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Nanotechnology for the Forest Products Industry

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Nanotechnology for the Forest Products Industry by Howard Rosen, Staff, Washington Office Ted Wegner, Assistant Director, Forest Products Laboratory – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Nanotechnology for the Forest Products Industry


1
Nanotechnology for the Forest Products Industry
by Howard Rosen, Staff, Washington Office Ted
Wegner, Assistant Director, Forest Products
Laboratory USDA Forest Service November 16,
2006
2
Presentation Overview
  • Nanotechnology overview
  • Federal/public perspectives on forest products
  • Federal Government integrated role in advancing
    nanotechnology in the forest products industry

3
Definition of Nanotechnolgy
  • Scale 1 nm 100 nm (1 nm 1 billionth or
    10-9of a meter)
  • Creating nanoscale size materials does not mean
    nanotechnology is involved
  • Material must have unique properties (e.g.
    electrical, physical, chemical, optical) that are
    different that the bulk properties
  • Achieving those unique properties must be
    repeatable and controllable

4
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5
Nanomaterials Opportunities
Nanomaterials offer the potential for
unprecedented material performance that could
  • Solve major societal problems
  • (e.g. energy, medicine, environment,
    manufacturing, communications, computing, and
    security)
  • Energize the economy for decades
  • Revitalize existing businesses (e.g. forest
    products)
  • Boost competitiveness globally
  • Create entirely new industries

The race for global leadership in nanotechnology
is underway
6
Source October 2004 Lux Research Report
7
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8
Cubic feet per capita
Total consumption (million cubic feet)
9
The United States is the Largest Producer of
Industrial Wood
Percent of Total World Production
Millions of Cubic Metres
Non-Tropical
Tropical
10
Impact of Global Competition
Domestically produced shares of the U.S. market
have declined for most wood products
11
Soot
Contains Value
12
Cellulose Synthesis and Material Production
Nature Working Across a Length Scale
gt1010!
Cellulose nanofiber bundles
6 Assembly proteins (rosette) which produces
cellulose nanofibers
28nm
www.ita.doc.gov/td/forestprod/
jupiter.phys.ttu.edu/corner/1999/dec99.pdf
Candace Haigler and Larry Blanton, Cellulose
You're surrounded by it, but did you know it was
there?
Source Jeffery Catchmark , Penn State University
13
Nanotechnology Wood
Wood / Lignocellulose
  • One of the most abundant biological raw
    materials-ubiquitous
  • Nano-fibrilar structure
  • Self-assemblycontrolled
  • Lignocellulose as a nanomaterial and its interact
    with other nanomaterials is largely unexplored
  • Capacity to be made multifunctional
  • New analytical techniques adapted to biomaterials
    are beginning to allow us to see new
    possibilities
  • A cornerstone for advancing the biomass-based
    renewable sustainable economy

14
America Needs a Strong Forest Products Industry
  • Outlet for forest biomass that needs to be
    removed to reduce fuel load and improve forest
    health condition
  • Forest biomass sales offset the cost of forest
    management on public lands
  • Helps prevent conversion of privately held
    forestland to non-forest uses
  • Makes use of a National strategic asset to
    provide jobs, fuel the economy, and meet the
    needs of people for material needs

15
Nanotechnology can help reinvent the forest
products industry
  • Technology is the major driving factor for growth
    at every level of an economy and is a key factor
    in enabling competitive advantage in the market
    place
  • New, higher profit products, based upon
    pioneering, innovative technology creation, are
    needed
  • Lighter weight, stronger, multifunctional
    materials from wood
  • New products
  • New markets
  • New functionalities

16
Federal Role in Nanotechnology RD
  • Support sustainable forestry and sustainable
    forest products as a positive economic, social,
    and ecological force within the Nation
  • Promote, conduct, and support high risk,
    fundamental nanotechnology research
  • Acquire and maintain state of the art Federal RD
    nanotechnology facilities and provide access to
    unique and cost effective research facilities and
    capacities with other partners to move the US
    forest-based economy forward

