Using Literature and Photography to Teach Social Justice and Encourage Activism for Public Health - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – Using Literature and Photography to Teach Social Justice and Encourage Activism for Public Health PowerPoint presentation | free to download - id: 5fdcff-YzJlM



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

Using Literature and Photography to Teach Social Justice and Encourage Activism for Public Health

Description:

Using Literature and Photography to Teach Social Justice and Encourage Activism for Public Health Martin Donohoe Suggestions Use literary selections, photography, and ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:96
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 79
Provided by: Own2136
Learn more at: http://phsj.org
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Using Literature and Photography to Teach Social Justice and Encourage Activism for Public Health


1
Using Literature and Photography to Teach Social
Justice and Encourage Activism for Public Health
  • Martin Donohoe

2
Medicine and Public Health
  • Schism between the fields
  • Witnessed victims vs. statistical victims
  • Medical ethics / public health ethics
  • Activism

3
Harvey Cushing
  • A physician is obligated to consider more than a
    diseased organ, more even than the whole man. He
    must view the man in his world.

4
Martin Luther King
  • Injustice anywhere is a threat to justice
    everywhere

5
Important Historical Figures in Medicine/Public
Health and Social Justice
  • Dr. Thomas Hodgkin (abolitionist and opponent of
    British oppression of native populations in South
    Africa and New Zealand)
  • Nurse Margaret Sanger (founder of the family
    planning movement in the US)
  • Dr. Albert Schweitzer (won Nobel Peace Prize in
    part for developing a missionary hospital for the
    poor in Gabon, Africa)

6
Important Historical Figures in Medicine/Public
Health and Social Justice
  • Florence Nightingale (feminist, founder of the
    modern nursing profession, and advocate for
    hygienic hospitals)
  • Dr. Salvador Allende (assassinated president of
    Chile and promoter of better living conditions
    for the poor and working classes).
  • The quiet and unknown

7
Important Historical Figures in Medicine/Public
Health and Social Justice
  • Charles Dickens
  • Anton Chekhov
  • Upton Sinclair
  • George Orwell
  • William Carlos Williams

8
Rudolph Virchow
  • Founder of modern pathology
  • Thrombosis, pulmonary embolism, leukocytosis,
    leukemia
  • Member of state and local government for over 30
    years
  • Founded journal Medical Reform

9
Rudolph Virchow
  • Argued that many diseases result from the
    unequal distribution of civilizations
    advantages
  • Advocated public provision of medical care for
    the indigent
  • Promoted universal education

10
Rudolph Virchow
  • Worked to outlaw child labor
  • Improved water distribution and sewage system
  • Enhanced food inspection process
  • Published study of skull volumes to dispute myth
    of larger Aryan brains

11
Rudolph Virchow
  • Passed hygiene standards for public schools
  • Set new standards of training for nurses
  • Improved local hospital system

12
Rudolph Virchow
  • Doctors are natural attorneys for the poor If
    medicine is to really accomplish its great task,
    it must intervene in political and social life

13
The Role of Literature
  • Vicarious experience
  • Explore diverse philosophies
  • Promotes empathy, critical thinking, flexibility,
    non-dogmatism, self-knowledge
  • Encourages creative thinking
  • Allows for group discussion/debate

14
Why Use Literature
  • Encourage appreciation of non-medical literature
  • Develop reading, analytical, speaking and writing
    skills
  • Promote ethical thinking (narrative ethics)
  • Identification with doctor authors (e.g., Keats,
    Chekhov, Maugham, Williams)

15
Why Study Literature?
  • Why live? Life without literature is reduced to
    penury. It expands you in every way. It
    illuminates what youre doing. It shows you
    possibilities you havent thought of. It enables
    you to live the lives of other peopleIt broadens
    you, it makes you more human. It makes life more
    enjoyable.
  • M.H. Abrams

16
Nurse Margaret Sanger
  • Books have been to me what gold is to the miser,
    what new fields are to the explorer.

17
Readings
  • Oliver St John Gogarty
  • Keats
  • Chekhov
  • Maugham
  • WC Williams

18
Stigmatization
  • John Updike
  • From the Journal of a Leper.
  • Am J Dermatopathol 19824(2)137-42

19
Homelessness
  • Doris Lessing
  • An Old Woman and Her Cat
  • From the Doris Lessing Reader (New York Knopf,
    1988)

20
Race and Access to Care
  • Ernest J Gaines
  • The Sky is Gray
  • in Gray, Marion Secundy, ed. Trials,Tribulations,
    and Celebrations African American Perspectives
    on Health, Illness, Aging and Loss. Yarmouth,
    Maine Intercultural Press, 1992

21
Poverty
  • Orwell, George. How the Poor Die. In Sonia Orwell
    and Ian Angus, eds. The Collected Essays,
    Journalism and Letter of George Orwell, IV In
    Front of Your Nose, 1945-1950. New York
    Harcourt, Brace and World, Inc pp.223-233.
  • Eighner, Lars. Phlebitis At the Public Hospital.
    In Travels with Lizbeth. New York St. Martins
    Press, 1993.

