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Immigration and Urbanization 1880-1920

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Immigration and Urbanization 1880-1920 Use the notes page and fill in the blanks as you read! A New Wave of Immigration The Big Idea A new wave of immigration in the ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Immigration and Urbanization 1880-1920


1
Immigration and Urbanization 1880-1920
  • Use the notes page and fill in the blanks as you
    read!

2
A New Wave of Immigration
8.12.7
  • The Big Idea
  • A new wave of immigration in the late 1800s
    brought large numbers of immigrants to the United
    States.
  • Main Ideas
  • The late 1800s brought a wave of new immigrants
    from southern and eastern Europe and Mexico.
  • Some Americans opposed immigration and tried to
    enact restrictions against it.

3
Main Idea 1 The late 1800s brought a wave of
new immigrants from southern and eastern Europe
and Mexico.
  • Old Immigrants
  • Arrived before 1880s
  • Mostly from Britain, Germany, Ireland, and
    Scandinavia
  • Mostly Protestants, but some Catholics
  • Many were skilled workers who spoke English.
  • Settled in rural areas and became farmers
  • New Immigrants
  • Came after 1880
  • From southern and eastern Europe included
    Czechs, Greeks, Hungarians, Italians, Poles,
    Russians, and Slovaks
  • Included Eastern Orthodox Christians, Roman
    Catholics, and Jews
  • Wanted job opportunities in cities

4
Journey to America
Immigrants faced a difficult journey, usually
traveling in steerage the area below the ships
deck.
New arrivals had to go to immigration processing
centers run by state and local governments.
Ellis Island in New York opened in 1892 millions
of immigrants came through its center over the
next 40 years.
Officials in processing centers interviewed
immigrants to determine whether to let them enter
the country. Immigrants had to pass medical,
mental and legal exams.
5
Settling in Neighborhoods
  • Many immigrants moved into ethnic neighborhoods
    with others from the same country.
  • They could hear their own language, eat familiar
    foods, and keep their customs.
  • Business owners often helped new arrivals by
    offering loans.
  • Many immigrants lived in tenementspoorly built,
    overcrowded apartments.

6
Immigrant Workers
  • Many immigrants were farmers in their homelands,
    but had to find jobs in cities in the United
    States.
  • Had to take low-paying, unskilled jobs in garment
    or steel factories and construction
  • Some worked long hours for little pay in small
    shops or mills called sweatshops.
  • Immigrants with appropriate skills sometimes
    found work in a wide range of occupations.
  • Others saved, shared, or borrowed money to open
    small businesses.
  • Some Mexican immigrants worked on large
    commercial farms in Arizona, Texas, and
    California.

7
Main Idea 2 Some Americans opposed immigration
and tried to pass restrictions against it.
  • Anti-immigrant feelings grew with increases in
    immigration.
  • Some unions feared immigrants would take their
    jobs.
  • Americans called nativists held racial and ethnic
    prejudices.
  • Thought immigrants poverty and presumed lack of
    education might harm American society
  • Some were violent toward immigrants.
  • Some nativists worked to pass laws limiting
    immigration.
  • Congress passed the Chinese Exclusion Act in
    1882.
  • Nativists in Boston founded the Immigration
    Restriction League in 1894.

8
City Life
8.12.5
  • The Big Idea
  • Cities in the United States experienced dramatic
    expansion in the late 1800s.
  • Main Ideas
  • New technology and ideas were developed to deal
    with the growth of urban areas.
  • The rapid growth of cities created a variety of
    urban problems.

9
Main Idea 1 New technology and ideas were
developed to deal with the growth of urban areas.
  • Immigrants and native-born Americans moved to
    cities in the late 1800s, causing rapid urban
    growth.
  • About 40 percent of Americans lived in urban
    areas by 1900.
  • Some city residents were businesspeople and
    skilled workers many more were poor laborers.
  • African Americans from the South began moving to
    northern cities to find better economic
    opportunities in the 1890s.

10
New Technology and Ideas
  • New Technology
  • Stronger and cheaper steel led to the
    construction of skyscrapers.
  • Mass transit was public transportation designed
    to move lots of people.
  • Elevated trains, subways, electric trolleys
  • Many middle-class Americans moved to suburbs
    outside cities.
  • Mass Culture
  • Developed forms of mass culture leisure and
    cultural activities shared by many
  • Giant retail shops, or department stores,
    appeared in city centers.
  • World fairs
  • City dwellers became aware of the need for open
    public spaces, and parks were designed.

11
Main Idea 2 The rapid growth of cities created a
variety of urban problems.
  • Shortage of affordable housing
  • Overcrowded tenements
  • Disease and health problems
  • Caused by overcrowding and lack of sanitation
  • Fire and crime
  • Help from city governments was limited by lack of
    funds or internal corruption.

12
Routes West
13
Ignore this one
14
(No Transcript)
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