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Using the Biomedical Library

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Title: PowerPoint Presentation Author: Biomedical Library Last modified by: Ron Created Date: 2/26/2002 2:09:06 AM Document presentation format: On-screen Show – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Using the Biomedical Library


1
Using the Biomedical Library Its
ResourcesBecoming Efficient Information Managers
  • BMD 201
  • Fall 2009

2
Beverly Rossini
  • Information Services Librarian
  • Contact Information
  • Phone (251) 460-6893
  • Fax (251) 460-7638
  • Email brossini_at_bbl.usouthal.edu

3
University of South AlabamaBiomedical Library
Sites
  • Baugh Biomedical Library Campus Site
  • Primarily supports the academic health sciences
    (College of Medicine, Colleges of Nursing
    Allied Health)

4
University of South AlabamaBiomedical Library
Sites
  • Third floor of the University Medical Center site
    and now called the Health Information Resource
    Center
  • Primarily supports the clinical medicine
    specialties-collection concentrates on patient
    care and treatment

5
University of South AlabamaBiomedical Library
Sites
  • Childrens and Womens Hospital site
  • Primarily supports obstetrics, gynecology, and
    pediatrics which is reflected by the librarys
    collection.

6
Objectives
  • Students can describe challenges inherent in
    using biomedical literature.
  • Students are aware of the USA Biomedical
    Librarys resources and services.

7
Objectives
  • Students can acquire, evaluate, utilize, and
    manage the information contained in the
    biomedical literature held at the USA Biomedical
    Library.

8
Biomedical Literature the Challenges
  • VOLUME
  • VARIETY
  • VARIOUS POINTS OF ACCESS
  • RELIABILITY

9
VOLUME
  • Set of journals pertinent to primary care
    physicians in 2002 found 7,287 articles are
    published monthly in this set of journals.
  • A physician trained in epidemiology would take an
    estimated 627.5 hours per month to evaluate
    articles pertinent to his practice.1

10
VOLUME
  • Nurses, who need to provide decision makers with
    relatively concise bottom-line estimates of
    effectiveness, report approximately 1,000
    systematic review and meta-analyses studies that
    focus on topics important to infection control
    professionals are published annually.2

11
VOLUME
  • In biomedical research, the amount of
    experimental data and published scienti?c
    information is overwhelming and ever increasing,
    which may inhibit rather than stimulate scienti?c
    progress.3

12
VARIETY
  • Primary information
  • Secondary information

13
The Medical Literature
  • Primary original research
  • Experimental (an intervention is made or
    variables are manipulated)
  • Randomized Control Trials
  • Controlled trials
  • Observational (no intervention or variables are
    manipulated)
  • Cohort studies
  • Case-control studies
  • Case reports

14
The Medical Literature
  • Secondary reviews of original research
  • Meta-analysis
  • Systematic reviews
  • Practice guidelines
  • Reviews
  • Decision analysis
  • Consensus reports
  • Editorial, commentary

15
VARIOUS POINTS OF ACCESS
  • Personal Libraries books journals
  • Colleagues
  • Personal experience
  • Libraries
  • Electronic Information sources (databases)
  • Internet

BARRIERS
16
RELIABILITY
  • Information on the Internet about head injury
    pertaining to intensive care less quantity and
    more quality is needed.(2006) PMID 16749874
  • Rating health information on the Internet
    navigating to knowledge or to Babel? (1998) PMID
    9486757

17
RELIABILITY
  • Accessibility, nature and quality of health
    information on the Internet a survey on
    osteoarthritis. (2005) PMID 15572390

18
What is Evidence Based Practice (EBP)
Short definition the integration of best
research evidence with clinical expertise and
patient values.4
19
Overwhelmed?
  • So many options so much information ... and
    misinformation.
  • The library provides numerous tools to help you
    navigate this flood of information.

JOURNALS?
BOOKS?
INTERNET?
20
Biomedical literature isoverwhelming and ever
increasing, which may inhibit rather than
stimulate scienti?c progress.
  • Information Management
  • Focuses on using
  • valid information
  • that which is relevant
  • that which is accessible

21
Do researchers ever use books?
  • SOUTHCat

22
Various Points of Access
23
Journals
24
What about e books?
25
Browse E books
  • http//biomedicallibrary.southalabama.edu/library/
    ?qebooks

26
Google
27
Do you need
  • Practice Guideline/Evidence
  • Professional literature (journal articles)
  • Consumer/Patient Info
  • A fact or data set
  • To contact a colleague
  • News item, image, or ???

28
Various Points of access Databases
29
More than 35 databases, so check scope
noteshttp//biomedicallibrary.southalabama.edu.
30
Scopus
31
Controlled language vs Keyword
  • MESH Medical Subject Headings
  • Found in PubMEd database

32
PubMed
  • PubMed is a service of the U.S. National Library
    of Medicine that includes over 19 million
    citations from 4,800 biomedical journals for
    biomedical articles back to 1948.
  • PubMed includes links to full text articles and
    other related resources.

33
Advantages of PubMed
  • Free
  • Links to publishers sites for full-text journals
  • Or, can order full-text journal articles
  • Clinical Queries/Systematic Reviews section
    limits retrieval to evidence-based citations

34
More Advantages of PubMed
  • Can easily limit your search to
  • Age groups
  • Human or Animal studies
  • Language
  • Review articles
  • Subsets, such as Core Clinical Journals or CAM
  • Clipboard allows you to save citations from one
    search or several searches that you may want to
    print, save, email, or order
  • My NCBI allows you to save search strategies in
    order to generate updates - including automatic
    e-mail updates

35
Various Points of access Databases
36
Use MeSH
  • flu

37
Questions?
  • Assignment
  • Go to Biomedical Librarys web page
  • http//biomedicallibrary.southalabama.edu/library/
  • Center portal Library Instruction/Library
    Courses
  • BMD 201

38
Submit by email due October 2
39
Baugh Biomedical Library What We Can Do For You
  • Provide Access
  • To search tools.
  • To materials.
  • To information sources both in the library and
    from outside.
  • Teach Effective Searching Skills
  • Living in an electronic/information age.
  • Skills important not only for school, but for
    your entire careers.
  • Part of lifelong learning-essential to your
    profession.

40
Bibliography
  • 1Alper BS, , Hand JA, and Elliott SG. "How much
    effort is needed to keep up with the literature
    relevant for primary care?." Journal Medical o
    the Library Association. 92.4 (2004) 429-437.
  • 2 Bent S, Shojania KG, Saint S. The use of
    systematic reviews and meta-analyses in infection
    control and hospital epidemiology. Am J Infect
    Control. 2004 Jun32(4)246-54.
  • 3 Weeber M, Kors JA, Mons B.Online tools to
    support literature-based discovery in the life
    sciences. Briefings in Bioinformatics. 2005
    September 6 (3) 277.
  • 4 Sackett, DL. Evidence-based medicine how to
    practice and teach EBM. New York
    Churchill-Livingston, 2000.
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