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Elizabethan Poets:

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Title: The Elizabethan Age of Poetry Author: epeters Last modified by: Peters, Elaine Created Date: 11/4/2003 6:25:39 PM Document presentation format – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Elizabethan Poets:


1
Elizabethan Poets
  • Ben Jonson Henry Howard
  • Robert Herrick Edmund Spenser
  • George Herbert Christopher Marlowe
  • Henry Vaughn Philip Sidney
  • John Suckling Walter Raleigh
  • Richard Lovelace Andrew Marvell
  • John Donne Thomas Wyatt

2
Reminders for Honors 4
  • Friday Unit test on Elizabethan terms, poems,
    and Shakespearean sonnetsSTUDY!
  • Monday Journal assignment due submit
    analytical response to turnitin.com
  • Tuesday Group sonnet poster due

3
For each of the following, write a sentence that
proves you can relate the term to our background
study of the Renaissance. Use the provided
syntax prompt correctly within each sentence.
(two points each)
  • Church of England (semicolon )
  • Michelangelo (colon )
  • Renaissance mindset/philosophy
    (from our art lesson/discussion)
  • Mary, Queen of Scots (double dash --- )
  • Martin Luther (colon )

4
  • Colon qualifier list
    The Protestant
    Reformation was based upon three protests for
    religious change resentment over taxes, Henry
    VIIIs lack of a male heir, and dissatisfaction
    with church leadership.
  • Double dash ---phrase---
  • The Protestant Reformation---based upon three
    protests for religious change---led to the
    establishment of a new church in England.
  • Semi-colon independent clause independent clause
  • The Protestant Reformation was based upon three
    protests for religious change this movement
    led to the establishment of a new church in
    England.

5
Update to calendar
  • Renaissance background quiz moved to Thursday,
    10/30.
  • Quiz will cover notes from opening lecture to the
    Renaissance, as well as a focus on unit terms
    1-17.
  • Lecture PowerPoint and review chapter are both
    included on website under Poetry of the
    Elizabethan Age tab.

6
In each support paragraph
  • Title of poem
  • Author of poem
  • Mood of poem
  • 3 5 different types of imagery (with cited
    examples) that prove this tone
  • Transitions that link/compare/contrast with other
    poem

7
On your score sheet, RATE 1-10 FOR POEM
COMPOSITION AND POSTER DESIGN
  • 1. 23
  • 2. UGLY CHRISTMAS SWEATERS
  • 3. FOREVER FAILING
  • 4. THE GREAT RACE
  • 5. A MERRY STATISTICAL CHRISTMAS
  • 6. JUNGLE BELLS

8
Quiz tomorrow 30 points
  • Will cover poetic terms and definitions.
  • Will ask questions regarding the poems we have
    read thus far in class (not the Shakespearean
    sonnets), so reread and remember the plot/type of
    each poem.
  • Short answer in format.
  • You need to study!

9
Homework for tomorrow
  • Define poetic terms 23-43 on your unit guide.
    Make sure that you use a literary glossary, not
    dictionary.com.
  • Bring terms/definitions to tomorrows class,
    along with your finished two-quatrain
    (eight-line) response to your woo.

10
Elizabethan Poetry
  • The Elizabethan poets were humanists they
    believed in three essential ideas
  • LOVE AND PASSION (despite their hardships) are
    essential to enjoying a good life.
  • TIME is a fleeting moment making plans for the
    future is meaningless. All we have is NOW to
    live fully in the present.
  • DEATH is to be appreciated, not feared however,
    dying with unresolved regrets is tragic. Flesh
    and bone are temporal. The moment we die, we
    become part of the one big soul that belongs to
    everyone the AFTERLIFE.

11
The Petrarchan Sonnet
  • (also known as the Italian-style sonnet)
  • Francis Petrarchknown as the Father of
    Humanismwas in love with a woman named Laura.
    She rejected him for the very proper reason that
    she was already married to another man. Her
    presence causes him unspeakable joy, but his
    unrequited love creates unendurable desires and
    inner conflicts between the ardent lover and the
    humble man. Because it is impossible to
    reconcile the two, his quest for love is a
    hopeless, endless agony.

