
  • SWARM one mans noise is another mans data
  • Solar Orbiter (2015)
  • BepiColombo (2013)
  • Radiation Monitors (Herschel, Planck, LPF, etc)

Other future missions
  • New science missions subject to community call
  • ESA participation in Solar-B (ground station)
  • Proba-3
  • Formation flying demonstrator
  • Science element may be solar related
  • Orbit may be of interest for plasma/particles
  • Technology reference studies (
  • Relevant to space weather (e.g.
    Crosscale,GeoSail, IHP, Solar Polar Orbiter)
  • Reflect perceived interests, but
  • Are mainly vehicles for identifying
    enabling technologies

Human Spaceflight and Exploration
  • Radiation environments and effects are major
  • Space weather radiation environment are
    important elements of technology roadmap

Earth Observation
  • SWARM Mission
  • EO satellites are affected
  • e.g. CRYOSAT GOCE affected by drag
  • Large complex instruments and data handling
    radiation concerns
  • Space Weather is on the borders of their domain
  • GMES Service-driven missions
  • Meteorological Missions (e.g. METOP carries the
    NOAA SEM sensor)

  • Mission of the Living Planet Programme
  • 3-satellite Geomagnetic Field mission to study
    core dynamics and geodynamo processes, crustal
    magnetisation, and ocean circulation from low
    Earth orbit
  • Ionosphere-magnetosphere current systems and
    magnetic forcing of the upper atmosphere need to
    be derived and taken care of - one mans
    noise is another mans data
  • Launch in 2010
  • Electric Field Instrument (Ion Drift Meter)
    provided by CSA in collaboration with ESA
    Science Programme

Courtesy of EADS
  • Galileo orbit passes through most intense part of
    outer radiation belt
  • high lifetime doses for constellation
  • Ionospheric effects on signals
  • GIOVE-A radiation monitor data under analysis
  • GIOVE-B launch due 2007 with radiation monitor
  • In-orbit Validation Phase (4 satellites) will
    carry monitors
  • Final constellation monitors TBD, but looks

DGs Policy Office
  • Responsible for the General Studies Programme
  • looking at future programmes,
  • innovative approaches,
  • early stage mission studies
  • funded SWPP 2M internal costs ( 2M
  • funded previous feasibility studies 1M
  • DG-P is considering ESAs future activities in
  • Surveillance
  • Situational Awareness
  • Cross-directorate strategy in preparation for
    ministerial conference 08 (new ideas)

Space Weather Pilot Project and Follow-On
  • SWPP is seen as highly successful
  • objective support investigation of maturity of
    the market
  • more than 20 CO-FUNDED services established
  • many operating/evolving beyond end of contracts
  • others emerging
  • Cost-Benefit Analysis (public/private data) needs
    to be evaluated in detail (esp. at level of the
    confidential data)
  • Internal Briefing in Preparation for Management
  • Products will be maintained e.g. SWENET and
    COST portal harmonization
  • This was the nominal end of the current
    commitment of the ESA General Studies Programme
  • Q1 Transition to what?
  • Q2 Evolutions in ESA landscape?

New ESA Networks in Engineering
  • Coordinate activities of ESA and member states
  • Network of Competences in Space Environments and
  • Domain of radiation plasma environments and
    effects on space systems
  • Establish and implement a joint RD roadmap and
    implementation plan
  • Chair Philippe Perol (Head, Elec. Engineering
  • Network of Experts on Propagation
  • Addresses both ionospheric and tropospheric
    propagation effects
  • Coordinates inputs to ITU
  • exchanges information on research activities
    funded under national or Framework budget, sets
    up collaborative experiments and provides for
    data exchange
  • Establish a set of strategic priorities.
  • Coordinator Bertram Arbesser-Rastburg

Technology RD
  • Under way
  • Solar energetic particle environment models
  • Engineering tools for radiation effects
  • Mars radiation environments
  • Spacecraft-plasma interaction simulation
  • Space Environment Information System (Spenvis)
  • Space environment systems for operations support
  • Models for propagation
  • GALILEO-GIOVE data analysis
  • Radiation/energetic particle instruments and
    effects experiments
  • Planned
  • Space weather IT for space engineering
  • Radiation belt engineering models
  • Jupiter radiation environments and effects
  • Radiation and plasma monitoring
  • Solar array plasma interactions
  • Radiation transport codes

Technology Missions
  • PROBA-1
  • Earth Obs. radiation monitor
  • PROBA-2
  • Solar payload
  • PROBA-3
  • Formation flying demo with coronagraph
  • Eccentric orbit suited to RB instrument

Conclusions and Remarks
  • ESA has strong interest in space weather
  • As a user (technology effects are increasing)
  • Growing appreciation in user directorates
  • Sponsor of technology research and service
  • Networks related to ESA technical domains
  • Underpinning science
  • The scale of any future (broad) application
    programme TBD
  • Depends on case made (competitively)
  • National delegation views important
  • EU and other non-space actors roles important
  • Ministerial 2008 is a new window of opportunity

Current Technology Reference Studies
  • Jovian Minisat Explorer (JME)
  • Venus Entry Probe (VEP)
  • Interstellar Heliopause Probe (IHP)
  • Deimos Sample Return (DSR)
  • Solar Polar Orbiter (SPO)
  • The Gamma Ray Lens (GRL)
  • GeoSail
  • Cross-scale
  • Wide Field Imager
  • Far IR Interferometer
  • Fundamental Physics Explorer