The Origins of the Industrial Revolution - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – The Origins of the Industrial Revolution PowerPoint presentation | free to download - id: 64c59a-NTU5N



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

The Origins of the Industrial Revolution

Description:

The Origins of the Industrial Revolution Agricultural Rev. brought about the Industrial Rev. I. The Agricultural Rev. Before 1600s = villagers given small land plots ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:35
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 21
Provided by: vhs5
Learn more at: http://lhswildcats.org
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: The Origins of the Industrial Revolution


1
The Origins of the Industrial Revolution
2
  • Agricultural Rev. brought about the Industrial
    Rev.

3
I. The Agricultural Rev.
  • Before 1600s villagers given small land plots
  • Also, had common lands for pastoralism
  • 1600s wealthy landholders bought up land
  • Enclosed land w/fences or hedges
  • Enclosure movement (Great Britain)
  • Reached height early 1800s
  • Demand prices rose on ag. products (1800s)
  • Consequences of enclosures
  • 1. forced small farmers out (became tenant
    farmers)
  • 2. farmers experimented w/new methods

4
  • Jethro Tull
  • Original way of sowing seed wasteful
  • Created the seed drill (1701)
  • Also, uprooted weeds
  • Viscount Charles Turnip Townshend
  • Developed crop rotation
  • Wheat gt turnips gt barley gt clover

5
  • Jethro Wood
  • Iron plow w/STANDARD PARTS
  • New techniques machines expensive
  • Demand for farm laborers decreased
  • Moved to cities LABOR FORCE for I.R.

6
II. Factors of Production
  • I.R. began in G.B. (had factors of production)
  • LAND, CAPITAL, LABOR!
  • Land all natural resources
  • Coal iron-ore
  • Great harbors rivers
  • Capital goods (tools, machinery for
    production)
  • Brits had invest in new businesses
  • Labor industrial workers
  • Growing pops migration into cities

7
  • Other reasons why G.B.
  • Overseas colonies
  • Other overseas trade
  • Govt. support for commerce

British Empire 1919
8
III. The Textile Industry
  • Cotton textile industry (first to mechanize)
  • 1600s Brit imported raw cotton, employed
    spinners weavers (domestic system)
  • Spinners spun cotton into thread
  • Weavers wove thread into cloth

9
A. New Inventions
  • Improvement of the loom (weaving cloth)
  • 1733 John Kay
  • the flying shuttle
  • Mechanized weaving

10
  • 1764 James Hargreaves
  • the spinning jenny
  • Mechanized spinning

11
  • 1769 Richard Awkwright
  • Water frame driven by water power
  • Too big for cottage industry
  • Opened spinning mill
  • Leads to factory system

12
B. Effects of Mechanization
  • Demand for cotton increased
  • Most came from U.S.
  • BUT, cotton was not profitable (SEEDS!?)
  • 1793 Eli Whitney cotton gin

13
IV. Steam Engines
  • Water power early I.R. (drawbacks?)
  • Answer STEAM!
  • 1712 Thomas Newcomen first steam engine
  • 1760s James Watt patented modern steam engine
    (replaced water as power source)

14
V. Transportation
  • Roads were poor

15
A. Roads Canals
  • John McAdam developed the macadam roads
  • Small stones topped a roadbed of larger stones
  • Heavy wagons wouldnt sink
  • Private investors built roads
  • Turnpikes

16
  • Rivers transportation
  • Used canals w/locks

17
B. Railroads Steamboats
  • 1814 George Stephenson
  • Steam locomotives for miners
  • 1825 worlds first RR line (27 mi.)
  • Entrepreneurs invested in RRs
  • From Liverpool to Manchester
  • 1829 the Rocket won competition for locomotive
  • 1830 Liverpool-Manchester RR opened (SUCCESS!)

18
(No Transcript)
19
  • Effects of Locomotives
  • 1. spurred industrial growth
  • Manufacturers could transport materials
    finished products
  • 2. created new jobs (RR workers miners)
  • 3. boosted Englands ag. fishing industries
  • 4. allowed rural people to take jobs in cities

20
  • Robert Fulton
  • Est. first inland steamboat service
  • the Clermont (Hudson River 1807)
  • 1838 the Great Western
  • Samuel Cunard the Cunard Line (1839) across
    Atlantic Ocean
About PowerShow.com