12
Key Points to UnderstandingShakespearean
Sonnets
  • All of Shakespeares sonnets had the same rhyme
    scheme abab/cdcd/efef/gg
  • All of Shakespeares sonnets include the same
    structure
  • 3 quatrains (groups of four lines) and a
  • rhymed couplet (two lines that rhyme), and
    finally
  • a turn, or a change in tone (usually marked by a
    signal word such as but or yet)

13
  • Apostrophe
  • Antithesis
  • Allusion
  • Conceit/metaphor/simile
  • Euphony/dissonance
  • Hyperbole/overstatement
  • Imagery (auditory/visual/tactile,)
  • Irony
  • Oxymoron
  • Paradox
  • Personification
  • Synecdoche
  • Turn
  • Understatement
  • DO NOT USE
  • Enjambment
  • Sonnet form
  • Rhyme scheme
  • Masculine rhyme
  • Feminine rhyme
  • Internal rhyme
  • Incremental
  • Repetition

14
In your sonnet group
  • 1. Read your sonnet for understanding.
  • 2. Paraphrase each of the three quatrains and
    ending rhymed couplet.
  • 3. Locate the sonnets turn (if one is evident)
  • 4. Provide the sonnet with an appropriate title.
  • HOMEWORK Select your individual sonnet by
    going to http//www.shakespeares-sonnets.com.
    Begin your analytical response for journal
    assignment.

15
Key Points to UnderstandingShakespearean
Sonnets
  • All of Shakespeares sonnets had the same rhyme
    scheme abab/cdcd/efef/gg
  • All of Shakespeares sonnets include the same
    structure
  • 3 quatrains (groups of four lines) and a
  • rhymed couplet (two lines that rhyme), and
    finally
  • sometimes includes a turn, or a change in tone
    (usually marked by a signal word such as but or
    yet)

16
Fridays unit test
  • Unit test on terms/terms found within packet
    poems and Shakespearean sonnets
  • STUDY your terms and their definitions, your
    sonnets, and application of your terms to the
    poems
  • Test 50 points, with combination of multiple
    choice, matching and short answer

17
Sample test question
  • How does Spensers Petrarchan-style sonnet in
    Sonnet 30 of Amoretti (copy of poem provided for
    you) convey a paradox to depict his love for
    Elizabeth Boyle?

18
Sample test questions
  • Explain the metaphysical conceit of John Donnes
    Death Be Not Proud (copy of poem provided for
    you).
  • Explain how Herricks To The Virgins, To Make
    Much Of Time depicts a Cavalier poem (copy of
    poem provided for you).

19
Sample test question
  • Read The Nymphs Reply by Raleigh, then list AND
    define AND explicate examples of the following
  • Enjambment
  • Understatement
  • Antithesis
  • Allusion
  • Synecdoche

20
Sample test question
  • And Philomel becometh dumb a. conceit
  •  
  • Why so pale and wan, fond lover? b. incremental
    repetition
  • Prithee, why so pale?
  •  
  • The glorious eye of heaven c. archaism
  •  
  • Is fancys spring, but sorrows fall d. allusion
  •  
  • Vain man, said she, e. antithesis
  • that doest in vain assay
  •  

21
Sample test question
  • After reading the above sonnet 29 (copy of poem
    provided) by Shakespeare, list AND define AND
    explain at least FIVE different literary devices
    of your own choice (taken from our study of
    poetic terms and definitions).
    Do the
    following for FIVE of your selected terms
  • name the term
  • provide its definition
  • list your example from the sonnet
  • provide brief explanation/analysis
  •  
  •  

22
Sample test question
  • But we have a love so much refind,/That
    ourselves know not what it is
  •  
  • These lines from Donnes A Valediction
    Forbidding Mourning is a dual example of a(n)
  • a. Personification/olfactory image
  • b. Antithesis/synecdoche
  • c. Archaism/turn
  • d. Personification/tactile image

23
For your sonnet illustration
  • No handwritingtype all text. 24font
  • Remember neatness, organization, and matting of
    photos.
  • Maintain a consistent theme with your choice of
    colors and papers.
  • DO NOT PUT YOUR NAMES ON YOUR POSTER. DO NOT
    FOLD IT.
  • Posters are due on Monday.

