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Title:

??????(ERP)

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Title: (ERP) Author: Last modified by: PPStudio Created Date: 4/12/2002 2:09:42 AM Document presentation format – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: ??????(ERP)


1
(ERP)????????
?? ???
2
? ? ? ?
  • ?????????
  • ?????????
  • ???????????
  • ?????ERP?????

3
????ERP?????
  • ??
  • ??
  • ??
  • ??
  • 1.????????

2.?????? 3.???????? 4.???? 5.???????
???????????ERP????,?????????
4
??????Enterprise Resources Planning(ERP)
  • ??????????????,??????????,????,?????????????,????
    ???????????

????????(APICS)??,2002??10?
5
????????Enterprise Resources Planning(ERP) system
  • ????????????????????????????????????????????????
    ERP??????????(MRPII)????????????,?????????(GUI),??
    ????,???????,???????????????,??(client/servo)??,??
    ??(open system)?????

????????(APICS)??,2002??10?
6
??????(ERP)???


?????? (MRP ?)
  • ??/????

  • ????

  • ????? MPS

  • ?????? MRP


  • ?????? CRP

  • ???? IM

  • ???? SFC

  • ??/???? AR/AP
  • ??
  • ?? GL

  • ???? HR



7
ERP???
  • ?.ERP????????????
  • ?.ERP??????????????????
  • ????
  • ?.ERP????????????
  • ?.ERP????90?????????????
  • ?.ERP????????????????

8
ERP???
  • 1970 MRP ??????
  • 1980 MRPII ??????
  • 1990 ERP ??????

9
? ? ? ? ? ?Material Requirement PlanningMRP
  • ?????????????,???????????????(BOM),????,??????(
    MPS)????????

10
? ? ? ? ?
  • ?????(independent demend)
  • ?????(dependent demand)

???????????????????,????????????
???????????????(BOM)? ????????,?????????? ?,????MR
P???
11
??????(MRP)???
??
????
?????what ?????when ?????how many
????? MPS
?? INV
??? BOM
?????? MRP
????what ????how many
??????what ?????how many
?? PO
?? MO
?????what ?????when ?????how many
????what ????when ????how many
12
????????
A
5/20 ??100EA

B
C
1 O/H 10EA
1 O/H 30EA
D
E
F
1 O/H 20EA
1 O/H 30EA
1 O/H 10EA
  • ???????A 100EA,???????B?C?D?E?F?

13
????????
A
5/20 ??100EA

B
C
-70
-90
1 O/H 30EA
1 O/H 10EA
D
E
F
2 O/H 30EA
1 O/H 20EA
1 O/H 10EA
-70
-60
-60
  • ?D?70,E?60,F?60,B?90
  • C?70 (??????????)

14
???????Lead-Time Offset
A

5?
B
C
10?
5?
D
E
F
30?
20?
50?
? ?1.?????A??100?,?????????????2.??A????6
?1???,??????????????
15
???????(?)Lead-Time Offset
A

60?
5?
B
C
40?
10?
5?
55?
D
E
F
30?
20?
50?
  • ?1???A?????????? 60 ?
  • 2?????6?1?????,????
    ??4?1????????

16
??????(MRP)
?
???80 ????20???100?????2?







?? ?

1 2 3 4 5
6 7 8
???
20
15
30
50
40
60
20
?????
100
40
25
95
45
45
-55
-75
5
?????
???
55
20
???? ??
100
???? ??
100
17
?????
A
85
10
B
C
30
45
5
5
D
E
F
15
40
10
????D.E.F?????,??B.C.A.?????
??,?????A?????????
18
?????(?)
A
85
10
B
C
45
30
5
5
D
E
F
10
15
40
????A??????85
19
MRP?????????
  • 1. ??????
  • 2. ?????(MPS)
  • 3. ??????????(BOM)
  • 4. ????
  • 5. ????(PO)??
  • 6. ????(MO)??

20
??????
  • 5M
  • 1. ?? material
  • 2. ? man
  • 3. ???? machine
  • 4. ?? method
  • 5. ?? money

21
??????Manufacturing Resource PlanningMRPII
  • 1. ????????????????
  • 2. ???????????
  • 3. ??????????
  • 4. ???????????(what-if)???
  • 5. ???????????,????? ????

22
??????(MRP?)???














???







????



??








????




??





















MRP

??????(
?)???

23
??????(MRPII)?????
???????? (MRP) ??,?????
  • 1. ??????..(Business Planning)
  • 2. ????..(Demand Planning)
  • 3. ??..(Forecasting)
  • 4. ????..(Production Planning)
  • 5. ??????..(Capacity Requirement PlanningCRP)
  • 6. ??????..(Production Activity ControlPAC)

24
??????(MRPII)?????-?
  • 7.????(Accounts ReceivablesAR)
  • 8.????(Accounts PayableAP)
  • 9.????(Fixed Assets)
  • 10.??(General LedgeGL)
  • 11.??(Payroll)
  • 12.????(Human Resource)
  • 13.????????(Performance Measurement)

25
??????(ERP)????
??MRP,MRPII?????,?????
  • 1. ???????
  • 2. ???????,??????? (PDM),??????(CAE)
  • 3. ?????????,?APS
  • 4. ??????(MES)
  • 5. ??/????

26
??????(ERP)????-?
  • 6. ????
  • 7. ??????
  • 8. ??/??????
  • 9. ???????
  • 10. ??????
  • 11. ?????(SCM)

27
??????(ERP)????-?
?????????,??????,??ERP????????????,??
  • 12.??(????????)
  • 13.???????
  • 14.?????????
  • 15.?????????

28
?????(I)
??????????
  • ? ?

