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Photojournalism

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Picture Manipulation Picture an subject manipulation are as old as photography. ... Documentary Styles Documentary Styles Spot and General News Human Interest and ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Photojournalism


1
Photojournalism
2
Goal of Photojournalism
  • Selecting story telling photographs that can
    convey the fullest, most accurate sense of the
    situation photographed

3
Goal of Photojournalism
  • Engage the heart and mind of a viewer with a
    compelling version of truth that results from
    bearing witness or a situation or event.

4
Age of the Visual Journalist
  • Visually intense society raised on millions of
    pictures.
  • Average of 5000 images a day in a variety of
    forms.
  • Role of the photographer and writer are changing.

5
The Visual Journalist
  • Combined role of writer, photographer,
    researcher, and graphics designer.
  • Requires a new mindset and vision
  • The meaning business
  • Marriage of words, images, and designs to convey
    information

6
Ethical considerations
7
Five Ethical Concerns
  • Victims of Violence
  • Right to privacy
  • Picture manipulations
  • Stereotyping
  • Mixing of advertising, public relations and
    journalism

8
Victims of Violence
  • If it bleeds it leads
  • Human tragedies and are often the fields of
    harvest for Pulitzer Prize winning journalists
  • Are the images really needed for the story?

9
Right to Privacy
  • US courts have continually maintained that
    privacy right differ between public and private
    persons.
  • Is the reason to rob privacy a truthful,
    comprehensive and intelligent account?

10
Picture Manipulation
  • Picture an subject manipulation are as old as
    photography.
  • Digital imaging make it easier to accomplish and
    harder to detect.
  • At stake is the reputation of the news service.

11
Stereotyping
  • Long list.. .African Americans are criminals.
    Latino are gang members. Native Americans
    alcoholics...
  • Results of images we have seen out of context.

12
Advertising, Public Relations and Journalism
Blurring
  • Advertorials and info mercials
  • Advertising, public relations and journalism have
    been fused into advertorial.

13
Documentary Styles
14
Documentary Styles
  • Spot and General News
  • Human Interest and pictorial features
  • Sports action and Features
  • Picture stories

15
Spot News
16
General News
17
Human Interest
18
Pictorial
19
Sports Action
20
Sports Action
  • Celebration of victory and agony of defeat

21
Sports Feature
22
Picture stories
23
Telling a visual story
24
Narrative thread
  • Difference in visual story telling vs photo
    illustrated texts is the narrative thread or
    sequence that tells a story.
  • Today to most readers, images are more powerful
    and capture more attention, than text.

25
Active vs.. Passive photographs
  • Active
  • Show real people engaged in real events in real
    time
  • Example James Natchways images of starving
    mothers and children in the Sudan.
  • Passive
  • Show people in in situations in which their
    essential purpose is to have their picture taken
    for the newspaper.
  • Example Rick Sammons travel images

26
Context of the Photograph
  • Photographers and photo editors must strive to
    give an accurate image of an event or person
    rather than something taken out of context that
    makes a good image.

27
Time and Speed
  • Printed news services and especially the web
    require almost instantaneous news from around the
    world.
  • Photo editing decisions must now be done in
    minutes and seconds instead of hours and days

28
Photo editing
  • Current decision making constraints require a
    strong background in news, ethical judgement and
    philosophical base.

29
Photo Captions
  • Photos engage the eye, captions should engage the
    mind
  • A way to go beyond what the viewer can already
    see
  • It all starts with the photographer who was there
    and captures the moment

30
Tips for good captions
  • Point out subtleties not apparent to the viewer
  • Point out ambiguities and prevent viewer
    misunderstanding
  • Use quotes that add depth to the storytelling
    image
  • Explain technical information
  • Relate to the four non visual senses
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