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How do you think things will change in the United States as a result of the bombing of Pearl Harbor?

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How do you think things will change in the United States as a result of the bombing of Pearl Harbor? Do you think there will be distrust and perhaps segregation of ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: How do you think things will change in the United States as a result of the bombing of Pearl Harbor?


1
Lets think about this.
How do you think things will change in the United
States as a result of the bombing of Pearl
Harbor? Do you think there will be distrust and
perhaps segregation of certain citizens?
2
Japanese Internment
3
Vocabulary
  • Internment-To place in confinement (to shut or
    keep in), especially in wartime
  • Barracks-A building, or group of buildings used
    to house military personnel.

4
Japanese Internment
After the bombing of Pearl Harbor in 1941, the
government feared attacks on U.S. soil. These
fears raised the issue of the possible presence
of enemy collaborators living within the United
Sates. The government had to determine whether
their presence threatened national security and
if so what was to be done about it?
5
Japanese Internment
On December 7, 1941, an angry white neighbor
came to the home of a Japanese American family.
You started the war! the neighbor yelled.
You bombed Pearl Harbor! Of course, Japanese
Americans had nothing to do with starting the
war. But, after the Japanese attack on Pearl
Harbor, a cloud of suspicion settled on these
loyal citizens.
6
How it Started
  • December 7th 1941 Japan attacked Pearl Harbor (a
    military base in Hawaii). United States was
    scared of another attack and war hysteria seized
    the country.
  • February 19th 1942 Executive Order 9066 moved
    120,000 Japanese Americans from their homes into
    internment camps.
  • The US justified their action by claiming there
    was a danger of Japanese Americans spying for
    Japan
  • More than 2/3 of those interned were American
    citizens and 1/2 of them were children.
  • Some family members were separated and put in
    different camps.

7
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8
Japanese Internment
As you watch the video fill in the graphic
organizer on your notes.
Japanese Internment Video
9
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10
Japanese Internment
Throughout U.S. history, decision makers have
been challenged by questions about what
constitutes fair and just actions during times of
war. For example, the government has had to
consider the extent of citizens rights in a
democracy during wartime. To safeguard
American security, can the government of the
United States carry out actions that violate the
rights of American citizens? Or may the
Constitution never be violated even under wartime
circumstances?
11
Japanese Internment
Constitutional questions were certain to arise
during World War II. In the first few years of
the war, the FBI arrested and jailed thousands of
Italians, Germans and Japanese suspected of being
a threat of having connections to pro-fascist
organizations. Peoples belongings were
confiscated, curfews were established and
thousands were taken into custody.
Fair treatment by the law
No imprisonment without trial
12
Forgetting the Constitution
In response to these fears, President Roosevelt
signed Executive Order 9066 on February 19, 1942.
13
Executive Order 9066
It stated that all Japanese regardless of
citizenship, age, gender, place of birth or
pronouncement of loyalty were to be taken into
custody and interned.
14
Forgetting the Constitution
About 120,000 Japanese Americans from the West
Coast were forced to leave their homes and
businesses.
15
Forgetting the Constitution
Japanese Americans had to move to distant
internment camps.
16
Forgetting the Constitution
Most Japanese Americans were torn or confused
about being moved. They were United States
citizens but they were also proud of their
Japanese heritage.
17
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18
Japanese Internment
Most of the hastily constructed camps were
located in bleak deserts. Families were crowded
together in flimsy housing with no running water.
19
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20
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21
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22
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23
Japanese Internment
Barbed wire and armed guards surrounded each
camp. One resident recalled, We struggled with
the heat, the sandstorms , the scorpions, the
rattlesnakes, the confusion, the overcrowded
barracks, and the lack of privacy.
24
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25
Japanese Internment
They established schools, churches, recreational
centers, newspapers and their own camp
governments.
26
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27
Japanese Internment
Despite the injustices suffered by their
families, over 16,000 young Japanese American men
in the camps volunteered for military service.
28
How did it End?
  • January 1945 the Public Proclamation 21 became
    effective in which allowed internees to return to
    their homes.
  • At the end of the war some remained in the US and
    rebuilt their lives
  • Many Japanese Americans still faced racism when
    they tried to find jobs and new homes.
  • Others were unforgiving and returned to Japan

29
Were the Internment Camps Necessary?
  • None of the people interned had ever previously
    shown disloyalty to the United States.
  • During the entire war only ten people were
    convicted of spying for Japan
  • The ten people were all Caucasian.

30
Japanese Internment
In 1988, Congress passed legislation that gave
20,000 to every Japanese American who had been
interned in the camps. In signing House Bill
442, Reagan said, We are here to right a grave
wrong.It is not for us to pass judgment on those
who made mistakes. And yet the internment was
just that a mistake. The first payments were
made to those 80 years and older in October 1990
accompanied with a formal letter of apology.
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