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1970

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Title: 1970 s Icons Author: shankins Last modified by: hankins Created Date: 1/2/2013 2:09:01 AM Document presentation format: On-screen Show (4:3) – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: 1970


1
1970s Icons
2
Bee Gees
Barry Gibb and fraternal twin brothers Robin and
Maurice Gibb
Saturday Night Fever Soundtrack Major cultural
impact of both the film and the soundtrack, not
only in the United States, but in the rest of the
world as well. It brought the disco scene
mainstream.
Wrote "Night Fever", "Stayin' Alive", "If I Can't
Have You", "Emotion" and "Love is Thicker Than
Water". Barry Gibb became the only songwriter
to have four consecutive number one hits in the
US breaking the John Lennon and Paul McCartney
1964 record. These songs were "Stayin' Alive",
"Love Is Thicker Than Water", "Night Fever", "If
I Can't Have You".
3
ABBA
ABBA was a Swedish pop group formed in Stockholm
in 1972, comprising Agnetha Fältskog, Björn
Ulvaeus, Benny Andersson and Anni-Frid Lyngstad.
ABBA is an acronym of the first letters of the
band members' first names and is sometimes
stylized as the registered trademark ????.
They became one of the most commercially
successful acts in the history of pop music,
topping the charts worldwide from 1972 to
1982 Fernando, Mamma Mia, Dancing Queen, Take a
Chance on Me, Slipping Through My Fingers,
Waterloo, Thank You for the Music, Chiquitita,
Gimme Gimme Gimme
4
Jackson 5
Family group from Gary, Indiana. Jackie, Tito,
Jermaine, Marlon and Michael formed the group
Have sold 100 million records worldwide, making
them one of the best selling artists of all time.
The Jackson 5 was one of very few in recording
history to have their first four major label
singles ("I Want You Back", "ABC", "The Love You
Save", and "I'll Be There") reach the top of the
Billboard Hot 100.
5
Elton John
English rock singer-songwriter, composer, pianist
Has sold more than 250 million records, making
him one of the most successful artists of all
time. His single "Candle in the Wind 1997" has
sold over 33 million copies worldwide He has
more than 50 Top 40 hits, including seven
consecutive No. 1 US albums, 56 Top 40 singles,
16 Top 10, four No. 2 hits, and nine No. 1 hits.
He has won six Grammy Awards, an Academy Award, a
Golden Globe Award and a Tony Award.
"Bennie and the Jets", "Goodbye Yellow Brick
Road", "Candle in the Wind", "Saturday Night's
Alright for Fighting", Rocket Man
6
Queen
Freddie Mercury (Farrokh/Freddie Bulsara) (lead
vocals, piano), Brian May (guitar, vocals), John
Deacon(bass guitar), and Roger Taylor (drums,
vocals). Queen's earliest works were influenced
by progressive rock, but the band gradually
ventured into more conventional and
radio-friendly works, incorporating more diverse
and innovative styles in their music
By the early 1980s, Queen were one of the biggest
stadium rock bands in the world, and their
performance at 1985's Live Aid is regarded as one
of the greatest in rock history. In 1991,
Mercury died of bronchopneumonia, a complication
of AIDS Bohemian Rhapsody, We Will Rock You, We
Are the Champions, Crazy Little Thing Called
Love, Fat Bottomed Girls, Bicycle Race
7
Bob Dylan
  • Robert Allen Zimmerman is an American singer-
  • songwriter, musician, author, poet and artist.
  • He has been an influential figure in popular
    music
  • and culture for more than five decades.
  • Informal chronicler and a seemingly reluctant
  • figurehead of social unrest. A number of Dylan's
    early
  • songs, such as "Blowin' in the Wind" and "The
    Times
  • They Are a-Changin'", became anthems for the US
    civil rights and anti-war movements.
  • Dylan has both amplified and personalized musical
  • genres. His recording career, spanning fifty
    years, has explored many of the traditions in
    American songfrom folk, blues and country to
    gospel, rock and roll, and rockabilly to English,
    Scottish, and Irish folk music, embracing even
    jazz and swing. Dylan performs with guitar,
    keyboards, and harmonica.
  • Grammy, Golden Globe, and Academy Awards The
    Pulitzer Prize jury in 2008 awarded him a special
    citation for "his profound impact on popular
    music and American culture, marked by lyrical
    compositions of extraordinary poetic power

8
Billy Joel
American pianist, singer-songwriter, and composer
Joel had Top 40 hits in the 1970s, 1980s, and
1990s, achieving 33 Top 40 hits in the United
States, all of which he wrote himself. He is
also a six-time Grammy Award winner, a 23-time
Grammy nominee and has sold over 150 million
records worldwide.
Piano Man,"Allentown," and "Goodnight Saigon,"
Uptown Girl Shes Always a Woman Tell Her
About It Pressure 1980s Joel stated that he
wanted to communicate his feelings about the
American dream and how changes in American
politics during the Reagan years meant that "all
of a sudden you weren't going to be able to
inherit the kind of life your old man had.
9
Rolling Stones
Brian Jones on guitar and harmonica, Ian Stewart
on piano, Mick Jagger on lead vocals, harmonica
and maracas, Keith Richards on guitar and vocals,
Bill Wyman on bass and Charlie Watts on drums.
Worlds Greatest Rock and Roll Band.
"(I Can't Get No) Satisfaction was a huge hit-
"Paint It, Black," "Lady Jane," "Under My Thumb,
Its Only Rock and Roll
Band performed at the Altamont Free Concert at
the Altamont Speedway, about 60 km east of San
Francisco. The biker gang Hells Angels provided
security, and a fan, Meredith Hunter, was stabbed
and beaten to death by the Angels
10
David Bowie
glam rock era flamboyant, androgynous alter ego
Ziggy Stardust Bowie's "challenged the core
belief of the rock music of its day" and "created
perhaps the biggest cult in popular culture."
