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HINDUISM:

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HINDUISM: Many Rivers to One Ocean Within You, Without You By George Harrison We were talking About the space between us all And the people Who hide themselves behind ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: HINDUISM:


1
HINDUISM
  • Many Rivers to One Ocean

2
Assignments
  • (due Fri, 9/24) View Fr. Spitzers YouTube
    refuting Hawking, write 1-2 paragraph opinion
    for discussion in class

3
Assignments
  • (due Tues, 9/28) Read 41-45 do 45 A
  • (due Weds, 9/29) Read 45-48 do 48 C
  • (due Thurs, 9/30) Read 48-53 Write 2 pghs
    What are the differences between Indian and
    Western ideas regarding occupation, activities
    goals proper to ones social status, age and
    place in life? What are the positive negative
    aspects of each?

4
Assignments
  • (due Mon., 10/4) Read pp. 53-61a Written
    reflection (1-2 pghs) Of the 3 paths to
    liberation, with which do you most connect? Why?
    Compare to your own faith?
  • (.,10/) Are You Ready for some YOGA?!... Yeah,
    baby!!!
  • (., /) Read rest of Chapter, p. 61 onward/ prep
    for test
  • (Fri., 10/8) TEST on Ch. 3 Hinduism

5
Reality and Human Destiny
  • Brahman
  • Atman
  • Maya
  • Moksha

6
  • There is only one God,
  • but endless are his aspects
  • and endless are his names.
  • Call him by any name and worship him
  • in any aspect that pleases you,
  • you are sure to see him.
  • -Shri Ramakrishna

7
(No Transcript)
8
  • Like drops of water in the ocean,
  • we are all one.
  • We may appear to be different distinct,
  • but during moments of deeper awareness
  • we realize that all is one.
  • Our true glory lies in recognizing the truth
  • of our inseparable identity
  • with all that is.

9
Brahman
  • All is One/ Reality as unity vs. duality
    (monism)
  • Indefinable, unknowable limitless
  • Neti, neti (Not this, not that)
  • It is the very essence of everything and IS
    everything

10
Maya
  • illusion, blindness
  • Seeing
  • Parts vs. whole
  • Many vs. the One
  • Separateness vs. connectedness

11
Atman
  • The eternal Self that is, Who you really, really
    are
  • And, since ALL is One Reality (Brahman), so are
    you!
  • Atman IS Brahman and Brahman is Atman

12
Moksha
  • Liberation, release, salvation
  • From what?
  • Maya blindness to reality, to the way things
    really and simply are
  • How?
  • Ah later! ?

13
Reality Human Destiny
  • Samsara
  • Karma
  • Dharma

14
Samsara
  • wheel of rebirth
  • Reincarnation (taking on flesh again) of
    individual soul
  • Sometimes called transmigration, or the passing
    of a soul from one life-form to another
  • Samsara ends when moksha is achieved

15
Karma
  • Literally, action or deeds
  • Moral law of cause effect
  • Every action produces its justified effect
  • Permanently recorded energy
  • Only humans can affect their own karma

16
Dharma
  • Ethical duty or right action, according to
    divine order of reality
  • A total way of life vs. code of actions
  • Right action produces good karma

17
Hindu Castes
  • Brahmin priests
  • Kshatriya warriors administrators
  • Vaishya producers (farmers, merchants,
    artisans, etc.)
  • Shudra servants laborers
  • Untouchables outcastes (Gandhi Harijan
    Gods children

18
Four Stages of Life
  • Student
  • Householder
  • Forest Dweller
  • Wandering Ascetic (Sannyasin)

19
Student
  • Characterized by study of the Vedas and other
    sacred literature

20
Householder
  • Marked by pursuing a career and raising a family

21
Forest Dweller
  • Requiring retreat from worldly bonds to engage
    fully in the spiritual quest

22
Wandering Ascetic (Sannyasin)
  • Involving returning to society while remaining
    detached from social life

23
Four Goals of Life
  • Kama pleasure is sought, but within the limits
    of dharma

24
Four Goals of Life
  • Artha material success is sought, along with
    social power and prestige

25
Four Goals of Life
  • Dharma harmony with dharma is the primary
    concern

26
Four Goals of Life
  • Moksha the goal is to achieve the infinite
    being, awareness and bliss of liberation

27
Three Paths of Liberation
  • Karma Marga
  • Jnana Marga
  • Bhakti Marga

28
Karma Marga
  • The path of works or action
  • For those who prefer active life
  • Also called karma yoga (yoga discipline or
    path)
  • Focused on dharma

29
Jnana Marga
  • The path of knowledge
  • For those who enjoy philosophy, learning
    meditation
  • Also called jnana yoga
  • 3 philosophical schools
  • Vedanta
  • Sankhya
  • Yoga

30
Jnana Marga Yoga
  • Sometimes in a separate category (a 4th path)
  • Hatha yoga
  • Aimed at experience of samadhi (see pp. 56-57)

31
Bhakti Marga
  • The Path of Devotion
  • Also called bhakti yoga
  • For those who are more naturally emotional
  • Focus Personal devotion to gods/goddesses

32
Bhakti Marga
  • Major gods/goddesses
  • Brahma Creator
  • Vishnu Preserver
  • Shiva Destroyer
  • Gods not supreme beings, but aspects of
    Being Itself (Brahman)

33
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34
Within You, Without You By George Harrison
  • We were talking
  • About the space between us all
  • And the people
  • Who hide themselves behind a wall of illusion
  • Never glimpse the truth
  • Then its far too late
  • When they pass away

35
  • We were talking
  • About the love we all could share
  • When we find it
  • To try our best to hold it there
  • With our love
  • We could save the world
  • If they only knew

36
  • Try to realize
  • its all
  • within yourself no one else
  • can make you change
  • And to see youre really only
  • very small and
  • Life flows on
  • within you and without you

37
  • we were talking
  • about the love thats gone so cold
  • and the people
  • who gain the world and lose their soul
  • they dont know, they cant see
  • are you one of them?

38
  • When youve seen beyond yourself then
  • You may find
  • Peace of mind
  • Is waiting there
  • And the time will come
  • When you see
  • Were all One,
  • And Life flows on
  • Within you and without you
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