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The Supreme Court

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The Supreme Court Ch. 10 Sec. 3 Pp. 276-285 Judicial Review The Supreme Court can overturn any law that is in conflict with the Constitution They can only interpret a ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Supreme Court


1
The Supreme Court
  • Ch. 10
  • Sec. 3
  • Pp. 276-285

2
Judicial Review
  • The Supreme Court can overturn any law that is in
    conflict with the Constitution
  • They can only interpret a law if it relates to a
    specific case they are hearing

3
Marbury v. Madison
  • Marbury was promised a job by President Adams,
    but he did not get it before a new President took
    over (Madison)
  • He went directly to the Supreme Court
  • Established judicial review SC can declare
    unconstitutional any law that violates the
    Constitution

4
Justices
  • No qualifications listed in Constitution
  • President chooses from respected judges and
    lawyers, Congress approves
  • Chief Justice and eight associate justices

5
The Work of the Supreme Court
  • Choose cases they want to hear
  • Appeals can be denied if the judges agree with
    the lower courts decision, or if there is no
    important point of law
  • Hear 100 cases
  • Study briefs (written arguments) and other
    written records
  • Make a decision after hearing oral arguments

6
The Work of the Supreme Court
  • Written opinion of decisions show how the law
    must be applied, or how the Constitution must be
    interpreted
  • Laws and Constitution represent the will of the
    people
  • Interpreting laws try to determine the
    intentions of lawmakers
  • Presidents appoint people who agree with them

7
A Changing Court
  • 50s-60s Judicial Activism judges played an
    active role in policymaking by overturning laws
  • 70s-80s Judicial Restraint judges avoid
    overturning laws and leave policymaking to the
    other branches

8
The Court and Other Branches of Government
  • President appoints justices
  • Congress confirms or refuses to confirm
    appointments
  • Citizens can pressure Congress to change laws or
    pass amendments
  • Citizens can elect President who will appoint
    justices who agree with them.

9
Questions
  • A Supreme Court Opinion
  • Changes the Constitution
  • Interprets the Constitution
  • Can not be overturned
  • Controls Congress

10
Questions
  • Congress checks the power of the President and
    the Supreme Court by not
  • Confirming an appointment
  • Agreeing with court rulings
  • Re-electing Supreme Court Justices
  • Overriding a veto

11
Questions
  • What type of cases does the Supreme Court hear?
  • It hears all cases
  • The President decides
  • It hears cases about Constitutional issues
  • Congress decides by voting
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