"Fame"
"Under Pressure", a 1981 collaboration with Queen
"Space Oddity"
11
Diana Ross
Rose to fame as a founding member and lead
singer of the Motown group The Supremes during
the 1960s. Began a solo career in 1970
She received a Best Actress Academy Award
nomination for her role as Billie Holiday in Lady
Sings the Blues (1972), for which she won a
Golden Globe award
"Reach Out and Touch (Somebody's Hand)" and
"Ain't No Mountain High Enough,"
Touch Me in the Morning
12
johnny Cash
Country music icon, his songs and sound spanned
many other genres including rockabilly and rock
and rollespecially early in his careeras well
as blues, folk, and gospel. This crossover
appeal led to Cash being inducted in the Country
Music Hall of Fame, the Rock and Roll Hall of
Fame, and Gospel Music Hall of Fame.
Cash was known for his deep, distinctive
bass-baritone voice for his rebelliousness, an
increasingly somber and humble demeanorfor
providing free concerts inside prison walls, and
for his dark performance clothing, which earned
him the nickname "The Man in Black". He
traditionally started his concerts by saying
"Hello, I'm Johnny Cash. and usually following
it up with his standard "Folsom Prison
Blues". An abundance of Cash's music, especially
that of his later career, echoed themes of
sorrow, moral tribulation and redemption."I Walk
the Line", "Folsom Prison Blues", "Ring of Fire",
"Get Rhythm" and "Man in Black""A Boy Named Sue"
13
The Village People
Construction worker, Native American, police
officer, leatherman, cowboy Disco and dance
hits, including their trademark "Macho Man", "Go
West", the classic club medley of "San Francisco
(You've Got Me) / In Hollywood (Everybody is a
Star)", "In the Navy", "Can't Stop the Music",
and their biggest hit, "Y.M.C.A.
Originally created to target disco's gay audience
by featuring popular gay fantasy personas,1 the
band's popularity quickly brought them into the
mainstream
14
Blondie
Deborah Harry lead vocals
pioneer in the early American New Wave and Punk
scenes of the mid-1970s
"Call Me", "Atomic" and "Heart of Glass" and
became noted for its eclectic mix of musical
styles incorporating elements of disco,
pop,rap,and reggae, while retaining a basic style
as a New Wave band.
15
Janis Joplin
She was one of the more popular acts at the
Monterey Pop Festival and later became one of the
major attractions to the Woodstock festival
"Down on Me", "Summertime", "Piece of My Heart",
"Ball 'n' Chain", "Maybe", "To Love Somebody,
"Cry Baby", "Mercedes Benz", and her only number
one hit, "Me and Bobby McGee". Joplin was well
known for her performing abilities, and her fans
referred to her stage presence as "electric".
At the height of her career, she was known as
"The Queen of Rock and Roll" as well as "The
Queen of Psychedelic Soul," and became known as
Pearl amongst her friends
16
Robin Williams
He won the Academy Award for Best Supporting
Actor for his performance in the 1997 film Good
Will Hunting. He has also won two Emmy Awards,
four Golden Globes, two Screen Actors Guild
Awards and five Grammy Awards
Mork Mindy- As Mork, Williams improvised much
of his dialogue and physical comedy, speaking in
a high, nasal voice.
Mork, an alien who comes to Earth from the planet
Ork in a small, one-man egg-shaped spaceship. Pam
Dawber co-starred as Mindy McConnell, his human
friend and roommate.
Mork's greeting was "Na-Nu Na-Nu" (pronounced
"nah-noo nah-noo") along with a hand gesture
similar to Mr. Spock's Vulcan salute from Star
Trek combined with a handshake. It became a
popular catchphrase at the time, as did "Shazbot"
(Shozz-bot), an Orkan profanity that Mork used.
Mork also said "kay-o" in place of "Okay".
17
Partridge Family
American television sitcom series about a
widowed mother and her five children who embark
on a music career
They acquire an old school bus for touring, paint
it with Mondrian-inspired patterns, and depart to
Las Vegas for their first live gig at Caesars
Palace. The Partridge children were played by
David Cassidy (Jones' real-life stepson) as her
eldest son Keith, Susan Dey as Laurie, Danny
Bonaduce as Danny, Jeremy Gelbwaks (Brian
Forster seasons 2-4) as Chris, and Suzanne
Crough as Tracy.
18
MASH
Follows a team of doctors and support staff
stationed at the "4077th Mobile Army Surgical
Hospital" in Uijeongbu, South Korea during the
Korean War The show's title sequence features an
instrumental version of "Suicide Is Painless",
the theme song from the original film.
The finale, "Goodbye, Farewell and Amen",
becoming the most watched television episode in
U.S. television history at the time, with a
record-breaking 125 million viewers (60.2 Rating
and 77 Share),1 according to the New York
Times.
Many of the stories in the early seasons are
based on real-life tales told by real MASH
surgeons who were interviewed by the production
team. Like the movie, the series was as much an
allegory about the Vietnam War (still in
progress when the show began) as it was about
the Korean War
19
Mary Tyler Moore
Moore is best known for The Mary Tyler Moore
Show (197077), in which she starred as Mary
Richards, a 30-something single woman who worked
as a local news producer in Minneapolis, and for
her earlier role as Laura Petrie (Dick Van
Dyke's wife) on The Dick Van Dyke Show
(196166). She also appeared in a number of
films, most notably 1980's Ordinary People, in
which she played a role that was the polar
opposite of the television characters she had
portrayed, and for which she was nominated for an
Academy Award for Best Actress.
The Mary Tyler Moore Show was a half-hour
newsroom sitcom featuring Ed Asner as her gruff
boss Lou Grant, a character that would later be
spun off into an hour-long dramatic series. The
premise of the single working woman's life,
alternating during the program between work and
home, became a television staple.
20
Farrah Fawcett Majors
Fawcett rose to international fame when she first
appeared as private investigator Jill Munroe in
the first season of the television series
Charlie's Angels, in 1976
Fawcett was a sex symbol whose iconic poster,
released the same year Charlie's Angels
premiered, broke sales records, making her an
international pop culture icon. Her hairstyle
was emulated by young women in the 1970s and
1980s.
