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American Government Final Exam Review

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Title: American Government Final Exam Review


1
American Government Final Exam Review
2
  • A. House of Representatives
  • B heritage
  • C. patriotism
  • D. capital punishment
  • E. House of Commons
  • F. freedom
  • G. House of Lords
  • H. Senate
  • ___ the characteristics and traditions that have
    been handed down to us by our ancestors

3
  • B heritage

4
  • A. House of Representatives
  • B heritage
  • C. patriotism
  • D. capital punishment
  • E. House of Commons
  • F. freedom
  • G. House of Lords
  • H. Senate
  • ___ a love for ones country and loyalty to that
    country

5
  • C. patriotism

6
  • A. House of Representatives
  • B heritage
  • C. patriotism
  • D. capital punishment
  • E. House of Commons
  • F. freedom
  • G. House of Lords
  • H. Senate
  •  
  • ___ the first foundational civil ordinance

7
  • D. capital punishment

8
  • A. House of Representatives
  • B heritage
  • C. patriotism
  • D. capital punishment
  • E. House of Commons
  • F. freedom
  • G. House of Lords
  • H. Senate
  • ___ according to Charles Shuman, the price of
    socialism

9
  • F. freedom

10
  • A. House of Representatives
  • B heritage
  • C. patriotism
  • D. capital punishment
  • E. House of Commons
  • F. freedom
  • G. House of Lords
  • H. Senate
  • ___ the upper house of Parliament

11
  • G. House of Lords

12
  • A. House of Representatives
  • B heritage
  • C. patriotism
  • D. capital punishment
  • E. House of Commons
  • F. freedom
  • G. House of Lords
  • H. Senate
  • ___ the lower house of Parliament

13
  • E. House of Commons

14
  • A. House of Representatives
  • B heritage
  • C. patriotism
  • D. capital punishment
  • E. House of Commons
  • F. freedom
  • G. House of Lords
  • H. Senate
  • ___ the upper house of Congress

15
  • H. Senate

16
  • A. House of Representatives
  • B heritage
  • C. patriotism
  • D. capital punishment
  • E. House of Commons
  • F. freedom
  • G. House of Lords
  • H. Senate
  • ___ the lower house of Congress

17
  • A. House of Representatives

18
  • A. caucus
  • B. Cabinet
  • C. executive orders
  • D. bureaucracy
  • E. electoral college
  • F. plurality
  • G. bill
  • ___ a proposed new law

19
  • G. bill

20
  • A. caucus
  • B. Cabinet
  • C. executive orders
  • D. bureaucracy
  • E. electoral college
  • F. plurality
  • G. bill
  • ___ a private meeting of political party members
    to decide on policy or to choose candidates

21
  • A. caucus

22
  • A. caucus
  • B. Cabinet
  • C. executive orders
  • D. bureaucracy
  • E. electoral college
  • F. plurality
  • G. bill
  • ___ a group of people elected by the citizens of
    each state in order to elect a Presidential
    Candidate

23
  • E. electoral college

24
  • A. caucus
  • B. Cabinet
  • C. executive orders
  • D. bureaucracy
  • E. electoral college
  • F. plurality
  • G. bill
  • ___ commands by the President which have the
    force of law

25
  • C. executive orders

26
  • A. caucus
  • B. Cabinet
  • C. executive orders
  • D. bureaucracy
  • E. electoral college
  • F. plurality
  • G. bill
  • ___ a panel of advisors made up by the heads of
    the executive departments

27
  • B. Cabinet

28
  • A. caucus
  • B. Cabinet
  • C. executive orders
  • D. bureaucracy
  • E. electoral college
  • F. plurality
  • G. bill
  • ___ a large, complex organization made up of
    appointed officials

29
  • D. bureaucracy

30
  • A. caucus
  • B. Cabinet
  • C. executive orders
  • D. bureaucracy
  • E. electoral college
  • F. plurality
  • G. bill
  • ___ the highest number of votes won, but less
    than a majority

31
  • F. plurality

32
  • What is inscribed above the head of the chief
    justice of the Supreme Court?

33
  • 10 Commandments

34
  • What word literally means the people rule?

