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Let

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Title: 1 Author: user Last modified by: Adm Created Date: 9/11/2011 2:51:38 PM Document presentation format: (4:3) Other titles – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Let


1
Lets go to London
2
  • When a man is tired of London he is tired of
    life.
  • Dr. Samuel Johnson
  • (He was a British author, linguist and
    lexicographer , 1709-1784)
  • Dr. Johnson is still right. London is the place
    to be, with so many different things to do and
    places to visit

3
  • London is a leading global city. London has a
    diverse range of people, cultures and religions
    and more than 300 languages are spoken within its
    boundaries. Over 9 million people live and work
    in London. Every year millions of visitors come
    to enjoy London. Everyone who arrives in London
    is immediately struck by the sheer energy of the
    place. Today well try to sum up all we know and
    learn new facts about London.

4
  • London is the capital of England and the United
    Kingdom. The largest metropolitan area in the
    United Kingdom and the largest urban zone in the
    European Union. It is located on the River Thames
    and has been a major settlement for 2 millennia.
    Its history goes back to its founding by the
    Romans, who called it Londinium.
  • Answers
  • 1b, 2f, 3c, 4g, 5e, 6a, 7d

5
  • Do you like travelling?
  • Have you ever been to Great Britain (London)?
  • Would you like to visit London?
  • What would you like to see and do there?
  • What famous sights have you heard of?
  • Do you think London is a good place for a
    holiday? Why? Why not?

6
  • What are the main countries of the UK?
  • Area
  • Population
  • Capital
  • Political

7
  • What do you remember about the UK?
  • Main countries England, Scotland, Wales, Northen
    Ireland.
  • Area ( 244,110 sq km)
  • Population ( over 57 million people)
  • Capital ( London)
  • The Head of State (The Queen)
  • Political ( the power in the country belongs to
    the British Parliament and to the British
    Government)

8
(No Transcript)
9
  • The British Coat of Arms
  • In the House of Lords you can see the British
    Coat of Arms, it is right above the Throne.
  • What is its symbolical meaning?
  • The shield (???)shows the symbols of different
    parts of the UK
  • The three lions of England
  • The lion of Scotland
  • The Irish harp (????)
  • Two animals support the shield (The English lion
    and the Scottish unicorn(????????)) The lion has
    been a symbol of the Royal power and courage
    since the ancient time. The unicorn symbolizes
    history and traditions. Above the shield there is
    the Royal Crown. Below the shield you can read
    the motto(?????) of the Monarch - God and my
    right.

10
(No Transcript)
11
  • The British flag is one of the most uniquely
    designed flags in the word. The first Union flag
    was flown in 1603, when king James of Scotland
    also became the king of England. The Union flag
    represented the union between the two countries
    and comprised the English cross of St. George
    with the Scottish cross of St. Andrew. In 1801
    the cross of St. Patrick was added to the flag
    when Ireland joined the Union. As Wales was not a
    kingdom but a Principality it could not be
    unclouded on the flag.

12
  • Why do we travel to the UK?
  • To visit new places
  • To meet people
  • To go sight seeing
  • To learn traditions and culture
  • To learn English
  • To visit some famous museums
  • To look at the queen
  • To go shopping
  • To enjoy picturesque places
  • To have a complete change (?????? ?????
    ??????????)
  • To discover new ways of life

13
  • What kind of interesting places are there in
    London?
  • Museums
  • Galleries
  • Churches
  • Squares
  • Theatres
  • Parks
  • Markets and shops

14
  • The most famous Londons Landmarks include
  • Buckingham Palace
  • The London Eye
  • Piccadilly Circus
  • St Pauls Cathedral
  • The Tower of London and Tower Bridge
  • Trafalgar square
  • National Gallery
  • The British museum
  • Westminster Abbey
  • Madame Tussauds
  • The Houses of Parliament
  • The Royal Parks Hyde Park, St James's Park and
    Regent's Park.

15
  • What is the best way to see the UK?
  • If you want to go to Britain you can do it in
    different ways. You can travel by
  • By air /on the plane
  • By sea / on a ship
  • By rail / on the train
  • By road / in a car, on a bus
  • Speak about advantages and disadvantages of each
    way of travelling.

