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PANAMA MARITIME IX

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PANAMA MARITIME IX Initiatives to reduce toxic gas emissions: perspective of the shipping companies. Iniciativas para reducir las emisiones de gases t xicos ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Date added: 8 December 2019
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Title: PANAMA MARITIME IX


1
PANAMA MARITIME IX
  • Initiatives to reduce toxic gas emissions
  • perspective of the shipping companies.
  • Iniciativas para reducir las emisiones de gases
    tóxicos perspectiva de las navieras
  • Peter M. Swift, MD, INTERTANKO

2
TANKERS US
  • ?

3
INTERTANKO the Voice of the Tanker Industry
International Association of Independent Tanker
Owners
  • INTERTANKO represents approximately 80 of the
    international oil and chemical fleet
  • MISSION
  • To provide leadership to the Tanker Industry in
    serving the world with safe, environmentally
    sound and efficient seaborne transportation of
    oil, gas and chemical products
  • VISION FOR THE TANKER INDUSTRY
  • A responsible, sustainable, respected Tanker
    Industry, committed to continuous improvement and
    constructively influencing its future
  • ONE OF THE ASSOCIATIONS PRIMARY GOALS
  • Lead the continuous improvement of the Tanker
    Industrys performance in striving to achieve the
    goals of
  • Zero fatalities, Zero pollution, Zero detentions

4
Round Table of international shipping
associations BIMCO, ICS, INTERCARGO, INTERTANKO
  • Congratulate the
  • Panama Maritime Authority
  • on
  • Achieving ISO 90012000 certification
  • and
  • Successful completion of the
  • IMO voluntary Flag State Audit

5
PANAMA MARITIME IX
  • Industry delivering on the
  • Environmental Challenges
  • A GOOD NEWS STORY

6
TANKER SHIPPING A GOOD NEWS STORY
  • OIL POLLUTION IN 2008
  • A RECORD LOW
  • Since records began in 1970

7
TANKER SHIPPING A GOOD NEWS STORY All tanker
incidents and accidental pollution
Number of incidents
000 ts spills
Upward trend in number of incidents reversed,
while trade continues to rise
8
TANKER SHIPPING A GOOD NEWS STORY Gasoline price
at the pump (Dec08/Jan09)
Dollars per litre
Sources IEA/Baltic Exchange
Freight cost remains a fraction of delivered cost
of oil
9
Initiatives to Reduce Air Emissions
  • The Good News Continues
  • IMO MARPOL Annex VI Revisions and NOx Technical
    Code adopted in 2008
  • Good progress at IMO on measures to reduce Green
    House Gas emissions

10
Annex VI Revisions and NOx Technical Code 2008
  • SOx , and hence also Particulate Matter,
    emissions will be lowered progressively 0.5
    fuel limit globally by 2020 (latest 2025) from
    current 4.5 and 0.1 in Emission Control Areas
    from current 1.5 by 2015
  • New NOx limits on existing engines and
    progressively stricter limits on new engines
  • Marine fuel oil quality will be further improved

11
Further initiatives More ECAs (?)
  • Planned new ECA for 2013
  • Could be extended to entire N. A.
  • Up to 200 nm on the West Coast
  • Plan to require 0.1 or 0.2 S fuels

12
Revision of MARPOL Annex VI (Pollutants) DRIVERS
FOR CHANGE
  • Driven by governments
  • IMO member states prepared since Convention
    adopted in 1997
  • Environmental impact often local/regional rather
    than global
  • EU Sulphur Directive in 1999 Thematic studies
    (2000) set unilateral challenge
  • California (2005) led US programmes
  • Local legislation emerged in Norway et al, and
    pending in Japan et al
  • Environmental Lobby coordinated and effective
  • Shipping Industry support initially very limited
  • Only a few pro-active, most reactive, some very
    negative
  • Economic drivers mostly negative
  • Extra costs for refiners and owners

13
AND MORE GOOD NEWS Reductions in VOC Emissions
  • Tanker industry introduced voluntary measures to
    reduce VOC emissions from cargo on passage in
    2002 cutting these by approximately 80
  • MARPOL Annex VI revisions incorporated these in
    2008, and take effect in 2010

14
Initiatives to Reduce Green House Gas Emissions
  • Shipping has a head start as the most energy
    efficient means of transport

15
CO2 Emissions per Unit Load by Transport Mode
Shipping energy efficient
Source Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and
Transport (Japan) The Survey on Transport Energy
2001/2002 MOL (Japan) Environmental and Social
Report 2004
15
16
TANKER SHIPPING A GOOD NEWS STORY Shippings
GREEN Credentials
  • This car, weighing one tonne, uses 1 litre of
    fuel to move 20 kms
  • This oil tanker uses 1 litre of fuel to move one
    tonne of cargo 2,500 kms
  • more than twice as far as 20 years ago

