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THE SCIENTIFIC REVOLUTION AND THE ENLIGHTENMENT

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THE SCIENTIFIC REVOLUTION AND THE ENLIGHTENMENT Learning Objective Explain how the scientific world influenced society and thought SCIENTIFIC REVOLUTION Changing ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: THE SCIENTIFIC REVOLUTION AND THE ENLIGHTENMENT


1
THE SCIENTIFIC REVOLUTION AND THE ENLIGHTENMENT
2
Learning Objective
  • Explain how the scientific world influenced
    society and thought

3
SCIENTIFIC REVOLUTION Changing views of the
universe
4
COPERNICUS
  • Polish scholar
  • Proposed the idea of a heliocentric or _________
    centered universe
  • The ___________ was one of several planets to
    revolve around the _______

5
COPERNICUS SOLAR SYSTEM
6
GALILEO
  • Observed Jupiters moons orbiting that planet
  • Condemned by the Catholic Church
  • His ideas challenged Christian teachings
  • That heavens were _________________

7
GALILEO FACING AN INQUISITION
  • 1633- tried before the inquisition
  • Threatened with ________ unless he withdrew his
    heresies
  • Agreed to state publicly that the _______ stood
    motionless at center of the universe

8
Homework
  • Define Heliocentric
  • How did astronomers change the way people viewed
    the universe?
  • Why did the Catholic church have such strong
    opposition to the scientific view?
  • In your own words describe what the scientific
    method is.

9
SCIENTIFIC METHOD
10
SIR ISSAC NEWTON
  • Proved Galileo correct
  • Defined the Law of Gravity

11
LAW OF GRAVITY
12
THE ENLIGHTENMENT
13
Learning Objective
  • Identify the key figures of the Enlightenment and
    their philosophies

14
John Locke
  • Felt people had natural rights
  • Life, liberty property
  • Social Contract
  • Governments are formed to protect natural rights

15
TWO TREATIES OF GOVERNMENT
16
VOLTAIRE
  • Freedom of Speech
  • Wrote about inequality injustice

17
Montesquieu
  • Spirit of Laws 1748
  • Discussed governments praised Britains limited
    monarchy
  • Separation of Powers
  • Checks Balances

18
THE SPIRIT OF LAWS
THREE BRANCHES
19
ROUSSEAU
  • Felt society placed too many limitations on
    peoples behavior
  • Believed government should be minimal

20
Physiocrats
  • Focused on economic reform

21
David Hume
  • First form of skepticism
  • He was a naturalist

22
Adam Smith
  • British economist
  • Wealth of Nations
  • Laissez Faire economics
  • Allowing business to operate with little or no
    government interference
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