21
John Travolta
Travolta first became known in the 1970s, after
appearing on the television series Welcome
Back, Kotter and starring in the box office
successes Saturday Night Fever and Grease.
Travolta's acting career declined through the
1980s. His career enjoyed a resurgence in the
1990s with his role in Pulp Fiction, and he has
since continued starring in Hollywood films,
including Face/Off, Ladder 49, and Wild Hogs.
Travolta was nominated for the Academy Award for
Best Actor for Saturday Night Fever and Pulp
Fiction. He won the Golden Globe Award for Best
Actor - Motion Picture Musical or Comedy for his
performance in Get Shorty.
Welcome Back Kotter wisecracking teacher
returns to his high school alma mater, the
fictional James Buchanan High in Brooklyn, New
York, to teach an often unruly group of remedial
wiseguys known as the "Sweathogs." Travolta
played Vinnie Barbarino
22
Jim Henson
Creator of The Muppets- Miss Piggy, Kermit the
Frog, Fozzie Bear, Scooter, Gonzo, Animal
Jim Henson was the performer for several well
known characters, including Kermit the Frog,
Rowlf the Dog, Dr. Teeth, the Swedish Chef,
Waldorf, Link Hogthrob, and Guy Smiley.
As a puppeteer, Henson performed in various
television programs, such as Sesame Street and
The Muppet Show, films such as The Muppet Movie
and The Great Muppet Caper, and created advanced
puppets for projects like Fraggle Rock, The Dark
Crystal, and Labyrinth. He was also an
Oscar-nominated film director, Emmy Award-winning
television producer
23
All In the family
protagonist, Archie Bunker, TV's greatest
character of all time.5
protagonist, Archie Bunker, TV's greatest
character of all time.5
All in the Family revolved around the life of a
working class bigot and his family. The show
broke ground in its depiction of issues
previously considered unsuitable for U.S. network
television comedy, such as racism,
homosexuality, women's liberation, rape,
miscarriage, abortion, breast cancer, the
Vietnam War, menopause, and impotence. Through
depicting these controversial issues, the series
became arguably one of televisions most
influential comedic programs, as it injected the
sitcom format with real-life conflicts.
Archie Bunker (Carroll O'Connor),is an outspoken
bigot, seemingly prejudiced against everyone who
is not a U.S.-born, politically conservative,
heterosexual White Anglo-Saxon Protestant male,
and dismissive of anyone not in agreement with
his view of the world.
Archie is considered to be one of TV's greatest
characters of all time.5
24
Brady Bunch
Mike Brady (Robert Reed), a widowed architect
with three sons, Greg (Barry Williams), Peter
(Christopher Knight), and Bobby (Mike
Lookinland) marries Carol Ann Martin (née
Tyler) (Florence Henderson), who has three
daughters Marcia (Maureen McCormick), Jan (Eve
Plumb) and Cindy (Susan Olsen). The wife and
daughters take the Brady surname. Producer
Schwartz wanted Carol to have been a divorcée but
the network objected to this. A compromise was
reached whereby no mention was made of the
circumstances in which Carol's first marriage
ended. Included in the blended family are Mike's
live-in housekeeper, Alice Nelson (Ann B. Davis),
and the boys' dog, Tiger. The setting is a large,
suburban, two-story house designed by Mike, in a
Los Angeles, California suburb.
25
Threes Company
The story revolves around three single
roommates Janet Wood, Chrissy Snow and Jack
Tripper who all platonically share Apartment 201
in a Santa Monica, California apartment
building owned by Mr. and Mrs. Roper. Later,
following Suzanne Somers's departure, Jenilee
Harrison joined the cast as Cindy Snow (Chrissy's
cousin), who was later replaced by Priscilla
Barnes as Terri Alden. After the Ropers were
spun-off into their own sitcom, Don Knotts joined
the cast as the roommates' new landlord Ralph
Furley, brother of the new building owner. The
show, a comedy of errors, chronicles the
escapades and hijinks of the trio's constant
misunderstandings, social lives, and struggle to
keep up with rent.
26
Jeffersons
The show focuses on George and Louise Jefferson,
an affluent Black couple living in New York
City. The show was launched as a spin off of All
in the Family, on which the Jeffersons had been
the neighbors of Archie and Edith Bunker. The
Jeffersons evolved into more of a traditional
sitcom, relying more on the characters'
interactions with one another rather than
explicitly political dialog or storylines. It
did, however, tackle a few serious topics
including racism, suicide, gun control and adult
illiteracy.
27
Happy Days
Set in the Midwestern city of Milwaukee,
Wisconsin, the series revolves around teenager
Richie Cunningham (Ron Howard) and his family
his father, Howard (Tom Bosley), who owns a
hardware store traditional homemaker and
mother, Marion (Marion Ross) younger sister
Joanie (Erin Moran) and high school dropout,
biker and suave ladies' man Arthur "Fonzie"/"The
Fonz Fonzarelli (Henry Winkler), who would
eventually become the Cunninghams' upstairs
tenant. The earlier episodes revolve around
Richie and his friends, Warren "Potsie" Weber
(Anson Williams) and Ralph Malph (Donny Most),
with Fonzie as a secondary character. As the
series progressed, Fonzie proved to be a favorite
with viewers and soon more story lines were
written to reflect his growing popularity.Fonzie
befriended Richie and the Cunningham family, and
when Richie left the series for military service,
Fonzie became the central figure of the show. In
later seasons, other characters were introduced
including Fonzie's young cousin, Charles "Chachi"
Arcola (Scott Baio), who became a love interest
for Joanie Cunningham.
28
Laverne Shirley
It starred Penny Marshall as Laverne De Fazio and
Cindy Williams as Shirley Feeney, roommates who
worked in a fictitious Milwaukee brewery called
"Shotz Brewery."
The show was a spin-off from Happy Days, as the
two lead characters were originally introduced on
that series as acquaintances of Fonzie. Set in
roughly the same time period as Happy Days, the
Laverne Shirley timeline started in
approximately 1959, when the series began,
through 1967, when the series ended.