? ? ? ?
  • ? ?

????(LAN) ????(Intranets) ????(Extranets) ??
29
?????(I)?
  • ??? Database

????(Flat File Database) ??????(Relational
Database) ????(Data Warehouse)
30
?????(II)
  • ???? Operating Systems
  • UNIX
  • Windows NT
  • ????
  • ????
  • ??
  • ????
  • ????
  • ?????(4GL)
  • ???????(Graphic User Interface)

31
? ERP ?????
  • ?.ERP???????????
  • ?.???????????
  • ?.ERP??????

32
?????ERP?????(1)
  • 1. ??????????
  • 2. ????????
  • 3. ???????/??????
  • 4. ???????????

33
?????ERP?????(2)
  • 5. ????????????????
  • 6. ????????????????????
  • 7. ????????????????
  • 8. ?????????????
  • 9. ????ERP???????? ???????????

34
ERP ?????
  • ????ERP
  • ??ERP??
  • ??ERP??
  • ??????????
  • ?????????????
  • ????(big bang)
  • ??(phased)
  • ??ERP
  • ?????????????
  • ????
  • ????

35
ERP ???????
??,????,??
  • ???????
  • ????
  • ??????
  • ?????
  • ????
  • ??????

???? ????
??ERP????????????? ?????????ERP???
36
ERP??????
37
ERP ??????
  • ???????
  • ?????????
  • ?????????

38
??? ????
  • ????ERP??
  • ?????????????????
  • ???Clipper??,??????,??????
  • ????????
  • ??????,????3?,??1?????1? IT??????,1?????
  • ?????????
  • ?????????,?? IT????

39
??? ????(?)
  • ??????
  • ????ERP,?????
  • ???????????
  • ??????????
  • ??????(GUI)
  • ????
  • e-mail ? ERP????
  • ??????(web)?
  • ?????,?????????

40
??? ????(?)
  • ?????????????,???????????,?????????????????????
  • ??????
  • ?????? hub ???????web?,????????????????,???????
  • ?????(SCM),?????????
  • ??????(CRM),?????????

41
??? ????(?)
  • ??? ?
  • ERP?????,??????
  • ???????????
  • ??????????????
  • ??????
  • ?????,?????????
  • ??????????,??MIS???13??,???8???ERP????

42
??? ??????
  • ??????
  • ???????????
  • ????????????
  • ???????????????????
  • ????????

43
??? ??????(?)
  • ??????????
  • 1???????
  • ???????????????????????(??),????????? ???
  • 2???/????
  • ???????????????(BOM)????????????(???)????????
    ????(MRP)???????????

44
??? ??????(?)
  • 3???????
  • ???????(UNIX, NT),GUI?TEXT????????????????????
    ?????????,??INTERNET/INTRANET, ??????
  • ??????
  • ????,????????????????????

45
??? ??????(?)
  • ????????
  • ??????????,???????????????????????????
  • ????????
  • ??????,????????
  • ???????,???????
  • ????

46
??? ??????(?)
  • ?????????
  • ??????
  • ???????
  • ???????
  • ???????
  • ?????????

47
??? ??????
  • ????ERP??
  • ??????
  • ??????
  • ?????????
  • ????
  • ???????
  • ??????

48
??? ??????(?)
  • ??????
  • ??13??
  • ??????
  • ????(big bang)
  • ??????????????
  • ??????
  • ????????
  • ????????
  • ??????????
  • ????????????????,????

49
? ?
  • 1???????(ERP)????????(MRP)?
  • ??????(MRP?)??,?????
  • 2???????(ERP)????????????
  • ??????,???????????,??
  • ?????,???????
  • 3???????(ERP)?????MRP?????
  • ????????????(IT),??????
  • ???????
  • 4???????(ERP)????????????
  • ???????????????,?????
  • ??,??????????

50
ERP??????QA
51
  • Q1
  • ERP??1970?????????(MRP)?1980?????????(MRPII)
    ??????,???????????????????,?????????????

52
  • A1?
  • ??????(ERP)??1970???MRP
  • ?1980???MRPII????,????
  • ?????????????????,
  • ??????????????????
  • ????????

53
Q2 ??????????????????
,??ERP????????????? ?,???????????????
54
  • A2?
  • ????????ERP???????
  • ??,????,?????????
  • ?????????????????
  • ,????????????????
  • ???????????

55
Q3 ?????ERP????,?????? ??????
(??),???????? ?,???????????
56
A3? ?? ERP???????(??)???
?????????,??????? ????????????
57
Q4 ERP??????????????,?????????????????
??,?????????????, ????????
58
A4? ????ERP??????????,
????????????????? ???????
59
Q5 ?????????,???ERP????????????????,?????
60
A5? ????ERP???????????
??,?????,???????? ,????????????????
?,????????????????
61
Q6 ??ERP???,???????????????,??????????,????
ERP????
62
A6? ??ERP???,????????? ????,???? (
reengineering ), ?????????,????ERP????
63
Q7 ????ERP??,????????
???(vision)??,???????? ?????
64
A7? ????ERP??????????????(key-in)???,??????????,?
????????????????????????????????
65
Q8 ??ERP??????????,????,?????????????
66
A8? ??????ERP??,??????
?????????,????,?? ????
67
Q9 ??ERP??????????????????????
68
A9? ??ERP???????????? ,???????????????
?ERP???????,????? ????????????????
?,?????????????? ???????????????
69
Q10 ?????ERP?????,????????????????????,????
??????,?????????
70
A10? ?????ERP?????,???
ERP?,???????????? ,?????????????(L/T)
???????????????? ????????????????
,??????,???????? ???
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