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Horse Breeds

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Horse Breeds Spring 2006 M. Marler Horses breeds can be classified by the way the horse is ridden. (Tennessee Walking Horse) the purpose the horse was bred for. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Horse Breeds


1
Horse Breeds
  • Spring 2006
  • M. Marler

2
Horses breeds can be classified by
  • the way the horse is ridden. (Tennessee Walking
    Horse)
  • the purpose the horse was bred for. (Quarter
    Horse)
  • a single horse that a breed originated from.
    (Morgan)
  • the country or area of the breeds origin.
    (Arabian)

3
Popular Breeds in the USA
  • Thoroughbred
  • Arabian
  • American Mustang
  • American Quarter Horse
  • Appaloosa
  • American Paint Horse
  • Clydesdale
  • Morgan
  • Paso Fino

4
Thoroughbred
  • Breed was developed in England from the finest
    Arabian horses crossed with native English mares.

5
Thoroughbred
  • Purpose A horse that could maintain a high speed
    over distances of a couple miles.
  • Temperament Sensitive sometimes high strung

6
Thoroughbred
  • Ferdinand
  • Average sale price for US racing bred 2yr. Old
    61,000.
  • Most paid for a Thoroughbred in history
  • 16,000,000

7
Thoroughbred
  • Colors Predominately gray, bay, chestnut, and
    brown
  • Very elegant and fine boned horse
  • Average size 15.2-17 hands and 1,000lbs.

8
Thoroughbred
  • Uses Mainly racing also jumping, fox-hunting,
    dressage, 3-day eventing, pleasure riding
  • Also used as a foundational or appendix breed
    for other breeds

9
Arabian
http//hughesarabians.com/straight/index.html
10
Arabian
  • Developed by Bedouin tribes in Arab countries
    over thousands of years
  • Purpose Used for transportation over long
    distances and war
  • Foundation breed to nearly every breed known
    today

11
Arabian
12
Arabian
  • Temperament Sensitive Highly intelligent Often
    high strung
  • Average Size 14.2 to 15.2 hands small
    800-1,000 lbs.
  • Very elegant and fine boned horse
  • Dished face

http//www.youtube.com/watch?vE-CkWKonST0
13
American Mustangs
14
American Mustang
  • Originated from the Spanish Andulsians brought
    over by Spanish explorers.
  • There were no horses on the US continents prior
    to the Spanish exploration.

15
American Mustang
  • Pure Spanish horses mixed with other settlers
    horses and ran wild
  • Kiger Mustangs are one of the purest bloodlines
    from the original Spanish horses,

http//www.youtube.com/watch?vsJPwOs8sW4A
http//www.youtube.com/watch?vjZGr6sMeo7gfeature
related
16
American Mustang
  • Comes in all colors and many sizes
  • Protected by the Bureau of Land Management
  • May be adopted
  • Very hardy horses with great stamina and sound
    legs and feet

17
American Quarter Horse
18
American Quarter Horse
  • Originated from Spanish Mustang, Thoroughbred
    racing stock, and some draft horses
  • Purpose Originally bred to race a ¼ mile. This
    was the length of most small American towns in
    the late 1800s
  • Also used as a cow pony for herding cattle

19
American Quarter Horse
  • Claims the title Americas Horse for its
    versatility
  • Quarter Horses are used for both english and
    western disciplines such as cutting, reining,
    pleasure, dressage, and jumping.
  • All solid colors and roans No white markings
    above the knee

20
American Quarter Horse
  • Temperament Intelligent but generally quiet,
    gentle, and easily trained
  • Average Size 14.2-15.2 hands 1,000-1,200 lbs.
  • Known for being stocky and heavily muscled

21
Appaloosa
http//movieclips.com/oPb8X-dances-with-wolves-mov
ie-the-buffalo-hunt/
  • Developed by the Nez Perce Indian tribe which
    lived near the Palouse river in Idaho
  • Developed through careful and selective breeding
  • Original purpose Buffalo hunting horses had to
    be swift and courageous