At the start of each episode, we see Laverne and
Shirley skipping down the street, arm in arm,
reciting a Yiddish-American hopscotch chant "1,
2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 Schlemiell Schlimazel!
Hasenpfeffer Incorporated," which then leads into
the series' theme song entitled "Making Our
Dreams Come True,"
29
Diffrent strokes
The series stars Gary Coleman and Todd Bridges
as Arnold and Willis Jackson, two African
American boys from Harlem who are taken in by a
rich white Park Avenue businessman named Phillip
Drummond (Conrad Bain) and his daughter Kimberly
(Dana Plato), for whom their deceased mother
previously worked.During the first season and
first half of the second season, Charlotte Rae
also starred as the Drummonds' housekeeper, Mrs.
Garrett (who ultimately spun-off into her own
successful show, The Facts of Life). The series
made stars out of child actors Coleman, Bridges,
and Plato, and became known for the "very special
episodes" in which serious issues such as racism,
illegal drug use and child sexual abuse were
dramatically explored. The lives of stars
Coleman, Bridges, and Plato were later plagued by
legal troubles and drug addiction, as the stardom
and success they achieved while on the show
eluded them after the series was cancelled.
30
Sonny and cher
American pop music duo, actors, singers and
entertainers made up of husband-and-wife team
Sonny and Cher Bono in the 1960s and 1970s. The
couple started their career in the mid-1960s as
RB backing singers for record producer Phil
Spector The pair first achieved fame with two
hit songs in 1965, "Baby Don't Go" and "I Got
You Babe"
In the 1970s, they also positioned themselves as
media personalities with two top ten TV shows in
the US, The Sonny Cher Comedy Hour and The
Sonny Cher Show. The couple's career as a duo
ended in 1975 following their divorce. In the
decade they spent together, Sonny and Cher sold
80 million records worldwide.
31
Andy warhol
American artist who was a leading figure in the
visual art movement known as pop art. His works
explore the relationship between artistic
expression, celebrity culture and advertisement
that flourished by the 1960s. After a successful
career as a commercial illustrator, Warhol became
a renowned and sometimes controversial artist.
The Andy Warhol Museum in his native city,
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, holds an extensive
permanent collection of art and archives. It is
the largest museum in the United States of
America dedicated to a single artist.
Art encompassed many forms of media, including
hand drawing, painting, printmaking,
photography, silk screening, sculpture, film,
and music.
He coined the widely used expression "15 minutes
of fame".
32
Muhammad ali
Originally known as Cassius Clay, at the age of
22 he won the world heavyweight championship.
Ali changed his name after joining the Nation of
Islam in 1964, subsequently converting to Sunni
Islam in 1975. In 1967, three years after Ali
had won the heavyweight championship, he was
publicly vilified for his refusal to be
conscripted into the U.S. military, based on his
religious beliefs and opposition to the Vietnam
War. Ali was eventually arrested and found guilty
on draft evasion charges he was stripped of his
boxing title, and his boxing license was
suspended. He was not imprisoned, but did not
fight again for nearly four years while his
appeal worked its way up to the U.S. Supreme
Court, where it was eventually successful. Nicknam
ed "The Greatest", Ali was involved in several
historic boxing matches.Notable among these were
three with rival Joe Frazier, which are
considered among the greatest in boxing history,
and one with George Foreman, where he finally
regained his stripped titles seven years later.
Ali was well known for his unorthodox fighting
style, epitomized by his catchphrase "float like
a butterfly, sting like a bee", and employing
techniques such as the Ali Shuffle and the
rope-a-dope. He was also known for his pre-match
hype, where he would "trash talk" opponents,
often with rhymes. In 1999, Ali was crowned
"Sportsman of the Century" by Sports Illustrated
33
Barbra streisand
She has won two Academy Awards eight Grammy
Awards, five Emmy Awards including one Daytime
Emmy a Special Tony Award, and is one of the few
entertainers who has won an Oscar, Emmy, Grammy,
and Tony Award.
During the 1970s, she was also highly prominent
on the pop charts, with Top 10 recordings such as
"The Way We Were" , "Evergreen (Love Theme from A
Star Is Born), "No More Tears (Enough Is
Enough)" (1979, with Donna Summer), which as of
2010 is reportedly still the most commercially
successful duet, "You Don't Bring Me Flowers"
(with Neil Diamond) and "The Main Event", some of
which came from soundtrack recordings of her
films. As the 1970s ended, Streisand was named
the most successful female singer in the U.S.
only Elvis Presley and The Beatles had sold more
albums. In 1980, she released her best-selling
effort to date, the Barry Gibb-produced Guilty.
The album contained the hits "Woman in Love"
(which spent several weeks atop the pop charts in
the Fall of 1980), "Guilty", and "What Kind of
Fool".
34
Jack nicholson
His twelve Oscar nominations make him the second
most nominated actor of all time, tied with
Katharine Hepburn and behind only Meryl Streep.
Nicholson has twice won the Academy Award for
Best Actor, for One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest
and for As Good as It Gets. He also won the
Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor for the
1983 film Terms of Endearment. He is tied with
Walter Brennan for most acting wins by a male
actor (three). Nicholson is well known for
playing villainous roles, such as Jack Torrance
in The Shining, Frank Costello in The Departed,
and the Joker in 1989's Batman.
One Flew Over the Cuckoos Nest In 1963 Oregon,
Randle Patrick "Mac" McMurphy (Jack Nicholson), a
recidivist anti-authoritarian criminal serving a
short sentence on a prison farm for statutory
rape of a 15-year-old girl, is transferred to a
mental institution for evaluation. Although he
does not show any overt signs of mental illness,
he hopes to avoid hard labor and serve the rest
of his sentence in a more relaxed hospital
environment. McMurphy's ward is run by steely,
unyielding Nurse Mildred Ratched (Louise
Fletcher), who employs subtle humiliation,
unpleasant medical treatments and a mind-numbing
daily routine to suppress the patients. McMurphy
finds that they are more fearful of Ratched than
they are focused on becoming functional in the
outside world.
