Organizing Shipbreaking Workers by Sudhershan Rao Sarde Director IndustriALL South Asia Regional Office New Delhi - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Organizing Shipbreaking Workers by Sudhershan Rao Sarde Director IndustriALL South Asia Regional Office New Delhi

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Title: Organizing Shipbreaking Workers by Sudhershan Rao Sarde Director IndustriALL South Asia Regional Office New Delhi


1
Organizing Shipbreaking Workers by Sudhershan
Rao Sarde Director IndustriALL South Asia
Regional Office New Delhi
2
  • Definition
  • Shipbreaking industry comprises the process
    of dismantling a vessels structure for scrapping
    or disposal whether conducted at a beach, pier,
    dry dock or dismantling slip. The shipbreaking
    activities include removing all gear and
    equipment to cutting down and recycling the
    ships infrastructure.
  • Countries having Shipbreaking Industry
  • India
  • Bangladesh
  • Pakistan
  • China
  • Turkey

3
Shipbreaking in South Asia INDIA, BANGLADESH,
and PAKISTAN
South Asia region- India, Bangladesh, and
Pakistan account nearly 70 of world shipbreaking
in gross tonnage.
Source Shipbuilding Statistics September 2011,
the Shipbuilders Association of Japan
4

Ship breaking will continue to increase
World Completion (1926-2011 1st half)
The amount of shipbreaking will be tripled in
next 25 years.
Fleets age 25 (now being breaking)
Source Shipbuilding Statistics September 2011,
the Shipbuilders Association of Japan
5
More toxic contained ships to break
World Completions by Ship Type
(note) Data source from Shipbuilding Statistics
Sept. 2011, the Shipbuilders Association of
Japan
6
One of the most hazardous occupations in the
world(1)
7
One of the most hazardous occupations in the
world(2)
8
Number of Workers in Shipbreaking yards(est.)
IMF Survey - Employment in Shipbreaking
2010(or latest) 2005 2000
INDIA 66,000 60,000 60,000
BANGLADESH 30,000 15,000 10,000
PAKISTAN 25,000
Over 120,000 shipbreaking workers in South Asia
region.
9
Employment in Downstream Industries
  • INDIA
  • Employment in downstream
  • Industries 5,00,000
  • Re-rolling Mills, Foundries,
  • Scrap-handling Yards,
  • Goods stores and other
  • small businesses.
  • BANGLADESH 2,00,000
  • PAKISTAN
    1,50,000

10
Employment Profile
  • Migrant Workers
  • Employed through chain of contractors
  • Invisible owners
  • Informal Nature of Employment
  • Weak Regulatory Mechanisms
  • Labor Legislation and Statues observed more in
    breach
  • Women less than 3

11
  • Major sites are
  • Alang Sosiya
  • (worlds largest
  • shipbreaking site)
  • At full capacity directly
  • employs 60,000
  • workers
  • Mumbai
  • At full capacity directly
  • employs 6,000 workers
  • Other small yards

12
  • Workers in Shipbreaking and the downstream
    Industries together 5,66,000
  • Majority of the workers are migrant.

13
Working Conditions
  • Jobs are controlled by layers of contractors.
  • Casual nature of work.
  • Handling of hazardous waste without proper
    protection safety
  • Accident prone industry
  • Labour intensive industry
  • Lack of basic amenities

14
Working Conditions
  • No security of employment
  • No adequate training and redeployment facilities
  • Meagre Wages
  • Widespread prevalent of Occupational Diseases

15
(No Transcript)
16
Occupational Health and Safety
  • Fatal accidents at Alang Shipbreaking Yards
  • (Year-wise)
  • 2006-6
  • 2007-6
  • 2008-0
  • 2009-16
  • 2010-16
  • 2011-7
  • 2012 (till date)-3

17
Endeavour of IndustriALL in Organizing Ship
Breaking Workers
  • IndustriALL and its affiliate SMEFI with
    solidarity support from FNV Mondial has been able
    to form Unions for the Ship Breaking Workers
    (SBW) at Mumbai and Alang
  • SBWs at Mumbai were enrolled as members of Mumbai
    Port Trust, Dock General Employees Union
    (MPTDGEU) by special resolution

18
Contd.
  • Several Surveys conducted viz
  • Working and Socio-Economic Conditions of SBWs in
    India,
  • Scrap Disposal,
  • Working conditions in downstream industries,
  • Spending Pattern of SBWs and Comparative Study of
    Wages in Similar Industries
  • The Supreme Court Monitoring Committee on
    hazardous waste has also taken note of the said
    survey report.
  • Government of India Inter-Ministerial Committee
    took cognizance of the Ship breaking Workers
    Memorandum.
  • The first ever International Conference of Ship
    Breaking Workers was held in Mumbai on 19-20
    April 2011.

19
Contd.
  • Delegates of SBWs of South Asia represented at
  • International Labour Organisation (ILO),
  • International Maritime Organisation (IMO),
  • Basel Convention (BC)
  • The employers were made to pay compensation to
    the bereaved families in fatal accidents.
  • Employment given to the eligible kin.
  • The Ship breaking workers are able to ventilate
    their grievances and activity collectively in
    defense of their rights.

20
Vision of Green Recycling
  • IndustriALL and its Affiliates are endeavouring
    with Ship Builders for Building ships in Green
    manner
  • No toxic materials including asbestos
  • Shipbreaking friendly building process
  • Convey knowledge and technics/skills of OHS which
    can be used for shipbreaking.
  • And more ..

21
The Road Ahead...
  • 1) Promotion of Tripartism is the need of the
    Hour
  • In informal employments tripartism is the only
    way out. Employers, Governments and Workers
    should be part of an Institutional Framework,
    hold discussions, frame policies and ensure
    implementation.
  • Some of the best examples of Informal employments
    like Beedi Workers, Mathadi Act, Construction
    workers etc.
  • Tripartism institutionalised at Industry, State
    and National Levels.

22
  • 2) Promotion of Social Dialogue
  • Ship recycling has environmental and livelihood
    impacts. Due to weak regulatory mechanisms,
    recycling is being shifted to developing
    countries.
  • Civil Society actors need to be involved for
    sustainable ship recycling. All judicial
    pronouncements on ship recycling due to Civil
    Society Activism.
  • Social Dialogue implies all stakeholders are
    consulted and Sustainability is ensured.

23
  • 3) Building Regional Networks
  • Market forces tend to create race to the bottom
    in South Asia.
  • Intense competition within South Asia tends to
    weaken regulatory mechanisms further.
  • Trade unions and concerned Civil Society
    Organisations have to Build networks to create
    level playing fields, protect labor rights and
    promote environmental concerns.
  • To make this a reality dialogue between the trade
    unions and the Civil Society Groups is
    fundamental.

24
Emerging Geo-Political Contours
  • South Asia the emerging hub of manufacturing and
    trade.
  • Opening of trade between India and Pakistan key
    to CENTRAL ASIA.
  • Opening of trade route between India and Myanmar
    key to ASEAN.

25
  • THANKS FOR YOUR KIND ATTENTION
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