16
  • Grammar focus - would(d)
  • Id like to recommend (expressing wish)
  • Id rather / better travel by(expressing
    preferences)
  • Id prefer travelling by
  • I think / In my opinion (giving opinion)
  • It would be much better if we (offering
    alternatives)

17
  • What do you need for travelling?
  • Which of the following things you think you will
    need if you are going to have holidays abroad.
  • Ill need.. ..by all means.
  • I will also need .
  • ..are not necessary.
  • a passport,
  • a ticket,
  • a visa,
  • a money belt,
  • a sleeping bag,
  • a map,
  • a first aid kid,
  • a travel guide,
  • a health insurance,
  • a camera,
  • a tent,
  • a package tour

18
a b
c d e
f g
h
a b c d e f g h

a b c d e f g h
1 5 2 4 3 8 7 6
19
  • Different means of transport

20
(No Transcript)
21
(No Transcript)
22
(No Transcript)
23
  • London taxis are called Black cabs. Most of
    them are black, but not all, and these days you
    can see cabs painted in different colours. They
    look old-fashioned and clumsy but in fuck they
    are comfortable and speedy.
  • Cycling in London has enjoyed a renaissance
    since the turn of Millenium. Cyclists enjoy a
    cheaper, and often quicker, way around London
    than these by public transport or car.

24
  • Locations places on a map.
  • Here are some of the underground stations and
    places in central London.

25
(No Transcript)
26
  • Main Parts of London
  • The City
  • The City of Westminster (Westminster area)
  • The West End
  • The East End

27
  • LONDON QUIZ
  • You are planning to spend summer holidays in
    London. You visit a famous tourist company and
    ask a tourist agent all possible questions
    concerning the trip.
  • Role-play A friend of yours is unwilling to go
    on an excursion (a trip) because he thinks it is
    a waste of time.
  • Try to convince your partner that the trip will
    be helpful in getting o lot of knowledge.

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19
b c c a a c b c c a b c a b a c b b b
28
  • Tower of London
  • The Tower of London was started in 1066 by
    William the Conqueror. The oldest building on the
    territory of the Tower is the White Tower. This
    is where the kings of London once ate, slept and
    run the country. Throughout its 900-year history
    the Tower has been many things a palace, a
    fortress, a prison, a place of execution and even
    a Zoo

29
  • Piccadilly Circus
  • Piccadilly takes its name from a stiff
    17th-century collar called a Piccadilly. A tailor
    called Roger Baker grew rich making them and
    built a house nearby.
  • There is a bronze fountain in its centre with the
    famous statue of Eros, the Greek god of Love. The
    statue was designed in the 19th century as a
    symbol of Christian charity.

30
  • London Eye
  • The London Eye is the tallest observation wheel
    in the world. It is 135 meters high. Each capsule
    is made of glass.

31
  • The Houses of Parliament
  • It is officially known as the Palace of
    Westminster. The Palace of Westminster, the
    mother of parliaments, existed before the time of
    William the Conqueror.
  • The British Parliament has two chambers. They
    are the House of Commons and the House of Lords.
  • Big Ben bell weighs 13.5 tons. It rang out for
    the first time in 1859. St. Stephens Tower is
    98 m high.

32
  • National Gallery
  • The National Gallery in Trafalgar Square is home
    for one of the greatest collections of European
    art in the world. It houses paintings from the
    13th to early 20th centuries.

33
  • British Museum
  • The largest and oldest national museums has
    mummies from Egypt, Roman antiquities found in
    the Thames, beautiful Japanese warriors clothes
    and Aztec death mask made of precious stones.

34
  • Madame Tussauds museum
  • There are several halls at Madame Tussauds.
    Highlights include the Grand Hall, the Chamber of
    Horrors and The Spirit of London exhibition.
  • It costs about 40,000 dollars to make a wax
    figure at Madam Tussauds.
  • Queen Elizabeth II has been modeled 17 times
    more than anyone else- each time with a new head.