35
Gene hackman
Nominated for five Academy Awards, winning two,
Hackman has also won three Golden Globes in a
career that spanned five decades. He first came
to fame in 1967 with his performance as Buck
Barrow in Bonnie and Clyde. His major subsequent
films include The French Connection(1971), in
which he played Jimmy "Popeye" Doyle The
Poseidon Adventure(1972) The Conversation
(1974) Superman (1978), in which he played
arch-villain Lex Luthor Hoosiers (1986)
Mississippi Burning (1987) Unforgiven (1992)
The Firm (1993) Crimson Tide (1995) Get Shorty
(1995) The Birdcage (1996) Enemy of the State
(1998) and The Royal Tenenbaums (2001).
36
Jane fonda
She rose to fame in the 1960s with films such as
Barbarella and Cat Ballou. She has won two
Academy Awards, an Emmy Award and received
several other movie awards and nominations
during more than 50 years as an actress. After 15
years of retirement, she returned to film in
2005 with Monster-in-Law, followed by Georgia
Rule two years later. She also produced and
starred in over 20 exercise videos released
between 1982 and 1995, and once again in
2010. Fonda has been an activist for many
political causes her opposition to the Vietnam
War and associated activities were controversial.
Fonda won her first Academy Award for Best
Actress in 1971, playing a high-class call girl,
Bree Daniels, in the murder mystery Klute. She
won her second Oscar in 1978 for Coming Home, as
a Marine officer's wife who volunteers at a
veterans' hospital and becomes involved with a
disabled Vietnam War veteran
37
rocky
Rocky is a 1976 American sports drama film and
both written by and starring Sylvester Stallone.
It tells the rags to riches American Dream story
of Rocky Balboa, an uneducated but kind-hearted
debt collector for a loan shark in the city of
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Rocky starts out as
a club fighter who later gets a shot at the
world heavyweight championship. It also stars
Talia Shire as Adrian, Burt Young as Adrian's
brother Paulie, Burgess Meredith as Rocky's
trainer Mickey Goldmill, and Carl Weathers as the
champion, Apollo Creed. The film, made on a
budget of 1.1 million and shot in 28 days, was a
sleeper hit it made over 225 million, the
highest grossing film of 1976, and won three
Oscars, including Best Picture. The film received
many positive reviews and turned Stallone into a
major star. It spawned five sequels Rocky II,
III, IV, V and Rocky Balboa.
38
Clint eastwood
Eastwood first came to prominence as a supporting
cast member in the TV series Rawhide
(19591966). He rose to fame for playing the Man
with No Name in Sergio Leone's Dollars trilogy
of spaghetti westerns (A Fistful of Dollars, For
a Few Dollars More, and The Good, the Bad and
the Ugly) during the late 1960s, and as Harry
Callahan in the Dirty Harry films (Dirty Harry,
Magnum Force, The Enforcer, Sudden Impact, and
The Dead Pool) throughout the 1970s and 1980s.
These roles, among others, have made him an
enduring cultural icon of a certain type of
masculinity For his work in the films Unforgiven
(1992) and Million Dollar Baby(2004), Eastwood
won Academy Awards for Best Director and Producer
of the Best Picture, as well as receiving
nominations for Best Actor. These films in
particular, as well as others including Play
Misty for Me (1971), Thunderbolt and Lightfoot
1974), The Outlaw Josey Wales (1976), Escape from
Alcatraz (1979), Tightrope (1984), Pale Rider
(1985), Heartbreak Ridge(1986), In the Line of
Fire (1993), The Bridges of Madison County
(1995), and Gran Torino (2008), have all received
commercial success and critical acclaim.
Eastwood's only comedies have been Every Which
Way but Loose (1978) and its sequel Any Which Way
You Can (1980), which are his two most
commercially successful films after adjustment
for inflation.
39
Marlon brando
American screen and stage actor. Considered to
be one of the most important actors in American
cinema, Brando was one of only three
professional actors, along with Charlie Chaplin
and Marilyn Monroe, named by Time magazine as
one of its 100 Persons of the Century in 1999.
Brando had a significant impact on film acting.
While he became notorious for his "mumbling"
diction and exuding a raw animal magnetism,his
performances were nonetheless highly regarded,
and he is widely considered as one of the
greatest and most influential actors of the 20th
century.Director Martin Scorsese said of him, "He
is the marker. There's 'before Brando' and 'after
Brando'." Actor Jack Nicholson once said, "When
Marlon dies, everybody moves up one."Brando was
ranked by the American Film Institute as the
fourth greatest screen legend among male movie
stars whose screen debuts occurred in or before
1950.
Played Vito Corleone in Francis Ford Coppola's
The Godfather(1972), a role critics consider
among his greatest. The movie, which became the
most commercially successful film of all time
when it was released along with his
Oscar-nominated performance as Paul in Last Tango
in Paris (1972), another smash hit revitalized
Brando's career and reestablished him in the
ranks of top box office stars, placing him at
number 6 and number 10 in Top 10 Money Making
Stars poll in 1972 and 1973, respectively.
40
Robert de niro
His first major film roles were in Bang the Drum
Slowly and Mean Streets, both in 1973. In 1974,
he played the young Vito Corleone in The
Godfather Part II for which he won the Academy
Award for Best Supporting Actor.His critically
acclaimed, longtime collaborations with director
Martin Scorsese began with 1973's Mean Streets,
and earned De Niro an Academy Award for Best
Actor for his portrayal of Jake LaMotta in the
1980 film Raging Bull. He was also nominated for
an Academy Award for his roles in Scorsese's Taxi
Driver (1976) and Cape Fear (1991). In addition,
he received nominations for his acting in Michael
Ciminos The Deer Hunter (1978) and Penny
Marshall's Awakenings (1990). In 1990, his
portrayal as Jimmy Conway in Martin Scorsese's
Goodfellas earned him a BAFTA nomination. De Niro
has earned four nominations for the Golden Globe
Award for Best Actor Motion Picture Musical or
Comedy, for his work in New York, New York
(1977), Midnight Run (1988), Analyze This (1999),
and Meet the Parents (2000). He has also directed
films such as A Bronx Tale (1993) and The Good
Shepherd (2006). Through the years, De Niro has
received widespread accolades for his esteemed
career, including the AFI Life Achievement Award
and the Golden Globe Cecil B. DeMille Award.
