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Welcome to Preschool Psychology

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Title: PowerPoint Presentation Author: Mark Garofano Last modified by: sgarofan Created Date: 3/14/2014 12:53:39 AM Document presentation format: On-screen Show (4:3) – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Welcome to Preschool Psychology


1
Welcome toPreschool Psychology
  • Spring 2014
  • Mrs. Garofano

2
Tuesday, 2/4/14Goals for today Get acquainted,
become familiar with course and curriculum.
  • Welcome Lets get started!
  • Where do we start?
  • Mission Impossible Babies Escape
  • Take care of details
  • Complete index card
  • Your name
  • Parents name contact
  • Why you are taking this course?
  • Tell me 5 things about you to better know you
    anything!
  • Super hero kids!
  • Include name on front
  • Lost kid tags
  • Hey my name is ____ Im going to preschool Im
    bringing _____!
  • Course guidelines
  • 1 yr. old development overview
  • Homework 5 fee by 2/14.
  • Bring 3 ring binder to class!

3
Friday, 2/6/14Goal for today complete
pre-assessment and begin study of physical
development of toddlers.
  • Agenda
  • Fees? Binder check?
  • Pre-assessment
  • Textbooks notebooks
  • Number pages in notebook
  • Skills checklist
  • Textbook walk through
  • Read section 10-1 in text (pages 293-300)
  • Key terms Chapter 10.1
  • Toddler
  • Preschooler
  • Gross motor small motor skills
  • Homework Finish
  • chapter 10 study guide (pages 10-1 through 10-4)
  • -due Thursday 2/13
  • Early bonus points

4
Tuesday, 2/11/14Goals for today Identify the
TOP 10 things all children need.Question of the
day describe your earliest memory?Clip of the
day http//youtu.be/_JmA2ClUvUY
  • Agenda
  • Key Terms Homework
  • Fees (Due by Monday 2/24 for special snack after
    break)
  • Collect early homework
  • Remind101 (voluntary)
  • CTE endorsement form
  • Brainstorm at table Top 10 things every child
    needs.
  • Watch DVD Ten Things Every Child Needs and
    complete handout for turning in.
  • Developmentally appropriate
  • Dexterity
  • Sensory integration
  • Homework due Thursday, Chapter 10 study guide
    pages 10-(1-4).
  • Get your fees paid!

5
Thursday, 2/13/14Goals for today Explore
various activities suitable for toddlers that
integrate small and large motor skills. Continue
to investigate the basic needs of all children.
  • Agenda
  • Fees Collect chapter 10 study guide
  • http//youtu.be/PN-MjUC4f9k
  • Question of the Day Name 3 activities that
    require hand eye coordination
  • Telephone Time Out.
  • Finish 10 Things Every Child Needs turn in.
  • Preschool Helpers!
  • Respect for materials!
  • Teenagers as Toddlers Learning Centers
  • Clean Up time!
  • Have a terrific winter break!

6
Tuesday, 2/25/14Goals for today Continue to
explore typical physical development for
toddlers. Look back at the first year of life and
then look at physical growth patterns from 1-3.
  • Agenda
  • Activities
  • Question of the day What are 2 safe 2 unsafe
    snack foods for toddlers?
  • The First Year development.
  • Toddler Centers activity chart (recap)
  • Feeding Toddlers 10-1415
  • Healthy snack activity
  • Healthy Snack
  • Create A Growth Chart
  • Average weight and heights for boys/girls
  • Set up graph/chart for ages 1-6
  • Graph overall growth and use colors to identify
  • Toddlers p. 294
  • Preschoolers p. 384
  • Neatness, accuracy, readability, conclusions 2
    conclusions you can draw from this chart.

7
2
1
8
3
4
9
5
6
10
Thursday, 2/27/14Goals for today Look closer at
development of teeth, sensory issues, growth
rates, proportion posture.
  • Activities/projects
  • Agenda
  • Fees Attendance
  • Question of the Day What are primary teeth? How
    many do children get?
  • Tooth activity
  • Posture proportion
  • Sensory Dysfunction- what is it what are
    symptoms. (see page 10-12 in notebook)
  • Youtube http//youtu.be/6O6Cm0WxEZA
    http//youtu.be/-GPpbvtiwc0
  • Create growth charts/turn in.
  • Tooth activity
  • Key Term Sensory Integration
  • Create A Growth Chart
  • Average weight and heights for boys/girls
  • Set up graph/chart for ages 1-6
  • Graph overall growth and use colors to identify
  • Toddlers p. 294
  • Preschoolers p. 384
  • Neatness, accuracy, readability, conclusions 2
    conclusions you can draw from this chart.

