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By Ferdinand Katendeko, APRM Secretariat


... endemic corruption and economic mismanagement. ... * Stages of APRM Process Stage four: analysis of the draft review report by the APR Panel, ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: By Ferdinand Katendeko, APRM Secretariat

the LESOTHO Stakeholders during the
Harmonisation Workshop Maseru(26Feb 2014)
  • By Ferdinand Katendeko, APRM Secretariat

Outline of presentation
  • APRM- Its Introduction and Background
  • Core Principles of PRM
  • Four Themes of APRM
  • Structures of APRM
  • APRM Coverage
  • Stages of APRM
  • Some general challenges of APRM
  • APRM and NPOA
  • Challenges of implementing NPOA
  • Addressing these challenges of NPOA
  • Conclusion

  • The African Peer Review Mechanism (APRM) is a
    self-monitoring instrument voluntarily acceded to
    by member states of the African Union, meant to
    help African States create conducive environment
    for development
  • It fosters the adoption of policies, standards
    and practices that lead to political stability,
    high economic growth, sustainable development and
    accelerated sub-regional and continental economic
    integration through sharing of experiences and
  • It is also meant to reinforce successful and
    best practices, including identifying
    deficiencies in bid to address them.

  • As Africa entered a new millennium , it was faced
    with different development challenges including
    conflicts, institutional decay, leadership and
    managerial deficit, gender inequality, endemic
    corruption and economic mismanagement.
  • To overcome these challenges and renewal of
    Africa, the New Partnership for Africas
    Development (NEPAD) was adopted by the African
    Union Heads of State and Government Summit held
    in Lusaka, Zambia in July 2001 and declared in
    Durban 2002.
  • NEPAD aimed to eradicate poverty and to place
    African countries on a path of sustainable growth
    and development, and at the same time to
    participate actively in the world economy and
    body politics.

  • The APRM emerged as the centrepiece of the good
    governance initiative and a policy framework for
    Africas renaissance and a mettle for advancing
    good governance, to buttress NEPADs objectives
    of economic growth and development.
  • Since its inauguration in 2003, the APRM
    membership has grown from 10 to the current 34
    members, representing 76 of African population.

  • National ownership and leadership by the
    participating country are essential factors
    underpinning the effectiveness of the APRM.
  • The APRM process is designed to be open and
    participatory, involving all governance and
    development stakeholders.
  • The APRM is also guided by the principles of
    technical relevance, credibility and free from
  • It should be stressed that the APRM is not meant
    to exclude or punish countries. There is no
    conditionality attached to the mechanism.

  • Democracy and Political Governance with
    objectives of addressing conflicts
    constitutional democracy, elections economic
    cultural and Political rights effective public
    service separation of powers rights of women,
    children and other vulnerable groups.
  • Economic Management and Governance dealing with
    promotion of macro-economic policies,
    transparency, sound public finance management as
    well as fighting corruption and promoting
    regional integration.
  • Corporate Governance which aims at ensuring
    enabling environment for business, adoption of
    codes, ethics and good corporate citizenry as
    well as social responsibility.
  • Socio-economic Development aimed at self-reliance
    and sustaining development, strengthening
    policies, delivery of social services and
    combating HIV/Aids, accessibility to services
    such as water, electricity, markets ICT as well
    as promotion of gender equality.

  • The overall responsibility of the APRM is vested
    in the Committee of Participating Heads of State
    and Government of the Member States of the APRM
    (APRM Forum.
  • The Panel of Eminent Persons APRM Panel
    appointed by the Heads of States oversees the
    conduct of the APRM process and ensures its
  • A Committee of Focal Points (FPs), composed of
    Focal Points of all APRM members. The role of
    Focal Points is basically Financial and
    Administrative of the process.
  • The APR Secretariat provides the secretarial,
    technical, coordinating and administrative
    support services for the APRM.
  • Strategic Partners ( UNDP, UNECA and AfDB) as the
    support engines.

APR Forum
National APRM Commission
National APRM Focal Point
APR Panel Focal Points Com
APR Secretariat
National APRM Secretariat
Strategic Partner Institutions
Continental Level
  • Country Level

APRM Coverage
  • Equatorial Guineas accession in Jan 2014 brought
    to 34 the total number of AU member countries
    that have so far acceded.
  • This represents more than 76 per cent of the
    African population.

