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Population and Housing Census 2011 Program

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Title: EASTERN DEVELOPMENT REGION Author: CBS Last modified by: user Created Date: 7/13/2001 9:54:25 AM Document presentation format: On-screen Show – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Population and Housing Census 2011 Program


1
Population and Housing Census 2011 Program
Central Bureau of Statistics, Nepal
2
Historical Background of Population Censuses in
Nepal
  • The first population count 1911 AD.
  • Other censuses 1920, 1930, 1941, 1952/54.
  • First synchronized census using standard census
    concepts 1961
  • Censuses taken every ten years since 1961.
  • Last census to date 2001

3
One Century Of Population Census In Nepal,
1911-2011
Census year Population Growth rate () Density (km²)
1911 5,638,749 38
1920 5,573,788 -0.13 38
1930 5,532,574 -0.74 38
1941 6,283,649 1.16 43
1952/54 8,256,625 2.27 56
1961 9,412,996 1.64 64
1971 11,555,983 2.05 79
1981 15,022,839 2.62 102
1991 18,491,097 2.08 126
2001 23,151,423 2.25 157
2011 (P) 28,584,975 2.13 194
4
Population Census 2011
  • Marks 100 years of census taking in Nepal.
  • Is the eleventh in the series of population
    enumeration in Nepal.
  • Marks the seventh scientific census in the modern
    sense of the term.
  • The first Population Census of the New Nepal

5
Methodology, Concepts, Definition
  • Usual Place of Residence (Modified Du-jure)
  • Concepts of household, HH head, household work
    and extended economic activity.
  • Standard classification of occupation and
    industry.
  • Elaborated groupings of caste/ethnicity and
    mother tongue.
  • Adequate examples and illustrations in the
    manuals.

6
Census Questionnaires in Census 2011
  • Two types of questionnaires
  • Short form (for complete count) and
  • Long form (for sample count).
  • Each of these questionnaires contains questions
    on HOUSEHOLD as well as INDIVIDUAL.
  • Questionnaire will be based on 2001 Census and
    feedbacks received from users and stakeholders.
  • Sample HOUSING unit as primary sampling unit.
  • All households and persons in the selected
    housing units were enumerated.

7
Questionnaires and Contents for Census 2011
  • (COMPLETE COUNT) FORM 1
  • A. HOUSEHOLD INFORMATION
  • Type of House, Roof ownership.
  • Agriculture land holding.
  • Livestock/poultry raised for agriculture purpose.
  • Female ownership on house and land
  • Presence of disable person
  • Small scale economic activities other than
    agriculture.
  • Absentees from HH, reasons country of
    destination.
  • B. INDIVIDUAL INFORMATION
  • Name, sex, age, relationship to the HH head.
  • caste/ethnicity, religion.
  • language spoken, citizenship, type of disability.

8
Questionnaires and Contents . (contd.)
  • (SAMPLE COUNT) FORM 2
  • A. HOUSEHOLD INFORMATION
  • Source of drinking water, type of cooking/
    lighting fuel.
  • Toilet HH facilities (computer, Mobile etc).
  • Main source of income
  • Maternal Deaths in the HH.
  • B. INDIVIDUAL INFORMATION
  • Place of birth, Migration and causes (conflict)
  • Educational attainment.
  • Marital status, Children born.
  • Economic/Non-economic activities,
  • occupation/Industry, employment status.
  • Living arrangement of children below 16 yrs of
    age.

9
Training for Population Census 2011
  • Training for 35,000 enumerators, 8,750
    supervisors, 350 Area Supervisors, 90 DCOs
  • Different Tiers of Training
  • Training of Trainers (10 days)
  • Training for DCOs (25), Area Supervisors (15
    days)
  • Training for Field Supervisors (10 days)
  • Training for Enumerators (10 days)
  • Separate Training for Pilot Census and PES
  • Use of 6 Training Manuals
  • Use of Separate Gender and Social Inclusion
    Manual
  • Use of GESI Experts

10
Census Mapping (Cartography)
  • Updated EA Maps will be produced for
  • All municipalities including those of Kathmandu
    Valley
  • All District Headquarters
  • Urban-headed or densely populated VDCs
  • Completed Cartographic Field work of 12
    municipalities Running Cartographic Field Work
    of 4 Municipalities
  • Digitizing maps is going on.
  • Major Challenges
  • Lack of Human Resources
  • Lack of Adequate Fund
  • Lack of Logistic Support
  • Uncomfortable mode of program execution

11
Census Publicity
  • Census Publicity Strategy Paper
  • Effective publicity campaign against the
    prevailing social, cultural and economic
    background.
  • Multimedia effort Radio, Television, SMS, Web,
    Newspapers, Posters, Pamphlets, and Bulletins,
    Postal Stamps, Public places campaigning,
    Alternative media (Gaine), Folk Songs
  • Message from the Head of the Government
  • Observe Census Day as a national holiday.

