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Missouri Constitution!!!

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Title: Missouri Constitution!!! Author: Keever's Laptop Last modified by: Keever's Laptop Created Date: 12/14/2009 11:50:18 AM Document presentation format – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Missouri Constitution!!!


1
Missouri Constitution!!!
  • What makes Missouri Run?

2
How is this going to work???
  • The notes are going to be broken up into 3
    sections.
  • 1 for each branch of government
  • It might be beneficial to do these notes right on
    your study guide to help prepare for the final!!
  • After each section we will be taking an online
    poll using text messages at www.polleverywhere.com
  • So pay attention and be ready to answer!!!

3
Executive Branch
  • But we dont have a President?!?!?!

4
Who is in charge???
  • Just like the U.S. government is lead by the
    President, the Missouri Governor serves as the
    head of the Missouri Government
  • Missouris governor Jay Nixon

5
Who can be the governor?
  • Qualifications
  • 30 years of age
  • U.S. citizen for at least 15 years
  • Missouri resident for 10 years
  • Unofficially
  • All Missouri governors have also been white males
  • Governor then serves a 4 year term

6
What does the Governor do?
  • Powers of the governor
  • Administer laws
  • Appoints and removes officials
  • Ceremonial Head of State
  • Liaison with federal government

7
Also.
  • Powers (cont.)
  • Recommends laws and budgets
  • Signs or vetoes bills
  • Line item veto
  • Calls special sessions of the legislature
  • Commands the Missouri National Guard
  • Grants pardons, reprieves, or commutations
  • What is a pardon or reprieve???
  • definition

8
Is the Governor the only Executive officer??
  • Along with the governor there are 5 other elected
    Executives in Missouri
  • (save space after each)
  • 1. Lieutenant Governor
  • 2. Secretary of State
  • 3. State Auditor
  • 4. State Treasurer
  • 5. Attorney General

9
Lieutenant Governor
  • Same qualifications as the governor!
  • Serves a 4 year term
  • Powers
  • Ceremonial head of state (when needed)
  • President of the Senate
  • Next in line to succeed Governor
  • Acting governor when needed
  • Volunteer coordinator
  • Ombudsman?????
  • definition

10
Secretary of State
  • 4 year term
  • Qualifications
  • Must be a Missouri resident for 1 year
  • Meet
  • Robin Carnahan!!!

11
Functions of the S.O.S.?
  • Serves as the chief elections official
  • Compiles, stores, and publishes, all state
    documents
  • Keeper of the Great Seal of Missouri!

12
Elections!!!
  • Two types of election (like before!)
  • 1. General Election
  • The official voting process for elected officials
  • November 2nd, every 2 years
  • 2. Primary Election
  • Elections done within parties to determine
    candidates for general elections

13
What do I have to do to vote???
  • In order to register to vote, an individual must
    be
  • A citizen of the United States
  • A resident of the State of Missouri and
  • 17 years and 6 months of age (must be 18 by
    Election Day).
  • That means you can vote in the next election!!

14
State Auditor
  • 4 year term
  • With the same qualifications as the Governor
  • Role
  • Determines if tax dollars are being spent
    efficiently, economically, and legally

15
State Treasurer
  • Must be a Missouri resident for 1 year
  • 4 year term
  • May only serve for 2 terms
  • Manages the states money!
  • Directs the states banking and investment
    services
  • Clint Zweifel
  • lost???

16
Attorney General
  • 4 year term
  • Must be an attorney in Jefferson City, MO during
    his term
  • Serves as the Attorney for the state of Missouri
  • Represents all legal interests
  • of the state

17
Executive Departments
  • 1. Office of Administrations
  • 2. Department of Agriculture
  • 3. Department of Conservation
  • 4. Department of Corrections
  • 5. Department of Economic Development
  • 6. Department of Elementary and Secondary
    Education
  • 7. Department of Health
  • 8. Department of Higher Education
  • 9. Department of Insurance
  • 10. Department of Labor Industrial Relations
  • 11. Department of Mental Health
  • 12. Department of Natural Resources
  • 13. Department of Public Services
  • 14. Department of Revenue
  • 15. Department of Social Services
  • 16. Department of Transportation
  • And over 350 boards and commissions

