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Car Manufacturers Involvement in the E.U. Standardization of Automotive Fuels

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SOFIA INITIATIVE ON LOCAL AIR QUALITY Sophia - 09 April 2003 Car Manufacturers Involvement in the E.U. Standardization of Automotive Fuels Rodica FAUCON – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Car Manufacturers Involvement in the E.U. Standardization of Automotive Fuels


1
Car Manufacturers Involvement in the E.U.
Standardization of Automotive Fuels
  • SOFIA INITIATIVE ON LOCAL AIR QUALITY
  • Sophia - 09 April 2003

Rodica FAUCON Fuels Affairs Manager - Renault
2
Outline   1. Main EU and France car
manufacturers and oil companies associations and
committees on fuel issues 2. The CEN Fuels
Committee (TC19) 3. Current standards for
fuels developed within the CEN 4. The EU Fuel
Quality Monitoring System (FQMS) 5. Conclusions
Outline   1. Main EU and France car
manufacturers and oil companies associations and
committees on fuel issues 2. The CEN Fuels
Committee (TC19) 3. Current standards for
fuels developed within the CEN 4. The EU Fuel
Quality Monitoring System (FQMS) 5. Conclusions
3
Main EU and France car manufacturers and oil
companies associations and committees
  • CCFA
  • UFIP
  • AFNOR-BNPé
  • (P01, P02,)
  • AFNOR BNG
  • GFC
  • IFP
  • ACEA, EUCAR
  • EUROPIA
  • CONCAWE
  • CEN TC 19
  • (WG21, 23, 24, 29, 30, 31)
  • CEC

4
Outline   1. Main EU and France car
manufacturers and oil companies associations and
committees on fuel issues 2. The CEN Fuels
Committee (TC19) 3. Current standards for
fuels developed within the CEN 4. The EU Fuel
Quality Monitoring System (FQMS) 5. Conclusions
5
Fuels Standards Directives
6
Fuel regulations/ standards in E.U.
European Commission Parliament Council
Sulfur for gasoline and diesel fuel, aro for
gasoline 01/01/2005
Environmental Parameters 01/01/2000
Fuels Directive 98/70 Emissions Directive 98/69
100 market 10 ppm Sulfur 01/01/2009
Revision proposal for Directive 98/70
Environmental parameters 01/01/2005 10ppm sulfur
1993
1996
1997
2000
2005
1998
2003
2009
2001
C.E.N.
7
The CEN TC19 Working Groups where car
manufacturers are involved
  • CEN TC19 European standardisation Technical
    Commettee for petroleum products, lubricants and
    related products  programming planning of
    technical work the monitoring execution of
    this technical work.
  • CEN TC19 WG21  Specifications for unleaded
    petrol   development improvement of
    specification standards for unleaded petrol,
    following European legal requirements
    requirements expressed in the market.
  • CEN TC19 WG23  Specifications for automotive
    LPG  development improvement of specification
    standards for LPG, following future European
    legal requirements requirements expressed in
    the market.
  • CEN TC19 WG24  Specifications for automotive
    diesel   development improvement of
    specification standards for diesel and for FAME
    to be used in diesel engines, following European
    legal requirements requirements expressed in
    the market and environmental needs.
  • CEN TC19 WG30  Fuel Quality monitoring
    system   development of a uniform survey design
    for the monitoring of petrol and diesel in Europe
    as well as a uniform sampling procedure.
  • CEN TC19 WG31 "Total contamination" development
    of an improved method for the determination of
    total contamination at low levels in FAME and
    diesel fuel.

8
The CEN Fuels Committee (TC19)
  • CEN National Members
  • The Members are the national standards bodies of
  • Austria, Hungary, Norway, Belgium, Iceland,
    Portugal, Czech Republic, Ireland, Slovakia,
    Denmark, Italy, Spain, Finland, Luxembourg,
    Sweden, France, Malta, Switzerland, Germany,
    Netherlands, United Kingdom, Greece.
  • The Members develop and vote for the ratification
    of European Standards.
  • They must implement such standards as national
    standards, withdrawing all conflicting national
    standards on the same subject.