35
  • Trafalgar Square
  • Trafalgar Square is the popular place for
    political rallies and meetings.
  • The Admiral Lord Nelsons column surveys the
    memorial to his great naval history in 1805 when
    the British navy defeated the navy of Napoleon
    in the Battle of Trafalgar.
  • The Admirals statue looks towards the Houses
    of Parliament.

36
  • Westminster Abbey
  • The first monarch who was crowned at the Abbey
    was William the Conqueror (?????????
    ???????????), it happened in 1066.
  • Westminster Abbey stands on the site where the
    first church was built in 1065, it was later
    rebuilt and enlarged, many times.
  • Many English kings and queens and other famous
    statesmen, writers, scientists are buried in
    Westminster Abbey.

37
  • St. Pauls Cathedral
  • St. Pauls Cathedral is a place for many state
    ceremonies. Every year a special service is held
    on the occasion of the Monarchs birthday.
  • In the basement of the cathedral there are the
    graves of some famous people including
    Christopher Wren himself.
  • Christopher Wren (1632-1723) is a famous English
    architect.

38
  • Buckingham Palace
  • The Palace was built in 1677 and received its
    name from the Duke of Buckingham who lived there.
    In 1762 King George III bought the palace as a
    present for his wife.
  • The first monarch who worked and lived in the
    palace was Queen Victoria in the 19th century.
    Since then all British Monarchs have used
    Buckingham Palace as their working place.

39
  • Hyde Park
  • The patch of land where Hyde Park lies was
    bought by Henry VIII from the monks of
    Westminster Abbey. The park got its name from
    the mansion of Hyde which also belonged to the
    Abbey and stood there.

40
The City
  • The City of London was a place of the original
    Roman settlement and later commercial and trading
    centre. Now it is the main financial district.
    The Royal Exchange, the Stock Exchange, Mansion
    House (official residence of the Lord Mayor) the
    Central Criminal Court (The Old Bailey) and the
    Bank of England. In the centre of the City there
    is the Tower of London and St. Pauls Cathedral.

41
The City of Westminster (Westminster area)
  • Westminster area is also called the City of
    Westminster. It is the most important part of
    London where Parliament and most government
    offices are located. It became Englands
    administrative capital when the first English
    Parliament was called here in the 13th century.
    Westminster Abbey is regarded as the centre of
    this area. Opposite Westminster Abbey there are
    the Houses of parliament (Westminster Palace)

42
The West End
  • The West End is not far from the city and is a
    part of Westminster. The West End is a symbol of
    wealth and luxury. The best hotels, the most
    expensive restaurants, clubs, theatres, cinemas,
    shops are located here. It is also full of
    museums and art galleries. The parks are probably
    the main attraction of the west End. Trafalgar
    square is the centre of the West End. Hyde park
    is the largest and the most popular of the London
    parks.

43
The East End
  • The East End is the district for the working
    people. It is the closest area to the original
    Port of London. There is a great number of
    factories, workshops and docks there. The East
    End is in many ways the real London. Those who
    live in the East End are often called Cockneys
    (true Londoners). They have got their own
    peculiar dialect and accent.

44
  • London Timeline
  • 43AD when the Romans arrived in Britain, London
    was already, a small town. Under the Romans
    Londinium became the capital of the Roman
    province of Britannia.
  • 886 King Alfred the Great United England. He
    captured London from the Danes and made it
    capital of his Kingdom.
  • 1666 The Fire of London destroyed much of the
    city. The reconstruction was organized by the
    architect Christopher Wren who designed St Pauls
    Cathedral.
  • 1850 by the middle of the nineteenth century,
    London was the largest city in the world and the
    most important port. In this period it was
    famous for its terrible pollution
  • 1939-45 In Word War II, London was seriously
    damaged by German bombing
  • 1980 in the last 20 years, the old port area has
    been rebuilt. There are big new skyscrapers and
    the Millennium Dome, the largest dome in the
    world, which was finished in 1999. In 2000 it
    held the millennium exhibition.
  • 2011 London is still a world centre of finance
    and business and the most cosmopolitan city in
    the world.
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