HE in Finland Birgitta Vuorinen Counsellor of Education Department for Higher Education and Science Ministry of Education, Science and Culture 23.4.2013 birgitta.vuorinen@minedu.fi - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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HE in Finland Birgitta Vuorinen Counsellor of Education Department for Higher Education and Science Ministry of Education, Science and Culture 23.4.2013 birgitta.vuorinen@minedu.fi


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Title: HE in Finland Birgitta Vuorinen Counsellor of Education Department for Higher Education and Science Ministry of Education, Science and Culture 23.4.2013 birgitta.vuorinen@minedu.fi

HE in FinlandBirgitta VuorinenCounsellor of
EducationDepartment for Higher Education and
ScienceMinistry of Education, Science and
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Challenging and changing environment
  • Changing drivers of RDIHEI-policies
  • Globalisation, emerging countries, emerging
  • Grand societal and Environmental Challenges
  • Financial crises
  • Need of a broad based innovation concept and
    multidisciplinary approach
  • National policies versus European policies?
    National versus regional policies? Local and
    organisational strategies? Lisbon Treaty
  • Changing mechanisms in STIHEI
  • - Researcher careers/ Tenure track
  • Research infrastructures
  • Modern universities and RTOs
  • Joint programmes and joint degrees
  • Distribution of knowledge
  • Joint pooling of funding (virtual common pots,
    real common pots, others)
  • Joint evaluation and assessment activities
  • Virtual learning

Global environment Emerging economies, grand
challenges, global networking
EUROPE Financial crisis coherence and
quality? EU/ ER(I)A Joint efforts such as JTIs,
ETPs, JP, ERC, Horizon2020, Bologna
process/European Higher Education Area
Different actors and levels European, national,
regional, local, organisational
POLICIES A Strategy for Smart, Sustainable and
Inclusive Growth EU2020 Strategy Innovation Union
flagship Budget Review, Financial Regulations
  • Role of HEIs in the changing world
  • critical, creative thinking
  • social dimension and values of the mature
  • public common good

Internationalisation strategy 2009 2015/
Promotion of global responsibility
Supporting a multicultural society
Education and expertise export
To create a genuinely international higher
education community
Increase in the quality and attractiveness of
higher education institutions
GDP, change in volume, per cent
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Suomen koulutus- ja tutkintojärjestelmä
Toinen aste
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Selected higher education factsabout Finland
  • Population of 5,4 million
  • Higher education institution network covers the
    populated parts of the country
  • 14 universities (four in the great Helsinki area)
  • 25 polytechnics
  • Student enrollment altogether ca. 316 000

University (blue) Polytechnic (green) Research
institute (red)
The Finnish Higher Education System
  • The Finnish higher education system comprises two
    parallel sectors
  • University sector
  • 14 research universities
  • Student enrollment 168 000, (114 000 FTE)
  • of which 18 000 doctoral students
  • All institutions funded by the state
  • Polytechnic sector universities of applied
    sciences (est. in the mid-1990s)
  • 25 institutions
  • Student enrollment 148 000, (114 000 FTE)
  • Institutions partly funded by the state, partly
    by municipalities
  • Regional development tasks
  • Bachelor degrees (vocational and professional
  • (Professional) Masters degrees in selected fields

EUA University autonomy in Europe 2010
  • Finnish universities scores well in autonomy
  • - organisational autonomy highly autonomous
  • - financial autonomy medium low autonomy (15.)
  • - staffing autonomy highly autonomous (6.)
  • - academic autonomy highly autonomous (5.)

