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Case Studies in Engineering Management for Transportation Safety and Security R

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Case Studies in Engineering Management for Transportation Safety and Security R & D Projects EAS 590 University at Buffalo April 4, 2007 Ed Starosielec – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Case Studies in Engineering Management for Transportation Safety and Security R


1
Case Studies in Engineering Management for
Transportation Safety and Security R D Projects
  • EAS 590
  • University at Buffalo
  • April 4, 2007
  • Ed Starosielec

2
Complexity of the Solution Drives the Need for a
Multidisciplined Approach to Technology Choices
and Project Management
  • Passive Systems---Early R D
  • Safety---a Growing Problem
  • Matrix of Opportunities
  • Vehicle---Highway Cooperative Programs
  • The Complexity of E---Safety
  • Adjacent Markets

3
ITS and Safety
  • A LITTLE HISTORY

1948 Thin Man 2D dummy used to evaluate
occupant kinematics.
1954 Retrofit kit for installation of seat belts
in automobiles.
1966 Beam barrier guard rail development.
1981 Advanced development and evaluation of air
bag systems.
4
Motor Vehicle Deaths and Fatality Rate per Total
Miles Traveled (1950-2005)
Motor Vehicle Fatalities
Fatality Rate
5
ITS and Safety
Where Are The Opportunities?
  • Haddon Matrix

Vehicles Equipment
Human
Environment
Brakes, Tires ICA, ACC,ESC
Speed Limits, Red Light Cameras, RWIS
Pre-crash Crash Post-crash
Alcohol Use
Seat Belt Use
Speed, Air Bags
Guard Rails
EMS, IIMS, Mayday, NG 9-1-1
Age, Physical Condition
Fuel Tank Integrity, AACN
6
Intelligent Transportation Systems
  • The integration of sensors, communications, and
    computing technologies to reduce congestion and
    improve the safety of surface vehicles on our
    nations highways, railroads, and ports of entry.

7
Factors to be Considered When Choosing a Solution
  • Time to Market
  • User Acceptance
  • Ease of Use (Judgment and Skill)
  • Reliability and Ease of Maintenance

8
Additional Factors (Customer Perspective) to
Consider
  • Compliance to rules, regulations, and terms and
    conditions
  • Technical Assessment
  • Cost/Schedule/Performance
  • Feasibility/Risk
  • Cost and Cost Sharing

9
Additional Factors (Company/Developer) to
Consider
  • ROI ( Return on Investment)
  • Sources of R D Dollars
  • IP Rights and Licensing
  • Patent Opportunities and Infringement Issues
  • Terms and Conditions of Contracts and Suppliers
  • Internal Company Processes ( ISO, reporting and
    reviews, etc)

10
ITS and Safety
  • Autonomous Vehicle Safety
  • Intelligent Cruse Control
  • Rollover Stability Control
  • Rear Impact Collision Warning
  • Event Data Recorders (for Causal Factor Analysis)
  • Driver Performance / Distraction
  • Emphasis of Intelligent Vehicles is Pre- and
    Post-Crash
  • Are dual-stage and side curtain airbags examples
    of ITS technology?

11
Vehicle Only Solution Space and Characteristics
  • Self-contained
  • Designed to Assist and Improve Driver Performance
  • Warnings and Alerts versus Automatic Vehicle
    Control
  • Right Technology Choices for Sensing and Display
  • Liabilities Lessen If the Driver Stays in the Loop

12
ITS and Safety
  • Vehicle-Highway Cooperative Measures
  • Lane Departure
  • Intersection Collision Avoidance
  • Vehicle Infrastructure Integration

13
Characteristics Associated with Cooperative
Measures
  • Somewhat More Complex
  • Requires Integration with Infrastructures and
    Vehicles
  • Sensing and Communication ( Inside/outside the
    vehicle)
  • Sufficient Market Penetration to Warrant the
    Investment
  • Level and Extent of Testing Increases

14
ITS and Safety
  • E-Safety Integration of Public Safety, Incident
    Management and Emergency Medical for Real Time
    System Response
  • AACN / Mayday
  • CAD -TMC Integration
  • Integrated Incident Management
  • CVISN / CVO Fleet Management Systems
  • Focus on Post Crash Environment
  • Represents the Highest Level of Integration to
    Achieve Safety Goals (also achieve other missions
    security)

15
E-Safety Environment Drives Network Solutions
  • Interoperability
  • System Level Decisions
  • Conformance to a Variety of Standards
  • Integration of New Systems with Legacy Systems
  • Many Players Requires Consensus Building

16
ITS and Safety
Blue Cross / Blue Shield of Alabama
BREMSS Trauma Control Center (TCC)
OnStar by General Motors
Intelligent Information Integration Broker
(I3B) and Web Server
Crash data
Patient data
Crash data
Voice Notification)
Crash data
Transport Coord-ination
Patient Crash data
Browser
Hospital status data
First Responder Dispatch (by voice)
Patient data
Crash data
9-1-1 Public Safety Answering Point (PSAP)
Pre-hospital Care Transport
Hospital
17
Automated Collision Notification and Mayday
Issues
  • Vehicle (Post Crash ) and Infrastructure
    Integration
  • Privacy
  • Who owns the Data?
  • Medical/EMS Community
  • New and Emerging Technology on Several Fronts
  • Move From Government Funding to Commercial
    Environment

18
ITS and Safety
IIMS Communications Framework
Traffic Mgmt. Center
Public Works
Police Responder
Police
DOT Responder
Fire/EMS
Other Centers
Emergency Response
Other Centers
Other Centers
Police Responder
19
Integrated Incident Management System Development
  • High Level of Integration, but mostly
    Infrastructure
  • Legal
  • Many Players and new tools and rules
  • Interoperability
  • Training and Acceptance by Responders in the Field

20
ITS and Safety
Multi-mission Requirements Drive Higher Levels of
Integration
EMS Public Health
Security
DHS DOJ
HHS
?
DOT
21
Push/Pull of Adjacent Markets and Issues
Associated
  • New Interfaces
  • New Users
  • Information Sharing
  • Unknowns ( Domain and Missions)
  • Corporate Strategy and Overall Fit
  • ROI and Opportunity to Leverage the Investment

22
Summary and Final Thoughts On Transportation
Safety
  • Open Mind
  • Multidisciplinary Approach is Required with
    Complexity
  • Understand the Organization (s)
  • Compliance to standards
  • Emerging Technology may not be the Right
    Technology
  • Active Systems Require Higher Levels of
    Integration
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