11
The following are signs of auditory
defensiveness -  demonstrates distress, hides,
or cries in response to loud or unexpected noises
(for example, blenders, vacuum cleaners, hair
dryer, dogs barking) - protects ears from sounds
by covering ears - difficulty doing tasks when
the radio or TV is on - hard time with focusing
or functioning when there is a lot of
noise - cannot work with noise in the background,
like a fan or refrigerator running - notices
sounds no one else hears, like a clock ticking,
airplane flying over head, etc.
12
  • Another type of sensory issue is oral
    defensiveness. The common symptoms of a child
    with oral defensiveness include
  • Picky eateravoids certain textures,
    temperatures, or flavors of food
  • Gags easily or gags with certain food textures
    or smells
  • Difficulty sucking, chewing, or swallowing
  • Chokes easily
  • Avoids/dislikes tooth brushing or face washing
  • Dislikes going to the dentist
  • Avoids/dislikes getting hands or face messy
  • Inappropriate tasting or mouthing of non-food
    items

13
children with tactile defensiveness
(hypersensitivity to touch/tactile input) will
avoid touching, become fearful of, or bothered by
the following textured materials/items
"messy" things vibrating toys, etc. a hug
a kiss certain clothing textures rough or
bumpy bed sheets seams on socks ( click here
to find out about seamless socks ) tags on
shirts light touch hands or face being dirty
shoes and/or sandals wind blowing on bare
skin bare feet touching grass or sand
14
Signs of visual defensiveness can include -
preferring or happy to be in the dark - avoiding
or showing discomfort in response to bright
lights (asking to turn of the lights often
during the day or hiding from sunlight are two
examples) - squinting or covering eyes to
protect them from bright lights - having a hard
time putting together age-appropriate puzzles -
frustration with finding objects in a messy room
or cluttered drawer - continues to be bothered
by bright lights when everyone else has already
adapted to the light
15
Monday, 3/3/14 Goals for today Take a closer
look at planning healthy meals for toddlers
toilet training.
  • Agenda
  • Activities Homework
  • Fees Attendance
  • Question of the day What were your 3 favorite
    foods as a preschooler?
  • Toilet training such FUN!
  • Its Potty Time
  • Childrens book complete handout as a group.
  • Toilet training tips
  • Toddlers feeding themselves
  • It gets messy!
  • http//youtu.be/oqid5aoiZx8
  • Nutrition portion sizes for toddlers (handout)
  • Promoting nutritious foods 10-17
  • Rate your Plate activity
  • Key Terms
  • Readiness for toilet training
  • Sphincter muscles
  • Homework Chapter 13 (13-1 thru 5) study guide
    due Friday, 3/7. Early bonus Wednesday.
  • Friday
  • Chapter 10 Quiz

16
Signs for Toilet Training
  • Usually between ages 2-3 (earlier can cause
    children to take longer)
  • Must be physically ready
  • physical control of bladder and bowel functions
  • Recognize the signals that elimination is
    necessary
  • Able to remove clothes easily
  • Must be emotionally ready (show interest in
    wanting to use toilet)
  • During a calm time in family life

17
Basics for Toilet training
  • Positive attitude from caregiver
  • Calm encouragement vs. rules and punishment
  • If ready they will want to succeed
  • Expect accidents
  • Be prepared for fears (toilet flush, discomfort,
    actual waste product)
  • May prefer child seat on toilet or potty chair
  • Bowel usually before bladder (awareness of
    sensation and can see in face or body movements)
  • Avoid demands
  • Training pants develop independence
  • Positive reinforcement
  • Set aside enough time in schedule

18
Making Meals Appealing
  • Color- vary color when choosing foods
  • Texture-choose different textures
  • Shape- add interest to the look of food
  • Temperature- both hot cold in a meal
  • Ease of Eating- size of foods how prepared and
    cut up

Examples?
19
Wednesday, 3/5/14 Goals for today Explore safety
and health concerns and look at clothing
selection and dressing skills for toddlers.
  • Agenda
  • Activities homework
  • Collect fees early homework
  • Question of the day When purchasing clothes for
    toddlers, what are 3 things to consider?
  • Clothing considerations
  • Rate your neighbors Plate
  • Risks around every corner
  • http//youtu.be/u46IH8-cjFw
  • Safety health concerns with toddlers
    http//youtu.be/QrDFTC-gAwM Make a list
  • Keep those toddlers moving!
  • Chapter 13 homework due Friday
  • Friday Chapter 10 quiz
  • Wednesday, 3/12 end of the 5 weeks!

