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Adobe Photoshop Tricks


Adobe Photoshop Tricks & Tips Review Cynthia D. Clauss History Palette EditUndo to undo the last tool action or command EditStep Backward Command used if you need ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Adobe Photoshop Tricks

Adobe Photoshop Tricks Tips Review
  • Cynthia D. Clauss

History Palette
  • EditgtUndo to undo the last tool action or command
  • EditgtStep Backward Command used if you need to
    undo more than one action
  • As you create and edit a file the History palette
    will show you the last 20 actions you applied.
    Each action listed is called a state. If you
    have extensive memory, you can change the History
    States setting the General category of
    Photoshops Preferences to have the software
    remember more than 20 actions
  • You can delete simply by dragging actions to the
    garbage can
  • You can also create a snapshot of an
    imagegtSelect the state of the image you would
    like to makegtclick the create new snapshot button
    at the bottom of the History palettegtrename the

History Palette
  • You can also use the History palette to create a
    new document instead of a snapshotgtselect a state
    or snapshot in the palettegtclick the create new
    document from current state button in the history
    palettegtthis opens the selected state in a new
    document window and makes it active
  • To clear the History palettegtchoose clear history
    from the history palettegtorgtEditgtPurgegtHistory

History Palette
  • If you wish to reset your file and start all over
    go to FilegtRevertgt

Histogram Palette
  • A graph that shows the number of pixels for each
    color and tone in an image
  • It shows you how balanced your image is and
    whether the image has a good mixture of shadows,
    midtones and highlights
  • The extreme left side of the graph will show how
    much pure black is in an image and as you move
    farther right, the graph represents brighter
    brighter shades the extreme right side
    represents how much of the image is pure white
  • The palette also shows you how shades of color
    are distributed in an image
  • When you change the histogram settings, a new
    layer is created

Histogram Palette
  • This palette menu gives you access to other
    display options
  • Click the small arrow button in the upper right
    corner to open the Histogram palette menu
  • First option is Dock to Palette Wall this
    option moves the palette to the palette wall,
    which is only available if your monitors display
    resolution is set to 1024 X768 or higher
  • Second option uncached Refresh- recalculates
    and updates the graph based on the actual image
    information rather than cached information (if
    you click the small uncached refresh button in
    the Histogram palette this will do the same

Histogram Palette
  • Compact View option is the default
  • Expanded View and all channel view display a
  • Drop-down list Source
  • Uncached refresh

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Crop Tool
  • Cropping means to cut or resize a picture or an
    image for maximize visual impact
  • Click the crop button in the tool box and in the
    image, move your mouse to the lower right portion
    of you image and center the image you want to
    keep after you have completed this right click
    and crop. If you find you do not like what you
    have cropped, go to editgtundo. Orbetter yet,
    make sure you have duplicated your image before
    you crop

Adjust Light/Color Balances
  • Click the layers palette
  • Then click on the menu bar, then to new
    adjustment layer go to color balance
  • Go to Image Import image here)
  • Busy designers can attach important notes in text
    or audio format to a Photoshop file. Just above
    the hand tool is the notes tool. Click anywhere
    in an open file, and a small text entry window
    appears. After entering your notes and closing
    the text entry window, a small icon remains
    visible in the file. You can drop or drag it
  • Audio Annotation Tool is found in the behind the
    notes tool and works the same way except there is
    a start and stop button. Annotations can only be
    saved for images in the PSD, PDFlt and TIFF file

Clone Stamp
  • This tool is used to reproduce portions of an
    image changing the pixels, rather than by
    creating a new layer. Click the Clo9ne Stamp
    Tool (S) button in the Photoshop toolbox, and
    press hold ALT while clicking in the portion of
    the picture you want to copy. You are taking a
    sample of the image. Now move the mouse pointer
    to the position where you wish to create the
    copy. As you drag with the brush, the image is
    applied. Each stroke of the tool paints on more
    of the sample. This tool is very useful for
    duplicating an object or removing a defect in an
    image. A good example of this tool would be if
    you had an image of a house without grass and you
    wanted to get grass or green where the dirt
    is.First you would get a good image of grass,
    then clone it all around the dirt around the
    house. You can adjust the magnification of the
    image to view corners and smaller areas.

