3.02a, 3.02b The Renaissance - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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3.02a, 3.02b The Renaissance

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3.02a, 3.02b The Renaissance Self Portrait, Albrecht D rer The Arnolfini Wedding, Jan Van Eyck The Birth of Venus, Botticelli Contrast these two pictures Contrasting ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: 3.02a, 3.02b The Renaissance


1
3.02a, 3.02bThe Renaissance
2
Contrast these two pictures
3
Contrasting Medieval Art and Renaissance Art
  • Usually religious subjects
  • Primitive use of perspective
  • Bright colors, less contrast
  • Religious, mythological, and historical subjects
  • Linear perspective
  • Strong contrast between light and dark

4
The Renaissance
  • Major changes in Europe caused the medieval
    period to give way to a new period.
  • As trade with the East increased, Europeans
    rediscovered the classical knowledge of ancient
    Greece and Rome.
  • The knowledge led to a period of creativity and
    learning called the Renaissance.
  • A new focus on the individual emerged-contributing
    to new ideas.

5
Definition
  • In the early 1300s, a movement began in Italy
    that would become known as the Renaissance, or
    "rebirth." The Renaissance was characterized by
    a renewed interest in ancient Greece and Rome.

6
Causes
  • The Black Death had completely shaken European
    society
  • Decrease in population allowed farmers to produce
    more food than they needed.
  • Food prices declined, people able to spend more
    money on other things
  • Growth of large, wealthy city-states
  • Ruins of the Roman Empire still reminded Italians
    of Roman glory
  • The Crusades brought Europeans in contact with
    Byzantium, whose scholars had preserved Greek and
    Roman learning
  • Increased trade with Asia and Africa brought
    Europeans in contact with Arab and African
    achievements

7
Rise of City-States
  • Wealthy merchants in Italian cities such as
    Florence, Milan, Naples, Rome, and Venice became
    patrons of the arts. Examples include Lorenzo de
    Medici and Isabella d'Este.

8
The Italian Renaissance
  • The Italian Renaissance began in the city-states
    of Northern Italy
  • It began in the 14th century

9
Humanism
  • Italian scholars turned to Classical Greek and
    Roman literature to study grammar, history, and
    poetry
  • These studies are called humanities, and people
    who specialized in them were called humanists.
  • Renaissance humanists searched out manuscripts
    written in Greek and Latin.
  • Focus on worldly rather than spiritual-secular

10
The Northern Renaissance
  • The Northern Renaissance describes the
    Renaissance in Northern Europe in the 15th and
    16th century
  • Trade, the movement of artists and scholars, and
    the development of printing helped spread
    Renaissance ideas northward.

11
  • Printing Press - Around 1450, the German Johannes
    Gutenberg created moveable type - letters of the
    alphabet on metal plates that could be arranged
    on a wooden press. Chinese and Koreans used a
    similar process using wooden blocks centuries
    earlier, but Gutenberg's invention seems to have
    been independent of the Chinese process.
  • The printing press was significant because books
    could now be made quickly and inexpensively.

12
Compare/Contrast
  • What are characteristics of the Northern
    Renaissance?
  • Describe accomplishments and impact of key
    people
  • Johannes Gutenberg
  • Desiderius Erasmus
  • Sir Thomas More
  • William Shakespeare
  • Christine de Pisan
  • Albrecht Durer
  • Jan van Eyck
  • What are characteristics of the Italian
    Renaissance?
  • Describe accomplishments and impact of key
    people
  • Baldassare Castiglione
  • Niccolo Machiavelli
  • Lorenzo de Medici
  • Leonardo da Vinci
  • Michelangelo Buonarroti
  • Raphael
  • Bramante

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Pieta, by Michelangelo
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The Last Supper, Da Vinci
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The Last Supper, Da Vinci
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Mona Lisa by Da Vinci
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David by Michelangelo
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Sistine Chapel ceiling, Michelangelo
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School of Athens by Raphael
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Self Portrait, Albrecht Dürer
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The Arnolfini Wedding, Jan Van Eyck
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The Birth of Venus, Botticelli
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