18
Poll time!!!
19
Legislative Branch
  • We have a Congress too!!!

20
Missouri General Assembly
  • Just like Congress, Missouri General Assembly has
    two houses (who would have thought?)
  • 1. Missouri Senate
  • 2. House of Representatives

21
Purpose of General Assembly
  • Serve as the Legislative part of Missouri
    Government
  • Create laws
  • The Missouri version of the U.S. Congress

22
Missouri Senate
  • 34 members
  • Serving 4 year terms
  • Led by the President of the Senate
  • Lieutenant Governor
  • Qualifications of Members
  • 30 years of age
  • Must be qualified voters in their district for 1
    year
  • Must have lived in the state for 3 years

23
Missouri House of Representatives
  • 163 members
  • Serving 2 year terms (max of 4 terms)
  • Led by the Speaker of the House
  • Qualifications
  • 24 years of age
  • Must be qualified voters in their district for 1
    year
  • Resident of the state for 2 years

24
How are districts determined???
  • Each Senate district has 1 vote
  • About 150,000 people per Senator
  • All representation is determined by population!
  • Census!!! (every 10 years)
  • After every census, district lines are
    reapportioned (redrawn)
  • Missouri is notoriously bad at this!!!

25
Missouri Senatorial Districts
26
Can only Legislators propose laws??
27
  • NO!

28
POWER OF THE PEOPLE!!!
  • Initiative
  • A process used to create and pass laws using a
    number of signatures from the voters of Missouri
  • Must be 8 percent of the legal voters in no less
    than 2/3 of districts
  • Referendum
  • A referendum may be proposed by either a petition
    of not less than 5 percent of legal voters or by
    General Assembly

29
How does a Bill become a Law?
  • Simply put..

30
  • Its the same process as the U.S. Congress!!!!
  • Save for the Governor replacing the President.

31
Poll time again!!!!!
32
(No Transcript)
33
Judicial Branch!!
  • But this has gone SOOO LONG!!!

34
Missouri Supreme Court
  • 7 judges
  • 12 year terms
  • How are judges selected??
  • Missouri Plan
  • Under the plan, the Appellate Judicial Commission
    submits the names of three applicants to the
    Governor. If the Governor fails to make a
    nomination, the Commission shall make the
    appointment. Once the judge has served for at
    least a year, he or she will be placed on the
    general election ballot for a retention vote of
    the people. If retained, judges serve a term of
    12 years.

35
What topics can they decide on?
  • The validity of a United States statute or
    treaty.
  • The validity of a Missouri statute or
    constitutional provision.
  • The state's revenue laws.
  • Challenges to a statewide elected official's
    right to hold office.
  • Imposition of the death penalty.

36
Is there only a Supreme Court?
  • Great Question!
  • Why not at all!!!
  • There are 3 different levels of courts in
    Missouri
  • 1. Supreme Court
  • Hears appeals from lower courts or transfers from
    Appeals Court
  • 2. Court of Appeals
  • Only serves appeals from lower courts
  • 3. Circuit Courts
  • Serves criminal trials

37
Well what about courts like Judge Judy?
  • Municipal Court
  • Traffic courts, housing courts, etc.
  • Small Claims Court
  • Only can file a claim against someone who owes
    you money!
  • THIS IS JUDGE JUDYS COURT!!!

38
Now what if someone is charged with a crime?
  • What kind of jury do they get?
  • Grand jury
  • A grand jury is a type of jury that determines
    whether there is enough evidence for a trial
  • Trial jury
  • A jury trial (or trial by jury) is a legal
    proceeding in which a jury either makes a
    decision or makes findings of fact which are then
    applied by a judge.

39
What if I get a call to be a juror?
  • Well you have to be 21 years old
  • Have to be a resident of the County you live in
  • But!
  • You do not have to be a registered voter!!!

40
Last but not least.Poll Time!!!!
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