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Student Objectives- The Second World War, Cold War, and Vietnam Students will identify and discuss the steps taken by Germany and Japan that led to the Second World War. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Student Objectives- The Second World War, Cold War, and Vietnam


1
  • Student Objectives- The Second World War,
    Cold War, and Vietnam
  • Students will identify and discuss the steps
    taken by Germany and Japan that led to the Second
    World War.
  • Students will write about the effects of the
    peace treaties issued between the First World War
    and the onset of the Second World War.
  • Students will write about some of the major
    personalities involved in the Second World War.
  • Students will examine the consequences of the
    Holocaust and discuss them in class.
  • Students will evaluate the international
    conditions that led to the Cold War and write
    about them.
  • Students will analyze some of the key events of
    the Cold War Era such as the Cuban Missile
    Crisis, the Berlin Crisis, and the Vietnam War
    and write about them.
  • Students will explore the social changes that
    occurred during this era and their long term
    effects on Western societies.

2
  • Define Chapters 29 and 30 key vocabulary terms
    (15) appeasement, pacifism, blitzkrieg,
    concentration camps, kamikaze, superpowers,
    anti-ballistic missiles, détente, ideology,
    containment, demilitarized zone, guerrillas,
    domino theory, glasnost, and perestroika
  • Identify the following people, places, and
    events
  • Axis Powers, Anschluss, Sudetenland,
    Nazi-Soviet Pact, Luftwaffe, Holocaust,
    Lend-Lease Act, Dwight Eisenhower, Yalta
    Conference, Hiroshima, Nagasaki, Nuremberg,
    United Nations, Cold War, Truman Doctrine,
    Marshall Plan, North Atlantic Treaty
    organization, Warsaw Pact, Ronald Reagan, John F.
    Kennedy, Nikita Khrushchev, 38th parallel, Kim Il
    Sung, Syngman Rhee, Ho Chi Minh, Dienbienphu,
    Viet Cong, and Tet Offensive

3
The Second World War, Cold War, and Vietnam
  • 1939-1990

4
The Second World War
  • 1939-1945

5
Territorial Expansion-Japan, Italy, and Germany
  • Japan
  • Japans dependence on foreign resources
  • Japanese invasion of Manchuria (Sept. 1931)
  • Failure of the League of Nations
  • The East Indies and oil reserves
  • South China?
  • Summer of 1937, Japan launched a full-blown
    invasion of China

6
  • Italy
  • Dispute between Italy and Ethiopia
  • Italian invasion of Ethiopia (October 1935)
  • Ethiopias appeal to the League of Nations
  • The League condemned Italys actions and imposed
    economic sanctions. However, the sanctions did
    not include coal, iron, or oil.
  • Failure of the League of Nations
  • Italy annexed the African nation of Ethiopia in
    1936.

7
  • Spanish Civil War
  • 1930s, King Alfonso III of Spain abdicated the
    throne and Spain became a republic
  • Social reforms
  • Eliminated the role of the Catholic Church in
    educating the youth
  • Redistributed the land from the nobles to the
    peasants
  • Conservative opposition and civil war (1936)
  • Conservative Spanish Nationalists v. Republican
    Spanish Loyalists
  • The Soviets aided the Loyalists Italy and
    Germany supported the Nationalists
  • U.S., Great Britain, and France?
  • International Brigade
  • The Nationalists, led by fascist dictator
    Francisco Franco, took control of Spain in 1939.

8
  • Germany
  • Hitler believed that Germany needed more living
    space (lebensraum) for its growing population.
    Germany needed more land to become a great power.
  • The Rhineland (March of 1936)
  • The Rome-Berlin Axis (Germany and Italy, October
    1936)
  • Anti-Comintern Pact- anti-communist alliance
    between Italy, Germany, and Japan
  • Anschluss (March 1938) Germany annexed Austria
  • Czechoslovakia was taken in 1939.
  • Czechoslovakias ethnic composition?
  • Hitler demanded the German-dominated Sudetenland
    (northwestern Czechoslovakia) in September of
    1938.
  • Neville Chamberlain (British Prime Minister)
  • The Munich Conference
  • Peace for our time
  • The British policy of appeasement
  • On March 15, 1939, Hitler seized Czechoslovakia.