12
Census Materials Packaging and Dispatch
  • Packaging begins from July 2010
  • Dispatch
  • Private transport companies, Courier services
    and
  • CBS staff.
  • Airlifting for remote mountain districts.
  • More than 7 million pages of short form and 5
    million pages of long form.
  • More than 125 tones of census materials was
    transported during 2001

13
Data Processing
  • Feasibility of modern data capturing techniques
  • Coding/Editing (District level Vs. Central)
  • Data entry, coding and editing contract out to
    private agencies.
  • Estimated time for data entry 4-6 months.
  • About 400 micro-computers, 400 coder and data
    entry operators
  • Verification and tabulation at the CBS.

14
Data Dissemination
  • Preliminary results (within 2 months) based on
    quick count
  • Data dissemination strategy Hardcopy and Online
    simultaneously
  • Hard copies, CDs/DVDs, District Census Info and
    website (Interactive Web Portal).
  • Sample data on public domain
  • Dissemination Workshops, seminars and Training

15
Post Enumeration Survey (PES)
  • Post enumeration surveys conducted since 1981.
  • Considered limited in scope.
  • Not analyzed to the full extent.
  • The PES conducted after 2001 census shows under
    coverage of 4.5 percent.

16
Strategies for Population Census 2011 (contd.)
  • Census Enumerators and Supervisors
  • Preference to Local People with understanding of
    local language
  • Local school teachers
  • University graduates (Statistics/Demography)
  • Women Development Officers and other Government
    Staff including FCHW
  • Fresh recruitment.
  • Improved and Extensive Training/Manuals 7-10
    days of enumerators training

17
Strategies for Census Field Operation
  • Use of Enumeration Area (EA) Maps
  • EA digital maps of
  • 58 municipalities including Kathmandu Valley,
  • District Headquarters and Urban characterized
    VDCs
  • Capture geographical coordinates of all clusters
    and each dwelling using GPS
  • Data Dissemination through Web-Mapping,
    Interactive Maps, Atlas

18
Population Census 2011- Opportunities
  • Producing a series of socio-economic and
    demographic data that will be
  • A benchmark data for the New Nepal
  • Capable of measuring the impact of development
    activities since 2001
  • Capacity building (HRD, logistic support) of CBS
  • Adoption of new technologies OMR/ ICR, GPS,
    GIS, Interactive web portal
  • Producing digitized EA maps which can be utilized
    in other statistical surveys and censuses
  • Producing frames for Agriculture Census 2011 and
    other surveys

19
Challenges Ahead
  • Hunting for huge resources (financial, human,
    logistic, infrastructure)
  • US 24 Million
  • Donors contribution US 14.5 Million (Abt. 60
    of the total cost)
  • GoN contribution US 9.5 Million (40 of the
    total cost)
  • Limited time left (less than two years)
  • Establishment of District Census Offices in Jan
    2011 (18 months)
  • Packaging of the census materials in July 2010
    (12 months left)
  • Printing of the census forms/manuals in May 2010
    (10 months left)
  • Production of EA maps in July 2010 (12 months
    left)
  • Conduction of Pilot Census in January 2010 (6
    mths. left)

20
Challenges Ahead Contd.
  • HRD for the adoption of new technologies
  • OMR/ ICR, GPS, Cartography, Data Analysis and
    management, timely data dissemination,
    Interactive web portal
  • Quality Control
  • Recruitment of Census staff
  • Training
  • Field work (Data Collection)
  • Data processing (Particularly in coding/editing,
    Outsourcing, In sourcing)
  • Data security
  • Ever-increasing data-demand of stakeholders,
    international agencies and data users (lengthy
    questionnaires)
  • Data dissemination Compatibility with the
    Federal System

21
Way Forward
  • Donors commitment
  • Human Resource Development
  • Executing Census Program with Sense of Urgency
  • Fully stick to Census Calendar of Activities
  • Decision on adoption of new technologies OMR/
    ICR, GPS
  • Planning for PES

22
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