Large Group Teaching: How to Give a Presentation - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Large Group Teaching: How to Give a Presentation

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Large Group Teaching: How to Give a Presentation Debra Bynum, MD Division of Geriatric Medicine 2010 Power Points: Charts Please see handout Avoid just copying very ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Large Group Teaching: How to Give a Presentation


1
Large Group Teaching How to Give a Presentation
  • Debra Bynum, MD
  • Division of Geriatric Medicine
  • 2010

2
  • A Presentation on How to Give a Presentation
  • Kramers Coffee Table Book about Coffee Tables

3
  • The successful teacher is no longer on a height,
    pumping knowledge at high pressure into passive
    receptacles he is a senior student anxious to
    help his juniors.
  • William Osler (1849-1919)

4
Goal
  • Each person will evaluate their lecturing and
    presentation style and make a plan for
    improvement
  • What will you stop doing?
  • What will you continue doing?
  • What will you consider adding?

5
GoalPrevent Procrastination
6
Goal Prevent Stress
7
Outline
  • Big Picture Why?
  • How to organize a presentation
  • Power point nuts and bolts
  • Preparation
  • Delivery
  • How to handle questions
  • Emergencies
  • Feedback

8
Key Points.
  • Presentations continue to be important in large
    group teaching
  • Keep presentations simple, focus on key points
  • Keep slides simple
  • Summarize, summarize, summarize
  • Be prepared

9
Background
  • Lecture oral presentation intended to present
    information or teach people about a particular
    subject
  • Lecture action of reading

10
Big Picture Why?
  • What are the downsides to giving a lecture?
  • Why continue to give lectures?

11
Why?
  • Transmit information
  • Answer questions
  • Generate interest
  • Create questions
  • Human touch

12
How to organize your presentation
  • 1. Have your goal in mind
  • 2. Focus on 3-5 Main Points
  • 3. Answer who cares
  • 4. Use small stories/case studies
  • 5. Follow your outline
  • 6. Summarize and use key words

13
How to Organize Marketing Succes
  • Simple
  • Unexpected
  • Concrete
  • Credentialed
  • Emotional
  • Story

14
Simple
  • Focus on 3-5 Main Points
  • Come back to the Main Points, summarize
  • Add to knowledge

15
Unexpected
  • Build upon curiosity
  • Focus on what questions do I want them to ask

16
Concrete
  • Build upon knowledge and existing schema
  • Enduring points based upon examples, cases,
    stories, proverbs
  • Put abstract ideas into context
  • Invite people to the table

17
Credible
  • Provide enough details and background

18
Emotional
  • Generate caring
  • Self interest (why should I learn this)
  • Create a mission

19
Story
  • Mental simulations
  • Use the small story to illustrate a big point
    (when you see this, think of .)

20
The Anatomy of a Presentation
  • Opening consider eye catcher
  • Goals
  • Outline
  • Content slides
  • Pauses
  • Summary and Take Home Points
  • Questions
  • References

21
Anatomy of presentation eye catcher
  • Does not have to be funny dont do funny if you
    are not funny
  • Try to be creative, create questions, set stage
    (can be a case, a story.)

22
Anatomy of a Presentation Goals
  • Just a few and keep them simple

23
Anatomy Outline
  • Simple bullet points
  • Follow the outline, use it as structure

24
Anatomy Content slides
  • Keep slides simple, bullet points
  • Never have to apologize for a busy slide.
  • Attention Span declines after 10-15 minutes
    Break it up every 10-15 minutes
  • Pauses
  • 2 minute pauses three times during the course of
    a lecture has been shown to increase retention

25
Delivering Content
  • Interactive Lecturing Techniques
  • Asking questions of audience
  • Audience response systems
  • Using multimedia
  • Using handouts (not just a copy of the slides)

26
Anatomy Summary and Take Home Points
  • Keep simple
  • Take Home Points should relate to overall goals
    of presentation
  • This is not the time to introduce new material

27
Anatomy Finale
  • Questions
  • References
  • Can include abbreviated reference on a specific
    slide with a quote or significant data
  • Include more inclusive list of references at end
    of presentation, handout

28
Shift and Pause
29
Power Point Tips
  • Fonts
  • Non-serifed fonts
  • Easier to read on screen/computer/web
  • arial
  • Serifed Fonts
  • Used in text
  • More formal
  • Easier to read on paper
  • Times New Roman

30
Fonts
  • Stick to simple
  • Consider bold (as long as readable)
  • Optimum type size for text 24 points -32 points
    (this is 32)
  • Minimum usable type 16 points, otherwise not
    readable.
  • DONT SCREAM AVOID ALL CAPITAL LETTERS UNLESS
    TRYING TO EMPHASIZE A POINT !!!!!!!!!!

31
Power Point Backgrounds
  • Keep it simple
  • Keep focus on topic, not slides
  • Colors
  • Dark letters on light background works best
  • Avoid distracting pictures/design backgrounds
  • Avoid using red/green colors together

32
Backgrounds
  • Keep it simple
  • Keep focus on topic, not slides
  • Colors
  • Dark letters on light background works best
  • Avoid distracting pictures/design backgrounds
  • Avoid using red/green colors together or in
    contrasting areas

33
Power Point Action
  • Keep animations simple use when needed to make
    a point
  • Avoid use in every slide.
  • It gets very very
  • Very very
  • Very very annoying.

34
Power Points Charts
  • Please see handout
  • Avoid just copying very busy charts out of
    articles

35
Review Your Slides
  • This type of slide, where everything you have to
    say is exactly on the screen, with all the words
    all put together into a long, run on sentence,
    and then into a long, run on paragraph, is very
    very hard to read and not at all helpful review
    your slides, delete all that is not absolutely
    needed, space out bullet points, and add more
    details to the note section of power point.

36
Review Your Slides
  • Go through slides several times
  • Add spacing
  • Bold when needed
  • Avoid run on sentences, paragraphs
  • Keep to bullet points
  • Use the Notes if needed

37
Another Transition and a Break
38
Preparation
  • Clean up your slides
  • Practice, practice, practice
  • Know your equipment
  • Get there early
  • Prepare your delivery
  • Have a back up plan

39
Preparation
  • Plan to talk for LESS than allotted time (no more
    than 45 minutes)
  • Practice and time your presentation
  • Allow plenty of time for questions

40
Delivery Have a Plan
  • Equipment
  • Microphone, slides, how you will advance
  • Speaking (avoid umms, likes.), pauses
  • Hands not too little, not too much
  • Eye contact
  • Stance
  • Will you stand behind the podium or walk?
  • Consider microphone, slides, ?videoconference

41
How to Handle Questions
  • Practice and pilot presentation
  • Anticipate questions (consider slides at end)
  • Repeat the Question
  • Important so that all audience hears the Question
  • Gives you time to think if needed
  • Reflect it back to the audience what do you
    think of .
  • Ok to say I dont know, that is an excellent
    question

42
Emergencies
  • Prepare for the worse
  • Have a Back up plan
  • Keep hard copy of slides/handouts
  • Email presentation to yourself
  • Email presentation to conference center
  • Arrive early, set up equipment, identify problems
    early

43
Feedback
  • Get feedback on your presentation
  • View video of yourself giving presentation (very
    helpful for hands, speaking style, extra words)
  • Ask colleagues for evaluation/feedback
  • Ask audience at end for feedback ?

44
Summary Key Points
  • Presentations continue to be important in
    teaching large groups
  • Keep presentations simple and focus on key points
  • Keep slides simple
  • Summarize, summarize, summarize
  • Be prepared

45
Questions
  • ?
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