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The Crime Victim Role: Family Group Decision Making and Restorative Group Conferencing

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Title: Using Family Group Decision Making with Juvenile Probation Author: cfatizinger Last modified by: Blackburn-Reich, Susan Created Date: 10/18/2006 4:24:50 PM – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Crime Victim Role: Family Group Decision Making and Restorative Group Conferencing


1
The Crime Victim Role Family Group Decision
Making and Restorative Group Conferencing
  • Susan Blackburn
  • Patti Noss
  • April 23, 2014

2
Workshop Objectives
  • Identify and compare the core values and
    principles of Family Group Decision Making and
    Restorative Group Conferencing
  • Recognize the similarities and the differences in
    the meeting process between the 2 models
  • Differentiate the role of the crime victim in
    each model
  • Recognize how each model addresses the reduction
    of the traumatic stress of justice involvement by
    families, youth and crime victims

3
Systemic Clarifications
  • Balanced and Restorative Justice is the mission
    of the Pennsylvania Juvenile Justice System built
    on values, principles and beliefs
  • Restorative Group Conferencing is a
    process/program that encompasses those values,
    principles and beliefs and empowers crime victims
  • Family Group Decision Making is a practice built
    on values, principles and beliefs supported by
    the PA Department of Public Welfare and The
    Administrative Office of the PA Supreme Court
  • The Family Group Conference is a process that
    encompasses those values, principles and beliefs
    while empowering families and community

4
PA Balanced and Restorative Justice
  • Community Protection
  • Victim Restoration
  • Youth Redemption
  • Three Clients
  • Community
  • Victims
  • Youth
  • Three goals
  • Community Protection
  • Accountability
  • Competency Development

5
Shared Interest
Offender Interests
Victim Interests
Community Interests
Victim/Offender/ Community
6
What is FGDM?
  • Family Group Decision Making is a strength based,
    solution focused, collaborative practice that
    draws on the inherent strength and knowledge of
    family and community
  • A practice that addresses key concerns in order
    for an agreed upon purpose to be achieved via a
    written and collaborative planning process

7
FGDM Foundational Values and Beliefs
  • Families have strengths and can change
  • Strengths resolve concerns
  • Family Members should be the primary decision
    makers for their family
  • Empowering people is preferable to controlling
    them

8
Empowering families will lead to families
controlling their lives Family Members know their
families best Children are best raised in
families Families should be respected Mistakes
are opportunities for growth and development
9
  • All families have the greatest investment in
    seeing their children safe and successful
  • All families have the ability to come together
    and solve family concerns
  • All families have some resources they can count
    on to help them in times of need

10
What is RGC ?
  • Restorative Group Conferencing is a practice
    which provides opportunities for those most
    directly affected by a crime (victim, offender,
    families, and other community members) to be
    actively involved in the process of addressing
    harms, needs and obligations
  • Conferencing focuses on offender accountability
    and repair of the harm, victim healing, and
    community safety, through a face-to-face
    encounter/dialogue

11
RGC Process Foundational Values and Beliefs
  • When a crime is committed victims and communities
    are harmed
  • By committing these offenses, juvenile offenders
    incur an obligation to repair that harm
  • Victims, communities, offenders and their
    families should have opportunities for active
    involvement in the justice process

12
Comparison of Meeting Process
  • Family Group Decision Making
  • Restorative Group Conferencing
  • Referral
  • Preparation
  • Meeting Process
  • Introductions
  • Guidelines
  • Family Tradition
  • Brief History
  • Sharing of Strengths
  • Sharing of Concerns
  • Agency Bottom Line Concerns
  • Referral
  • Preparation
  • Meeting Process
  • Introductions
  • Review Process and Incident
  • Participants Stories
  • Victim or Offender (victims choice)
  • Input from supporters of each
  • Discussion on harms, needs and prevention
  • Reparations, needs, and prevention plan

13
  • Restorative Group Conferencing Stages
  • Family Group Decision Making Stages
  • Meeting Process (cont)
  • Sharing of Resources
  • Sharing of a meal
  • Private family time
  • Presentation and acceptance of the family plan
  • Follow-up via Post Conference and 30 Day Call
  • Meeting Process (cont)
  • Acceptance by group of the plan components
  • Plan write up/documentation
  • Facilitator
  • Sharing of meal (very optional)
  • Follow-up

14
Dynamics of Victimization
  • A crime victim does not choose to be a victim
  • Many crime victims suffer from the crime and can
    be impacted in numerous ways such as
  • Physical, financial, and emotional harm
  • Crisis reactions and PTSD
  • The effects from victimization vary with
    individual victims
  • Care must be used when assessing the victims
    ability to face the offender/family

15
Concerns Around Victim Inclusion
  • Varying levels of crime victim trauma
  • Relationship of crime victim to the child and
    family
  • Confidentiality for crime victim, child and
    family
  • There may be times that a crime victim may not be
    appropriate for a family group conference

16
Crime Victim Role
  • Family Group Decision Making
  • Restorative Group Conferencing
  • Process is family driven with victim voice
    followed
  • Youth must admit to offense
  • Preparation is comprehensive for both crime
    victim and their supporters
  • Victim has a choice as to what level of
    involvement, if any, they want
  • Victim may incorporate a bottom line concern
    that addresses their needs which the youth/family
    must address
  • Process is victim- focused
  • Participation is voluntary
  • Youth must admit to offense
  • Preparation is comprehensive for both crime
    victim and their supporters
  • Victims may be asked to complete an impact
    statement
  • Victim(s) and supports are seated first
  • Victim has option of speaking first
  • Meeting Process
  • Participants share their stories
  • express their feelings and needs

17
RGC and FGDM Similarities
  • RGC provides a format for the inclusion of all
    parties
  • RGC provides a format for the offending juvenile
    and his/her family to be accountable and
    responsible to repair the harm caused to the
    victim and the community
  • RGC provides a venue in which that participation
    can occur safely
  • RGC provides an opportunity for the family /
    participants to develop a plan that addresses
    accountability, competency development and
    community protection
  • FGDM provides a format for the inclusion of all
    parties
  • FGDM provides a format for accountability to
    occur in a collaborative manner to ensure that
    the juvenile is held accountable and responsible
  • FGDM provides a venue in which that participation
    can occur safely
  • FGDM provides an opportunity for the family group
    to develop a plan that addresses accountability,
    competency development, and community protection

18
RGC and FGDM Differences
  • RGC
  • Incident focused
  • Victim centered
  • Victim /community needs
  • Participants narrative (victim option for
    speaking first)
  • No Private Participant time
  • Victim Empowerment
  • FGDM
  • Family driven
  • Family and victim needs
  • Sharing of strengths
  • Sharing of concerns
  • Private Family time
  • Family and Victim Empowerment

19
Victim Voice in RGC/FGDM
  • RGC
  • Victims choice to be involved
  • Not involved
  • Submit a victim impact statement
  • Make an informed decision to participate in a RGC
  • Secondary victims can be involved in they choose
  • FGDM
  • Victims choice to be involved as they choose
  • Not involved
  • Written statement
  • Written statement with accountability expectation
  • Phoned in for part or all of FGC
  • Present for part or all of FGC

20
FGDM RGC in Juvenile Justice
  • Both processes are a means to address juvenile
    justice goals
  • Both processes are evidence based practices
  • FGDM/RGC Work Best
  • As a diversion to entering the Juvenile Justice
    System/Intake
  • When a juvenile has admitted to the offense or
    been adjudicated of the offense
  • When a juvenile is under JPO supervision
  • When a juvenile is returning from placement

21
Questions/Comments
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