Imperialism-Taking over another country to dominate them politically, economically, culturally or militarily - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Imperialism-Taking over another country to dominate them politically, economically, culturally or militarily

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... The right to trade in five major cities Extraterritoriality The legalization of opium in China OPEN DOOR POLICY The Boxer Rebellion, ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Imperialism-Taking over another country to dominate them politically, economically, culturally or militarily


1
Imperialism-Taking over another country to
dominate them politically, economically,
culturally or militarily
2
Why did Imperialism occur?
  • Raw materials
  • Natural resources
  • A cheap labor supply
  • New marketplaces for manufactured goods

3
Improved Weaponry
  • The Maxim gun, similar to a machine gun, gave
    European countries an advantage over native
    tribes.
  • WHY???????

4
Dr. Livingstone
  • First European explorer/missionary to crisscross
    Africa-The Dark Continent
  • A desire to civilize non-Europeans also spurred
    the development of imperialism
  • Social Darwinism

5
The White Mans Burden By Rudyard Kipling
  • Take up the White Mans burden
  • Send forth the best ye breed
  • Go, bind your sons to exile
  • To serve your captives need
  • To wait, in heavy harness,
  • On fluttered folk and wild
  • Your new-caught sullen peoples,
  • Half-devil and half-child.
  • Take up the White Man's burden
  • In patience to abide,
  • To veil the threat of terror
  • And check the show of pride
  • By open speech and simple,
  • An hundred times made plain,
  • To seek another's profit
  • And work another's gain.

6
Dr. Livingstone, I presume?
7
South Africa
  • The Dutch first arrived on the Cape of Good Hope
    in the late 17th century.
  • Europeans soon began to settle on the Cape,
    taking land and forcing the natives out.

8
The Great Trek, 18351843
9
Diamonds and Gold
  • In 1867, diamonds were discovered in South
    Africa in 1886, gold was discovered.

10
The Boer War, 18991902
  • Dutch and British troops fought for control of
    the Cape
  • The British prevailed

11
The Power of Opium
  • By 1779, the British East India Company was
    importing opium into China
  • Within a generation, opium addiction in China
    became widespread

12
The Opium War 18391842
13
The Treaty of Nanjing
  • Britain gained
  • Control of Hong Kong
  • The right to trade in five major cities
  • Extraterritoriality
  • The legalization of opium in China
  • OPEN DOOR POLICY

14
The Boxer Rebellion, 1899
15
The Monroe Doctrine
  • Part of President Monroes 1823 Message to
    Congress
  • Warned European powers not to interfere with
    Western Hemisphere affairs or overthrow
    independent republics there
  • Promised the U.S. wouldnt interfere with
    European affairs or colonies

16
Hawaii
  • Independent kingdom in the Pacific Ocean
  • Became a republic in 1894
  • Annexed by the United States in 1898

17
The Spanish-American War
  • The United States gained control of Spanish
    colonies in the Pacific and the Caribbean, most
    notably Cuba and the Philippines.
  • Panama Canal

18
The Sepoy Rebellion
  • Sepoys Indian soldiers who served under British
    commanders
  • 1857 Sepoys refused to use ammunition greased
    with pork/beef fat
  • Full-scale rebellion broke out
  • After quashing the rebellion, the British took
    control of India

19
The Jewel in the Crown
  • In this 1897 map of the world, British
    possessions are outlined in red and shaded pink.
  • India.Why????
  • The sun never sits on the British Empire

20
The Legacy of Imperialism
  • World War I
  • Economic Consequences
  • Cash Crops depleted the soil
  • Drained labor supply
  • Third-World Nationalism
  • Civil Wars in Third World Countries due to old
    tribal lines and who would assume power
  • What obligation, if any, does the industrialized
    world owe to the nations which it dominated and
    exploited for so long?????
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