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The Human Development Index

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The Human Development Index What is it? 3. Knowledge (Literacy Rate, enrolment rates in school, etc.) Over 100 statistics are weighted and combined to generate a ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Human Development Index


1
The Human Development Index
2
What is it?
  • A yearly comparison of the development of
    nations around the world

- A combined measure of 3 major areas
1. Health (Life expectancy, Infant Mortality,
etc.)
2. Standard of living (GDP per person, public
debt, etc.)
  • 3. Knowledge (Literacy Rate, enrolment rates in
    school, etc.)

3
Over 100 statistics are weighted and combined to
generate a number between 0 and 1
  • A HDI below 0.5 is considered to represent low
    development
  • A HDI of 0.8 or more is considered to represent
    high development

4
  • What does it say?
  • Citizens of most countries are living better
    lives today than they did 25 years ago
  • Some nations are falling behind in development
    (the gap between the haves and the have nots
    is widening)

5
World map indicating HDI of nation-states, 2005.
The colour generalisation graduates from green
(for high development), to yellow and orange (for
medium development), to red (for low development).
6
Most Livable Countries, 2007 1. Iceland 11.
Finland 2. Norway 12. United States
3. Australia 13. Spain 4. Canada 14. Denmar
k 5. Ireland 15. Austria 6. Sweden
16. United Kingdom 7. Switzerland 17. Belgiu
m 8. Japan 18. Luxembourg 9. Netherlands
19. New Zealand 10. France 20. Italy
7
  • Least Livable Countries, 2007
  • Sierra Leone
  • Burkina Faso
  • 3. Guinea-Bissau
  • 4. Niger
  • 5. Mali
  • 6. Mozambique
  • 7. Central African Republic
  • 8. Chad
  • 9. Ethiopia
  • 10. Congo, Dem. Rep. of

LINK TO 2006 RANKINGS http//en.wikipedia.org/wik
i/List_of_countries_by_Human_Development_Index
8
Some HDI Indicators
  • GDP (Gross Domestic Product) Total value of
    goods and services produced within a country
  • Life Expectancy Average lifespan of the
    population
  • Literacy Rate Rate of the population that has
    the ability to read and write
  • Food Supply Amount of energy (food) adequate to
    sustain the population
  • Doctors per Person

9
Categorization of Countries
  • Countries are placed in a category
  • DEVELOPED (High Human Develpment) A country with
    a highly developed economy. High incomes and
    abundance of food, good housing and many
    luxuries.
  • NEWLY INDUSTRIALIZED (Medium Human Development)
    Countries are in the transition stage between
    developed and developing. Growing economies.
  • DEVELOPING (Low Human Development) A country
    with a poorly developed economy. Low incomes,
    shortages of food, poor housing and people cannot
    afford luxuries.
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