35
  • democracy

36
  • What was the greatest influence on the English
    nation?

37
  • Bible

38
  • What became the model for the colonial
    legislatures and for the U.S. Congress?

39
  • Parliament

40
  • What event had an immeasurable effect upon the
    unity of the American colonies and helped prepare
    them for future political, religious, and
    economic liberty?

41
  • The Great Awakening

42
  • What term refers to a temporary committee
    composed of members of both houses for the
    purpose of working out a compromise on a bill?

43
  • Conference Committee

44
  • Which amendment allows a President to be elected
    to only two terms and to serve for no more than
    10 years?

45
  • 22nd Amendment

46
  • What special group of judges presides over cases
    arising out of government agency decisions?

47
  • Administrative-law judges

48
  • What is the most important symbol of any nation?
  • national anthem
  • national bird
  • national flag
  • national memorial

49
  • national flag

50
  • Who wrote the Star-Spangled Banner?
  • Francis Bellamy
  • Francis Scott Key
  • Gourverneur Morris
  • John F. Kennedy

51
  • Francis Scott Key

52
  • Who became the first black American to achieve
    the rank of four-star general?
  • John F. Kennedy
  • Francis Scott Key
  • Daniel Chappie James
  • Strom Thurmond

53
  • Daniel Chappie James

54
  • In what form of government does the ruler
    exercise unlimited authority and usually inherit
    his position?
  • totalitarian dictatorship
  • constitutional monarchy
  • absolute monarchy
  • direct democracy

55
  • absolute monarchy

56
  • What word means literally to rule by oneself?
  • democracy
  • theocracy
  • dictatorship
  • autocracy

57
  • autocracy

58
  • In what form of government does the ruler
    maintain absolute control of all aspects of a
    society through coercion and subjection of the
    individual to the state?
  • direct democracy
  • totalitarian dictatorship
  • absolute monarchy
  • socialism

59
  • totalitarian dictatorship

60
  • Which of the following does not pertain to
    Communism
  • denial of creation
  • denial of evolution
  • denial of God
  • denial of man

61
  • denial of evolution

62
  • Who was the member of Parliament that supported
    the American colonists?
  • Edmund Burke
  • Richard Henry Lee
  • Simon de Montfort
  • William Blackstone

63
  • Edmund Burke

64
  • Who was responsible for drafting the Declaration
    of Independence?
  • Richard Henry Lee
  • Gouverneur Morris
  • Francis Bellamy
  • Thomas Jefferson

65
  • Thomas Jefferson

66
  • Which of the following became America's first
    national constitution
  • Mayflower Compact
  • Declaration of Independence
  • Articles of Confederation
  • U.S. Constitution

67
  • Articles of Confederation

68
  • Who presided as chairman of the Constitutional
    Convention?
  • Benjamin Franklin
  • George Washington
  • James Madison
  • Alexander Hamilton

69
  • George Washington

70
  • In which article of the Constitution is the
    Constitution described as the supreme law of the
    land?
  • Article I
  • Article VII
  • Article III
  • Article VI

71
  • Article VI

72
  • In which article of the Constitution is the
    judicial branch established?
  • Article II
  • Article V
  • Article I
  • Article III

73
  • Article III

74
  • Who presides over the Senate when the Vice
    President is absent?
  • president of the Senate
  • Speaker of the House
  • president pro tempore
  • majority floor leader

75
  • president pro tempore

76
  • Which of the following is not part of the process
    of how a bill becomes a law?
  • discussed in a public hearing
  • vetoed by a committee
  • assigned to a committee
  • approved by a committee

77
  • vetoed by a committee

78
  • What kind of representative votes according to
    his personal judgment rather than the views of
    his constituency?
  • trustee
  • career civil servant
  • federalist
  • delegate

79
  • trustee

80
  • What powers are given explicitly to Congress by
    the Constitution?
  • regulatory
  • expressed
  • implied
  • executive

81
  • expressed

82
  • Which of the following is not a constitutional
    qualification for the office of President
  • natural-born citizen
  • U.S. resident for at least 14 years
  • member of Congress
  • at least 35 years old

83
  • member of Congress

84
  • Which of the following is not a primary role of
    the President?
  • commander in chief
  • chief of staff
  • chief legislator
  • chief of state

85
  • chief of staff

86
  • What kind of government agency has a single
    function and reports directly to the President?
  • executive department
  • regulatory agency
  • independent commission
  • executive agency

87
  • executive agency

88
True/False
  • A form of government in which God Himself rules
    personally or through chosen representatives is
    called a theocracy.