22
Domestic Violence
  • Michael LaCombe
  • Playing God
  • In LaCombe M, ed. On Being a Doctor.
    Philadelphia American College of Physicians, 1994

23
Human Subject Experimentation / Human Rights
Abuses
  • Shusaku Endo
  • The Sea and Poison
  • (New York Taplinger Publishing Co., 1972)

24
Conflicting Responsibilities of Physicians
  • Pearl S. Buck
  • The Enemy
  • In Far and Near Stories of Japan, China, and
    America (New York The John Day Company, 1934)

25
Christopher Columbus Upon meeting the Arawaks of
the Bahamas
  • Theybrought usmanythingsThey willingly
    traded everything they ownedThey do not bear
    armsThey would make fine servantsWith fifty men
    we could subjugate them all and make them do
    whatever we want.

26
(No Transcript)
27
(No Transcript)
28
(No Transcript)
29
(No Transcript)
30
(No Transcript)
31
(No Transcript)
32
Josef Stalin
  • The death of one man is a tragedy. The death of
    millions is a statistic.

33
(No Transcript)
34
(No Transcript)
35
(No Transcript)
36
(No Transcript)
37
Horace Odes (III.2.13)
  • Dulce et decorum est pro patria mori
  • It is sweet and fitting to die for ones country

38
"Dulce Et Decorum Est" Wilfred Owen, 1917-18
  • In all my dreams, before my helpless sight, He
    plunges at me, guttering, choking, drowning.
  • If in some smothering dreams you too could pace
    Behind the wagon that we flung him in, And
    watch the white eyes writhing in his face, His
    hanging face, like a devil's sick of sin

39
"Dulce Et Decorum Est" Wilfred Owen
  • If you could hear, at every jolt, the blood
    Come gargling from the froth-corrupted lungs,
    Obscene as cancer, bitter as the cud Of vile,
    incurable sores on innocent tongues,- My friend,
    you would not tell with such high zest To
    children ardent for some desperate glory, The
    old Lie Dulce et decorum est Pro patria mori.

40
(No Transcript)
41
(No Transcript)
42
Discretionary Federal Spending (2013)
43
World Military Spending (2012)
44
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • Every gun that is made, every warship launched,
    every rocket fired signifies, in the final sense,
    a theft from those who hunger and are not fed,
    those who are cold and not clothed.

45
(No Transcript)
46
(No Transcript)
47
Mothers Day Proclamation, 1870 Julia Ward Howe
  • Arise then...women of this day! Arise, all women
    who have hearts!
  • Say firmly "We will not have questions answered
    by irrelevant agencies, Our husbands will not
    come to us, reeking with carnage, For caresses
    and applause.

48
Mothers Day Proclamation, 1870 Julia Ward Howe
  • Our sons shall not be taken from us to
    unlearn All that we have been able to teach them
    of charity, mercy and patience.
  • From the bosom of a devastated Earth a voice
    goes up with Our own. It says "Disarm! Disarm!

49
Mothers Day Proclamation, 1870 Julia Ward Howe
  • Let women
  • promote the alliance of the different
    nationalities, The amicable settlement of
    international questions, The great and general
    interests of peace.

50
(No Transcript)
51
  • W Eugene Smiths Photos of Minimata Disease

52
(No Transcript)
53
(No Transcript)
54
(No Transcript)
55
(No Transcript)
56
  • More W Eugene Smith Photos

57
(No Transcript)
58
(No Transcript)
59
(No Transcript)
60
(No Transcript)
61
(No Transcript)
62
(No Transcript)
63
(No Transcript)
64
Sebastiao Salgado Photos
  • Gold Mining

65
(No Transcript)
66
(No Transcript)
67
(No Transcript)
68
(No Transcript)
69
(No Transcript)
70
(No Transcript)
71
(No Transcript)
72
(No Transcript)
73
Suggestions
  • Use literary selections, photography, and art in
    courses and community work
  • Interdisciplinary education
  • Share stories with colleagues, patients/clients

74
Suggestions
  • Create dedicated reading and writing groups, art
    groups
  • Comedy
  • Encourage conferences
  • Read activist journals

75
First they came for the Jews by Pastor Niemoller
  • First they came for the Jews, and I did not
    speak up, for I was not a Jew.
  • Then they came for the communists, and I did not
    speak up for I was not a communist.
  • Then they came for the trade unionists, and I did
    not speak up, for I was not a trade unionist.
  • Then they came for me, and there was no one left
    to speak up for me.

76
Günter Grass
  • The first job of a citizen is to keep your mouth
    open.

77
Anita Roddick
  • "If you think you are too small to have an
    impact, try going to bed with a mosquito in your
    tent"

78
  • Public Health and Social Justice Website and Book
  • http//www.publichealthandsocialjustice.org
  • http//www.phsj.org
  • martindonohoe_at_phsj.org
About PowerShow.com