Healing Tool
  • The Spot Healing Brush, The Healing Brush took,
    The Patch tool and the Red Eye tool are repair
  • The Spot healing Brush tool removes blemishes and
    imperfections by sampling pixels around the spot.
    Photoshop then paints in the image with matching
    texture, lighting, transparency and shading.
    First Duplicate your picture. Use the smallest
    brush tip Right click on the current healing
    tool and then click on the spot healing brush
    tool in the list. If necessary click on the
    options bar, click the Mode box arrow and then
    click normal. Move the mouse pointer into the
    document window and point to the area you want
    color from, press your mouse, click the spot and
    move away and review your results

Patch Tool
  • Very similar to the healing brush tool
  • The procedures for hiding a blemish are quite
  • This tool depends on the radio button that is
    selected in the source area of the options bar
  • When the Source radio button is selected, you
    begin by drawing a selection around the problem
  • Then you drag the problem area to a good area and
    release the mouse
  • Photoshop analyzes the good area and blends it
    with the problem area, preserving the shadows and
    texture of the problem area
  • Clicking the Destination radio button causes the
    tool to work in the opposite manner. A good area
    is selected first and dragged on top of the
    problem area

Patch Tool
  • This tool creates selection just like the Lasso
  • You can use the Add to selection, subtract from
    selection, and Intersect with selection buttons
    on the options bar to fine-tune a selection
    before dragging it
  • Make sure you start your additional selection
    outside of the existing selection or you will
    adjust the contents of the patch rather than
    alter the shape of the selection
  • Transparent Option causes the finished patch to
    end up being lighter (leave it off in most cases)
  • Use Pattern pattern selected in the Pattern
    Picker is blend with the selected area resulting
    in a textured look

Red Eye
  • Open up your picture and right click the healing
    brush tool button and then click Red Eye Tool
    from the list
  • Move the mouse pointer to the red eye and click
    the red portion of the eye this removes the red
    eye then click each of the other eyes and your
    eye problems are fixed

Magic Wand
  • The Magic Wand allows you to select only a
    certain color in an image
  • The Magic Wand allows you to select a colored
    area without having to trace its outline
  • Click on the Magic Want or press the w key on the
  • When you use the Magic Wand, click in the image,
    Photoshop selects every pixel that contains the
    same or similar colors as the location you
    clicked. The default setting is to select
    contiguous pixels only, but Photoshop will allow
    you to change that setting in order to select all
    pixels of the same color. You can set the color
    range, the tolerance, and specify a smoothed
  • This tool is effective for solid colored objects
  • Very effective for removing background colors by
    using the Subtract from selection button
  • When using the select inverse command good for
    selecting only the objects on a solid background

Magic Wand Options Bar
  • Contains the same selection buttons as other
    selection tools to create a new selection or to
    add or subtract from a selection
  • The tolerance box allows you to enter a value
    that determines the similarity or difference of
    the pixels selected
  • A low value selects the few colors very similar
    to the pixel you click
  • Higher value selects a broader range of colors
  • Anti-alias check box smoothes the jagged edges of
    a selection by softening the color transition
    between edge pixels and background pixels
  • Contiguous check box selects only adjacent areas
    using the same colors
  • Sample all Layers selects colors using data from
    all visible layers

Magic Wand
  • Magic Wand enables you to select an area of
    specific color within an image Select the Magic
    Wand then set Tolerance on the Options bar. A
    high Tolerance includes a wider range of colors
    in the selection. Once Tolerance is set, click
    within the area of the image you want to select
  • When you click a pixel with the Magic Wand,
    Photoshop looks for other pixels that are similar
    in color and selects them too
  • Tolerance setting on the options bar controls
    how tolerant the Magic Wand is of different
    shades of color
  • A value of 255 would result in all pixels being
    selected, no matter what color they were but
    settings from 5 to 75 are most common
  • When you check the Contiguous box, the Magic Wand
    selects similar colored pixels if they are
    touching each other if it box is unchecked
    similar colors in the entire image are selected