24
Spensers Amoretti 75
  • One day I wrote her name upon the strand,
  • But came the waves and washed it away
  • Again I wrote it with a second hand,
  • But came the tide, and made my pains his prey.
  • Vain man, said she, that doest in vain assay
  • A mortal thing so to immortalize,
  • For I myself shall like to this decay,
  • And eek my name be wiped out likewise.
  • Not so (quoth I), let baser things devise
  • To die in dust, but you shall live by fame
  • My verse your virtues rare shall eternize,
  • And in the heavens write your glorious name.
  • Where whenas Death shall all the world subdue,
  • Our love shall live, and later life renew.

25
Woo Poem Assignment
  • Write a pastoral poem of today that aims to
    entice, or woo your partner for friendship.
  • The poem should comprise four ABAB quatrains
  • Focus think of your values, morals, talents,
    skills that you could offer your partner
  • Emphasis on friendship---NOT a romantic
    relationship!
  • Due tomorrow. Write your poem neatly on your
    index card.

26
Virtue or Still To Be Neat
  1. Select one and read the poem.
  2. In one sentence, explain why it is an example of
    a Cavalier poem.
  3. In a concise paragraph, explain how (through
    precise images, metaphors and word choice)
    Herbert or Jonson includes a carpe diem element
    in this poem.

27
Psalm 23
  • The Lord is my shepherd I shall not want.
  • He maketh me to lie down in green pastures he
    leadeth me beside the still waters.
  • He restoreth my soul he leadeth me in the paths
    of righteousness for his name's sake.
  • Yea, though I walk through the valley of the
    shadow of death, I will fear no evil for thou
    art with me thy rod and thy staff they comfort
    me.
  • Thou preparest a table before me in the presence
    of mine enemies thou anointest my head with oil
    my cup runneth over.
  • Surely goodness and mercy shall follow me all the
    days of my life and I will dwell in the house of
    the Lord forever.

28
In your group
  • Reread and summarize the plot of each of the
    assigned poems in your packet.
  • Label each as Pastoral/Cavalier/Metaphysical/Petra
    rchan.
  • Using your poetic terms/definitions, HIGHLIGHT
    AND LABEL TWO EXAMPLES OF EACH TERM within the
    assigned poems in your packet.
  • STUDY FOR TOMORROWS QUIZ!

29
In your group
  1. Read your assigned sonnet for understanding.
    Locate its turn.
  2. Practice reading the sonnet aloud and explicating
    it quatrain by quatrain.
  3. You will READ, PRESENT and TEACH this assigned
    sonnet to the class.
  4. Let Mrs. Peters know if you need help. Do not
    teach something that you do not know!

30
Pastoral poetry
  • Poetry that relates to rural, naturalistic life
    and scenes emphasis on the natural, pastoral
    life
  • Many pastoral poems are carpe diem in nature
  • They aim to woo or entice a partner to embrace
    the poets quality of life
  • An invitation to accept ones inherent nature,
    values, skills and talents

31
Cavalier poetry
  • Known as carpe diem, or Seize the moment poetry
  • Characteristics
  • Light, airy tone and subject
  • Highly polished and mannerly
  • Love is depicted as carefree, rather than serious
  • Sprezzatura careless grace effortless style
  • Aimed to woo and TO WARN!

