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Moses,

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Title: Old Testament Biblical Backgrounds Author: John Stevenson Last modified by: JohnStevenson Created Date: 12/4/2007 8:55:22 AM Document presentation format – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Moses,


1
Old Testament
Biblical Backgrounds
  • Moses,
  • Joshua, and the Judges

2
Mount Sinai
3
The first four commandments
The last six commandments
Deals with mens relationship with one another.
Deals with Israels relationship with the Lord.
No reasons needed.
Reasons given for each command.
These laws are common to most of the ancient
cultures of that day.
Completely unique to this constitution. No other
society in the ancient world had similar laws.
4
(No Transcript)
5
The cloud covered the tent of meeting, and
the glory of the Lord filled the tabernacle
(Exodus 4034)
6
MOAB
Kadesh Barnea
EDOM
EGYPT
7
Reuben Gad Mannaseh
8
Deuteronomy the Suzerain Treaties
  • The Preamble
  • The Historical Prologue
  • The Stipulations
  • Deposit and Reading of the Covenant
  • Witnesses
  • Curses Blessings

9
  • Moses dies
  • Joshua takes the land

10
Tel el Amarna
  • Egypt
  • 1887

11
? El Amarna
12
(No Transcript)
13
? Jericho
14
City of Palms
15
(No Transcript)
16
(No Transcript)
17
John Garstang
Excavated from 1930-1936
18
Neolithic Wall
19
Kathleen Kenyon
Director of British School of Archaeology from
1952-1958
20
Bryant Wood
21
River
Jabbok
Adam ?
? Ai
Jericho ?
? Jebus (Jerusalem)
22
Gibeon
23
Gibeon
Pool of Gibeon
24
(No Transcript)
25
Joshua 101-2
  • Now it came about when Adoni-zedek king of
    Jerusalem heard that Joshua had captured Ai, and
    had utterly destroyed it (just as he had done to
    Jericho and its king, so he had done to Ai and
    its king), and that the inhabitants of Gibeon had
    made peace with Israel and were within their
    land, that he feared greatly, because Gibeon was
    a great city, like one of the royal cities, and
    because it was greater than Ai, and all its men
    were mighty.

26
Descent of Beth Horon
?
Ai
Jericho
?
?
Gibeon
Confederation of Kings from the South
27
Joshua 1011
  • And it came about as they fled from before
    Israel, while they were at the descend of
    Beth-horon, that the Lord threw large stones from
    heaven on them, as far as Azekah, and they died
    there were more who died from the hailstones than
    those whom the sons of Israel killed with the
    sword.

yImV'h-!mi
28
(No Transcript)
29
Joshua 1012-13
  • Then Joshua spoke to the Lord in the day when
    the Lord delivered up the Amorites before the
    sons of Israel, and he said in the sight of
    Israel,
  • "O sun, stand still at Gibeon,
  • And O moon in the valley of Aijalon."
  • So the sun stood still, and the moon stopped,
  • Until the nation avenged themselves of their
    enemies.
  • Is it not written in the book of Jashar? And the
    sun stopped in the middle of the sky, and did not
    hasten to go down for about a whole day.

30
Interpretations for this Passage
  • Poetic Interpretation
  • Can mean stand still or be silent
  • Moon also stands still
  • Alternative Sun called to shine more brightly
  • Literal Interpretation
  • Sun stopped
  • Sun did not hasten to go down
  • Localized or affecting whole planet?

31
Joshua 1014
  • And there was no day like that before it or
    after it, when the Lord listened to the voice of
    a man for the Lord fought for Israel.

32
(No Transcript)
33
Hazor
34
(No Transcript)
35
(No Transcript)
36
Solomonic Gate
37
(No Transcript)
38
Joshuas Failures
  • He made a treaty with Gibeon
  • He failed to take Jerusalem
  • He failed to permanently drive out the Canaanites

39
Indo-European Tribes
Troy
Hittites
Mycenaeans
40
The Sin Cycle
41
Prologue in two parts (1-2)
Othniel Narrative (37-11)
  • Ehud Narrative (312-31) Judge is social
    outcast Oppressors from east of the Jordan

42
Judges 38-9
  • Then the anger of the LORD was kindled against
    Israel, so that He sold them into the hands of
    Cushan-rishathaim king of Mesopotamia and the
    sons of Israel served Cushan-rishathaim eight
    years. 9 And when the sons of Israel cried to the
    LORD, the LORD raised up a deliverer for the sons
    of Israel to deliver them, Othniel the son of
    Kenaz, Caleb's younger brother.

43
Kingdom of Mitanni
44
Ehud
  • Deliverance from Moab

45
City of Palm Trees
Ammon
Moab
Amalekites
46
Judges 315
  • But when the sons of Israel cried to the Lord,
    the Lord raised up a deliverer for them, Ehud the
    son of Gera, the Benjamite, a left-handed man.
    And the sons of Israel sent tribute by him to
    Eglon the king of Moab.

Anymiygt-dy rJeai vyai
ynIymiygth-!B,
A man bound in his right hand
Son of the right hand
47
Judges 316-17
  • 16 And Ehud made himself a sword which had two
    edges, a cubit in length and he bound it on his
    right thigh under his cloak.
  • 17 And he presented the tribute to Eglon king of
    Moab. Now Eglon was a very fat man.

