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T h e A m e r i c a n U n i v e r s i t y o f R o m e ARC 101 Roman Archaeology On-Site

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T h e A m e r i c a n U n i v e r s i t y o f R o m e ARC 101 Roman Archaeology On-Site Session 1 Roman Archaeology & History An Introduction – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: T h e A m e r i c a n U n i v e r s i t y o f R o m e ARC 101 Roman Archaeology On-Site


1
T h e A m e r i c a n U n i v e r s i t y o f
R o m e ARC 101 Roman Archaeology On-Site
Session 1 Roman Archaeology History An
Introduction http//www.tiwanakuarcheo.net/rome
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  • Forum
  • Student 1 Ritual Markers in the Forum and
    Palatine.
  • Student 2 The Roman Basilicas.
  • Colosseum
  • Student 3 The Roman Monarchy Republic.
  • Student 4 Entertainment and Sports in Rome.
  • Capitoline Museums
  • Student 5 The evolution from Etruscan/Latin art
    to Greco-Roman art.
  • Student 6 Roman religion the Capitoline Triad.

7
  • Celio
  • Student 7 The Imperial Palace General features.
  • Student 8 Urban living in Rome The Insula.
  • Terme di Diocleziano
  • Student 9 The Patricians, the plebs and their
    power.
  • Student 10 Roman religious rituals.
  • Palazzo Massimo
  • Student 11 Incidents in the Roman Republic
    towards the empire.
  • Student 12 Mural painting in Rome (includes
    Pompei).

8
  • Campus Martius I
  • Student 13 Mystery religions The Cult of
    Mithras and other Asian cults.
  • Student 14 Temples and priests in Rome.
  • Campus Martius II
  • Student 15 The Theaters of Rome.
  • Student 16 The Jewish and Christian faiths in
    Rome.
  • Palazzo Valentini
  • Student 19 Commerce in the city of Rome.
  • Student 20 The Start of the empire Transition
    from Julius Caesar to Augustus

9
  • Imperial Fora
  • Student 21 The evolution of the Forumfrom
    Roman to Imperial
  • Student 22 Rome after Trajan and beyond, urban
    planning.
  • Terme di Caracalla
  • Student 23 Water management in Rome.
  • Student 24 The Baths and Waterworks in Rome.
  • The Arches
  • Student 25 Constantines politics the fate of
    Rome.
  • Student 26 Evolution from Roman to Christian
    Architecture and Art.

10
  • Early Christian Churches
  • Student 25 Santa Maria Maggiore and the
    Christian basilica.
  • Student 26 The evolution of Rome as seen in San
    Clemente

11
  • Recommended extra-curricular visits
  • Centrale Montemartini (with museum ticket)
  • Palazzo Altemps (with museum ticket)
  • Via Appia and Villa dei Quintili (with Caracalla
    ticket)
  • Sala Octogona Terme di Diocleziano (free)
  • Tivoli Palace of Hadrian
  • Prenestina
  • Ostia Antica

12
The Roman World I Expansion in Italy, 485-265
B.C.
Source From Coffin Stacey. Western
Civilizations. Vol. 1. 2005 p.172.
13
The Roman World II The Expansion of Rome 264-44
B.C.
Source From Coffin Stacey. Western
Civilizations. Vol. 1. 2005 p.177. .
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The RW III The Empire at its greatest extent,
97-117 A.D.
Source From Coffin Stacey. Western
Civilizations. Vol. 1. 2005 p.187. .
15
The RW IV Diocletians Division of the Empire,
285-305 A.D.
Source From Coffin Stacey. Western
Civilizations. Vol. 1. 2005 p.187. .
16
Rome and its vertical scale stratigraphy
Up to 45ft
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Horti Sallustani
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Horizontal stratigraphy
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The numbers in (perhaps) the greatest city in
antiquity The regional catalogues indicate a
number of 46602 insulae 1797 domus. A
population of 1.2 million by A.D. 200. a size
of 2000 ha 46 lupanar , 28 libraries , 42 arches
, 9 bridges , 37 gates , 19 aqueducts , 1352
fountains , 2 amphitheaters , 5 circuses , 2
naumachia , 3 theaters , 1 odeon , 1 stadium ,
204 ovens-bakeries , 2300 oil depots , 44
latrines , 355 storage areas or horreas , 22
caserns
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Lines of evidence to understand Roman society
The map
http//formaurbis.stanford.edu/index.html
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The archaeology of Rome Five centuries of
discoveries
2003
1506
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Roman archaeology and archaeological process gt
Mound formation gt natural deposition, dust
organic matter gt abandonment ... Varying size
of the city, II century vs. X century Loss of
political, administrative and artistic
importance Constantine and the new directions
of the empire Barbarians and Western empire
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A block of Rome evolving through time Imperial
age
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The Late Antiquity Period VI century
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The Middle Ages X century
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The Middle Ages XIV century
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Roman archaeology and sources of evidence gt
Dating Roman structures coins gt Documents,
literature daily life accounts Cicero, Julius
Caesar, Pliny, Horace, Virgil, Seneca, Sallust,
Suetonius gt Forma urbis gt Archaeology
sculptures, art and beyond gt Epigraphy on
buildings and monuments
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TIMELINE
Source http//www.bbc.co.uk/history/ancient/roman
s/rome_timeline.shtml
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gt Foundation of the city and 753
BC establishment of the monarchy gt Roman Republic
established ca 500 gt Establishment of the Latin
Right 493 gt Law of the 12 tables 450 gt
Equestrian order established ca 300 gt Concilium
Plebis gains power 287 gt Empire established
27 gt Golden Age of Rome 100-185
AD gt Diocletian partitions the empire 285 AD
gt Constantine and the decline 320 AD gt Fall of
the Western Empire 476 AD
Chronology General Political Evolution
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Chronology Wars and Expansion
  • gt Against its neighbors, initial expansion,
    monarchy
  • gt 1st Samnite war 343-341
  • gt The Latin War, 340-338
  • gt 2nd 3rd Samnite wars 329-290
  • gt The Punic Wars Carthage
  • 1st 264-241 / 2nd 218-201 / 3rd149-146
  • Delenda est Cartago as the Cato the Great
    repeated constantlyCarthage must be destroyed

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gt Slaves revolt In Sicily 134-104 gt Gracchian
reforms 133-122 gt Rule of Marius 107-100,
86 gt Marsian War, revolts, rights 91-87 gt Sulla
dictator, aristocracy 82 gt Spartacus leads
slave revolt 73-71 gt 1st Triumvirate, JC P
C 60 gt Pompey becomes sole consul 52 gt Caesar
becomes sole consul 48 gt Caesar becomes sole
dictator 46 gt J.C., Dictator, assassinated 44 gt
2nd Triumvirate, O MA L 42-31 gt Octavian
becomes sole consul 27
Chronology Social issues of the Republic
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Hierarchical system Patricians Plebeians Equestri
an class, commercial Freedmen /
Libertos Foreigners Slaves
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On site classes and handouts gt Museums gt
Archaeological sites (in the city, in parks, in
museums, or under churches) Handouts Evidence
in the field will be handled in four steps, 4
Keywords Historical context Evaluation Appraisa
l - Comparison
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3 themes History event, place in the
timeline Art movable-portable artifacts or
objects Architecture buildings and evidence
for the Classical city of Rome We will
conclude by locating the evidence the saw in
class in the Timeline
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Rome on the Web dlib.etc.ucla.edu/projects/Forum/
timemap formaurbis.stanford.edu www.bbc.co.uk/hi
story/ancient/romans www.proxima-veritati.aucklan
d.ac.nz/Herculaneum
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