41
Robert redford
American actor, film director, producer,
businessman, environmentalist, philanthropist,
and founder of the Sundance Film Festival. At
the height of Redford's fame in the late 1960s
to 1980s, he was often described as one of the
world's most attractive men and remains one of
the most popular movie stars.
The biggest hit of his career the blockbuster
crime caper The Sting (1973), which became one
of the top 20 highest grossing movies of all time
when adjusted for inflation and for which he was
also nominated for an Oscar. The popular and
acclaimed All the President's Men (1976), was a
landmark film for Redford. Not only was he the
executive producer and co-star, but the film's
serious subject matter the Watergate scandal
and its attempt to create a realistic portrayal
of journalism also reflected the actor's
offscreen concerns for political causes.8 He
also starred in a segment of the war film A
Bridge Too Far (1977), the prison drama Brubaker
(1980), playing a prison warden attempting to
reform the system, and the fantasy baseball drama
The Natural (1984).Redford continued his
involvement in mainstream Hollywood movies,
though with a newfound focus on directing. The
first film he directed, Ordinary People, which
followed the disintegration of an upper class
American family after the death of a son, was one
of the most critically and publicly acclaimed
films of the decade, winning a number of Oscars,
including the Academy Award for best director for
Redford himself.
42
Woody allen
By the mid-1960s Allen was writing and directing
films, first specializing in slapstick comedies
before moving into more dramatic material
influenced by European art cinema during the
1970s. He is often identified as part of the New
Hollywood wave of filmmakers of the mid-1960s to
late '70s. Allen often stars in his own films,
typically in the persona he developed as a
standup. Some of the best-known of his over 40
films are Annie Hall (1977), Manhattan (1979),
Hannah and Her Sisters (1986), and Midnight in
Paris (2011). Critic Roger Ebert has described
Allen as "a treasure of the cinema".
Annie Hall won four Academy Awards in 1977,
including Best Picture, Best Actress in a Leading
Role for Diane Keaton, Best Original Screenplay
and Best Director for Woody Allen. Annie Hall set
the standard for modern romantic comedy and also
started a minor fashion trend with the clothes
worn by Diane Keaton in the film (the masculine
clothing, such as ties with cardigans, was
actually Keaton's own).. The film is ranked at
No. 35 on the American Film Institutes "100 Best
Movies" and at No. 4 on the AFI list of "100 Best
Comedies."
43
Sally field
In 1977, she co-starred with Burt Reynolds,
Jackie Gleason and Jerry Reed in that year's 2
grossing film, Smokey and the Bandit. In 1979,
she played a union organizer in Norma Rae, a
successful film that established her status as a
dramatic actress. She won the Academy Award for
Best Actress. Field did three more of Reynolds'
films (The End, Hooper and Smokey and the Bandit
II). In 1981, Field continued to change her
image, playing a foul-mouthed prostitute
opposite Tommy Lee Jones in the South-set film
Back Roads, which received middling reviews and
grossed 11 million at the box office. She
received Golden Globe nominations for the 1981
drama Absence of Malice and the 1982 comedy Kiss
Me Goodbye. Then came a second Oscar for her
starring role in the 1984 drama Places in the
Heart. Field's gushing acceptance speech is well
remembered for its earnestness. She said, "I
haven't had an orthodox career, and I've wanted
more than anything to have your respect. The
first time I didn't feel it, but this time I feel
it, and I can't deny the fact that you like me,
right now, you like me!"7 The line ending in
"...I can't deny the fact that you like me, right
now, you like me!" is often misquoted as simply,
"You like me, you really like me!" which has
subsequently been the subject of many
parodies.The phrase, "You like me", was
originally from her wry, understated, famous
reply in the film Norma Rae, but many people
missed the connection.
44
Paul newman
American actor, film director, entrepreneur,
humanitarian, professional racing driver, auto
racing team owner and auto racing enthusiast.
He won numerous awards, including an Academy
Award for best actor for his performance in the
1986 Martin Scorsese film The Color of Money
and eight other nominations,2 three Golden
Globe Awards, a BAFTA Award, a Screen Actors
Guild Award, a Cannes Film Festival Award, an
Emmy award, and many honorary awards. He also won
several national championships as a driver in
Sports Car Club of America road racing, and his
race teams won several championships in open
wheel IndyCar racing. Newman was a co-founder of
Newman's Own, a food company from which Newman
donated all post-tax profits and royalties to
charity.As of June 2012, these donations
exceeded 330 million.
Starred in Exodus (1960), The Hustler (1961),
Hud (1963), Harper (1966), Cool Hand Luke(1967),
The Towering Inferno (1974), Slap Shot (1977),
and The Verdict (1982). He teamed with fellow
actor Robert Redford in Butch Cassidy and the
Sundance Kid (1969) and The Sting (1973).
45
Burt reynolds
Some of his notable roles include Bo 'Bandit'
Darville in Smokey and the Bandit, Bobby "Gator"
McCluskey in White Lightning and sequel Gator,
Paul Crewe in The Longest Yard and Jack Horner
in Boogie Nights.
His breakout performance in Deliverance in 1972
made him a star. The same year, Reynolds gained
notoriety when he posed naked in the April (Vol.
172, No. 4) issue of Cosmopolitan
Magazine.Reynolds claims the centerfold in
Cosmopolitan hurt the chances for Deliverance and
the film's stars, including himself, from
receiving Academy Awards.