Using the Magic Wand Tool
  • Insert a simple picture with a background
  • You are going to use the Magic Wand tool to
    eliminated the background around and in-between
    the pieces of candy that are grouped together
  • First use the rectangular Marquee tool to select
    part of your picture then you will remove the
    background with the Magic Wand tool.
  • Use the Navigator palette to zoom to 100 scroll
    to display the picture if you have a previous
    selection still displayed, press, CTL D to
    remove it click the rectangular Marquee Tool
    button in the toolbox draw a rectangle around
    the picture leaving a small amount of space on
    all four sides with the rectangular area around
    the picture still selected click the Magic Wand
    Tool (w) and move the mouse pointer into the
    document window click the subtract from the
    election button on the Magic Wand options bar
    click the anti-alias check box so it does not
    display a check mark Now using the tip of the
    Magic Wand mouse pointer, click each of the
    spaces between your picture Photoshop should be
    removing the inside of your picture

Pen Tool
  • Paths can be closed or open. Closed paths are
    fully enclosed shapes open paths are not closed
  • To create a straight segment of a path, select
    the Pen Tool and make sure the paths option is
    selected in the options bar
  • Using the Pen tool to single click points in the
    image window to create anchor points. As you
    create anchor points , lines automatically appear
    between the points. You can use the grid and
    snap settings to help you create precise shapes,
    if desired.
  • To begin a path, choose the Pen tool and click
    once in the image window to create the first
  • To draw a straight line, click a second point
  • To draw a curve, click and drag away from the
    point the extra lines are called handles
  • If you want to create 2 or more sub paths, press
    ESC before creating more anchor points the pen
    tool will create a new sub path

Pen Tool
  • Creates straight lines and smooth curves to draw
    both lines and shapes
  • Shapes can be created when using the pen tool and
    other shape tools
  • The default setting of the Pen tool is to draw a
    line beginning at a middle point
  • As you drag, the line becomes longer on both ends
  • The Pen tool has anchor points to mark the end
    points of line segments or points on a curved
  • Each selected anchor point displays one or two
    direction lines
  • The position of these lines and points determine
    the size and shape of a curved segment
  • Moving the anchor points reshapes your curve
  • The line between the end points becomes a path
  • If you click the paths button on the shapes
    option bar, the pen tool creates a temporary work
  • When you use the pen tool with the shape layers
    button you will create a vector mask

Pen Tool
  • Paths display in the document window as lines
    with anchor points
  • You will find the paths palette at the lowest
    group of palettes
  • You can only work with one path at a time
  • The palette menu displays choice to save and
    delete paths, make new paths, and fill or stroke
    a path
  • If you press the shift key while dragging,
    Photoshop creates a horizontal or vertical line
    parallel to the document windows border
  • Press the ALT key while dragging and a line will
    be created in one direction and drawing a second
    line creates a curved path between the two center
  • If you add to the path area button this will
    insert a new area to overlap other path areas and
    if you subtract button will remove the new area
    from the overlapping path area
  • If you right click the Pen tool in the Photoshop
    toolbox you can select the Freeform Pen
    tool.this will let you draw as you drag
  • A path created with the pen tool does not become
    an image element until you fill it with a color
    or pattern.

Pen Tool
  • The Pen Tools options bar has an auto add/delete
    option that will allow the pen tool to add an
    anchor point by clicking on a path
  • This option will also allow you to delete an
    anchor point by clicking on it
  • Using this option replaces the need for the Add
    Anchor Point Tool and the Delete Anchor Point
  • There is also a Rubber Band option to be accessed
    by clicking the Geometry options button on the
    options bar. This causes the path to stretch
    from one anchor point to another

Pen Tool
  • You can also create a path with the freeform Pen
  • Simply click and drag the mouse and the freeform
    pen tool creates anchor points along the path as
    you draw (you cant see them)
  • There is also a Magnetic option. If you click
    the geometry options button in the freeform pen
    tools options bar you can control the
    sensitivity of this tool
  • Check out the Curve Fit option too!
  • To move these paths you must use the Path
    Selection Tool
  • To adjust a paths anchor points, choose the
    Direct Selection Tool
  • The Show bounding Box will allow you to transform
    a path by dragging bounding box handles
    EditgtTransform Pathgtsubmenu

