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Integrating Renewable Energy into Power Networks smart grid, micro-grid or off-grid

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Title: Energy in Africa: The Gambia and Malawi Author: damien frame Last modified by: Ed Brown Created Date: 10/21/2010 10:25:33 AM Document presentation format – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Integrating Renewable Energy into Power Networks smart grid, micro-grid or off-grid


1
Integrating Renewable Energy into Power Networks
smart grid, micro-grid or off-grid
  • Graham Ault
  • Low Carbon Energy for Development Network
    Conference
  • 4th/5th April 2012

2
Overview
  • Brief outline of renewable grid integration
    challenges
  • Overview of smart grid research and development
  • Link to Energy for Development
  • Case studies in Malawi
  • Community based solar PV
  • Scoping study for community/renewable energy
    development
  • Topics of Interest in Energy for Development

3
Problems that the smart grid might be the answer
to
Transmission
Interconnect.
Large system coordination
Generation
System Management
Offshore Grids

Renewables
Distribution
Active Management
Advanced Automation
Energy Storage

EV
MicroGen
Scheduling
Demand
Responsive Control
Smart Metering
Electric heating
Smart Appliances
Gas Heat networks?

delivering efficient, lower carbon, better,
quicker, cheaper solutions?
4
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5
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6
Smart Grid Functions
7
Snap shot of the smart grid domain
8
Snap shot of the smart grid domain
9
Scottish Government Community Energy Scoping
Study Malawi
  • Several drivers pushing energy higher up agenda
    in Malawi fuel costs, climate change agenda,
    role of electricity in economic development
  • Primary aim of government policies, strategies
    and investment plans is development of grid
    generation and extension of the grid
  • Biomass missing from energy policies and
    investment plans - accounts for 97 of energy use
    in Malawi
  • Institutional framework for energy development is
    sound but resource constrained

10
Scottish Government Community Energy Scoping
Study Malawi
  • Community energy development trials underway with
    various technologies and approaches but in
    uncoordinated manner
  • Climate change policy and renewable energy policy
    not complete and Malawi not exploiting
    opportunity of international frameworks (e.g.
    GEF, CDM, etc.)
  • Current situation not providing conducive
    framework for donor or private investment in
    energy

11
Example Project Off-Grid Community Solar PV in
Malawi
  • 6 Community Energy Committee trained and
    empowered
  • 8 installations with lights, AC power, fridges (6
    villages with 8 school and health post pilot
    installations in Malawi
  • 100 mini home solar units distributed/sold in
    Malawi more on the way
  • 6 x 10 member Energy Committees elected, trained
    and established for over 2 years in Malawi
  • Support chain of field worker and local project
    management
  • Building evidence base for sustainable model
    through monitoring evaluation

12
Topics of Interest in EfD / grids
  • Field-evaluation of technology grid, storage,
    renewables integration solutions
  • Engineering optimisation of system design,
    operation and asset monitoring/stewardship
  • Smart grid, micro-grid and off-grid solutions
  • Standards for off-grid and small scale energy
  • Sustainable models for off-grid community energy
    solutions
  • Academic partnerships (research,
    teaching/training programmes, government/industry
    collaborations)
  • Impact assessment (technological, sociological,
    economic)
  • Potential to leap frog grid solutions in
    development situations

13
Graham Ault Institute for Energy and
Environment Department of Electronic and
Electrical Engineering University of
Strathclyde g.ault_at_eee.strath.ac.uk
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