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Ch. 28-History and Government of East Asia

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The Mongols then conquered the Koryus and took control of the peninsula Korea In recent history, Japan gained control of the peninsula in 1905. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Ch. 28-History and Government of East Asia


1
Ch. 28-History and Government of East Asia
  • Some of the worlds longest continuous
    civilizations can be found in East Asia. Their
    history is filled with the rise and fall of
    powerful ruling families-dynasties

2
River Valley Civilizations
  • The culture of East Asia began about 2,000 BC
    along the Wei River, a major tributary to the
    Yellow River (Huang He).

3
Wei River Valley
4
River Valley Civilizations
  • Recorded history begins with the Shang Dynasty
    about 1,700 BC.
  • As with all dynasties in China, the Shang dynasty
    eventually fell. The people of China would
    explain the end of a dynasty as a revocation of
    the Mandate of Heaven the gods removed the kings
    when they were displeased.

5
Imperial China
  • During the Imperial period in China, China was
    built into an organized series of city-states
    (kingdoms).
  • The Zhou Dynasty conquered the Shang in about
    1,100 B.C.
  • The Zhou created a huge trading empire during
    which time Chinese culture was spread throughout
    the region, trade increased and China is brought
    into the iron age.

6
Confucius and Dao
  • Two well-known Chinese philosophers emerge at
    this time. They had an immeasurable impact on
    Chinese society.
  • Confucianism became the basis for Chinese law and
    administration


7
The Qin Dynasty
  • By 221 B.C., the Qin Dynasty had built a Chinese
    Empire. During this time the Great Wall of China
    was built. The wall was built to keep out the
    nomadic Mongol invaders

8
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9
Great Wall of Qin Dynasty
10
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11
Xian
12
Tang Dynasty
  • The rulers of the Tang Dynasty continued to make
    the empire larger.
  • By 620 A.D. merchants, travelers, and silk
    traders were taking Chinese culture all over East
    Asia

13
Mongols Rule China
  • From the mid 1200s A.D to the late 1300s, China
    was ruled by people from the North. The Great
    Wall was built to keep these invaders from
    Mongolia out however, the Mongols were smart and
    found other ways to enter into China.

14
Genghis Khan
  • Genghis Khan led his brutal armies into China and
    crushed the royal forces of the emperor.
  • Kublai Khan (Genghis Khans grandson) built the
    present day capital of Beijing, from where he
    united China into one large empire.

15
Korea and Japan
  • The early people in Japan lived in small tribal
    communities called clans.
  • The Yamato people ruled Japan by 400 A.D.
  • The Japanese leaders sent their children to China
    to learn technology, government and the arts.

16
Feudal Japan
  • By 1,100 A.D., nobles began to fight each other
    for control of the Islands.
  • The countries first military ruler, or shogun,
    took power in 1,192.

17
Samurai
  • He built a private army of soldiers that were
    very loyal to the Shogun. They were known as the
    Samurai.
  • Military dictators ruled Japan until the late
    1,800s.

18
Korea
  • The kingdom of Silla ruled a unified Korean
    peninsula until it was overthrown by the Koryu
    Dynasty in the late 1,100s.
  • The Mongols then conquered the Koryus and took
    control of the peninsula

19
Korea
  • In recent history, Japan gained control of the
    peninsula in 1905. As a result of WWII, the
    peninsula was taken from Japan and split between
    the United States and Russia who promised to
    reunify the Koreans and promote Korean rule of
    the peninsula. This did not happen. Korea is
    still split.

20
Contacts With the West
  • By the 1,600s, leaders in China, Japan and Korea
    wanted to remain isolated from the Western
    nations.
  • China tried to maintain its isolation by limiting
    trade with all foreigners to a single port city
    of Guangzhou.

21
Contacts With the West
  • Eventually Great Britain, Germany, Russia, France
    and the United States forced trade treaties on
    China- under the threat of guns and warships.

22
Japan Resists Western Influence
  • In 1853, the United States sent warships into
    Tokyo Bay to force access to Japanese markets.
  • Rather than fight, the Japanese signed a trade
    agreement.
  • Japan rapidly began to modernize and began to
    seek to build an empire of its own.

23
War and Revolution
  • Japan aided the Allies in WWI and gained
    Germanys former possessions in China and the
    Pacific. They were well on their way to building
    an empire.
  • During WWII, in a quest for more influence in the
    Pacific, Japan took over more parts of China and
    began to take over other colonial holdings in
    Southeast Asia.

24
Japan is Defeated
  • At the end of WWII, Japan had been defeated by
    the United States. All of Japans colonial
    holdings were taken away and divided among the
    victorious allies.

25
The 38th Parallel
  • Korea was split between Russia and the United
    States. In the 1950s the communists and
    democratic halves of Korea fought for control of
    the entire peninsula. The South was supported by
    the United States while the North was supported
    by China and Russia.

26
Korean War
  • The war in Korea was the first in a series of
    Cold War conflicts between the communists in
    the East and capitalists in the West.
  • The outcome of the Korean war was a stalemate.
    The division between the two regions remains the
    same today as the day it was divided after WWII.

27
Revolutions in China
  • In 1911, the Chinese Empire came to an end when a
    nationalist Sun Yat-sen, overthrew the Manchu
    Dynasty.

28
Chinas Nationalist Government
  • In 1927, Chaing Kai-shek set up a nationalist
    government.

29
Chinas Communist Government
  • After WWII, Mao Zedongs communist party gained
    control of China through a democratic election.
  • China remains one of the last communist countries
    in the world

30
Japan Rebuilds
  • After WWII, Japan transformed its self into a
    democracy. With in only a few decades, an
    economic boom made Japan one of the richest
    countries in the world.
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