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The McKinney-Vento Act Title X, Part C of NCLB

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Dana Scott State Coordinator for the Education of Homeless Children and Youth Scott_d_at_cde.state.co.us 303-866-6930 The McKinney-Vento Act Title X, Part C of NCLB – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The McKinney-Vento Act Title X, Part C of NCLB


1
The McKinney-Vento Act Title X, Part C of NCLB
  • Dana Scott
  • State Coordinator for the Education of Homeless
    Children and Youth
  • Scott_d_at_cde.state.co.us
  • 303-866-6930

2
Unaccompanied Homeless Youth
  • Unaccompanied homeless youth are young people who
    lack safe, stable housing and who are not in the
    care of a parent or guardian
  • They live in a variety of temporary situations,
    including shelters, the homes of friends or
    relatives, cars, campgrounds, public parks,
    abandoned buildings, motels, and bus or train
    stations

3
Unaccompanied Homeless Youth
  • By law, Districts must
  • Identify and verify eligibility as defined by the
    McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act
  • Assist unaccompanied homeless youth in school
    enrollment and placement decisions
  • Ensure unaccompanied homeless homeless youth are
    enrolled immediately and are fully participating
    in school
  • Facilitate dispute resolution process, if needed
  • Connect unaccompanied homeless youth with school
    and community resources

4
What About College? Can Unaccompanied Homeless
Youth Apply for Federal Financial Aid?
  • Yes, with assistance from advocates
  • Due to severe poverty, they are extremely
    unlikely to be able to access postsecondary
    education without federal student aid
  • The FAFSA requires most students to provide
    financial information and signatures from
    parents/guardians
  • These requirements create insurmountable barriers

5
College Cost Reduction and Access Act
  • In September of 2007, President Bush signed into
    law the College Cost Reduction and Access Act of
    2007
  • Included within this legislation are amendments
    to expand the definition of independent student
    in FAFSA to include
  • (1) unaccompanied homeless youth
  • (2) youth who are in foster care at any time
    after the age of 13 or older, and
  • (3) youth who are emancipated minors or are in
    legal guardianships as determined by an
    appropriate court in the individual's state of
    residence.

6
College Cost Reduction Act
  • Youth can be independent students if they are
    verified as unaccompanied and homeless during the
    school year in which the application is
    submitted, or unaccompanied, at risk of
    homelessness, and self-supporting
  • Verification must be made by one of the
    following
  • a McKinney-Vento Act school district liaison
  • a U.S. Department of Housing and Urban
    Development homeless assistance program director
    or their designee
  • a Runaway and Homeless Youth Act program director
    or their designee, or
  • a financial aid administrator

7
Changes to FAFSA
  • Questions 55 60 simplify application process
    for unaccompanied youth who were homeless or at
    risk of being homeless (as well as foster youth,
    dependent/wards of the court, emancipated minors
    and youth in legal guardianship)
  • Students who answer yes to a question 58 60 can
    now submit FAFSA application but will be asked
    later for documentation (from a homeless liaison,
    director of an emergency shelter program, or
    director of a runaway or homeless youth basic
    center or transitional living program)

8
FAFSA Resources
  • FAFSA Tips for Unaccompanied Youth Without Stable
    Housing
  • http//www.naehcy.org/dl/fafsa_tips_09-10.doc
  • Helping Unaccompanied Homeless Youth Access
    College Financial Aid
  • http//www.naehcy.org/dl/uy_higher_ed.doc
  • Higher Education Act Reauthorization Homeless
    and Foster Youth
  • http//www.naehcy.org/dl/hea_summ.doc

9
FAFSA Resources
  • Income Tax and the FAFSA for Unaccompanied
    Homeless Youth
  • http//www.naehcy.org/dl/tax_fafsa.doc
  • Unaccompanied Homeless Youth Verification For the
    Purposes of Federal Financial Aid
  • http//www.naehcy.org/dl/uy_fafsa_verif.doc

10
State and National Partners in Educating
Homeless Children and Youth
  • Colorado Department of Education (CDE)
  • Dana Scott, State Coordinator for the Educ. of
    Homeless Children and Youth
  • Ph 303-866-6930 Email scott_d_at_cde.state.co.us
  • www.cde.state.co.us/cdeprevention/homeless_index.h
    tm
  • National Center for Homeless Education (NCHE)
  • www.serve.org/nche Ph 336-315-7453
  • National Association for the Education of
    Homeless Children and Youth (NAEHCY)- Barbara
    Duffield, National Policy Advisor
  • www.naehcy.org Ph (202) 364.7392
  • National Law Center on Homelessness Poverty
    (NLCHP)
  • www.nlchp.org Ph 202-638-2535
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