32
Metaphysical poetry
  • Meta transcending beyond
  • Physical the real and tangible realm
  • Characteristics
  • Deals with deep subjects like love, death,
    faith in God
  • Conversational style, but formal structure
  • Intense meditations
  • Rich in imagery and metaphysical conceits, or
    metaphors

33
On the reverse side of your card
  • Compare/contrast the distinct purpose between a
    Cavalier and a Pastoral poem.

34
To His Coy (shy) Mistress
  • If we only had enough time
  • Then his coyness lady, would be fine.
  • My strong love should grow
  • Bigger than buildings, and more slow

35
To His Coy (shy) Mistress
  • _____________________________,
  • Then his coyness lady, __________.
  • My ___________ love should grow
  • _______ than _________, and more slow

36
The Elizabethan Age of Poetry
  • English Renaissance
  • 1485 - 1660

37
First part of todays lesson
  • Find your assigned partner.
  • Retrieve chapter on the European Renaissance from
    Ms. Peters.
  • Read the chapter and complete the coordinating
    notes in packet.
  • Present information for review.
  • The sooner you finish, the quicker we can get to
    this weeks film.

38
Art in the Renaissance
  • The Sistine Chapel

. . . human beings are noble and capable of
perfection . . .
39
Humanism The Age of Scholarship
  • Milton, in his essay Of Education
  • The aim of humanism was not to produce scholars
    but to fit students to perform justly,
    skillfully all the duties, public and private,
    of peace and war.

40
The Proliferation of the University
  • KNOWLEDGE IS POWER! (Francis Bacon)

41
Printing Press
  • With new creation of moveable type and printing
    presses, books could now become
  • available for mass productionand consumption.
    As a result, the English become more
    knowledgeable, more educated, and more powerful.

42
Factors which led to the development of the
Protestant Reformation
  • Public resentment with the Catholic church
    regarding mandatory tithes and corruption in
    leadership
  • King Henry the VIIIth in need of a male heir
  • He is in love with Anne Boleyn and wants a
    divorce from current wife Catharine of Aragon
  • New religious ideas (Martin Luther)

43
King Henry VIII
  • Second heir to the House of Tudor, after his
    deceased older brother Arthur
  • He is more popularly known for his role in the
    separation of the Church of England from the
    Roman Catholic Church. Henry's struggles with
    Rome ultimately led to the separation of the
    Church of England from papal authority, the
    dissolution of monasteries, and establishing
    himself as the Supreme Head of the Church of
    England
  • His struggle for a male heir led him to marry six
    wives

44
Catherine of Aragon (Wife onedivorced for
several reasons)
Mother of Mary I
45
Anne Boelyn(wife twobeheaded for treason and
heresy)
Mother of Elizabeth I
46
Jane Seymour(wife three my one true wifeshe
dies)
Mother of Edward VI
47
Anne of Cleves(wife fourdivorced for one major
reason!)
48
Catherine Howard(wife fivebeheaded for
adultery/treason!)
49
Catherine Parr(wife sixsurvives Henry)
50
After The Death of King Henry the 8th
  • His daughter, Mary, born of Catharine of Aragon
    and a fervent Catholic, becomes queen and
    reinstates the Catholic church in England
  • She acquires the name Bloody Mary because she
    has hundreds of Protestant heretics burned at
    the stake

51
Mary dies Princess Elizabeth becomes queen!
Good Queen Bess!
  • She reinstates the Protestant church as the
    National Church of England (and becomes
    excommunicated from the Catholic Church)
  • She resurges the Royal Navy which defeats the
    Spanish Armadas effort to reclaim England as
    Catholic
  • She encourages national writers, musicians,
    artists and architects to create new works which
    depict the humanist view of the Renaissance
  • She reigns for over forty years, thwarting enemy
    attempts to marry her off and to assassinate her

52
Threats to Elizabeths Throne
  • Mary, Queen of Scots (Elizabeths cousin)
  • Mary, a devout Catholic, denounces Elizabeths
    legitimacy as queen (since Elizabeth is
    Protestant)
  • Death threats plague Elizabeths reign Mary is
    beheaded for treason
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