20
Clothing Considerations
  • Self Dressing (requires fine and gross motor
    skills)
  • Practice (undressing is easier)
  • Patience (need plenty of time)
  • Clothes easy to put on and take off, without
    fasteners, buckles, buttons to start with
  • Take it in steps
  • Often inside out and backwards
  • Boosts self-esteem, independence
  • Plan for growth comfort (stretch)
  • Choose appropriate fabric for comfort and safety
  • Durable flame retardant sleepwear

21
Safety categorieskitchenbedbathroomcarwatero
utdoorstoysburns/fireenvironmental
22
Friday, 3/7/14 Goals for today Toddler physical
development overview quiz. Observe toddler
behavior issues and interventions from Super
Nanny episode.
  • Attendance Collect chapter 13 homework
  • Question of the day How do immunizations protect
    children from getting serious or fatal diseases?
  • End of 5 weeks is Wednesday, 3/12
  • Review by watching Toddler physical development
    DVD (follow up review questions)
  • Take chapter 10 Quiz
  • Super Nanny Episode http//youtu.be/YnKGVUafY0o
  • Complete video sheet. Identify parenting tips and
    challenges observed in episode.
  • Turn in

23
Tuesday, 3/11/14Goals for today Students will
complete various preschool appropriate activity
centers. Students will complete chapter 10 quiz
bonus. Students will finish viewing super nanny
episode.
  • Agenda
  • Vocabulary Activities
  • dexterity
  • permanent teeth 32
  • ambidextrous
  • posture becomes erect
  • Next class preschool snack activity
  • http//youtu.be/YnKGVUafY0o
  • Attendance, fees, chapter 13 study guide, grade
    summaries
  • Question of the day What is dexterity? Name one
    activity that develops this in preschoolers.
  • Finish super nanny episode handout
  • Learning centers X 5
  • Follow directions at tables
  • Challenges skills used

24
Thursday, 3/13/14 Goals for today Look at hand
preference, finish preschool centers, explore
nutrition introduce snack activity.
  • Agenda
  • Vocabulary Activities
  • Question of the day Why is it a concern if a
    child sucks their thumb after age 5? What can a
    parent do to stop the habit?
  • Finish preschool centers (2 more) and turn in
    papers.
  • Time for breakfast. Get cereal with milk and
    return to seats.
  • Complete Page 13-7 8 (Using Nutrition Labels).
    Add cereal C which is the one you chose.
  • Page 13-22, reasons for poor nutrition in
    children.
  • Childhood Obesity 13-19 20
  • Sedentary activities
  • Complete remaining two centers.
  • Next week Healthy Snack challenge (iron chef
    competition)

25
Reasons for poor nutrition in children
  • Caregivers not being aware of the need for good
    nutrition
  • Not understanding the basics of good nutrition
  • Relying too heavily on convenience foods
  • Relying on fast foods
  • Setting a poor example of good eating habits
  • Allowing children to choose their own food
    without guidance

26
Tuesday, 3/18/14Goals for today Discuss hand
use preference and consider daily nutritious
snacks activities for preschoolers. Begin
Healthy snack challenge.
  • Agenda
  • Vocabulary and Activities
  • Seating Scramble
  • Q of the Day What future problems can children
    have as a result of being overweight as a
    preschooler?
  • Turn in Q of the Day sheet
  • Read highlight 13-15, Hand-Use Preference be
    prepared to answer questions
  • Kids Food DVD
  • Healthy Snack Challenge
  • Work as a group 13-20 and complete.
  • http//youtu.be/aFYsJYPye94
  • Page 13-20, 5 days of healthy snacks and
    activities.
  • Healthy Snack Challenge
  • Group of 3-4

