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Early Intervention Practices in Ethiopia


Early Intervention Practices in Ethiopia Tirussew Teferra, Professor of Special Needs Education, Ababa University, June 2010 Key Features of Early Intervention n ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Early Intervention Practices in Ethiopia

Early Intervention Practices in Ethiopia
  • Tirussew Teferra, Professor of Special Needs
    Education, Ababa University, June 2010

Key Features of Early Intervention n Practices in
  • Traditional Practices
  • Public Perceptions of disabilities/understandings/
  • Supernatural, possessed by evil spirit, evil
    deeds of the parents etc.
  • Different forms of psychological reactions
    towards the CwDs
  • Institutions
  • Religious Institutions /Christians/Muslims /
  • Deep prayer / Duaa/Reading religious texts/,
  • Receiving a sprinkling of holy water,
  • Drinking holy water,
  • Eating drinking blessed materials,
  • Putting eminet. (ash like substance) on the
    affected part of the body.

Tradional Practices
  • Traditional Healers
  • Awaki,Metsehaf-gelach, Debtera, Bale-zar,
    Qqalecha Wegesha
  • Traditional Medicne /Treatment
  • Herbal medicine administered internally or
  • Indigenous psychotherapy (including written
    material to be hanged on the neck or shoulder ),
  • Indigenous physiotherapy Wegesha.

  • The efforts in most cases have proved to be
    unsuccessful. This among others has
  • Eroded family resources,
  • Resulted the development of minor impairments to
    major disabilities,
  • Some may end-up to be harmful and fatalistic
  • Created different forms of family crisis
    feeling hopelessness in the family

Consequences cont
  • The misconceptions coupled with the hurdles
    of the traditional treatment patterns make the
    child not only devoid of timely psychosocial and
    sensory stimulation but may also expose him/her
    to additional health problems.

Socio cultural conceptions metaphors regarding
Early Intervention
  • Lejen be tut ehilen be tikiment
  • As the month of October is the right time for
    crop harvest so is
  • breast - feeding the right time for molding
    a childs behavior.
  • Zaf belejenet yetarekal
  • It is easy to straighten a tree during its
    nursery stage.
  • Eebaben be einchechu You can deal with the
  • during its early stage (zygotic phase)
  • Tamo kememakek askedemo methenkek
  • One should take care of oneself before
    falling to illness.

Useful and Harmful Child rearing practices
  • Early mother child emotional bondage
  • Breast feeding
  • Limitation of the role of the father on early
    child care
  • Disabling harmful practices
  • Widespread use of corporal punishment
  • Prevalence of child labour, abuse and neglect

  • Health Policy ( FDRE,1996)
  • Encourages early utilization of available health
    care facilities for the management of common
    childhood diseases
  • Promotes health care services, such as, maternal
    health care family planning maternal nutrition
  • Enhances access and utilization of immunization
    services and
  • Encourages the active involvement of parents in
    protecting and maintaining family health.

Policy-framework cont
  • Developmental and Social Welfare Policy
  • Promotes care and services to children so as to
    ensure their all-rounded and harmonious
  • Encourages the protection of children from any
    forms of neglect and abuses and
  • Warrants the necessity of directing efforts
    towards the elimination of harmful traditional

Encouraging undertakings by the Government
  • Maternal primarily health care education/health
    extension programs
  • Immunization,
  • Provision of health care services in the
    hospitals, clinics outreach programs,
  • An attempt to co-ordinate early childhood
    education programs,
  • Raising the awareness of the general public on
    the traditional harmful practices, right of the
    child, child abuse neglect , familys right

Non-governmental organizations Local
  • Community-Based Rehabilitation Services
  • Health, Education, Vocational Training,
    Advocacy Income Generating etc.,
  • Medical Training Centers
  • Sheltered Vocational-Training Centers
  • Treatment Rehabilitation Centers
  • Drop-in Centers for Street Children
  • Prosthetic Orthotic Production Centers.

Early intervention The way forward in Ethiopia
  • Scientific practical reasons to start early
  • Prevention of pre, peri post-natal childhood
    disabling factors,
  • Enhancement of the childs development cognitive
    sensory stimulation,
  • Exploiting the optimal readiness for learning,
  • Building healthy psycho-social well-being,
  • Provision of family assistance parents
  • Undertaking cost-effective intervention requires
    less time effort )
  • Ensuring economic benefits maximizes the childs
    the familys benefit to society.

  • Thank You !!
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