Dodge Tool Burn Tool
  • Options bar settings for both tools are the same
  • Each has the Brush Picker
  • Range with a drop-down list
  • Exposure with a slider
  • And The Airbrush Option
  • In the Range with the drop down list you can
    choose what portions of your image will be
    affected as you paint. Available options are
    shadows, Mid-tones, or Highlights
  • With the Exposure the setting controls how you
    image is lightened or darkened as you paint over
    it. You activate the Airbrush button to change
    the behavior of the brush

Dodge Tool, Burn Tool and Sponge Tools
  • The Dodge tool is used to lighten areas of an
    image. The Burn tool does the opposite, it
    darkens areas of an image. Both tools are based
    on a technique of traditional photography,
    regulating exposure on specific areas of a print.
    Photographers reduce exposure to lighten an area
    on there print and this is called dodging,
    increasing exposure is called burning. The
    Sponge tool on the other hand, very lightly
    changes the color saturation of an area. In
    Grayscale mode, the tool increases or decreases
    contrast by moving gray levels away from or
    toward the middle gray. In the exposure box on
    the options bar you can specify a percentage of
    dodging or burning. Default is 50, higher
    percentage increase the effect and of course
    lower percentage reduces it.

Smudge Tool
  • This tool allows you to create an image that
    resembles a painted surface that you have decided
    to smear with your finger prior to drying. This
    tool isnt used very often but it does help an
    object look like it is moving very fast by
    creating a streaked look. It is found behind the
    blur tool in the toolbox. The controls are
    similar to those found in the options bar of
    other painting tools. There is a Brush Preset
    Picker, Mode settings, and a Strength setting
    that controls how hard the finger smears the
    paint. When you click the Sample All Layers
    option, all pixels under the cursor are smudged,
    no matter what layer they are on. The Finger
    Painting option, when turn on, adds some of the
    foreground color to each smudging stroke,
    creating a messy look

Dodge Tool Burn Tool
  • These tools are named after traditional darkroom
    printing techniques used by photographers
  • When utilizing 35 mm film in the darkroom,
    dodging and burning techniques involve changing
    the exposure (the amount of light applied to the
    photosensitive paper) to lighten or darken parts
    of a photograph so the overall image appears more
  • Howeverthe Dodge Tool lightens areas of an image
    by adjusting luminosity
  • The Burn Tool does the opposite

History Brush
  • This history brush category of tools are found
    just below the brush tools on the toolbox. In
    this category you will find the History Brush
    Tool and the Art History Brush Tool
  • The History Brush Tool is designed to be used
    with the History palette. Its options bar is
    exactly the same as the Brush Tool, except this
    tool doesnt apply paint. Its purpose is to
    restore an image back to its original condition
    or a particular state that you specify in the
    History palette
  • On the left side of the History Palette are small
    squares next to each state and snapshot. The
    History Brush Tool icon can be moved from state
    to state by clicking on those squares. The
    History Brush Tool icon indicates that when you
    paint with the History Brush Tool it will restore
    the image to that state.
  • The History Brush Tool restores the image to that
    state (original state)
  • The Eraser Tool and the Erase to History does the
    same thing

Art History Brush Tool
  • This tool does not erase or delete pixels this
    brush works like a filter that is applied to your
    image with a brush
  • This tool adds a paint stroke special effect as
    it restores an image to a state or snapshot that
    you select in the History palette
  • You will find the brush and Modes and Opacity
    settings, but you will also find a Style setting
    to in the options bar. You can get some
    interesting effects as you change the Tolerance
    and Area Setting. Try this FiltergtDistortgtGlass

Color Replacement Tool
  • Under the Brush Tool Button
  • This tool allows you to paint an area to change
    its color
  • You dont need to be absolutely accurate with
    this tool because only the color under the
    brushs crosshairs will be changed within the
    brush area
  • You can use a brush that is larger than the area
    you want to change
  • It is almost identical to the Background Eraser
    Tool, however, instead of deleting colors this
    tool replaces colors with the foreground color
    shown in your Toolbox
  • There are 2 settings you want to try Mode
    Anti-alias options