9
The CEN Fuels Committee (TC19)
  • CEN Affiliates
  • Affiliates are the national standards bodies of
    Central and Eastern European countries which can
    in principle become members of the Union, and
    which therefore can become full National Members
    of CEN, on fulfilment of certain criteria, most
    importantly the adoption of European Standards as
    national standards.
  • They may participate in the General Assembly and
    in technical bodies. They receive all technical
    and general documentation from CEN.
  • Current Affiliates are
  • Albania Bulgaria Croatia Cyprus Estonia
    Latvia Lithuania Poland Romania Slovenia
    Turkey.

10
Outline   1. Main EU and France car
manufacturers and oil companies associations and
committees on fuel issues 2. The CEN Fuels
Committee (TC19) 3. Current standards for
fuels developed within the CEN 4. The EU Fuel
Quality Monitoring System (FQMS) 5. Conclusions
11
Current standards for fuels developed within the
CEN/TC19
  • FUELS SPECIFICATIONS
  • FUELS MONITORING
  • FAME
  • ETHANOL

12
Automotive Fuels Specificationsreflecting
updated Directive EC98/70
  • EN228 Unleaded petrol
  • EN589 Automotive LPG
  • EN590 Automotive Diesel Fuel
  • April 2003 Start UAP vote
  • March 2004 Publication anticipated

13
Automotive Fuels Monitoring
  • prEN 14274 Fuels Quality Monitoring System
  • (FQMS)
  • prEN 14275 Sampling
  • March 2003 Start FORMAL vote
  • August 2003 Publication anticipated

14
Fame
  • Publication anticipated
  • prEN 14213 Fame for heating oils 2nd
    half 2003
  • prEN 14214 Fame for diesel engines 2nd half
    2003

Ethanol
  • CEN/TC19/WG21/Task Force
  • started work on 5 EOH in petrol and 100
    blendstock specs

15
Outline   1. Main EU and France car
manufacturers and oil companies associations and
committees on fuel issues 2. The CEN Fuels
Committee (TC19) 3. Current standards for
fuels developed within the CEN 4. The EU Fuel
Quality Monitoring System (FQMS) 5. Conclusions
16
The E.U. Fuel Quality Monitoring System (FQMS)
  • Objective
  • To provide a uniform system of fuel quality
    monitoring and reporting, in order to assess the
    compliance with the mandated environmental
    quality specifications in Directive 98/70/EC,
    updated 2003/17/EC.
  • Mandate
  • The Commission mandated CEN in 1999 to establish
    an European Standard for monitoring the quality
    of fuels within the scope of Directive 98/70 ?
    CEN TC19 WG30

17
The E.U. Fuel Quality Monitoring System (FQMS)
  • Requirements
  • Directive 98/70/EC, updated 2003/17/EC
  • Member States shall monitor compliance with the
    requirements for petrol and diesel fuel on the
    basis of analytical methods in current EU
    standards.
  • Member States shall establish a FQMS in
    accordance with the requirements of prEN 14274
    prEN 14275.

18
The E.U. Fuel Quality Monitoring System (FQMS)
  • Requirements
  • Member States shall submit on a yearly basis and
    under a uniform format (cf. 2002/159/EC) the fuel
    quality information
  • - total volumes of sales of petrol and
    diesel, by fuel grade,
  • - the volumes of sulfur free unleaded petrol
    and diesel fuel marketed,
  • - analytical and statistical results (number
    of samples, min, max, average, standard
    deviation) for parent grades and national fuel
    grades, both for petrol and diesel fuel,
  • - availability on a appropriately balanced
    geographical basis of sulfur free fuels.
  • The Commission shall publish annually and for
    the first time by 31 Dec. 2003 a report of actual
    fuel quality in the Member States.