9
  • Germany and eastern Europe
  • Poland
  • Great Britain and France?
  • The Nazi-Soviet Nonaggression Pact
  • Hitler and Stalin agreed upon mutual
    nonaggression.
  • Stalin knew that war with Germany was inevitable
    but realized the pact would provide time to
    prepare for war.
  • Britain and France outraged?
  • No barrier existed to prevent war.
  • Hitler invaded Poland on September 1, 1939.
  • Two days later Great Britain and France declared
    war on Germany.
  • The Second World War (World War II) had begun.

10
The War in Europe
  • September 1, 1939, the Germans launched an attack
    on Poland using a new military strategy.
  • blitzkrieg- lightning war an attack strategy
    of speed and efficiency using armored tank
    divisions (panzers) and airplanes
  • Polands quick defeat
  • Meanwhile, the Soviet Union occupied the eastern
    half of Poland and subjugated the Baltic
    republics of Latvia, Lithuania, Estonia, and
    Finland.

11
  • The phony war or Sitzkrieg (winter and spring
    of 1939-1940)
  • Hitler demanded that Denmark and Norway accept
    Germanys protection.
  • April of 1940, Germanys occupation of Norway b
  • Great Britain, May 10, 1940-Winston Churchill was
    appointed prime minister

12
  • The Fall of France
  • A flaw in the impenetrable Maginot Line
  • Germans advance through the Ardennes Forest
  • May 1940, the German air assault (Netherlands)
  • Britain and France moved into Belgium but were
    encircled by the German army
  • Meanwhile, other German tanks moved to France
  • German troops invaded Paris on June 14, 1940.
  • The French were forced to sign an armistice, and
    the Germans occupied France.
  • Dunkirk (May 1940)
  • Belgian, French, and British forces were forced
    to the coast by German troops.
  • Over 300,000 Allied soldiers were rescued by the
    military and courageous civilians.

13
  • The Battle of Britain (1940)
  • Great Britain was Hitlers last obstacle in
    gaining complete German domination of western
    Europe.
  • Hitler expectations?
  • Winston Churchills resolve
  • Hitlers Operation Sea Lion
  • The German Luftwaffe and massive air attacks all
    over southern England
  • British losses?
  • Never in the field of human conflict was so much
    owed by so many to so few.

14
  • Even though large tracts of Europe and many old
    and famous states have fallen or may fall into
    the grips of the Gestapo and the odious apparatus
    of Nazi rule, we shall not flag or fail. We shall
    go on to the end, we shall fight in France, we
    shall fight in the seas and oceans, and we shall
    fight with growing confidence and growing
    strength in the air, we shall defend our island
    whatever the cost may be, we shall fight on the
    beaches, we shall fight on the landing grounds,
    we shall fight in the fields and in the streets,
    we shall fight in the hills we shall never
    surrender
  • -Winston Churchill
    from a speech made before
    the British Parliament on June 4,
    1940

15
  • U.S. Cooperation
  • The U.S. Congress enacted laws designed to keep
    Americans out of the war.
  • Neutrality Acts (1937)- prohibited arms shipments
    and loans to belligerent nations.
  • President Roosevelt, however, realized that
    German expansion threatened American security and
    that Britain and France would not be able to stop
    Hitler without U.S. assistance.
  • cash-and-carry policy- the U.S. traded supplies
    that Britain needed for cash, provided that
    Britain use its ships to transport the supplies.
  • lend-lease policy- the president was authorized
    to lend war equipment to any country whose
    defense he deemed vital to U.S. national
    security.
  • The Atlantic Charter (August 9, 1941)- Churchill
    and Roosevelt (freedom of self-determination,
    freedom of trade, and destruction of Nazi
    tyranny)

16
Hitler Video Questions
  1. What did Hitler do after dropping out of high
    school?
  2. How did Hitler feel about the First World War?
  3. What was the name of Hitlers political party?
  4. What did Hitler and the Nazis attempt in 1923?
  5. Who was Joseph Goebbels?
  6. What was the Sudetenland? Why did Hitler want
    it?
  7. What was Hitlers boldest move (September 1,
    1939)?
  8. What happened at Dunkirk in 1940?
  9. Where did Hitler force France to sign a treaty of
    surrender?
  10. What happened on June 6, 1944?