Color Replacement Tool
  • Mode There are four choices
  • 1. Hue option similar to adjusting the Hue
    slider in the Hue/Saturation dialog box. Why you
    paint over a color with this option active, only
    the colors hue is changed. The hue is adjusted
    to match the hue of the foreground color
    selection in the Toolbox, but the luminosity
    (lightness) and saturation (intensity) of the
    color remain unchanged
  • 2. Saturation option only the Saturation of
    that color is changed
  • 3. Color option when you paint over a color
    with this option active, the colors hue and
    saturation are adjusted to match those of the
    foreground color (this is usually the best option
    to use)
  • 4. Luminosity option similar to adjusting the
    Brightness in that if the selected color is
    light, your image will be lightened, and if dark
    your image will be dark

Color Replacement Tool
  • Anti-alias Option This smoothes the edges of
    the Brush Stroke and should be left on in most
    cases when utilizing the Color Replacement tool

  • Sharpening can be applied to only one layer at a
  • If you want your entire image to be sharpened,
    save an unflattened copy of your file, then
    flatten it and after flattening the image you can
    apply a sharpening filter to the entire image at
    once (LayergtFlatten)
  • Sharpening will correct only minor blur problems
  • This should be the last thing you do before
  • When you need to sharpen a small area of an
    image, you can create a selection around the area
    and use one of the sharpen filters or you can use
    the Sharpen Tool
  • Go to Sharpen ToolgtBrush PickergtMode (drop-down
    list)gtStrengthgtSlider (this controls how much
    sharpening is applied when you click and drag
    over the image)
  • If you use Sample All Layers all layers below
    will Sharpen

Magnetic Lasso
  • This is a Cool Tool
  • Finds the edge of objects in an image
  • Works only if the area you want to select doesnt
    blend in with colors around it
  • Looks for places where there are contrasting
    colors, and draws a selection where the two
    colors meet
  • Generates fastening points which hold the
    selection border in place
  • If the tool gets confused, press delete or
    backspace as you backtrack the cursor over the
  • Click the mouse at key points along the object
    and you will have additional fastening points
  • You can complete the selection by clicking the
    starting point of the selection
  • A small circle appears at the lower left corner
    of the Magnetic Lasso Tool cursor when it is
    positioned over the starting point of the
  • Or you can press Enter or Return to close the
  • Has all the options that the Lasso Tool and the
    Polygonal Lasso Tool has butit also has some

Magnetic Lasso
  • Tool Sensitivity The width setting determines
    how wide of an area the Magnetic Lasso Tool
    analyzes while trying to find an edge to select
    (if the value is set at 10 pixels, an edge within
    ten pixels in all directions will be picked up)
  • Try this Enter a high percentage in the Edge
    Contrast setting in the area you wish to select
    contrasts sharply with the color of the
    background behind your image. This will lower
    the sensitivity of the Magnetic Lasso Tool and it
    will work more efficiently. Enter lower
    percentages if you are trying to select areas of
    your image that do not contrast as much with
    surrounding colors. OR enter a high number in
    the Frequency. This will cause fastening points
    to be created more frequently

Sponge Tool
  • Could also be called the saturation tool
    because it alters the color saturation level
    within the brush area
  • ModegtsettinggtOptions bargtset to Desaturategtcolor
    removed from image as you paint overgtkeep going
    and your object will become Grayscale
  • ModegtSaturategtColor intensifies
  • FlowgtSlider controls how quickly the image is
    altered as you paint
  • Airbrush Option also available

Gradient Tool
  • A gradient consists of two or more colors that
    gradually blend together
  • Gradients are used to create colorful backgrounds
    or shapes
  • Gradient Tool contains the Gradient Picker
  • The first color combination a combination of the
    foreground background color
  • Second gradient a combination of the foreground
    transparent area
  • Gradient ToolgtDrag a line at any angle on your
    screen release the mouse button
  • Dragging a long line creates a more gradual
    gradient short line, more abrupt
  • Click the buttons next to the Gradient Picker