89
  • True

90
  • a charter is a non-codified form of law based on
    long-accepted customs and traditions.

91
  • False (Common Law)

92
  • the Stamp Act Congress was the first
    representative assembly in the colonies.

93
  • False (House of Burgesses)

94
  • Edmund Burke wrote a famous work on the laws of
    England that explained the concepts of natural
    law and revealed law.

95
  • False (William Blackstone)

96
  • Gouverneur Morris wrote the final draft of the
    Constitution.

97
  • True

98
  • The Three-Fifths Compromise combined the Virginia
    and New Jersey Plans in establishing the national
    legislature.

99
  • False (The Connecticut Compromise)

100
  • Federalism refers to the division of power
    between the national and state governments.

101
  • True

102
  • To filibuster is to draw voting district
    boundaries so as to purposely favor the party in
    power.

103
  • False (gerrymander)

104
  • Only the President may introduce revenue and
    appropriations bills in Congress.

105
  • False (House of Representatives)

106
  • The inauguration ceremony for the Presidency is
    on the Tuesday following the first Monday in
    November of every fourth year.

107
  • False (General Election Day)

108
  • As Chief Executive, the President has the power
    to appoint justices to the Supreme Court.

109
  • True

110
  • Government corporations have been created to
    regulate specific areas of American life.

111
  • False (Regulatory agencies)

112
  • A. Magna Carta
  • B. English Bill of Rights
  • C. Mayflower Compact
  • D. Prohibitory Act
  • E. Article I
  • F. Article IV
  • G. Confederacy
  • established the legislative branch

113
  • E. Article I

114
  • A. Magna Carta
  • B. English Bill of Rights
  • C. Mayflower Compact
  • D. Prohibitory Act
  • E. Article I
  • F. Article IV
  • G. Confederacy
  • describes relationship between states and central
    government

115
  • F. Article IV

116
  • A. Magna Carta
  • B. English Bill of Rights
  • C. Mayflower Compact
  • D. Prohibitory Act
  • E. Article I
  • F. Article IV
  • G. Confederacy
  • placed the king under the law for the first time
    in English history

117
  • A. Magna Carta

118
  • A. Magna Carta
  • B. English Bill of Rights
  • C. Mayflower Compact
  • D. Prohibitory Act
  • E. Article I
  • F. Article IV
  • G. Confederacy
  • forerunner to the written constitution in America

119
  • C. Mayflower Compact

120
  • A. Magna Carta
  • B. English Bill of Rights
  • C. Mayflower Compact
  • D. Prohibitory Act
  • E. Article I
  • F. Article IV
  • G. Confederacy
  • strictly limited the power of the English monarch
    after 1689

121
  • B. English Bill of Rights

122
  • A. Magna Carta
  • B. English Bill of Rights
  • C. Mayflower Compact
  • D. Prohibitory Act
  • E. Article I
  • F. Article IV
  • G. Confederacy
  • the central government is subordinate to the
    states

123
  • G. Confederacy

124
  • A. Magna Carta
  • B. English Bill of Rights
  • C. Mayflower Compact
  • D. Prohibitory Act
  • E. Article I
  • F. Article IV
  • G. Confederacy
  • cut off all trade between the America colonies
    and England and removed the colonies from the
    Kings Protection

125
  • D. Prohibitory Act

126
  • A. Karl Marx
  • B. Henry II
  • C. Edward I
  • D. James Madison
  • E. necessary and proper clause
  • F. apportionment
  • G. veto
  • H. Office of Management and Budget
  • the Father of the Constitution

127
  • D. James Madison

128
  • A. Karl Marx
  • B. Henry II
  • C. Edward I
  • D. James Madison
  • E. necessary and proper clause
  • F. apportionment
  • G. veto
  • H. Office of Management and Budget
  • largest organization within the Office of the
    President

