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The Human Development Index


The Human Development Index What is it? 3. Knowledge (Literacy Rate, enrolment rates in school, etc.) Over 100 statistics are weighted and combined to generate a ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Human Development Index

The Human Development Index
What is it?
  • A yearly comparison of the development of
    nations around the world

- A combined measure of 3 major areas
1. Health (Life expectancy, Infant Mortality,
2. Standard of living (GDP per person, public
debt, etc.)
  • 3. Knowledge (Literacy Rate, enrolment rates in
    school, etc.)

Over 100 statistics are weighted and combined to
generate a number between 0 and 1
  • A HDI below 0.5 is considered to represent low
  • A HDI of 0.8 or more is considered to represent
    high development

  • What does it say?
  • Citizens of most countries are living better
    lives today than they did 25 years ago
  • Some nations are falling behind in development
    (the gap between the haves and the have nots
    is widening)

World map indicating HDI of nation-states, 2005.
The colour generalisation graduates from green
(for high development), to yellow and orange (for
medium development), to red (for low development).
Most Livable Countries, 2007 1. Iceland 11.
Finland 2. Norway 12. United States
3. Australia 13. Spain 4. Canada 14. Denmar
k 5. Ireland 15. Austria 6. Sweden
16. United Kingdom 7. Switzerland 17. Belgiu
m 8. Japan 18. Luxembourg 9. Netherlands
19. New Zealand 10. France 20. Italy
  • Least Livable Countries, 2007
  • Sierra Leone
  • Burkina Faso
  • 3. Guinea-Bissau
  • 4. Niger
  • 5. Mali
  • 6. Mozambique
  • 7. Central African Republic
  • 8. Chad
  • 9. Ethiopia
  • 10. Congo, Dem. Rep. of

LINK TO 2006 RANKINGS http//
Some HDI Indicators
  • GDP (Gross Domestic Product) Total value of
    goods and services produced within a country
  • Life Expectancy Average lifespan of the
  • Literacy Rate Rate of the population that has
    the ability to read and write
  • Food Supply Amount of energy (food) adequate to
    sustain the population
  • Doctors per Person

Categorization of Countries
  • Countries are placed in a category
  • DEVELOPED (High Human Develpment) A country with
    a highly developed economy. High incomes and
    abundance of food, good housing and many
  • NEWLY INDUSTRIALIZED (Medium Human Development)
    Countries are in the transition stage between
    developed and developing. Growing economies.
  • DEVELOPING (Low Human Development) A country
    with a poorly developed economy. Low incomes,
    shortages of food, poor housing and people cannot
    afford luxuries.