The Finnish Higher Education System - degrees by
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Steering and funding of HEIs
  • Legislation and norms
  • Programme of the Finnish Government
  • Education and research - Development Plan
  • MoE steering
  • Negotiations and performance agreements
  • Information exchange
  • State budget
  • State funding for HEIs
  • Universities 1,8 bn
  • Polytechnics 0,9 bn
  • Public research funding allocated to
    universities (Academy of Finland Tekes) 0,3
  • Tuition-free system

Performance Agreements 2013-2016
  • Structure of the agreement between MoE and HEIs
  • 1. Objectives set for the higher education system
    as a whole
  • Verbal goals formulated in dialogue with HEIs
  • Comprise the statutory duties, structural
    development, quality, competitiveness,
    effectiveness, internationalization, the
    viewpoint of staff and students, and the
    cost-effectiveness and productivity of the
  • 2. Mission, Profile and Focus Areas of the HEI
  • Key Development Measures
  • 1-5 projects per HEI linked to the implementation
    of the HEI's strategy
  • Financing
  • The government core funding in total
  • 5. Monitoring and Evaluation

Quantitative targets for universities 2013-2016
UNIVERSITIES 2010 2011 Target 2013-2016
Bachelors degrees 12 300 10 775 14 200
Masters degrees 14 384 12 515 15 023
PhDs 1 518 1 653 1 635
Foreign degree students 7 809 8 752 8 950
Exchange students (incoming outgoing, gt 3 months) 10 444 10 257 11 950
Quantitative targets for polytechnics 2013-2016
POLYTECHNICS 2010 2011 Target 2013-2016
Polytechnic degrees 20 294 21 064 21 907
Vocational teacher education 1 684 1 669 1 600
Polytechnic Masters 1 253 1 521 2 018
Foreign degree students 7 724 8 727 7 475
Exchange students (incoming outgoing, gt 3 months) 8 390 8 539 8 830
Performance indicators 2013-2016 1(2)
  • Universities
  • Masters' degrees/ teaching and research personnel
  • Doctoral degrees/ professors
  • Scientific publications / teaching and research
  • Percentage of students who have passed more than
    55 study credits
  • Percentage of competive funding from the
    university total funding
  • Staff international mobility / teaching and
    research personnel

Performance indicators 2013-2016 2(2)
  • Polytechnics
  • Polytechnic degrees/ teaching and research
  • Percentage of students who have passed more than
    55 study credits
  • Study credits passed in RD-projects / students
  • Publications, public artistic and design
    activities, audiovisual material and ICT software
    / teaching and research personnel
  • Staff international mobility / teaching and
    research personnel
  • Percentage of external RD-funding from the
    polytechnic total funding
  • Percentage of chargeable services from the
    polytechnic total funding

  • The HEIs must provide the information requested
    by the Ministry for the purpose of evaluation,
    development, statistics and other information
    needed for monitoring and steering insofar as
    this information is not otherwise available.
  • The HEIs are expected to present correct
    information on their performance and finances in
    a way that enables their progress be evaluated
    against the set goals.
  • Development is annually monitored through
    indicators which gauge effectiveness and quality
  • The universities must manage their finances
    efficiently and use their resources to good
  • From 2010 universities close the books according
    to the accounting legislation
  • universities' financial statements are public
  • The Ministry of Education gives feedback to the
    HEIs on their activities and development needs
    during the agreement period.
  • The feedback procedure is used to steer and
    monitor the implementation of higher education
    policy objectives during the agreement period.
  • Feedback is given during the intervening years
    between negotiations.

  • The HEIs are responsible for the quality of their
    education, research and other activities, and for
    their continuous development and utilisation.
  • The quality of performance is indirectly taken
    into account in the MoE indicator targets and in
    the monitoring of their attainment.
  • Regular evaluations and external audits of
    quality assurance systems are undertaken to
    enhance the quality and impact of the
    educational, research and artistic activities of
    the universities.
  • The evaluations are organised by the Finnish
    Higher Education Evaluation Council (FINHEEC),
    and the Academy of Finland.
  • The findings and reports of the evaluations are
  • The universities, the National Union of
    University Students in Finland (SYL) and the
    Ministry of Education and Culture are developing
    a national university student feedback system.

