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Joseph Stalin, 1879-1953

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Joseph Stalin, 1879-1953 Totalitarian Government in the Soviet Union Totalitarian government is the exact opposite of liberal democracy Suppress individual ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Joseph Stalin, 1879-1953


1
Joseph Stalin, 1879-1953
  • Totalitarian Government in the Soviet Union

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Totalitarian government is the exact opposite of
liberal democracy
  • Suppress individual liberties
  • Abolish all competing political parties
  • Eliminate or regulate private property
  • Use the bureaucracy and technology to impose its
    ideology and enforce its commands

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-the ultimate goal of a totalitarian state is
  • Total control of the individual- what is
    believed, what values are held
  • There are no private moral judgements, no
    individual thought, no individual conscience
  • People have no natural rights, they are
    building blocks for a new social order...

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Iosef Vissarionovich Dzhugashavili 1879-1953
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  • Stalin transformed the Soviet Union from a poor,
    undeveloped agricultural country into one of the
    worlds industrial and military giants.

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  • Stalins early years
  • 1888-1894 attended local church school

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  • Tiflis Theological Seminary

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Stalin arrest records
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As a revolutionary, Stalin .
  • helped organize workers strikes
  • set up a secret press to spread Marxist
    ideasdistributed illegal pamphlets
  • participated in train and bank robberies
  • by 1912, was a member of the inner circle of the
    Bolshevik party.

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  • Lenin and Stalin in Finland

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Stalins second death strategy
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  • 1927 expelled from the Communist party
  • 1928 exiled to Siberia
  • 1929 deported to Turkey/Mexico
  • 1940 murdered

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Planned Economy or Command Economy
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Stalins Industrial policies
  • Initiated five year plans to promote the
    production of heavy machinery
  • Focused on building steel mills, cement plants
    and oil refineries.
  • Limited production of consumer goods like
    clothing and cosmetics.

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Stalins Agricultural policies
  • Eliminated wealthy, land-owning kulaks
  • Initiated Collectivization- large government
    farms called collectives replaced private
    plots.

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Stalins Political policies- Dictatorship of the
Communist Party
  • Created a secret police with unlimited power to
    crush dissenters critical of Soviet life
  • Strictly controlled the minority nationalities
  • Used show trials to eliminate and intimidate
    all potential rivals
  • Used art literature to glorify himself and the
    Communist State

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Stalins Social/Cultural policies The Cult of
personality
  • Mandated expanded education at all levels
  • Promoted educational opportunities for women
  • Censored all forms of creative thinking and
    expression
  • Replaced religious teachings with Communist ideals

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  • THE END. any questions my comrades?

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Any Questions? The End
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  • Read A. 0. Advienko- Cult of Stalin
  • Russian religious tradition worship of the
    saints and veneration of the Tsar were common
    practices
  • Stalin intensified this tradition, leading to the
    cult of personality the deliberate fixation
    on an all powerful leader, whose personality
    exemplified the challenge of extraordinary times.
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