19
The E.U. Fuel Quality Monitoring System (FQMS)
Report
  • Draft report published in Mars 2003
  • 1st meeting held by the EC on April 3rd
  • to give the opportunity to the Member States to
    comment their submitted data,
  • to give the opportunity to the Affiliates to
    present problems, if any, to meet the EC
    requirements,
  • to propose un update of the Template.
  •  
  • Timetable
  • 1st of June 2003 distribution of the first EU
    FQM report of 2001 data.
  • 31st of December 2003 distribution of the EU
    FQM report of 2002 data.

20
Outline   1. Main EU and France car
manufacturers and oil companies associations and
committees on fuel issues 2. The CEN Fuels
Committee (TC19) 3. Current standards for
fuels developed within the CEN 4. The EU Fuel
Quality Monitoring System (FQMS) 5. Conclusions
21
Conclusions
  • Standardization activities on automotive fuels
    have been intensifying since the Fuels Directive
    was issued in 1998. 
  • EU standards are established on the principles of
    consensus, global openness and transparency,
    technical coherence and national commitment,
    representing the interest of all interested
    parties oil companies, car manufacturers, etc. 
  • Implementing the EN automotive fuel
    standards in the non EU countries will facilitate
    the exchange of petroleum products and will help
    meeting Community requirements for air quality
    improvement.
  •  
  • FQMS allows the Commission to know the real fuel
    quality in the market and for the member States
    to take adequate measures to meet the standards
    required by the Fuels Directive.

22
Thank you for your attention.
23
Annex
24
ACEA 1/2
  • ACEA is the professional body representing
    the interests and combined skills of
    thirteen European car, truck and bus
    manufacturers at European level and throughout
    the world.
  • Its creation was based on a clear
    consensus among its members concerning the
    need for effective representation.
  • This role has expanded with the advent of the
    Single Market, the growing importance of EU
    legislation and action for all member countries
    and the wider European and global presence
    of ACEA member companies.

Association des Constructeurs Européens d'
Automobiles Rue du Noyer 211, B-1000 BRUSSELS
Tel 32 2 7325550, Fax 32 2 7387310
http//www.acea.be/
25
ACEA 2/2
  • ACEA was established as a response to the gradual
    shift to Brussels of government responsibility
    for many of the complex economic, social,
    technical and legal issues resulting from closer
    European integration. The origin of ACEA largely
    arose from the need to represent the
    technological, industrial and commercial
    responsibilities of its member companies.
  •  
  • Through its specialist working groups and an
    extensive network of individual experts from
    Member Companies at all levels of the industry,
    ACEA has access to a wealth of technical
    expertise and applied experience, which is
    unsurpassed in the EU.
  •  
  • The Association readily provides this expertise
    as an input during the regular dialogues it
    maintains with legislators, regulators and other
    EU authorities. In this way ACEA contributes
    significantly to practical and effective law
    making, which combines realism with sensible
    control, to the benefit of all concerned.
  •  
  • ACEA also provides clear and objective
    information on the many complex aspects of the
    automobile industry. This permits effective
    negotiation with decision-makers and partner
    organisations and encourages understanding of the
    diverse industry issues.

26
CCFA
  • Le Comité des Constructeurs Français
    d'Automobiles est le syndicat professionnel des
    constructeurs d'automobiles.
  • Il a pour vocation l'étude et la défense des
    intérêts économiques et industriels de l'ensemble
    des constructeurs français, tant sur le plan
    national qu'au niveau international. Le CCFA
    assure des missions d'information, d'étude et de
    communication tant auprès de ses adhérents que
    des pouvoirs publics, des parlementaires, des
    médias et du grand public. Le CCFA a sa
    place au sein de l'Association des Constructeurs
    Européens d'Automobiles (ACEA).

