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Ancient River Civilizations

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Title: World History I Mid Term Drill Author: matthew hollowell Last modified by: LCPS Created Date: 4/7/2013 5:49:31 AM Document presentation format – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Ancient River Civilizations


1
Ancient River Civilizations
  • WHI SOL
  • Part II

2
Name the Civilizations
?
?
?
?
3
Huang He
4
What is the time period in which these early
river valleys existed?
5
3500-1500 BCE
6
Since these river valley civilizations are the
birthplaces of civilizations, what is their
nickname?
7
The Cradles of Civilizations
8
What did these river valleys have to offer for
farmers
9
Rich Fertile soil
10
To help bring water to their crops farmers used
this method
11
Irrigation
12
Between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers was a
fertile plain known as
13
  • Mesopotamia

14
Mesopotamia had advanced cities. Each of these
cities were independent with their own leaders.
What do we call these type of cities?
15
City-states
16
These city states had a centralized government.
At first they were run by people who had
religious authority. Who were these people?
17
Priests
18
Religion was a major part of life in all early
civilizations. Each of the civilizations believed
in many gods. What is a term for this?
19
polytheism
20
Military leaders would soon take over the city
states. They would come to be known as
21
Monarchs or Kings
22
Hereditary lines of kings would be known as
23
Dynasties
24
Around 3000 B.C. the scribes in Mesopotamia
invented a system of writing to record their
business transactions. They wrote on moist clay
tablets with a stylus made out from a sharpened
reed. What do we call this writing?
25
Cuneiform
26
The people in Mesopotamia began using this metal
rather than copper and stone to make tools and
weapons?
27
Bronze
28
By bringing together the peoples and nations of
northern and southern Mesopotamia, Sargon of
Akkad created the worlds first-
29
Empire
30
What is an empire?
31
Several people from different lands, nations, or
previously independent states under the control
of one ruler.
32
The Babylonian Empire would emerge in
Mesopotamia. The first king of the Babylonian
empire inscribed laws on 8 foot tall stone
tablets and placed them throughout his empire.
Who was he?
33
Hammurabi
34
What were his laws known as?
35
Hammurabis Code
36
An important idea of law from Hammurabi's Code was
37
Eye for an Eye, Tooth for a Tooth
38
This river flowed through the Egyptian
civilization
39
The Nile
40
The area of the Nile River that emptied into the
Mediterranean Sea was rich in soil deposits. What
was this land known as?
41
Nile Delta
42
The writing of the ancient Egyptians is
43
Hieroglyphics
44
Egyptians dominated these people to the south for
1000 years (2000 to 1000 BCE)
45
Nubia
46
As Egypt fell into decline around 1000 B.C., this
Nubian kingdom began emerging as a regional power?
47
The kingdom of Kush
48
After the Kushites lost Egypt to the Assyrians
they retreated from Egypt and prospered for
several centuries in this city?
49
Meroë
50
Meroë would become a major center for the
manufacture of weapons and tools made from this
metal
51
iron
52
What is the area highlighted in Green called?
53
The Fertile Crescent
54
According to the Jewish scriptures, this man was
spoken to by a God named Yahweh.
55
Abraham
  • Abram accepted this offer, and the b'rit
    (covenant) between God and the Jewish people was
    established. (Gen. 12).

56
Yahweh told Abraham he was the one and only God.
This was very different as all other people
believed in many gods. What do you call people
who only believe in one God?
57
Monotheistic
58
The scriptures say that Yahweh then told Abraham
to leave Mesopotamia and go to this land
59
Canaan
60
Abraham left with his family for Canaan. Canaan
was between the Jordan River and this Sea
61
The MediterraneanSea
62
Abraham had many descendants. His people would
become known as the
63
Hebrews
64
So, who is the Father of the Hebrew People?
65
Abraham
  • Abram accepted this offer, and the b'rit
    (covenant) between God and the Jewish people was
    established. (Gen. 12).

66
The first five books of the Hebrew Bible are
known as
67
The Torah
68
Due to a drought, the Hebrews would leave Canaan
and go to this land
69
Egypt
70
In Egypt, the Hebrews would eventually become
71
Slaves
72
The Hebrew scriptures said that Yahweh told this
man to lead the Hebrew people out of Egypt.
73
Moses
74
What was this event known as?
75
The Exodus
76
The Jewish celebration of the Exodus is called
77
Passover
78
During this time the Hebrew scriptures say that
Moses received these moral and religious laws
from Yahweh
79
The Ten Commandments
80
Moses would lead the Hebrews through the desert
for 40 years until they would return to this
Promised Land
81
Canaan
82
The Hebrews would eventually return to Canaan,
the land Yahweh had promised to Abraham. The land
would come to be known as
83
Israel
84
David, one of the first Hebrew kings, united the
tribes of Israel and established this city as its
capital.
85
Jerusalem
86
Israel would eventually split into two kingdoms.
Israel and Judah. Based on the name Judah, the
Hebrews would come to be known as
87
The Jews
88
The Religion of the Jews would become known as
89
Judaism
90
The Babylonians took the wealthier Jews as
prisoners, and then brought them to Babylon,
where they could keep an eye on them. This period
was known as the Babylonian Captivity or this
91
The Exile
92
Who were the people that lived north of Israel?
93
The Phoenicians
94
The Phoenicians developed this writing system in
which letters represent sounds
95
The Alphabet
96
The color of the dye that the Phoenicians were
famous for, came from this type of snail that
lived in the waters off Sidon and Tyre.
97
purple
98
The Phoenicians also were great sailors. What
continent are they said to have sailed around?
99
Africa
100
The Phoenicians also established many colonies
along the coastlines of the Mediterranean Sea.
What was the most famous of all their colonies?
101
Carthage
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