17
Cold War
  • 1949-1990

18
  • Cold War- post-WWII relationship between the
    Soviet Union (USSR) and the Western nations
    (principally the USA) characterized by tension
    and hostility bringing the two powers to the
    brink of war (cold war) without actually going to
    war (hot war).
  • Tension between the USA and USSR was at its
    greatest during the intensification of the
    nuclear arms race in the 1960s.
  • The Cold War ended in 1990 after twenty years of
    arms reduction and control negotiations.
  • Why did tension exist between the USSR and the
    USA?

19
  • Prelude to the Cold War (1945- )
  • Soviet liberation of Eastern Europe from Nazi
    control (1945)
  • Civil war in Greece (1946)
  • Communist Peoples Liberation Army
  • Anti-communist forces supported by Great Britain
  • The Truman Doctrine (1947)- US foreign policy
    that provided for military and economic aid to
    countries threatened by communist expansion.
  • Marshall Plan (1947)
  • COMECON (1949)
  • The Berlin Crisis (1948)
  • Division of Germany and Berlin (p.955)
  • Great Britain, France, the United States, and the
    Soviet Union
  • The Berlin Blockade
  • Federal Republic of Germany (west) and German
    Democratic Republic (east)

20
  • The arms race and the reemergence of hostile
    alliance systems
  • NATO-North Atlantic Treaty Organization (1949)-
    mutual defense agreement between Western nations,
    including the Belgium, Great Britain, the USA,
    Norway, Canada, and Portugal.
  • Warsaw Pact (1955)- mutual defense agreement
    between Eastern European nations, including
    Albania, Bulgaria, Hungary, Czechoslovakia, East
    Germany, Poland, and Romania.
  • Hungary (1956)
  • Czechoslovakia (1968)

21
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22
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23
  • The Korean War (1950-1953)
  • Communists gained control of China (1949)
  • Communist North Korea allied with Communist China
    and the Soviet Union and attacked the pro-Western
    Republic of South Korea
  • The Wests new perspective on Communism
  • The Cuban Missile Crisis (1962)
  • Fidel Castro (1959)
  • Bay of Pigs
  • John F. Kennedy and Nikita Khrushchev
  • The superpowers on the verge of nuclear war
  • 1963- direct telephone link between Washington
    D.C. and Moscow
  • Treaty banning the testing of nuclear weapons in
    the atmosphere

24
  • Study Questions
  • What was discussed at the Yalta Conference in
    1945? Who was involved? List the major
    decisions made at this meeting.
  • Why do you think President Roosevelt referred to
    the U.S. as the arsenal of democracy during
    the Second World War?
  • What happened to Japanese-Americans along the
    West Coast during the war? Why did this happen?
  • Identify what the Manhattan Project succeeded in
    developing in 1945.
  • Why did some governments advocate bombing
    civilian populations? What was the U.S. position
    on bombing civilians?
  • Explain why President Truman and his advisors
    decided to use the atomic bomb in 1945?
  • Describe the devastation that the atomic bomb
    caused Japan in 1945.
  • What is the United Nations? When was it formed
    and for what purpose was it created?
  • What was the Cold War and how long did it last?
  • What is containment? How does this term relate to
    the Truman Doctrine?
  • What did the U.S. offer to Europe through the
    Marshall Plan? Why was it offered?

25
  • What is the term used in reference to the
    post-WWII relationship between the Soviet Union
    and the USA characterized by tension and
    hostility bringing the two powers to the brink of
    war?
  • What was the Truman Doctrine intended to do?
  • Which four nations occupied Germany after the
    war?
  • What happened in Berlin in 1948?
  • What was NATO? Warsaw Pact?
  • What was the U.S. policy of containment? Domino
    theory?
  • Who were the political leaders in the U.S. and
    the Soviet Union in the early 1960s?
  • When, where, and why was the Berlin Wall built?
  • Identify three examples of Cold War conflict in
    the period from 1948 until 1980.
  • What action did the Soviet leader take in Cuba in
    1962 that stirred American fears? Why?
  • How did the United States respond to the Soviet
    Unions actions in 1962?
  • What does the term détente mean?

26
Test Thursday 5/15
  • The Second World War, Cold War, and Vietnam
  • Study pp. 924-956, 966-974, and 989-1006
  • Study Vocabulary Words
  • Review your class notes and study questions
  • The test will be comprised of 50 objective
    questions
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