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Higher Education
  • Higher education network is still too fragmented,
    structural development to be continued
  • starting in 2013, an art university was created
    though a merger of the Sibelius Academy, the
    Academy of Fine Arts and the Theatre Academy
  • to enhance the quality and efficiency of higher
    education, measures will be taken to promote
    joint use of facility services and teacher
    resources across institutional boundaries
  • Polytechnics to be reformed
  • the steering of polytechnics based on financing
    and statutes will be reformed from the beginning
    of 2014 to expedite their structural reform and
    to improve the quality and impact of their
  • operating licences of polytechnics will be
    revised from the beginning of 2014
  • Quality education expedites entry into the labour
  • the reform of higher education admissions and
    study structures by the end of 2015 in order to
    expedite entry into higher education
  • first-time applicants' chances of being admitted
    to be improved
  • Promotion of researcher training and research
  • the annual target for the number of doctorates is
  • universities will shift the focus from researcher
    training to the development of researcher careers
    (tenure tracks)
  • Measures will be taken to improve conditions for
    basic research in universities and for innovation
    and product development in polytechnics Great
    emphasis on internationalisation of HEIs

University reform (2010)
  • The Universities Act (558/2009) includes
  • provisions on the mission, administration,
    operational funding and steering of universities,
    and matters relating to research and education,
    students and personnel
  • 1.1.2010 universities became legal persons
    separate from the State, either as corporations
    under public law or foundations under the
    Foundations Act.
  • Universities took the place of the State as
  • The Ministry of Education and Culture ensures by
    means of steering that university activities
    conform to the higher education policy aims set
    by Parliament and the Government.
  • Lighter and more strategic level performance
    agreement procedure between MoE and universities
  • Evaluated 2012 - short term results of the
    evaluation indicate improvements especially in
    strategic, economic and internal management and
    in co-operation with surrounding society

University reform (2010)
  • Aims of the university reform
  • Greater autonomy
  • Stronger financial and administrative status
    independent legal persons and supplied with
    sufficient capital.
  • Greater latitude with finances donations, income
    from capital and business activities
  • As legal persons, the universities are better
    able to operate with the surrounding society.
  • Having their own capital, the universities will
    have more scope for operating based on their own
  • Stronger community relations e.g. external
    members of the board
  • Reform did not change
  • The freedom of research, art and education
  • Self-government and academic decision-making
  • Research and higher education remain as the main
    tasks of the universities
  • Education leading to a degree free of charge
  • The government continues to be responsible for
    funding the public duties of the universities

Universities' core funding formula reform 2013
  • Joint working group of the Ministry and Finnish
  • proposal published November 2011, act passed by
    government April 2012
  • Vision 2020 for the Finnish universities
  • Improved quality
  • Deeper internationalisation
  • Clearer profiles
  • Greater efficiency
  • Stronger impact
  • New core funding formula from 2013
  • A step towards the vision
  • Improved steering effect
  • Limited number of indicators
  • Enhanced transparency
  • Funding allocated to universities in a lump sum

Universities core funding from 2013
Universities' core funding formula review 2015
  • Review of the 2013 funding formula
  • Aim is to improve quality aspect of the model
  • Essentially the same joint working group which
    made proposition for 2013 funding formula
  • Data from the new quality-based Publication Forum
    will be included to the funding formula
  • Federation of Finnish Learned Societies has
    completed the Publication Forum Project at the
    initiative of the Universities Finland (UNIFI)
  • Data from new student feedback system will be
    included to the funding formula
  • In January 2012, Universities Finland (UNIFI) set
    up a working group to prepare a national student
    feedback survey for universities
  • Funding formula revision will come into effect

The polytechnic reform
  • Aims of the Polytechnic Reform
  • To give the polytechnics a stronger position to
    meet the changes and challenges of the working
    life, society and regions
  • As independent legal persons polytechnics will
    have more independent status and more flexibility
    to better react and response to the needs of the
    surrounding society
  • To enhance the quality and effectiveness of
    teaching and RDI
  • To strengthen their role within the system of
  • To ensure international competitiveness of the
    polytechnic system
  • Efforts will be made to gain the commitment of
    other actors in society to support the
    polytechnics' mission

The polytechnic reform
  • Timetable and stages
  • The 1st strage of the reform is expected to take
    effect on 1 January 2014 (amendments to
    legislation) concerning
  • new funding model
  • new operating licenses
  • updated educational responsibilities
  • amendments currently discussed in the parliament
  • In later stage
  • transferring the polytechnic financing from local
    authorities to the government
  • change of the legal personality of polytechnics

Polytechnics core funding from 2014 (draft)
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