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Title:

Peace Building in Southern Thailand

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Peace Building in Southern Thailand Abdulghani Suetair Asst. Director of College of Islamic Studies Prince of Songkla University ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Date added: 27 July 2019
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Title: Peace Building in Southern Thailand


1
Peace Buildingin Southern Thailand
  • Abdulghani Suetair
  • Asst. Director of
  • College of Islamic Studies
  • Prince of Songkla University

2
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5
Conflict area of Southern Thailand
6
The situations in Southern Thailand
  • Southern Border provinces
  • There are 33 districts in Pattani, Yala and
    Narathiwas provinces
  • 10,927 Square Kilometers
  • Total Population is 1,748,682
  • Muslim 1,386,880 (80)
  • Buddhist 351,367 (20)

7
  • The Southern Border provinces defined by the
    government is consisted of 4 border provinces
    namely, Pattani, Yala, Narathiwas and Satun and
    including some districts of Songkhla province
    namely Thepa, Sabayoi, Nathawi and Chana
  • 44 districts and 16,409 Squarekilometers
  • Muslims 62

8
  • The popular needs of the Muslims in the south is
    right and freedom to practice their own religion
  • The problems facing by the Muslims 80-90 goes
    to
  • Poverty
  • Injustice
  • Communication with Thai officials
  • Problems caused by the Thai officers

9
Statistics of the violence
  • From January 4, 2004 February 16, 2007 violence
    happened 6,272 times in 293 villages (78 of 4
    provinces)
  • Injured and dead 5,285 persons Buddhist 3,134
    (59.14) Muslims 2,054 (38.76)

10
  • General Situation in 2007
  • The violence happened in 3 provinces 1,228 times,
    average 3.4 times /day
  • Injured 2,362 persons or average 6.5 persons /day
  • More than one forth of this number dead, average
    1.7 persons/day
  • - The most critical area is Muang Yala District
    where most of the incident happened on the local
    road during 7.00 am -9.00 am and during 8.00
    pm-9.00 pm
  • - Two third between 15-44 years and more than
    80 male
  • - Buddhist 57 and Muslim (63)

11
Possible Root Causes
4B
BACKGROUND
BELIEF
BENEFIT
BUREAUCRACY
12
Conflict Actors
People
Insurgents
State/ Government
13
Challenges for peace building
  • Prevent newly emerging minor armed conflicts from
    becoming full scale wars
  • Prevent all types of conflicts from becoming
    violent
  • Socialization and Institutionalization of
    peace and peaceful ideals
  • consultation?

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15
Actors approaches to peace building
Elite
Top leaders
High-level negotiations
Middle-level leaders
Problem-solving workshops
Grass-roots leaders
Local peace commissions
Society
16
Peace building strategies
  • Developing a peace inventory
  • Who is doing what kind of peace activities? By
    doing joint research convening a conference
  • Creating better channels coordination
    vertically horizontally
  • Organising peace donors conference
  • Relay / share information
  • Coordinating activities

17
Southern Thailand Peace Network(STPN)
  • Prince of Songkhla University, Pattani Campus
  • Prince of Songkhla University, Hadyai Campus
  • Yala Islamic University, Yala Province
  • Thaksin University, Songkhla Province
  • Hadyai University, Songkhla Province
  • Yala Ratjaphat University, Yala Province

18
STPN ACTIVITIES
  • Establishment of Student Peace Club in every
    university
  • Training student leaders in peace studies and
    conflict management
  • Development of peace curriculum among STPN
    members
  • Organizing peace national and regional seminars
    and conferences

19
Role of Collage of Islamic Studies, Prince of
Songkhla University in Peace Building
20
Students activities for peace building,jointly
organized with STPN members from various
universities
  • Teaching and encourage for prisoners
  • - Youth under 15 years old who involved with
    drug and violence
  • Programs of interfaith dialogue
  • - Muslim - Buddhist student interfaith dialogue
    within university
  • -Between Muslim and Buddhist student leaders
    from Thailand and student leaders from Malaysia

21
  • Lecturers Activities for Peace Building
  • - Project Thai-Malay intellectual dialogue
  • - International peace seminar
  • In 2007 seminar on Peace Building from
  • various experiences
  • - Project joint research working between CIS
    (Thailand) and UUM (Northern University of
    Malaysia)
  • -Teaching and workshop for conflict
    resolution conferences and seminars

22
  • CIS Executive Committee Activities
  • - To advice and give attention to every
    government policy which dealing to the conflict
  • - To be representative of Muslim community in
    Thai parliament
  • - Establishment of grassroots leader network

23
Grassroots Activities
  • Understanding the pure teaching of Islam
  • Youth Training Camp
  • Children Training Camp
  • Women Short Course Training
  • Religious sermon Friday and Eid al Fitri and
    Eidil Adha

24
Thank you for kind attention
  • Please feel free to contact me at
  • Abdulghani_suetair_at_yahoo.com
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