48
Judges 320-22
  • 20 And Ehud came to him while he was sitting
    alone in his cool roof chamber. And Ehud said, "I
    have a message from God for you." And he arose
    from his seat.
  • 21 And Ehud stretched out his left hand, took
    the sword from his right thigh and thrust it into
    his belly. 22 The handle also went in after the
    blade, and the fat closed over the blade, for he
    did not draw the sword out of his belly and the
    refuse came out.

49
Judges 323-25
  • Then Ehud went out into the vestibule and shut
    the doors of the roof chamber behind him, and
    locked them. 24 When he had gone out, his
    servants came and looked, and behold, the doors
    of the roof chamber were locked and they said,
    "He is only relieving himself in the cool room."
    25 And they waited until they became anxious but
    behold, he did not open the doors of the roof
    chamber. Therefore they took the key and opened
    them, and behold, their master had fallen to the
    floor dead.

50
Prologue in two parts (1-2)
Othniel Narrative (37-11)
  • Ehud Narrative (312-31) Judge is social
    outcast Oppressors from east of the Jordan
  • Deborah/Barak Narrative (4-5) Woman slays enemy
    with blow to head

51
Deborah
  • Deliverance from Hazor

52
Hazor
53
(No Transcript)
54
Hazor
?
Harosheth Ha-goyim
Valley of Jezreel
Mt Tabor
Cutting of the Nations
.
55
Prologue in two parts (1-2)
Othniel Narrative (37-11)
  • Ehud Narrative (312-31) Judge is social
    outcast Oppressors from east of the Jordan
  • Deborah/Barak Narrative (4-5) Woman slays enemy
    with blow to head

Gideon Narrative (61 832)
56
Gideon
  • The Warrior of the Lord

57
Midian Camp
Armies of Israel
58
Prologue in two parts (1-2)
Othniel Narrative (37-11)
  • Ehud Narrative (312-31) Judge is social
    outcast Oppressors from east of the Jordan
  • Deborah/Barak Narrative (4-5) Woman slays enemy
    with blow to head

Gideon Narrative (61 832)
  • Abimelech Narrative (833 105) Woman slays
    enemy with blow to head

59
Abimelech
  • My Father the King

60
Shechem
61
Victory from the Seedof the Woman
62
Jephthah
  • The Deliverer who Vowed

63
Ammon
Philistines
64
Jephthahs Vow
  • Dedicated to God

Human Sacrifice
Being a judge, Jephthah must have been
God-fearing and would not have violated the law
The promise of a simple animal sacrifice would
not be a convincing vow in this situation
The Spirit of the Lord comes on Jephthah and he
is seen in Hebrews 11 as one of faith
This does not take place while the Spirit of the
Lord is on him and he is not commended for this
Daughter bewails her virginity and Judges 1129
says she knew not a man
Burnt offering involves death in all 286 Old
Testament instances
65
Jephthahs Vow
  • Dedicated to God

Human Sacrifice
Exodus 388 1 Samuel 222 speak of women in
service to the Tabernacle
If this were merely serving in the Tabernacle,
why would this be a case for mourning?
Human sacrifice was a clear violation of Gods
law public opinion would have disallowed it
Human sacrifice was viewed as a last-ditch effort
in battle (2 Kings 327)
Leviticus 271-8 allows for redemption of humans
vowed for sacrifice
There is little evidence of Jephthahs knowledge
of the Law
66
Prologue in two parts (1-2)
Othniel Narrative (37-11)
  • Ehud Narrative (312-31) Judge is social
    outcast Oppressors from east of the Jordan
  • Deborah/Barak Narrative (4-5) Woman slays enemy
    with blow to head

Gideon Narrative (61 832)
  • Abimelech Narrative (833 105) Woman slays
    enemy with blow to head
  • Jephthah Narrative (106 1215) Judge is
    social outcast Oppressors from east of the
    Jordan

Samson Narrative (13-16)
67
Samson
  • The He-Man with the She Weakness

68
Samson
Sea Peoples
Minoans?
  • Judges 13-16

69
(No Transcript)
70
?
Ai
Jericho
?
?
Gibeon
Timnah
Ekron
?
?
?
Ashdod
?
?
Jerusalem
Beth Shemesh
?
Ashkelon
?
Gaza
71
Samson Narrative
  • Nazarite Vow
  • Desire for a Philistine woman
  • Wedding incident
  • Vengeance
  • Lehi Incident
  • Gates of Gaza
  • Samson Delilah

72
(No Transcript)
73
Prologue in two parts (1-2)
Othniel Narrative (37-11)
  • Ehud Narrative (312-31) Judge is social
    outcast Oppressors from east of the Jordan
  • Deborah/Barak Narrative (4-5) Woman slays enemy
    with blow to head

Gideon Narrative (61 832)
  • Abimelech Narrative (833 105) Woman slays
    enemy with blow to head
  • Jephthah Narrative (106 1215) Judge is
    social outcast Oppressors from east of the
    Jordan

Samson Narrative (13-16)
Epilogue in two parts (17-21)
74
Judges 176
  • In those days there was no king in Israel every
    man did what was right in his own eyes.

75
Dan
76
Judges 176
  • In those days there was no king in Israel every
    man did what was right in his own eyes.

77
Hill Country of Ephraim
Gibeah
?
?
Jebus (Jerusalem)
?
Bethlehem
78
Judges 176
  • In those days there was no king in Israel every
    man did what was right in his own eyes.

79
Naomis Bitterness (1)
Ruth
Naomis Blessing (413-21)
Boaz acquires right to be a kinsman redeemer
(41-12)
Ruth discovers a potential kinsman redeemer (2)
Boaz agrees to be a kinsman redeemer (3)
80
(No Transcript)
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