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War in Korea 1950-53

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War in Korea 1950-53 The Cold War Spreads Around the Globe History of Korea Japanese had occupied Korea for 35 years 1945 the Japanese Army Surrenders Soviet Union ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: War in Korea 1950-53


1
War in Korea 1950-53
  • The Cold War Spreads Around the Globe

2
History of Korea
  • Japanese had occupied Korea for 35 years
  • 1945 the Japanese Army Surrenders
  • Soviet Union and United States divide Korea at
    the 38th Parallel

3
A Divided Korea North Communist South Dem
ocratic
38th Parallel gt
4
Korea in 1949
  • U.S. and Soviets had withdrawn most troops
  • Soviet Union felt the U.S.would not defend South
    Korea
  • Soviets supplied North Korea with tanks,
    airplanes and money

5
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6
North Korean Invasion
  • June 1950 North Korea crosses 38th parallel
  • President Truman feared a repeat of Hitler and
    Mussolini expansion
  • The policy of containment was tested

7
United Nations Responds
  • Sent an International Force to Korea to stop
    invasion
  • 15 Nations Participated under General Douglas
    MacArthur

8
Momentum in War
1) North Korea Invades
2) South Korea Responds with U.S. help
3) China Joins the War
9
China Changes the War
  • China (Mao) sent 300,000 troops to aid North
    Korea
  • Gen. MacArthur wanted to use nuclear weapons on
    Chinese cities
  • We are trying to prevent a world war, not start
    one
    President Truman

10
Conflict with China
  • We are trying to prevent a world war, not start
    one
    President Truman
  • Douglas MacArthur is relieved of his command

11
North Korea in 2006
Kim Jong Il is leader Very poor communist
country Threatening to build Nuclear Weapons
South Korea Today
Prosperous democratic country Friendly with USA
12
COLD WAR AROUND THE WORLD
GOLD Prevented Communist Expansion
RED Communist Expansion
13
Aftermath of War (1953)
  • Korea remains Divided into 2 Countries
  • North South
  • The first major conflict of Cold War is settled
    without Nuclear Weapons
  • The policy of containment did stop the spread of
    communism.
  • Over 50,000 Americans Die, 5 Million Koreans

14
Vietnam War
  • 1960-73

15
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16
Vietnam
  • Former French colony
  • Japanese invade 1940
  • Japanese leave Country in 1945
  • French try to maintain control

17
Ho Chi Minh
Communist revolutionary Fought French
control after WWII
1954 French surrender
18
Vietnam is divided at 17 north latitude
Ho Chi Minh rules north
U.S. France set up Government in South
19
Vietcong
  • Communist guerrillas
  • Hated the leader of south
  • Encouraged by Soviet Union
  • 1963 Leader of the South overthrown executed
  • Weeks later President Kennedy assassinated

20
President Eisenhower DOMINO THEORY
If one Southeastern Nation falls, They all will
fall to Communism
21
Vietnam A divided Country
  • U.S. begins to slowly supply military advisors
    to Vietnam in the late 1950s.
  • 1964- 30,000
  • 1970- 450,000

Gulf of Tonkin 1964
22
The 1960s
23
Vietnamization
  • President Nixon begins withdrawing troops in 1969

24
End Result
  • 1.5 million Vietnamese die
  • 58,000 Americans die
  • Vietnam becomes one country (1976) with a
    communist government
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