17
2003 RD Spending 283 Billion
All RD in the United States
Source National Science Foundation
18
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19
Nanotechnology Workshop For the Forest Products
Industry
  • October 17 - 19, 2004
  • www.nanotechforest.org

20
Nanotechnology Roadmap Priority RD Areas
  • Polymer Composites and Nano-Reinforced Materials
  • Self-Assembly and Biomimetics
  • Cell-Wall Nanotechnology
  • Sensors, Processing, and Process Controls
  • Analytic Methods for Nanostructure
    Characterization

21
Nanotechnology Task Group Goals
  • Link nanotechnology with other Agenda 2020
    platforms through Technology Roadmap
  • Establish a Brain Trust to identify 3 - 4
    priority areas
  • Organize annual Nanotechnology Conference
  • -Focal point for industry / academia /
    government

22
Agenda 2020 Focus for the Future Meeting the
Challenge of Deployment
Positively Impacting the Environment ?Significant
Reduction in Greenhouse Gases ?Decreased
Ecological Footprint
O2
CO2
Breakthrough Mfg. Technologies ?Major
Manufacturing Cost/Capital
Reduction ?Significant Enhancement in
Product Properties with Existing
Assets ?Substantial Improvement in Energy
Efficiency for Existing Processes
Advancing the Wood Products Revolution ?
Improved Building Systems ? Reduced System Costs
Technologically Advanced Workforce ?From
Workforce to Knowledge Workers in 7 years
23
Nanotechnology Deployment Strategies
  • Adapt Deploy Existing Nanotechnologies
  • Reduces costs by leveraging existing investments
  • Shortest time to deployment
  • Exploits existing nanotechnology knowledge base
  • Adds value and functionality to existing products
  • Create Deploy Novel New Nanotechnologies
  • Exploits the unique nanoscale components and
    properties of wood
  • Enables new generations of cost effective
    products materials
  • Exploits the full potential of wood as the
    material for the 21st Century
  • Achieves maximum efficiency of material use

24
Nano Focus Areas
  • Focus Area 1 Improve strength weight
    performance
  • Target
  • 40 fewer materials for same performance
  • 60 performance with 45 CWF
  • Mechanical (bonding ) and optical performances
  • Focus Area 2 Forest Nanomaterials
  • Liberation and use of nanocellulose
  • Other nanomaterials from bio-resource
  • Non covalent disassembly/reassembly
    nano-fractionalization and nano-catalysis for
    separations
  • Entropic effects in the assembly and disassembly
    of nanomaterials in forestry
  • Focus Area 3 Understanding the control of
    water-lignocellulose interaction for modification
    of properties
  • Water removal and in the end product
  • Energy cost of water, fiber swell in the presence
    of water
  • Control and manipulation of hydrogen bonding (7
    types)
  • Control of mechanosorptive behavior
  • Water repelling, barriers
  • Control of degradation

25
Nano Focus Areas
  • Focus Area 4 - Inorganic-organic nanocomposites
    nanoscale surface modification
  • Paper, MDF, OSB are all composite materials
  • Compatibilization of hydrophilic/hydrophobic
    materials
  • Interactions at nano-scale
  • Focus Area 5 - Photonics and Electronic/Piezo
    properties
  • 100 Opacity
  • Focus Area 6 - Modifications for energy
    efficiency Process related
  • Nano-catalysis in pulping and chemistry
  • Low temp pulping
  • Nano pores in felts
  • Water removal
  • Low corrosion materials

26
Key Stakeholders
  • Forest Products Industry
  • Universities
  • Federal Departments/Agencies
  • NNI/NSET/PCAST/OSTP---OMB
  • National Science Foundation
  • DOE Basic Sciences
  • DOE National Laboratories
  • National Institute of Standards Technology
  • USDA CSREES
  • USDA Forest Service

27
2007 Nanotechnology Conference
  • Knoxville TN, June 13 to 15 2007
  • Oak Ridge National Lab tie-in
  • Focal point for task force reviews and workshops
  • Tappi/ FPS co-managed
  • Co-sponsors
  • AFPA
  • USDA Forest Service
  • USDA CSREES
  • U Tennessee
  • IUFRO
  • American Chemical Society

28
Thank you for your attention
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