22
Appaloosa
  • Horses were regarded by white men as being of
    very high quality
  • Herds were dispersed after the Nez Perce War of
    1877

23
Appaloosa
  • Characteristics Spotted coat pattern, mottled
    skin, white sclera around the eye, striped
    hooves, short tails

24
Appaloosa
  • Uses Multi-purpose Perform well in English
    Western disciplines good stock and rodeo horses,
    excellent jumpers

25
American Paint Horse
  • Developed sporadically through mustang herds on
    the American plains
  • 2nd largest breed registry in U.S.A.
  • Characteristics One of three distinct splotched
    patterns (Overo, Tobiano, and Tovero)

26
Tobiano
  • Dark color covers one or both flanks.
  • All four legs are white
  • Head markings are like a solid colored horse

27
Overo
  • White does not cross the back between the withers
    and the tail
  • At least one and often all four legs are dark.
  • Head markings are distinctive.

28
Tovero
  • Dark pigmentation around the ears and mouth
  • One or both of the eyes may be blue.
  • Dark splotches on chest and flank.

29
American Paint Horse
  • Conformation, size, temperament, and purpose
    closely resemble the American Quarter Horse

30
Clydesdale
31
Clydesdale
  • Draft breed developed in England.
  • Bred to haul heavy loads
  • Common colors Bay, black, brown occasionally
    chestnut or roan

32
Clydesdale
  • White markings are common on face and legs
  • Legs have feathers or long, silky hairs
  • Generally 16 to 18 hands ________________________
    ______

33
Clydesdale
http//www.youtube.com/watch?vnGx4E8w5VHgNR1
http//www.youtube.com/watch?vveQAJ4qlltU
34
Morgan
  • All originated from one foal Figure born in
    1789 and owned by Justin Morgan.
  • Figure became famous for being able to
    out-walk, out-trot, out-run, and out-pull other
    horses
  • Recognized as Americas first horse breed

35
Morgan
  • Known as the preferred breed of American calvary.
  • Served as a foundation breed for Quarter Horses,
    Tennessee Walking Horses, and Standardbreds

http//www.youtube.com/watch?vI1Y2Iyr7wYQfeature
related
36
Morgan
  • Intelligent with gentle dispositions
  • Generally smaller horses 14.2 -15.2 hands high
  • Frequently bay, brown, and black may be most
    solid colors

37
Morgan
  • Purpose Used predominately in English
    disciplines but also in Western
  • Popular for Carriage Driving Events

38
Paso Fino
  • Known as the smoothest riding horse in the
    world.
  • Bred from Spanish Andalusians and Spanish Barbs
    (Arabians)
  • Bred by Spanish conquistadors and early Spanish
    plantation owners in the Caribbean and Latin
    America

39
Paso Fino
  • Paso Fino means the fine walk or fine
    movement.
  • Has three gaits which are as follows
  • Classic Fino
  • Paso Corto
  • Paso Largo

40
Paso Fino
  • Very small horses or ponies
  • Typically, 13 to 15.2 hands high
  • Weigh only 700 to 1,100 lbs.
  • Compete in Western events, endurance races, and
    Spanish classes

http//www.youtube.com/watch?vOZsGXUCDHA8feature
related
41
Andalusian
  • Thought of for many centuries as perfection in
    horseflesh.
  • The preferred horse for nobility and war in the
    Middle Ages.
  • The breed Cortes brought to America.

42
Andalusian
  • Descended from the Spanish Barb.
  • A foundation breed for many breeds.
  • From Andalusia, Spain

43
Andalusian
  • Color Usually gray and occasionally bay, black,
    palomino, and buckskin
  • Height 15.2-16.2 hands tall

http//www.youtube.com/watch?vt_d96bxojwgfeature
related
http//www.youtube.com/watch?vDncGM9cq3w0feature
related
http//www.youtube.com/watch?vAib8149E4k8
44
Andalusian
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