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Medieval Castles

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Medieval Castles Due to a lack of a strong central government, warfare was frequent. As a result, most nobles build their own fortified manor ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Medieval Castles


1
Medieval Castles
2
  • Due to a lack of a strong central government,
    warfare was frequent. As a result, most nobles
    build their own fortified manor
    houses.

3
  • The primary purpose of castles and fortifications
    was DEFENSE! Several methods were used to
    protect the people inside.

4
  • The first castles were made of wood, with log
    walls and mounds of dirt packed around them.

5
(No Transcript)
6
  • By 1100, castles were made of stone, with thick
    walls and turrets (small towers). Most castles
    were on hills and surrounded by a moat or ditch.

7
  • The strongest part of the castle was called the
    keep and contained living quarters, dining
    hall, and a basement (dungeon).

8
  • Surrounding the keep was a large open area called
    a bailey. Many other buildings stood within
    the bailey, including a chapel, storeroom,
    workshop, and barracks.

9
  • Castles were never luxurious. They were dirty
    and cold, built only for military security.
    Even animals slept within the
    castle. There was no glass in the
    windows and poor drainage.

10
For defense, there were small windows for
archers, holes for pouring boiling oil on
attackers, and a drawbridge to prevent entry.
11
Castle walls had a place for defenders to stand
to ward off attacks. There were
crenelations to protect the
defenders.
12
  • Noblemen were able to build and maintain their
    castles by collecting rent from their peasants in
    the form of goods. They then sold the goods for
    cash or bartered for services (stonemasons, etc).

13
  • The Nobleman (Lord) had total control in his
    fief. He settled disputes and defended his land
    with whatever force was necessary.

14
  • The noble Lady, however, had almost no rights.
    Her job was to raise children. She was often wed
    as early as her 12th birthday!

15
  • The Lady was expected to do needlework, producing
    fine embroidery. They also made medicines from
    herbs and other plants.
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