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Becoming a World Power: U.S. Imperialism

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Becoming a World Power: U.S. Imperialism 1880-1917 Chapter 9 * * * * * * * * * * * Chapter 9, Sec. 1 The United States Continues to Expand Reasons to expand for ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Becoming a World Power: U.S. Imperialism


1
Becoming a World Power U.S. Imperialism
  • 1880-1917
  • Chapter 9

2
Chapter 9, Sec. 1 The United States Continues
to Expand
  • Reasons to expand for the U.S. included that
  • a) the United States had run out of room and
  • b) other countries in Europe and Japan were doing
    it as well.
  • Important definitions to add
  • Annex to gain control of a country
  • Intervene to get involved in another countrys
    affairs, etc.

3
Chapter 9, Sec. 1 The United States Continues
to Expand
  • Three major reasons the US wanted to expand into
    other areas of the world
  • A) Economic reasons gaining more land would
    mean more resources to use, and thus make the
    country more powerful

4
Chapter 9, Sec. 1 The United States Continues
to Expand
  • Reasons for U.S. Expansion
  • B) military interests gaining more land would
    mean more options for military bases and thus
    more protection

5
Chapter 9, Sec. 1 The United States Continues
to Expand
  • Reasons for U.S. Expansion
  • C) belief in cultural superiority many
    Americans simply felt that they were better than
    others and that gaining more land would be able
    to help make others more American-like
  • - such as more democracy and spread Christianity

6
Chapter 9, Sec. 1 The United States Continues
to Expand
  • 1) How and why did we get Alaska?
  • Secretary of State William Seward decided to
    purchase Alaska from Russia in 1867 for 7.2
    million
  • What did people think of Sewards decision to buy
    Alaska at that time?
  • People thought it was a huge mistake and made fun
    of his idea
  • (It ended up being a great move because Alaska
    had a lot of resources like oil, timber, etc)

7
Chapter 9, Sec. 1 The United States Continues
to Expand
  • 2) How and why did we get Hawaii?
  • What product was a major money maker in Hawaii by
    the late 1800s?
  • there were lots of sugar plantations in Hawaii
  • Who did the U.S. govt help overthrow in the late
    1800s there?
  • we overthrew Queen Liliokalani ( the native
    Hawaiians) in 1891
  • What naval base was established in Hawaii?
  • Pearl Harbor

8
MOVING TO SECTION 2
  • The Spanish-American War

9
Chapter 9, Sec. 2 The Spanish American War
  • People in Cuba and Puerto Rico revolted against
    what country that was controlling them?
  • Spain
  • Explain how the yellow journalism situation in
    Cuba influenced American thoughts on the
    situation
  • Newspapers told exaggerated stories of what Spain
    was doing to the people there to get the U.S. to
    get involved (feeding to sharks, etc)
  • This led to American pressure on President
    McKinley to go to war with Spain

10
Chapter 9, Sec. 2 The Spanish American War
  • This led Pres. McKinley to send the U.S.S. Maine
    to Cuba.
  • What happened to the U.S.S. Maine and who was
    blamed for it?
  • The ship blew up and even though they dont think
    Spain blew it up, they were blamed for it.
  • See maps next slide of the key areas of the war

11
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12
Chapter 9, Sec. 2 The Spanish American War
  • What set of islands did we attack first when the
    Spanish-American War started?
  • The Phillipines
  • Explain what happened in the battle of Manila
    Bay
  • Thanks to the U.S. iron ships against Spains
    wooden ships, the U.S. overtook Manila Bay in a
    couple hours
  • Spain surrendered to the U.S. and then the U.S.
    later annexed the Philippines (even though we
    told the Filipinos we would let them have their
    own country during the war)

13
Chapter 9, Sec. 2 The Spanish American War
  • What country did the Rough Riders help take
    over?
  • Cuba
  • Who was the leader of the Rough Riders?
  • Theodore Roosevelt (not President yet)

14
Chapter 9, Sec. 2 The Spanish-American War
  • What main countries (all of them islands) did the
    U.S. get from Spain as a result of the war?
  • USA gained (and annexed) Puerto Rico, Guam and
    the Philippines
  • For Cuba, we agreed that we got a Naval base
    there (Guantanamo Bay)

15
Moving to Section 3
  • China, the Panama Canal, and Latin America

16
President McKinley Assassinated
  • What happened to President McKinley in Sept. of
    1901?
  • President McKinley was shot in Buffalo, NY.
  • He was shot twice by Leon Czolgosz while shaking
    hands at an appearance in New York at the
    Pan-American Conference.
  • Who took over as President after his death?
  • Vice President Theodore Roosevelt was sworn is as
    President.
  • Now, on to the building of the Panama Canal

Pres. McKinley
Czolgosz
17
Chapter 9, Sec. 3 U.S. Involvement Overseas
  • 3) How/why did we get the land for the Panama
    Canal?
  • Why was the U.S. interested in building the
    Panama Canal?
  • The U.S. wanted a connection between the Atlantic
    and Pacific oceans for easier trade, military
    movement, etc.
  • What country controlled Panama in the early
    1900s?
  • Columbia wouldnt sell us the canal zone in
    Panama
  • What did the U.S. do to help rebels in Panama
    overtake this countrys control?
  • President Roosevelt (now President) sent warships
    to intimidate Columbia and keep their troops from
    fighting there

18
Chapter 9, Sec. 3 U.S. Involvement Overseas
  • What did the new govt of Panama sell to the U.S.
    right away?
  • sold us the canal zone for 10 million
  • Why did the U.S. pay Columbia 25 million in
    1921?
  • as an apology for stealing the canal zone

19
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20
Chapter 9, Sec. 3 U.S. Involvement Overseas
  • 4) Explain how the process went for digging the
    Panama Canal
  • major challenges that made building the Panama
    Canal so hard
  • Swampy land, mosquitos carrying malaria, heat,
    etc. made working conditions bad
  • Many died while working on the canal and it was
    much harder than expected
  • 23) Work started in 1904 and was finished in 1914
    taking ten years to finish
  • The canal cost 352 million to build by the time
    it was done!

Youtube construction
Youtube clip - canal time lapse
21
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22
Chapter 9 Overview The Impact of U.S.
Imperialism
  • The U.S. was showing to be a Big Boy on the
    Block. This unit showed that the United States
    had gotten very powerful in what two major
    categories for world power
  • A) The economy was getting stronger and stronger
    and was now more global and involved worldwide
  • B) The U.S. defeat of Spain (in 5 months) showed
    that the U.S.A. was now a military force to be
    reckoned with across the world
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