Comité des Constructeurs Français
d'Automobiles 2, rue de Presbourg
75008 PARIS Tél 33 1
49 52 51 00 Fax 33 1 49 52 51 88
http//www.ccfa.fr/
27
Europia 1/3
  • EUROPIA is the European government affairs
    organisation of the oil refining and marketing
    industry in the EU and EEA.
  • It represent the interests and concerns of its
    members with institutions of the European Union,
    and with other European industrial and commercial
    organisations.
  • It as a small secretariat located in Brussels,
    Belgium.

EUROPIA Boulevard du Souverain, 165 B-1160
BRUSSELS BELGIUM Tel 32(2)566.91.00 Fax
32(2)566.91.11
http//www.europia.com/
28
Europia 2/3
  • EUROPIA was founded in 1989 by members of the
    European refining and marketing industry in
    response to the growing importance of
    pan-European legislation.
  • EUROPIA informs the European Commission, the
    Council of Ministers, the European Parliament and
    other European institutions and the general
    public on matters of interest to the European
    downstream oil industry. EUROPIA gives its views
    on proposed regulations and directives as well as
    participating in studies.
  • On a day-to-day basis EUROPIA maintains good
    relations at all levels of the European
    institutions to facilitate the steady exchange of
    information necessary for an intelligent
    legislative process. EUROPIA regularly
    communicates with its members to inform them of
    forthcoming proposals and the potential effects
    on their businesses.

29
Europia 3/3
  • EUROPIA maintains strong links with individual
    Member State oil industry associations, and other
    European industry bodies such as UNICE (Union of
    Industrial and Employers Confederation of
    Europe), CEFIC (Chemicals), EP Forum (upstream
    oil and gas), ACEA (car manufacturers) etc.
  • The main activities of EUROPIA arise from energy
    policy (including taxation), protection of the
    environment, and product quality. Specific
    current issues are the Auto-Oil programmes, Air
    Quality directives, the Acidification strategy,
    climate change, and some economic issues derived
    from EU competition legislation and the
    introduction of the EURO currency in 1999.
  •  
  • EUROPIA currently has 29 members ranging from
    multinational corporations to single refinery
    operators. These include five companies with
    United States parentage. EUROPIA members operate
    some 95 of total EU refining capacity.
  • EUROPIA publishes a newsletter as well as an
    annual activity report, but does not collect or
    publish European oil industry statistics.

30
Concawe
  • CONCAWE is the oil companies' European
    organization for environment, health and safety.
  • The emphasis of its work lies on technical and
    economic studies relevant to oil refining,
    distribution and marketing in Europe.
  • CONCAWE was established in 1963 in The Hague, and
    in 1990 its Secretariat was moved to Brussels.

CONCAWE
Boulevard du Souverain 165
B - 1160 Brussels
Belgium
Tel 32-2 566 91 60
Fax 32-2
566 91 81
http//www.concawe.be/
31
CEN 1/2
  • Objectives CEN's mission is to promote
    voluntary technical harmonization in Europe in
    conjunction with worldwide bodies and its
    partners in Europe.
  • Harmonization diminishes trade barriers, promotes
    safety, allows interoperability of products,
    systems and services, and promotes common
    technical understanding.
  • In Europe, CEN works in partnership with CENELEC
    - the European Committee for Electrotechnical
    Standardization and ETSI - the European
    Telecommunications Standards Institute.