Deliverance Four Atlanta businessmen, Lewis
(Burt Reynolds), Ed (Jon Voight), Bobby (Ned
Beatty) and Drew (Ronny Cox), decide to canoe
down a river in the remote North Georgian
wilderness, expecting to have fun and see the
glory of nature before the fictional Cahulawassee
River valley is flooded by the construction of a
dam. The four men encounter friction with the
locals, some of whom appear to be inbred. The
locals are suspicious of the city men while the
four middle class men act superior to the poor
and uneducated locals. Bobby is particularly
contemptuous of the poverty and uncouth nature of
the local men. Despite this, Drew bonds with a
local albino boy when they engage in an impromptu
rendition of "Dueling Banjos".
46
Steve mcqueen
He was nicknamed "The King of Cool."His
"anti-hero persona, which he developed at the
height of the Vietnam counterculture, made him
one of the top box-office draws of the 1960s and
1970s. McQueen received an Academy Award
nomination for his role in The Sand Pebbles. His
other popular films include The Magnificent
Seven, The Blob, The Great Escape, The Thomas
Crown Affair, Bullitt, The Getaway, Papillon,
and The Towering Inferno. In 1974, he became the
highest-paid movie star in the world.5 Although
McQueen was combative with directors and
producers, his popularity put him in high demand
and enabled him to command large salaries. He was
an avid racer of both motorcycles and cars. While
he studied acting, he supported himself partly by
competing in weekend motorcycle races and bought
his first motorcycle with his winnings. He is
recognized for performing many of his own stunts,
but one of the most widely claimed and cherished
examples of thisthat he did the majority of the
stunt driving for his character during the
high-speed chase scene in Bullittwas revealed
not to be true by his most trusted stuntman and
stunt driver Loren James.7 Another example of
the legend occasionally overshadowing reality was
the famed "barbed wire jump" in the 1962 film
"The Great Escape"a stunt performed by McQueen's
good friend and champion motorcycle racer Bud
Ekins.
47
Billie jean king
Former World No. 1 professional tennis player.
King won a total of 39 Grand Slam titles through
out her career this includes 12 singles, 16
doubles and 11 mixed doubles titles.Additionally
King won the first ever WTA Tour Championships
and was a three time winner of the doubles
event.
5
King is an advocate for sexual equality and won
The Battle of the Sexes tennis match against
Bobby Riggs in 1973 and was the founder of the
Women's Tennis Association, World Team Tennis
and the Women's Sports Foundation.
48
Battle of the Sexes
  • Despite King's achievements at the world's
    biggest tennis tournaments, the U.S. public best
    remembers her for her win over Bobby Riggs in
    1973, and winning 100,000 in the winner-take-all
    match.
  • Riggs had been a top men's player in the 1930s
    and 1940s in both the amateur and professional
    ranks. He won the Wimbledon men's singles title
    in 1939, and was considered the World No. 1 male
    tennis player for 1941, 1946, and 1947. He then
    became a self-described tennis "hustler" who
    played in promotional challenge matches. In 1973,
    he took on the role of male chauvinist. Claiming
    that the women's game was so inferior to the
    men's game that even a 55-year-old like himself
    could beat the current top female players, he
    challenged and defeated Margaret Court 62, 61.
    King, who previously had rejected challenges from
    Riggs, then accepted a lucrative financial offer
    to play him for 100,000, winner-take-all.
  • Dubbed the Battle of the Sexes, the Riggs-King
    match was played at the Houston Astrodome in
    Texas on September 20, 1973. The match garnered
    huge publicity. In front of 30,492 spectators and
    a worldwide television audience estimated at 50
    million people in 37 countries, King beat Riggs
    64, 63, 63. The match is considered a very
    significant event in developing greater
    recognition and respect for women's tennis (and
    perhaps women's sports in general). King said, "I
    thought it would set us back 50 years if I didn't
    win that match. It would ruin the women's
    tennis tour and affect all women's
    self-esteem."51 "To beat a fifty-nine-year old
    guy was no thrill for me. The thrill was exposing
    a lot of new people to tennis

49
aerosmith
An American rock band, sometimes referred to as
"The Bad Boys from Boston" and "America's
Greatest Rock and Roll Band." Their style, which
is rooted in blues-based hard rock,has come to
also incorporate elements of pop,heavy metal,
and rhythm and blues, and has inspired many
subsequent rock artists. The band was formed in
Boston, Massachusetts in 1970. Guitarist Joe
Perry and bassist Tom Hamilton, originally in a
band together called the Jam Band, met up with
singer Steven Tyler, drummer Joey Kramer, and
guitarist Ray Tabano, and formed Aerosmith. In
1971, Tabano was replaced by Brad Whitford, and
the band began developing a following in Boston
Aerosmith is the best-selling American rock band
of all time, having sold more than 150 million
albums worldwide,17 including 66.5 million
albums in the United States alone. They also hold
the record for the most gold and multi-platinum
albums by an American group. The band has scored
21 Top 40 hits on the Billboard Hot 100, nine
number-one Mainstream Rock hits, four Grammy
Awards, and ten MTV Video Music Awards. They were
inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in
2001, and were included among both Rolling
Stone's and VH1's lists of the 100 Greatest
Artists of All Time. Sweet Emotion, Walk
This Way, Dream On, Same Old Song and Dance,
Back in the Saddle , Last Child
50
Led zeppelin
An English rock band active in the late 1960s and
throughout the 1970s. Formed as the New
Yardbirds in 1968, the band consisted of
guitarist Jimmy Page, singer Robert Plant,
bassist/ keyboardist John Paul Jones, and drummer
John Bonham. They are widely considered to be
one of the most successful, innovative and
influential rock groups in history.
Led Zeppelin are frequently recognized as the
progenitors of heavy metal and hard rock.
However, the band's individualistic style drew
from a wide variety of influences, including folk
music, which they incorporated into their next
two albums. Their untitled fourth album, which
features the track "Stairway to Heaven", is among
the most popular and influential works in rock
music, and it cemented the status of the group as
"superstars." Kashmir, Immigrant Song, Stairway
to Heaven, Achilles Last Stand, Whole Lotta Love,
Black Dog, Over the Hills Far Away
51
Carol burnett
The Carol Burnett Show which was aired on CBS
television from 1967 to 1978. With roots in
vaudeville, The Carol Burnett Show was a variety
show that combined comedy sketches, song and
dance. The comedy sketches included film
parodies and character pieces. Burnett created
many memorable characters during the show's
television run, and both she and the show won
numerous Emmy and Golden Globe Awards.
