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Industrial Revolution and the Monroe Doctrine

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Chapter 10 Industrial Revolution and the Monroe Doctrine Growth of Industry The Industrial Revolution began in the mid-1700 s in Britain. It was a period during ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Industrial Revolution and the Monroe Doctrine


1
Chapter 10
  • Industrial Revolution and the Monroe Doctrine

2
Growth of Industry
  • The Industrial Revolution began in the mid-1700s
    in Britain. It was a period during which
    machinery and technology changed how people
    worked and produced goods.
  • The Industrial Revolution took hold in the U.S.
    in New England around 1800.
  • Rivers and streams provided water- power to run
    machinery in factories.

3
Industrial Revolution
4
  1. New England was near needed resources, such as
    coal and iron from Pennsylvania and therefore had
    an advantage.
  2. New England shipped cotton from southern states
    and sent the finished cloth to markets throughout
    the nation.
  3. Capitalism played a large part in the development
    of different industries. People put up capital,
    or their own money, for a new business in the
    hopes to make a profit, too.

5
  • With the Growth of industry came free enterprise.
    People are open to buy, sell, or produce
    anything of their choosing as well as work
    wherever they want. Competition, profit, private
    property, and economic freedom are all aspects of
    a free enterprise.
  • New England had workers to handle the growth of
    industry.
  • The Industrial Revolution could not have taken
    place without the invention of new machines and
    new technology or the scientific discoveries that
    made them work easier.

6
  1. Britain created machinery and methods that
    changed the textile industry with inventions such
    as the spinning jenny, the water frame, and the
    power loom.
  2. Most mills were built near rivers because the new
    machinery ran on water-power.
  3. In 1785 the first steam engine provided power for
    a cotton mill.

7
Power Loom
8
Steam Engine
9
  • In the United States, many new inventions were
    created.
  • In 1793 Eli Whitney invented the cotton gin. One
    worker using the machine could clean cotton as
    fast as 50 people working by hand.
  • The patent law was passed in 1790 protected the
    rights of people who created inventions. A
    patent gives the inventor the sole legal right to
    the invention and its profits for a certain
    period of time.

10
Eli Whitney
11
Cotton Gin
12
New England Factories
  • The factory system, or bringing manufacturing
    steps together under one roof, began here. This
    was an important part of the Industrial
    Revolution because it changed the way goods were
    made and increased efficiency.
  • The Technology of making inter-changeable parts
    made it possible to produce many types of goods
    in large quantities.

13
  • It also reduced the cost of manufacturing goods.
    In 1798 Eli Whitney devised this method to make
    10,000 rifles in two years for the United states
    government. He was able to make huge quantities
    of identical pieces that could replace one another

14
Agriculture expands
  • In the 1820s, more the 65 percent of Americans
    were farmers.
  • In the Northeast farms were small and produce was
    sold locally.
  • In the South, cotton production greatly increased
    with the development of the textile industry of
    New England and Europe.

15
Southern Plantation
16
  1. Enslaved workers planted, tended, and picked the
    cotton.
  2. With the invention of the cotton gin, cotton
    could be cleaned faster and cheaper than by hand,
    so farmers raised larger crops.
  3. Between 1790 and 1820, cotton production went
    from 3000 to 300000 bales a year.

17
Economic Independence
  • To help their businesses grow many merchants,
    farmers, and shopkeepers put some of the money
    they earned back into their businesses to try and
    make larger profits.
  • In 1816 Congress established the Second Bank of
    the United States. It had the power to establish
    a national currency and to make large loans. It
    helped strengthen the economic independence of
    the nation.

18
Second Bank
19
  • As a result of the growth of factories cities and
    towns began to grow. Many developed along
    rivers and streams because of water-power.
    Cities like New York, Boston, and Baltimore
    became centers of commerce and trade.
  • Cities and towns looked nothing like they do
    today. Buildings were wood or brick. Streets
    were unpaved. Animals roamed freely.

20
1800s New York
21
  1. Because there were no sewers, the danger of
    disease such as cholera and yellow fever grew.
  2. Fires could spread easily and could be
    disastrous.
  3. Cities offered many types of shops, jobs, a
    steady income, and cultural opportunities.
  4. Many people left their farms and moved to the
    cities for the city life.

22
Moving West
  • By 1820 the population had doubled reaching to
    the about 10 million. Almost 2 million lived
    west of the Appalachian Mountains.
  • Without a proper road system travel through the
    west was difficult. The first national road was
    built between Maryland and Ohio in the mid 1800s

23
  • Steam boats provided a faster means or river
    travel. In 1807 Robert Fulton built the
    Clermont, a steamboat with a newly designed
    powerful engine.
  • The 150 mile trip from New York was shortened
    from 4 days to 32 hours.
  • Steamboats improved the transportation of people
    and goods.

24
Robert Fulton
25
Clermont
26
Canals
  • The Erie canal was built by a new York business
    and government group. The artificial water way
    was used to connect New York city with the great
    Lakes region.
  • The canal was 363-miles long and took thousands
    of workers to build.
  • As a result of the success of the Erie Canal, by
    1850 the United States had more than 3,600 miles
    of Canals. These Canals helped unite the
    country, tying the East and West together.

27
Erie Canal
28
Western Settlement
  • After the war of 1812 five new Western States
    were admitted into the United States Indiana,
    Illinois, Mississippi, Alabama and Missouri.
  • Most people who settled the west went with others
    from their home communities. Indiana, for
    example, was settled mostly by people from
    Kentucky.
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