Gradient Tool
  • Gradient Styles Linear, Radial, Angle,
    Reflected, Diamond
  • When you add a gradient to an image, you can
    choose from several different blending modes
  • There is also a drop-down list in the modes
  • You can control how transparent the gradient is
    by changing the Opacity setting
  • The Reverse option switches the gradient colors
  • Dither option should be left on in most cases it
    blends the gradient by adding noise making it
    appear smoother
  • To edit a gradientgtdouble-click on whatever
    gradient appears on the options bargtthe gradient
    Editor should appeargtThe Eyedropper Tool is
    automatically activatedgt
  • There is also a color stop mode in the Gradient

Little Details
  • To get a ruler ViewgtRulers EditgtPreferencesgtUni
    ts RulersgtIn the Units section select the
    desired units from the Rulers in the drop-down
  • Guides similar to the grid. First Display
    Rulersgtcreate as many guides as you wantgtclick on
    one of the rulers drag the guide into your
    imagegtplace the guides in your imagegtadjust
    position by clicking and dragging them with the
    move tool
  • To place the guide at a precise distance ViewgtNew
    Guidegtin the orientation section of the New
    Guidegtselect either the Horizontal or Vertical
    radio buttongtPosition enter the distance you want
    the guide to be from the edge of the image
  • To Lock ViewgtLock Guides To Remove ViewgtClear

Little Details
  • Smart guides are temporary guides that
    automatically appear as you use the Move Tool
    once you release the mouse, the guides disappear
  • Turn these Smart Guides on/off ViewgtShowgtSmart
  • Snap Command is turned on you can use the Move
    Tool to snap the bounding box that appears around
    a layers content to gridlines, guidelines

  • Raster Graphics are digital images made up of
    thousands of tiny colored squares that blend
    together to forma picture. The Squares of color
    are called pixels. Picture Element

Raster Images
  • Called a bitmap and can be saved in the following
  • BMP not considered appropriate for professional
  • GIF 256 colors, common on the Internet
  • JPEG smaller file size but reduces some picture
    quality based on user settings
  • TIFF large file size good for professional
  • PNG appropriate for new web browsers and
    professional publishing

Concepts related to Bitmaps
  • Bit Depth depth is a combination of 1s and
    0s the numbers the brain of the computer knows
    soa certain number of 0s and 1s represent each
    pixel of an image the larger the depth of an
    image, the more color and the larger bit depth
    produces a larger image size

Applying a Mask
  • When working with layers you can hide a specific
    area so you can work on the part of the image
    that is not masked. It is a temporary effect
  • Open a picture of an Image with a sky and some
    buildings in the foreground
  • Go to Image gt Image Size gt Change the width to 5
    gt Height to 3.75

Applying a Mask
  • Now click the Magic Wand
  • On the Options bar, click Add to Selection,
    change the Tolerance to 50 and check Contiguous
  • Now select an area of your picture (for instance
    if you have a picture with a sky and cloudsjust
    select the sky)

Applying A Mask
  • Now add a layer mask by clicking LayergtLayer
    MaskgtHide Selection ( the area you selected
    should look like a checkerboard to show that it
    is hidden
  • Then on the Layers palette click the box to the
    left of to display it

Apply A Mask
  • Choose LayergtNewgtLayer to create a new blank
    layer name it Gradient
  • Go to the toolbox, click Set Foreground Color
    button to open the Color Picker
  • Open the Color Picker and change the RGD settings
    to 249,247, 182

  • Click Gradient in the Options bar Choose
    Foreground to transparent
  • With the Gradient tool, click in the upper left
    corner of the image and drag a line down to the
    bottom of the monitor. The gradient color will
    cover everything

  • In the Layers palette, change the blending mode
    to color.
  • Now go back to the toolbox click the Horizontal
    Type tool Choose a font and key the word Sky
  • Click Move on the Options bar, and check the Show
    Transform Controls
  • Click the Move tool to where you want the text
    and apply the Transformation
  • Press CTRL, then select the text

Saving Images
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