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European Renaissance and Reformation, 1300-1600

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Chapter 1 European Renaissance and Reformation, 1300-1600 Italy: Birthplace of the Renaissance -During the Middle Ages people had turned to God and the church to help ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: European Renaissance and Reformation, 1300-1600


1
Chapter 1
  • European Renaissance and Reformation, 1300-1600

2
Italy Birthplace of the Renaissance
  • -During the Middle Ages people had turned to God
    and the church to help them through war and
    plague
  • -Those who survived wanted a less strict life
    and began to question the church and their
    teaching
  • -The Renaissance was a period in which art and
    learning were reborn
  • -It began in Italy due to thriving cities,
    wealthy merchants, and the heritage left by
    Greece and Rome
  • -Northern Europe lagged behind this rebirth
    because England and France were still involved in
    the Hundred Years War

3
  • -In Italy, urban centers (cities) grew as trade
    increased after the Crusades
  • -The Bubonic Plague hit these cities hard, but
    surviving workers could demand high wages due to
    low population, therefore gaining more wealth
  • -The merchant (business) class became the most
    powerful class in Europe

4
  • -The Medici family dominated Florence by using
    their money to influence everyday life in the
    city-state eventually ruling as a dictatorship
  • -With the fall of Constantinople in 1453,
    scholars fled to Rome with ancient text that
    helped in the rediscovery of classic Greek and
    Roman ideas

5
  • -Renaissance thinkers began to focus on humanism
    a persons potential and achievements. Humanists
    wanted studied classical texts to understand
    Greek values, this influenced artists and
    architects to carry on classical traditions, and
    popularized the study of classical education
    History, literature and philosophy.

6
  • Instead of wearing rough clothing and eating the
    plainest foods, Humanists felt that people could
    enjoy life without offending god.
  • Living to the fullest now became a priority
    across Renaissance Italy luxuries, fine music
    and taste food. This took place even took place
    within the church.
  • Most people remained devout Catholics, but the
    spirit of Renaissance society was Secular
    Worldly and Concerned with the here and now
  • Church leader and other wealthy merchant paid
    huge sums of money to have artist paint frescos
    and create sculptures that reflected the time
    period. They also lived in mansions had lavish
    banquets and expensive clothes.

7
  • Renaissance Men were considered those with many
    varied talents and high intelligence. (A man who
    excelled in many fields)
  • In a book called The Courtier A young man should
    be charming, witty, educated in the classics. He
    should dance, sing, play music, write poetry. Be
    a skillful rider, wrestler, Swordsman.
  • Michelangelo looked to glorify the human body and
    created many religious based works of art,
    evident in his statue David, showed both
    classical and Christian ideas in painting the
    Sistine Chapel

8
  • -Donatello looked to create realistic and natural
    postures to reveal personality
  • -Painter Masaccio discovered the technique of
    perspective or three dimension was another
    element in Renaissance art

9
  • -Leonardo da Vinci was a painter, sculptor,
    inventor, and scientist
  • -Studied the movement of muscles and how flight
    was possible
  • -Painted the Mona Lisa and The Last Supper
  • -Raphael created many great works for Pope Julius
    II

10
  • -Dante was one of the first writers to use the
    vernacular or his native language in writing
  • -Petrarch used poetry and sonnets to explore
    human nature and love

11
  • -Machiavellis The Prince serves as a political
    guidebook for rulers of the time
  • -Wrote that rulers must be strong but clever,
    they should not be concerned with what is morally
    right, but with what is politically effective
  • -Women writers were also accepted in Italian
    society
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