27
Hand-Use Preference
  1. If both parents are left handed, what is the
    chance the child will be?
  2. 40
  3. Which are more likely to be left handed, men or
    women?
  4. Men
  5. Can left handedness be corrected?
  6. No, because it is not wrong in the first place
  7. At what age do children consistently use a hand
    preference?
  8. Often Shows up after 18 mo. Consistent by 4.
  9. What percentage of people are right handed? Left
    Handed?
  10. 90 right, 10 left
  11. Explain the theory of hand preference and hair
    growth?
  12. Similarity between direction of hair spiral and
    hand use (2 recessice copies of same gene for
    hair spiral hand use

28
A few more.
  • Explain the theory of hand preference and fetal
    development.
  • Majority are in position that restricts use of
    left side so fetuses use right hand more in
    utero. (thumb sucking preferences by ultrasound)
  • How early can a preference show up?
  • 4-6 mo. Holding a rattle or toy longer or
    reaching with right hand over left

29
Thursday, 3/20/14Goals for today Look closer at
preschool teeth development and loss. Work on
Healthy Snack Challenge
  • Vocabulary Activities
  • Agenda
  • Letters to parents
  • Question of the day Make a list of at least 5
    specific places in Central NY where preschoolers
    can get age appropriate exercise and be active?
  • 13-21 6 year olds teeth notes
  • Teeth names and placement
  • Preschool Health Snack Challenge (overview)
  • 1 person recipe
  • 1 person cost analysis
  • 1-2 people nutrition data
  • EVERYONE SHOPPING LIST
  • Rules 30 minutes, 2 food groups, allergy alert,
    sanitation rules apply (gloves/hair)
  • Any who are absent must make up or lose 20 of
    grade for each day absent.
  • Permanent teeth
  • Group identification
  • Fluoride
  • Enamel
  • Nutrition data website
  • http//nutritiondata.self.com
  • Thursday, 3/27
  • Chapter 13 Quiz
  • Thursday Healthy Snack Challenge

30
6 Year Olds teeth (pg 13-21)What do you know
about this topic?
  • Primary teeth are lost (starting around age 5)
    permanent teeth appear
  • First molars are first permanent teeth (4)
  • Primary teeth are lost in the same order as they
    come in
  • Fluoride (often in water supply) strengthens
    enamel
  • 32 permanent teeth

31
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32
Tuesday, 3/25/14Goals for today Work on Snack
challenge projects, complete teacher evaluation.
  • Vocabulary and Activities
  • Agenda
  • Q of the Day
  • At age 4, if children have toileting accidents,
    what might be the cause?
  • What can you do to handle night time bed wetting
    in a 6 year old?
  • Immunizations schedule
  • Clothing choices for preschoolers
  • What makes it healthy? Handout
  • Computer Lab
  • Teacher Evaluation
  • Snack Challenge project
  • Finish project recipe, nutrition, cost sheet
  • Meet with Mrs. G about shopping equipment list
  • Group Identification
  • Immunizations
  • No FEES, No SNACKS
  • Chapter 13 Quiz on Thursday
  • Snack Challenge Thursday
  • Be prepared with any supplies
  • Hair ties

33
  • Immunizations for school
  • http//www.health.ny.gov/publications/2370.pdf
  • Considerations for purchasing clothes for
    preschoolers
  • Ease in dressing themselves (toileting)
  • Durable
  • Economical
  • Comfort
  • Likes/dislikes
  • Group identification
  • Choices

34
Student survey- Garofano
  • www.mystudentsurvey.com
  • Token 426124

35
Thursday, 3/27/14Goals for today Take the
chapter 13 quiz and participate in the Preschool
snack challenge.
  • Agenda
  • Question of the day Give 2 examples of things
    all children should be taught about outdoor
    safety?
  • Chapter 13 Quiz
  • Healthy Snack Challenge
  • Set Up Stations
  • Prepare snack (30 minutes)
  • Recipe, presentation, cost sheet
  • Snack sampling
  • Turn in recipe, nutrition, cost sheet.
  • Snack Voting

36
Monday, 3/31/14Goals for today Begin chapter
11 Emotional and Social Development from 1-3.
  • Agenda
  • Vocabulary and Activities
  • Question of the day What are 4 emotions you
    might see expressed by toddler?
  • Preschool snack evaluation
  • DVD Social Emotional Development in Toddlers
  • Answer questions from DVD.
  • Use textbooks to complete chapter 11 study guide-
    pages 11-1 through 11-5.
  • Turn in study guide.
  • Looking ahead Chapter 14 Study guide (emotional
    social development of preschoolers) will be due
    Tuesday, 4/8/14. Early bonus points for turning
    in ahead.