APRM Countries
Progress made so far
  • 17 countries have been peer reviewed by the APR
    Forum (Ghana, Rwanda, Kenya, South Africa,
    Algeria, Benin, Nigeria, Burkina Faso, Uganda,
    Mali, Mozambique , Lesotho, Mauritius, Ethiopia,
    Sierra Leone, Zambia and Tanzania ).
  • Other countries that have begun the process are
    Chad, Gabon Djibouti, Liberia and Sudan .
  • 12 Countries that are yet to launch their review
    process are Angola, Cameroon, Congo, Egypt,
    Equatorial Guinea, Malawi, Mauritania, Sao Tome
    Principe, Senegal, Togo, Tunisia and Niger.

Stages of APRM Process
  • Stage one implies preparatory activities by the
    APRM Secretariat and at the national level. The
    country establishes the national structures of
    the APRM (Focal Point, NCG, and a National
    Secretariat) conducts the self-assessment on the
    basis of the Questionnaire of the APRM submits
    the Draft of the Self-Assessment Report and the
    Preliminary Plan of Action.
  • Stage two implies a visit to the country by a
    Country Review Team (CRT) conducted by the Panel
    member responsible for the country, with a team
    of consultants to carry out wide consultation.
  • Stage three preparation of the preliminary
    report of the CRT. This report is based on
    information contained in the self-assessment
    report, analyses made by the Secretariat and data
    collected during the country visit.

Stages of APRM Process
  • Stage four analysis of the draft review report
    by the APR Panel, its validation and finally
    submission to the APR Forum.
  • Stage five publication of the Country Review
    Report six months after it has been examined by
    the APR Forum.
  • Stage six monitoring and evaluation and
    implementation of the NPOA. The Country reviewed
    submits reports on implementation of the NPOA
    annually to the APR Forum and every 6 months to
    the Panel.

  • Its novelty makes it hard for some countries to
    comprehend it.
  • Funding and Resource mobilization for the
    exercise is a big challenge.
  • Complying with the timeframe of the review
    exercise is still a challenge.
  • Continuity of National Commission and National
    Governing Councils for running the APRM process,
    possess some challenge.
  • Ensuring an inclusive and broad-based
    participation of stakeholders
  • Lack of awareness of the mechanism among the

  • In order to ensure that APRM member countries
    address challenges and other issues identified
    in Country Review Reports, they (countries) are
    requested to draw up budgeted National Programmes
    of Action (NPOA) for monitoring purposes. They
    are drawn and validated by all stakeholders.
  • The NPOA covers all thematic areas and
    cross-cutting issues
  • The NPOA is an important document which the APRM
    uses to monitor and evaluate how a particular
    country is addressing challenges, including all
    governance issues.
  • The countries have the incentives to seriously
    implement policies and initiatives. Participating
    countries are required to incorporate existing
    programmes, policies and projects as well as new
    programmes in the NPOA.

APRM and NPOAContd
  • The reviewed APRM member countries have indeed
    endeavoured to address the challenges identified,
    through the implementation of their National
    Programmes of Action (NPOA).
  • The APRM monitors the implementation of NPOA
    through the provision of the Countries periodic
    progress reports.
  • Countries present their periodic reports to the
    Panel who give their comments at the Pre-Summit
    and later presented to the Forum Summit.
  • The APRM further requires countries to submit
    periodic progress reports to the APR Secretariat.
    This enables the APRM to continuously monitor
    progress after the review.

Challenges of Implementing NPOA
  • Lack of clarity about Implementation of NPOA
  • Not involving stakeholders in the implementation,
    not inclusive.
  • Lack of funds to implement NPOA.
  • Costing by the Country not well done by some
    countries i.e some over cost the NPOA and other
    under cost while some double cost it with
    National development programmes.
  • NPOA not properly incorporated in the National
    Development Plan.
  • Not incorporating the Panel recommendations in
    their NPOA, hence leaving important issues to be
    addressed by the countries.

Addressing these challenges
  • Consultants/ TRIs assisting countries on how to
    write and cost NPOA.
  • Sensitising stakeholders about importance of NPOA
  • Sharing experiences from other APRM countries
    about the implementation of the NPOA.

  • Thank you for your Attention.