129
  • H. Office of Management and Budget

130
  • A. Karl Marx
  • B. Henry II
  • C. Edward I
  • D. James Madison
  • E. necessary and proper clause
  • F. apportionment
  • G. veto
  • H. Office of Management and Budget
  • the proportional distribution of the
    congressional seats among the states

131
  • F. apportionment

132
  • A. Karl Marx
  • B. Henry II
  • C. Edward I
  • D. James Madison
  • E. necessary and proper clause
  • F. apportionment
  • G. veto
  • H. Office of Management and Budget
  • laid the foundation for the right to trial by
    jury

133
  • B. Henry II

134
  • A. Karl Marx
  • B. Henry II
  • C. Edward I
  • D. James Madison
  • E. necessary and proper clause
  • F. apportionment
  • G. veto
  • H. Office of Management and Budget
  • rejection of a bill by the President

135
  • G. veto

136
  • A. Karl Marx
  • B. Henry II
  • C. Edward I
  • D. James Madison
  • E. necessary and proper clause
  • F. apportionment
  • G. veto
  • H. Office of Management and Budget
  • gives Congress the authority to put into
    operation both the expressed and implied powers

137
  • E. necessary and proper clause

138
  • A. Karl Marx
  • B. Henry II
  • C. Edward I
  • D. James Madison
  • E. necessary and proper clause
  • F. apportionment
  • G. veto
  • H. Office of Management and Budget
  • convened the Model Parliament

139
  • C. Edward I

140
  • What act established the structure of the federal
    court system and became the first bill ever
    introduced in the Senate?

141
  • Judiciary Act of 1789

142
  • What professional interest group has the most
    influence on the President and his choice of
    federal judge?

143
  • American Bar Association

144
  • What are the most active of the federal judiciary
    courts?

145
  • United States District Courts

146
  • What rule states that evidence obtained illegally
    is not admissible in a court of law?

147
  • Exclusionary Rule

148
  • What word refers to past decisions involving
    similar cases?

149
  • precedents

150
  • A. trial
  • B. trial jury
  • C. legislative courts
  • D. jurisdiction
  • E. grand jury
  • F. constitutional courts
  • ___ the right of a court to hear and decide a case

151
  • D. jurisdiction

152
  • A. trial
  • B. trial jury
  • C. legislative courts
  • D. jurisdiction
  • E. grand jury
  • F. constitutional courts
  • courts created by Congress by its authority under
    Article III

153
  • F. constitutional courts

154
  • A. trial
  • B. trial jury
  • C. legislative courts
  • D. jurisdiction
  • E. grand jury
  • F. constitutional courts
  • an official examination of available evidence in
    a court of law

155
  • A. trial

156
  • A. trial
  • B. trial jury
  • C. legislative courts
  • D. jurisdiction
  • E. grand jury
  • F. constitutional courts
  • a jury assembled to determine whether there is
    sufficient evidence against the accused to try a
    case

157
  • E. grand jury

158
  • A. trial
  • B. trial jury
  • C. legislative courts
  • D. jurisdiction
  • E. grand jury
  • F. constitutional courts
  • a jury that actually hears a case in court and
    decides upon a verdict

159
  • B. trial jury

160
  • What is a statement of an individual citizens
    legal privileges?

161
  • Bill of rights

162
  • Name one of the documents which formed the
    historical background to our Bill of Rights?

163
  • Massachusetts Body of Liberties
  • Or
  • English Bill of Rights
  • Or
  • Virginia Declaration of Right

164
  • Name the 4 freedoms guaranteed by the First
    Amendment

165
  • Freedom of Religion
  • Freedom of speech
  • Freedom of the press
  • Freedom of assembly and redress of grievances

166
  • Name the two clauses found in the First Amendment
    that protect freedom of religion

167
  • establishment clause
  • free exercise clause

168
  • What test has been used by the Supreme Court in
    establishment clause cases, resulting in
    increased confusion in rulings on religion?

169
  • Lemon Test

170
  • What word means to destroy another persons
    reputation by false speech?

171
  • slander

172
  • What word means to destroy another persons
    reputation by false writing?

173
  • libel
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