17
One particular challenge for the shipping
industry - i.e. seaborne trade will continue to
grow strongly
Trends Population, Energy Use, Seaborne trade
CO2 emissions
Index
There has been strong growth in shipping
Source Fearnleys/INTERTANKO
18
Reductions in GHG (CO2) Emissions DRIVERS FOR
CHANGE
  • Driven hardest by a limited number of governments
  • Supported mostly by EU governments, plus Japan,
    Australia, Canada and a few others
  • Until recently only limited support in US (mostly
    environmental interests)
  • Relatively little enthusiasm in much of the
    developing world, but now changing ?
  • Environmental Lobby growing
  • But not yet fully coordinated
  • Maritime industries showing considerable support
  • Proactive involvement
  • Although hesitant on market based instruments
  • Economic incentives strong
  • Fuel savings translate into potentially
    significant cost savings plus incentives for
    innovation new technologies

19
Initiatives underway at the IMO
  • 1998 IMO initiated work on Green House Gas
    emissions
  • 2003 IMO Assembly adopted Resolution A.963(23)
    Policies and Practices Related to the Reduction
    of GHG from Ships
  • Today Work continues through the MEPC
  • This year we can confidently expect MEPC 59 to
    adopt -
  • Mandatory Design Index for new ships (long term
    measure)
  • Ship Efficiency Management Plan existing
    ships
  • - Best practices to save energy used by the ship
  • - Use of voluntary Operational Index (for each
    voyage over a period of time/voyages)

20
Initiatives underway at the IMO
  • Ship Performance Index CO2 / work done
  • e.g. tonnes of CO2 produced per tonne mile of
    cargo
  • Energy efficiency design index for new ships
    incentivises designers and builders.
  • At the next stage The ships design index should
    be less than a maximum limit to be set by
    regulations.
  • The maximum value will then be lowered over time.
  • Voluntary operating index measures efficiency of
    ship in service.
  • A management tool for owners and charterers to
    measure energy efficiency on a voyage.
    Incentivises the owner to keep hull and machinery
    clean and charterer to use the ship efficiently
    capacity, routing and speed.

21
SEMP Examples of Best Practices for tanker
emissions energy efficiency
  1. Programme for Measuring and Monitoring Ship
    Efficiency
  2. Voyage Optimization Programme
  3. Speed selection optimization
  4. Optimised route planning
  5. Trim Optimization
  6. Propulsion Resistance Management Programme
  7. Hull Resistance
  8. Propeller Resistance
  9. Machinery Optimisation Programme
  10. Main Engine monitoring and optimisation
  11. Optimisation of lubrication as well as other
    machinery and equipment
  12. Cargo Handling Optimization
  13. Cargo vapours control procedure on all crude
    tankers (80-90 reduction of cargo vapours)
  14. Cargo temperature control optimization
  15. Energy Conservation Awareness Plan
  16. On board and on shore training and
    familiarisation of companys efficiency programme
  17. Accommodation-specific energy conservation
    programme

22
IMO is also reviewing possible economic measures
to reduce CO2 emissions
  • Bunker Levy /Compensation Scheme
  • Emissions Trading Scheme
  • Other, e.g. differentiated charges
  • Industry has established Guiding principles and
    believe any measure should
  • Be effective in reducing global GHG emissions
  • Be binding on and applicable to all ships
  • Be cost effective
  • Not distort competition
  • Support sustainable environmental development
    without penalising trade growth
  • Promote technical innovation and leading
    technologies
  • Be practical, transparent, fraud-free, easy to
    administer

23
Initiatives already under way - parallel
voluntary measures
  • For most ship types, some form of
  • Speed optimisation
  • Voyage optimisation
  • Capacity optimisation
  • is already in hand.
  • For Tankers
  • Liaison is encouraged between owners and
    charterers to optimise vessel speed and voyage
    schedules
  • http//www.ocimf.com/view_document.cfm?id1147

24
Other initiatives under discussion
  • Pending the setting of mandatory upper limits for
    the Energy Efficiency Design Index of new ships,
    the tanker industry is discussing
  • The Establishment of a Reference Value for a New
    Ship (i.e. a Target)
  • Development of a Rating System relative to the
    Reference Value
  • Similar to the performance rating of white goods

25
Other initiatives already under way - parallel
voluntary measures
  • Ports / terminals
  • Incentivised to improve port efficiency
  • Reward environmentally friendly ships with lower
    port dues
  • Industry is currently developing a Port
    Efficiency Index
  • A Performance Indicator of ship-port efficiency
    measuring
  • Total CO2/ Unit of Cargo handled from arrival to
    departure
  • i.e. an extension of the IMO New Ship Design
    Index / Operational Index similarly for SOx,
    NOx VOC emissions

26
The Good News continues.
  • The Shipping Industry is committed to
  • playing its part in finding solutions to reduce
    Green House Gas emissions.
  • Industry
  • Taking a pro-active approach to reductions in CO2
    emissions
  • Encouraging innovation to improve performance
  • Continues to support global trade
  • Encourages modal shift to shipping to reduce
    overall emissions

27
THANK YOU / GRACIAS Proud of our people, Proud
of our ships For more information, please
visit www.intertanko.com www.poseidonchallenge.c
om www.shippingfacts.com www.maritimefoundation.co
m
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