Comité Européen de Normalisation 36, rue de
Stassart B-1050 Brussels Belgique Tel 32 2
550 08 11 Fax 32 2 550 08 19
http//www.cenorm.be/
32
CEN 2/2
  • CEN works through procedures which guarantee
    respect for the following principles
  • openness and transparency all interested
    concerns take part in the work representation is
    secured first through the national standards body
    which have the duty of sending balanced
    delegations to the policy-making bodies and
    technical committees. In 1992 a new category of
    'Associate' membership was created for
    organizations representing broad European
    interests. Industry and other social partners
    also have seats in the various policy-making
    committees. European federations can apply for
    liaison status with individual committees.
  • Consensus European Standards are developed on
    the basis of voluntary agreement between all the
    interested parties.
  • National commitment formal adoption of European
    Standards is decided by a weighted majority vote
    of all CEN National Members and is binding on all
    of them.
  • Technical coherence at the national and European
    level standards form a collection which ensures
    its own continuity for the benefit of users, both
    at European and national level levels through
    compulsory national implementation of European
    Standards and withdrawal of conflicting national
    standards.
  • Correct integration with other international work
    standardization is expensive and
    time-consuming. Wherever possible CEN works with
    other European bodies and the International
    Organization for Standardization (ISO).

33
AFNOR
  • L'Association Française de NORmalisation, créé en
    1926, est un organisme responsable de la
    normalisation en France. L'AFNOR est placée sous
    la tutelle du Ministère chargé de l'Industrie.
  • Ses missions animer et coordonner l'élaboration
    des normes, représenter et défendre les intérêts
    dans toutes les instances de normalisation
    internationaux (CEN, ISO), homologuer les normes,
    promouvoir et faciliter l'utilisation des normes,
    développer la certification des produits et
    services avec la marque NF.

AFNOR Association Française de Normalisation 11,
avenue Francis de Pressensé 93571 Saint-Denis
La Plaine Cedex. Tél. 33 (0)1 41 62 80 00 Fax
33 (0)1 49 17 90 00
http//www.afnor.fr/
34
BNPé 1/2
  • Le BNPé, Bureau de Normalisation du Pétrole, créé
    en 1951, est l'un des 31 bureaux de normalisation
    français. Il anime, dans le secteur du pétrole,
    des commissions de normalisation où sont
    élaborées les normes françaises et où sont suivis
    les travaux d'élaboration des normes européennes
    et mondiales (recherche et nomination des experts
    et préparation des positions françaises).
  • Ses missions sont déterminées et financées par
    les représentants des sociétés pétrolières
    intervenant en France.

BUREAU DE NORMALISATION DU PETROLE 4, avenue
Hoche
75008 PARIS
France
Tel 33-1 40 53 70 56
Fax 32-1 40 53 70 56
http//www.bnpe.net/
35
BNPé 2/2
  • La normalisation produits pétroliers est
    aujourd'hui avant tout européenne et
    internationale.
  • Le suivi des travaux, la désignation des experts,
    les positions françaises sont suivies au sein du
    BNPé dans des commissions miroirs des
    organisations internationales.
  • Exemple la Commission PO2 "Carburants et Fuels"
    est la commission miroir du TC 19 du CEN. Elle
    est composée des participants des sociétés et
    organismes suivants SHELL, TOTALFINAELF, AGIP,
    ESSO, BP, RENAULT, PSA, ETS, SGS, UFIP, IFP, EDF,
    DIREM, CCFA

36
CEC 1/2
  • CEC The Co-ordinating European Council
  • CEC was formed in November 1963 with the primary
    objective of developing performance tests for the
    evaluation of transportation fluids (fuels,
    lubricants, coolants, and so on). 
  • CEC is legally registered in Belgium as a
    non-profit organisation. Membership of CEC
    comprises representatives from the oil, motor,
    additive and associated industries.

CEC Secretariat Services are provided by
Interlynk Administrative Services Ltd Box 6475
Earl Shilton Leicester LE9 9ZB UK Tel 44 (0)
1455 821993, Fax 44 (0) 1455 821994
http//www.cectests.org/
37
CEC 2/2
  • CEC is an organization that represents the motor,
    oil, petroleum additive and allied industries in
    the development of test methods to evaluate the
    performance of transportation fuels, lubricants
    and other fluids.
  • CEC was established over 30 years ago and now has
    more than 1500 participants from over 300
    companies. Representatives are able to contribute
    in CEC affairs at all levels. 
  • The essential objective of the CEC is to develop
    performance test methods on behalf of the
    industries it represents in a timely, quality
    focused and cost effective manner and to ensure
    that such methods relate to market place demand.
    CEC test methods are used extensively in Europe
    and widely throughout the world.