Its ensemble cast included Tim Conway(who was a
guest player until the ninth season),Harvey
Korman, Lyle Waggoner, and the teenaged Vicki
Lawrence (who was cast partly because she looked
like a younger Burnett). Burnett opened most
shows with an impromptu question and answer
session with the audience, lasting a few
minutes, during which she often demonstrated her
ability to humorously ad lib. On numerous
occasions, she obliged when asked to perform her
trademark Tarzan yell.
52
Saturday Night Live
American late-night live television sketch comedy
and variety show created by Lorne Michaels and
developed by Dick Ebersol. The show premiered on
NBC on October 11, 1975, under the original
title NBC's Saturday Night. The show's comedy
sketches, which parody contemporary culture and
politics, are performed by a large and varying
cast of repertory and newer cast members. Each
episode is hosted by a celebrity guest, who
usually delivers an opening monologue and
performs in sketches with the cast, and features
performances by a musical guest. An episode
normally begins with a cold open sketch that ends
with someone breaking character and proclaiming,
"Live from New York, it's Saturday Night!",
beginning the show proper Chevy Chase, Bill
Murray, John Belushi, Dan Aykroyd, Al Franken,
Gilda Radner, Laraine Newman, Garrett Morris,
Jane Curtain
53
superman
stars Marlon Brando (Jor-El is Kal-Els
biological father on Krypton), Gene Hackman (Lex
Luthor- an evil genius- nemesis of Superman)
Christopher Reeve (Kal-El, known as Superman, is
Clark Kent On Earth), Margot Kidder (Lois Lane),
Glenn Ford (Jonathan Kent- Clark Kents adoptive
father), Phyllis Thaxter (Martha Kent, Clark
Kents adoptive mother), Jackie Cooper (Perry
White, Clark Kents boss at the Daily Planet),
Valerie Perrine (Eve Teschmacher- Lex Luthors
girlfriend- she saves Supermans life) and Ned
Beatty (Otis- Lex Luthors sidekick) The film
depicts the origin of Superman, including his
infancy as Kal-El of Krypton and his youthful
years in the rural town of Smallville. Disguised
as reporter Clark Kent, he adopts a mild-mannered
disposition in Metropolis and develops a romance
with Lois Lane, while battling the villainous Lex
Luthor.
54
Star wars
Star Wars is an American epic space opera
franchise consisting of a film series created by
George Lucas. The franchise portrays a universe
which is in a galaxy that is described as far,
far away. It commonly portrays Jedi as a
representation of good, in conflict with the
Sith, their evil counterpart. Their weapon of
choice, the lightsaber, is commonly recognized
in popular culture. The fictional universe also
contains many themes, especially influences of
philosophy and religion. The first film in the
series was originally released on May 25, 1977,
under the title Star Wars, and became a worldwide
pop culture phenomenon, followed by two sequels,
released at three-year intervals
55
Plot to Star Wars
  • The original trilogy begins 19 years later as
    Vader nears completion of the massive Death Star
    space station, which will allow the Empire to
    crush the Rebel Alliance, an organized resistance
    formed to combat Palpatine's tyranny. Vader
    captures Princess Leia, who has stolen the plans
    to the Death Star and hidden them in the
    astromech droid R2-D2. R2, along with his
    protocol droid counterpart C-3PO, escapes to
    Tatooine. There, the droids are purchased by Luke
    Skywalker and his step-uncle and aunt. While Luke
    is cleaning R2, he accidentally triggers a
    message put into the droid by Leia, who asks for
    assistance from Obi-Wan. Luke later assists the
    droids in finding the Jedi Knight, who is now
    passing as an old hermit under the alias Ben
    Kenobi. When Luke asks about his father, Obi-Wan
    tells him that Anakin was a great Jedi who was
    betrayed and murdered by Vader.
  • Obi-Wan and Luke hire the smuggler Han Solo and
    his Wookiee co-pilot Chewbacca to take them to
    Alderaan, Leia's home world, which they
    eventually find has been destroyed by the Death
    Star. Once on board the space station, Obi-Wan
    allows himself to be killed during a lightsaber
    rematch with Vader his sacrifice allows the
    group to escape with the plans that help the
    rebels destroy the Death Star. Luke himself fires
    the shot that destroys the deadly space station.

56
  • Three years later, Luke travels to find Yoda, now
    living in exile on the swamp-infested world
    Dagobah, in order to start his Jedi training.
    However, Luke is interrupted when Vader lures him
    into a trap by capturing Han and the others.
    During a fierce lightsaber duel, Vader reveals
    that he is Luke's father and attempts to turn him
    to the dark side.9 Luke escapes, and, after
    rescuing Han from the gangster Jabba the Hutt a
    year later, returns to Yoda to complete his
    training. However, now over 900 years old, Yoda
    is on his deathbed. Before he passes away, Yoda
    confirms that Vader is Luke's father moments
    later, Obi-Wan's spirit tells Luke that he must
    face his father before he can become a Jedi, and
    that Leia is his twin sister. As the Rebels
    attack the second Death Star, Luke confronts
    Vader as Palpatine watches both Sith Lords
    intend to turn Luke to the dark side and take him
    as their apprentice.10
  • During the subsequent lightsaber duel, Luke
    succumbs to his anger and brutally overpowers
    Vader, but controls himself at the last minute
    realizing that he is about to suffer his father's
    fate, he spares Vader's life and proudly declares
    his allegiance to the Jedi. An enraged Palpatine
    then attempts to kill Luke with Force lightning,
    a sight that moves Vader to turn on and kill his
    master, suffering mortal wounds in the process.
    Redeemed, Anakin Skywalker dies in his son's
    arms. Luke becomes a full-fledged Jedi, and the
    Rebels destroy the second Death Star.
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