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Georgia between World Wars:

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Georgia between World Wars: 1919 to 1941 * * * * * * * * Race Relations: Supported programs to help out both poor whites and blacks Accomplishments: *Health services ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Georgia between World Wars:


1
Georgia between World Wars
  • 1919 to 1941

2
GPS SS8H8a
  • Describe the impact of the boll weevil and
    drought on Georgia.

3
The Georgian Economy in 1920s
  • Although most of the country enjoyed great
    prosperity throughout the 1920s, Georgia and a
    number southern states (which were still
    predominantly farming states) suffered due to
  • Boll weevil
  • Droughts
  • Lost of farms
  • Exodus of workers

4
1. Boll weevil
  • ¼ inch long insect
  • Larvae feed off bolls of the cotton plant
    (fibers)
  • Moved from Mexico into Georgia in 1915

5
  • What happened?
  • Makes cotton plant useless
  • Immediate effect?
  • Thousands of acres of cotton field destroyed.
  • Long Term effects?
  • Prices of cotton drops to only 15 cents per pound
  • The failing Cotton harvest (the major crop of the
    South) negative effects on other parts of economy

6
2. Drought of 1924
  • What happened? Parched and sun-baked fields
    destroy cotton and other crops
  • Immediate effect? Farmers lost income due to
    lost of crops
  • Long term effects? Farmers either lost farms or
    became deeper in debt

7
3. Lost of Farms
  • What Happened?
  • Crop failures and debts caused many small farms
    to fail
  • Immediate effect?
  • 60,000 farms in operation were lost in 1920s
  • Long-term effect?
  • When farms failed, banks also lost money
  • Many farm-related businesses (stores, equipment
    dealers, repairmen) closed

8
Exodus of Farm Workers or the Great Migration
9
(No Transcript)
10
  • What happened?
  • Over 375,000 farm workers left Georgia between
    1920 to 1925.
  • Workers, mostly Blacks who left due to racial
    discrimination
  • Immediate Effects?
  • Blacks had opportunities for better paying jobs,
    education, health care, and civil rights in the
    North
  • Long-term Effects?
  • Blacks still faced segregation, unequal pay,
    hostile competition, and over-crowded cities

11
GPS SS8H8b
  • Explain the economic factors of the Great
    Depression.

12
The Great Depression was
  • From October 1929 to 1940 (World War II)
  • Started on Black Tuesday when the New York
    Stock Market crashed. (Value of stocks fell 40
    billion)
  • U.S. Steel 262 stocks dropped to 22,
    and Montgomery Ward fell from 138 to 4 a share
  • By 1932, 13 million (or 1 out of 4) Americans
    were unemployed
  • Over 9,000 banks failed and millions lost their
    savings and cash

13
  • 5. People left homeless to live in
    Hoovervilles or wooden and cardboard shacks
  • 6. Soup Kitchens and bread lines feed the
    needy
  • Education and health care for children suffered
    and most went hungry everyday and had no shoes
    for their feet.

14
Cause and Effect of The Great Depression
  • Cause 1
  • Stock Market
  • Speculation
  • Effect
  • Prices of stock rose higher than they were really
    worth

15
  • Effect
  • People borrowed (or given loans) more money than
    they could afford to repay loans.
  • Cause 2
  • Over-borrowing

16
  • Cause 3
  • Personal Debt
  • Effect
  • Americans bought too much beyond their means.
    Remained in debt when laid off and had to sell
    belongings.

17
  • Effect
  • Invested too much in stock market and lost money.
    Runs on Banks
  • Banks could not cover deposits
  • Cause 4
  • Unwise Bank Practices

18
  • Effect
  • The economy will work itself out of the
    depressionYET it only created more problems
  • Cause 5
  • Laissez-faire attitude of Government

19
  • Effect
  • Companies produce more than they could sell laid
    off workers to get rid of surplus
  • Cause 6
  • Industrial Overproduction

20
  • Effect
  • Other countries not be able to buy American goods
    and pay off wartime debts.
  • Cause 7
  • High Tariffs

21
  • Effect
  • Droughts and overproduction caused prices to
    drop. Farmers could not pay off debts or buy
    goods. Farm communities in their own depression
  • Cause 8
  • Depressed Agricultural Production

22
GPS SS8H8d
  • Discuss the effect of the New Deal in terms of
    the impact of the Civilian Conservation Corps,
    Agricultural Adjustment Acts, rural
    electrification, and Social Security.

23
Franklin D. Roosevelt and The New Deal
  • During Roosevelt first 100 Days as president in
    1933, he introduced 15 programs to Congress and
    passed easily
  • 1. provide relief to the needy
  • 2. economic recovery and create jobs
  • 3. Reform financial system

24
Civilian Conservation Corps
  • (CCC) Provided jobs for young men to build
    projects in national parks
  • Each young man earned 30 per month and send most
    of it home to their families
  • In Georgia, Kennesaw Mountain National Park and
    Roosevelt State Park

25
Agricultural Adjustment Administration (AAA)
  • 1st Act in 1933-- to help farmers with low-
    priced crops and overproduction
  • provide farmers subsidies to produce less,
    thus higher prices and higher
  • income
  • 2nd Act in 1935Rewarded farmers who practiced
    good conservation methods

26
Rural Electrification Administration (REA)
  • Roosevelts Warm Springs cottage had electricity
    but his neighbors did not. Roosevelt proposed the
    REA bill.
  • 300 million given extend power lines in rural
    areas and buy cheaper electricity
  • Higher number of farmers in Georgia now had
    electric water pumps, lights in the homes,
    milking machines, and household appliances.

27
Social Security Act of 1935
  • Insured citizens over the age of 65
    retirement income
  • Provided workers with unemployment compensation
  • Provided assistance to citizens too disable to
    work, plus assistance for their spouse and
    children

28
Georgia Governors during the FDR Years (1932 to
1945)
  • SS8H8c Discuss the impact of the political career
    of Eugene Talmadge
  • SS8H9b Evaluate the importance of Richard Russell
  • SS8H10c Discuss the impact of Ellis Arnall

29
Richard Russell(1931 to 1932)
  • View on New Deal and FDR
  • Strong supporter of New Deal Persuaded FDR to
    start programs beneficial to GA

30
  • Race Relations
  • Believed in segregation but spoke out against
    violence used towards Blacks
  • Accomplishments
  • Reorganization Act of government
  • Eased some financial problems caused by Great
    Depression
  • Served in Senate for 38 years and brought
    military contract to GA

31
Eugene Talmadge (1933 to 1936 1941 to 1942)
  • Views on New Deal and FDR
  • Disliked federal intervention and New Deal
    Programs

32
  • Race Relations
  • Considered a conservative white supremacy.
  • Accomplishments
  • Reduced property taxes, utility rates, and state
    fees
  • Large support from rural voters
  • Only GA governor elected four times

33
Ed Rivers (1937 to 1940)
  • Views on New Deal and FDR
  • Big supporter of New Deal Programs in GA

34
  • Race Relations
  • Supported programs to help out both poor whites
    and blacks
  • Accomplishments
  • Health services, old age pensions, raises for
    teachers,
  • Expanded electrical services to rural area
  • Unemployment compensation

35
Ellis Arnall (1943 to 1946)
  • Views on New Deal and FDR
  • Strong supporter for Roosevelt's war time policies

36
  • Race Relations
  • Abolished poll tax and white primary
  • (100,000 blacks voted in 1946 GA primary)
  • Accomplishments
  • Created boards to monitor Board of Regents and
    Prison system
  • Supported GA to be first state to allow 18 year
    olds to vote
  • first governor to serve four-year term
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