38
GFC 1/3
  • Le GFC (Groupement Français de Coordination) a
    été formé en vue d'assurer la participation
    française aux travaux du Conseil Européen de
    Coordination pour le développement des essais de
    performance des Combustibles et des Lubrifiants
    pour moteurs et autres fluides utilisés dans les
    transports. Ce Groupement peut, le cas échéant,
    prendre en charge des travaux purement français
    dans le même cadre que celui défini par les
    statuts du CEC.
  • Peuvent faire partie du Groupement les sociétés
    appartenant à l'un des trois groupes suivants
  • Industrie du pétrole et de la chimie,
    fabricants d'additifs,
  • Industrie des véhicules, des moteurs et de
    leurs équipements,
  • Utilisateurs, laboratoires, universités et
    écoles techniques.

Groupement Français de Coordination Le
Consulat 147, avenue Paul Doumer 92852
Rueil-Malmaison Tel 33 1 47 32 35 66 Fax 33 1
47 49 24 06
http//www.gfc-cec.org/
39
GFC 2/3
  • L'Évolution du GFC en raison de la
    restructuration du CEC
  • Seules des associations industrielles et non plus
    nationales sont désormais membres du CEC. Les
    organisations nationales pourront participer aux
    Technical Workshops du CEC.
  • Le développement dune nouvelle méthode CEC,
    auparavant communautaire, fait maintenant lobjet
    dun appel d'offre à un laboratoire pour
    développer la méthode et organiser un round robin
    test. Cette pratique risque de limiter le nombre
    de méthodes développées. Par exemple, l'ex-ECTC
    na pas accepté cette structure et devient le
    CTFA au sein du GFC (Groupement Français de
    Coordination).
  • Le GFC a pour vocation de créer des méthodes
    mais aussi de reprendre des méthodes nétant plus
    suivies par le CEC, sans faire concurrence au CEC.

40
GFC 3/3
  • Le GFC est également prêt à accueillir des
    groupes de surveillance de lex. CEC qui ne
    seraient plus supportés par la nouvelle
    organisation, en accord avec ceux-ci.
  • Toutes ces évolutions conduisent à une
    internationalisation du GFC, et les statuts ont
    été modifiés à cette fin langlais est utilisé
    dans les groupes de travail si nécessaire.
  • Lapprobation statistique des travaux du GFC sera
    assurée par le CTAS sur une base équivalente à
    celles des méthodes CEC.
  • Le GFC continue plus que jamais, en
    complémentarité du "nouveau CEC", à assurer le
    développement, la maintenance et l'exploitation
    des méthodes nécessaires et à offrir un forum
    d'échanges techniques à la cinquantaine de ses
    membres (PME, grands groupes, organismes) de
    l'automobile et d'autres formes de transport.

41
IFP
  • L'Institut Français du Pétrole (IFP) est un
    centre indépendant de recherche et développement
    industriel, de formation et
    d'information dans les domaines du
    pétrole, du gaz naturel et de l'automobile, dont
    les activités couvrent l'ensemble de la
    chaîne des hydrocarbures
    exploration, production, raffinage, pétrochimie,
    moteurs et utilisation des produits pétroliers.
  • La vocation de l'IFP est d'innover et de
    développer les technologies qui permettront à la
    collectivité et à l'industrie des hydrocarbures
    et de l'automobile une croissance durable et
    respectueuse de l'environnement.

Institut Français du Pétrole 1 4 avenue de
Bois-Préau 92852 Rueil-Malmaison Cedex FRANCE Tél
33 1 47 52 60 00 Fax 33 1 47 52 70 00
http//www. ifp.fr/
42
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