37
Wednesday, 4/2//14Goals for today Look closer
at emotional development of toddlers and the
foundation of parent relationships in overall
healthy development.
  • Agenda
  • Vocabulary and Activities
  • Question of the Day What are some common reasons
    for negativism in toddlers at 18 mo.?
  • Snack Awards
  • Toddler play date Wednesday, April 16th. Play
    day forms due on Tuesday, 4/8/14 (no exceptions)
  • Minimum of 3 and maximum of 8 toddlers.
  • Ages 1 through 3 only. Older children later.
  • Parenting Q A (11-6 7) in groups
  • Collect Chapter 11 SG
  • Chapter vocabulary (11-14)
  • Fathers Mothers http//youtu.be/lU-Uwl7AZ7o
  • http//youtu.be/Adubrj3yya8
  • Self centered
  • Negativism
  • Separation anxiety
  • Temper tantrum
  • Toddler play date Wednesday, April 16th. Play
    day forms due on Tuesday, 4/8/14 (no exceptions)
  • Chapter 14 Study guides due Tuesday, 4/8/14.
    Early bonus points available. 14-1 thru 14-5.

38
Preschool Healthy Snack Block 1 All Stars
  • Best Recipe Presentation
  • Mouse
  • Best Tasting Snack
  • Elephant Fruit Parfait
  • Healthiest Snack
  • Ants on a Log
  • Most likely to be chosen by a preschooler
  • Bear Toast
  • Best Teamwork in a group
  • Elephant Fruit Parfait
  • Best Cost Value
  • Rice Chrispie Caterpillars

39
Preschool Healthy Snack Block 2 All Stars
  • Best Recipe Presentation
  • Rice Cake RoundUp
  • Best Tasting Snack
  • Rice Cake Round-Up
  • Healthiest Snack
  • Scooter Snacks
  • Most likely to be chosen by a preschooler
  • Butterfly Bags
  • Best Teamwork in a group
  • Rice Cake Round Up
  • Best Cost Value
  • Banana-Orange Smoothie

40
Preschool Healthy Snack Block 4 All Stars
  • Best Recipe Presentation
  • Banana Dolphin Babies
  • Best Tasting Snack
  • Fruit Cup
  • Healthiest Snack
  • Fruit Kabobs
  • Most likely to be chosen by a preschooler
  • Banana Dolphin Babies
  • Best Teamwork in a group
  • Mickey Mouse Pancakes
  • Best Cost Value
  • Ants on a Log

41
Friday, 4/4/14Goals for today Look closer at
social development of toddlers including
friendships, imaginary friends, aggressive
behaviors independence.
  • Agenda
  • Vocabulary and Activities
  • Question of the day What is the purpose of
    guidance (from parents and caregivers)?
  • Collect Chapter 14 permission slips
  • A Fathers Love-The Worlds Strongest Dad.
  • Understanding Temper Tantrums (11-15 16)
  • Guiding Children Effectively (11-1718)
  • Partners
  • Use Props
  • Role play without using the term
  • Whiteboards for class guessing
  • Total up number who get it correct
  • Awards!
  • self-concept
  • empathy
  • phobia
  • sibling rivalry
  • Homework Chapter 14 Study guide due Tuesday,
    4/8/14.
  • Toddler play date Wednesday, April 16th. Play
    day forms due on Tuesday, 4/8/14 (no exceptions)

42
Write a 5 minute Haiku.about trust family care
givers mom, dad, grandparent, etc.A haiku is an
unrhymed three-line poem. It is based on a
traditional Japanese poetic form. The traditional
pattern in English is to write the first and last
lines with five syllables each, and the middle
line with seven syllables. In other words, the
pattern of syllables looks like this Line 1 5
syllablesLine 2 7 syllablesLine 3 5
syllables Heres another way to visualize the
same thing 1 2 3 4 51 2 3 4 5 6 71 2 3 4 5
43
Snack Photos
44
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