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Topic: Theoretical bases for the Grammar-translation Method

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Topic: Theoretical bases for the Grammar-translation Method Objectives Trainees will be able to give reasons for the design and procedures of the Grammar-translation ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Topic: Theoretical bases for the Grammar-translation Method


1
Topic Theoretical bases for the
Grammar-translation Method
  • Objectives
  • Trainees will be able to give reasons for the
    design and procedures of the Grammar-translation
    Method.

2
Lesson One Giving Reasons for Grammar-Translation
Method
  • Pre-task activities
  • Step One discussing the language theories
    underlying the method.
  • Step Two discussing the language learning
    theories underlying the method.
  • While-task activities
  • Step Three group work to give reasons for the
    method.
  • Post-task activities
  • Step Seven group speaker reporting to the class.

3
  • Theory of language.
  • Traditional linguistics.
  • Comparative Historical Linguistics all
    languages originated from one language and were
    ruled by a common grammar.
  • Theory of language learning.
  • Faculty Psychology the mind of human beings
    has various faculties which could be trained
    separately. Understanding and memorization of
    complicated grammatical rules of languages were
    regarded as important means of developing
    mentality.
  • Educational value classical humanism. The
    language was regarded as a body of esteemed
    knowledge to be learned, with an emphasis on
    intellectual rigor.

4
Classical humanism
  • Knowledge-centred
  • cultural heritage
  • passing on knowledge
  • associates with traditional culture and values
    with a small worked out over centuries
  • associates with traditional culture and values
    with a small elite

5
Traditional linguistics
  • Origin of traditional linguistics
  • Two controversies in ancient Greece
  • Contribution of Dianysius Thrax(????)
  • Contribution of Apollonius Dyscolus(????)
  • Main features of traditional linguistics

6
Origin of traditional linguistics
  • Traditional linguistics has a tradition of more
    than 2000 years. In the fifth century B.C. the
    Greeks began to make a serious study of language
    in the realm of philosophy.

7
Two controversies in ancient Greece
  • One was between the naturalists and the
    conventionalists on the relations between form
    and meaning. The naturalists argued that the
    forms of words reflected directly the nature of
    objects. The conventionalists thought that
    language was conventional and there was no logic
    connection between form and meaning of words.

8
  • The other was between the analogists and the
    anomalists on the regularities of language. The
    analogists claimed that language in general was
    regular and there were rules for people to
    follow. The anomalists maintained that language
    was basically irregular and that was why there
    were so many exceptions and irregularities in the
    Greek language.

9
Contribution of Dianysius Thrax(????)
  • He summarized views and achievements of his
    predecessors and classified all the words of the
    Greek language into eight parts of speech.

10
Contribution of Apollonius Dyscolus(????)
  • He made an extensive study of the syntax of
    Greek. He worded on the basis of Thraxs book and
    built his syntactic description on the relations
    between the noun and the verb. From then on, the
    model language description set up by Thrax and
    Dyscolus was followed by different scholars at
    different times in their analyses of languages

11
Main features of traditional linguistics
  • Traditional study of language was, to a large
    extent, practical in nature. People made a study
    of language in order to understand the classic
    works of ancient times and in order to be able to
    teach students.
  • Traditional linguists believe that the written
    form of language was superior to the spoken form
    , and they gave priority to written form and took
    words as their starting point.
  • When discussing the rules of language, they
    usually took a prescriptive approach.
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