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King Lear

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Unit 2 King Lear 2011-11-22 Unit 2 King Lear 2011-11-22 1 I have decided to retire and hand over the heavy load of responsibility to you three. 2 I have divided the ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: King Lear


1
Unit 2
  • King Lear
  • 2011-11-22

2
Unit 2 KING LEAR
3
Warming Up
4
Love Test
1. Do you love your father? Yes.
No. 2. How much do you love him? A. Very much
B. So-so C. Very little
D. Not at all
5
3. Which of the following best describes
your feeling towards your father? A. I love
him more than my life. B. I love him as much
as I love my eyes. C. I love him as much as I
should, no more and no less. D. I
don't know how much I love him. I have
never thought about the question.
6
Questions discussed
1 Is it important to show love and respect for
your parents? Why?
Yes. There is no doubt about it, because we have
been brought up with love and care by our
parents. We must show love and respect for them
in return.
7
2 How do you show love and respect for them?
Can you give a good example?
saying love to parents sharing the housework
studying hard preparing presents on
parents birthdays, etc.
8
3 If you were married, would you love your
parents less than you do now? 4 If parents
believe their child has been disrespectful,
what should they do about it?
9
Questions discussed about ancient China
10
1. What was the traditional attitude towards
the emperor? Who succeeded him when the
emperor died?
Absolutely respectful and obedient to the
emperor. His first-born son would normally
succeed him.
11
2. What did the emperor do to keep his
servants loyal to him? What happened to the
servants who were not loyal?
Severe laws, rules and traditional education made
his servants loyal to him. They would be killed
or get severe punishments for their betrayal or
disrespect.
12
3. Who decided who the emperor's children would
marry? For what reasons were marriages arranged?
The emperor himself and his court officials. The
emperor's children, especially the princesses,
didn't have a say in their marriages. Their
marriages were arranged for various political
reasons.
13
Comprehending
I. Read the play carefully and get answers
to the questions.
1. Why does King Lear want to give away his
kingdom?
Because Lear is old and tired and wants to retire.
14
2. How is he going to decide who to give the best
part of his kingdom to?
He is going to ask his three daughters to tell
him how much they love him and divide up the
kingdom according to their answers.
15
3. At the beginning of the play, of which
daughter is King Lear most fond?
Cordelia.
4. Which daughters are already married and
which is not?
Regan and Goneril are married and Cordelia is not.
16
5. What are the names of the men who want to
marry King Lear's youngest daughter?
The Duke of Burgundy and the King of France.
17
6. Who tries to defend Cordelia? What happens to
him when he speaks out?
Kent tries to defend Cordelia but Lear sends him
away from the kingdom (He banishes him).
18
Read the play again, and complete the following
main points.
MAIN POINTS King Lear gave away his land to his daughters according to how much they ______ him.
1. King Lear wants to ______ and decides to ______ his land to three daughters.
loved
retire
give
19
2. He wants to know ____ ______ they love him.
3. Goneril and Regan make the king _________ by saying they love him very much. They ______ the land.
how much
happy
get
20
4. Cordelia makes the king angry by being _________ and not _________ him. She gets ________.
5. Kent, the servant, makes the king _______ by defending Cordelia and begging the king to listen to the _______.
honest
flattering
nothing
angry
truth
21
Choose the following words to complete the table
below.
honest loyal hot-headed truthful
deceitful hard-hearted respectful corrupt
greedy innocent foolish cunning
bad-tempered loving
22
Note deceitful ???,???? corrupt
???,??? cunning ???,???
23
Characters Relationship to King Lear Words to describe personality
King Lear
Goneril
Regan
hot-headed, hard-hearted, foolish, bad-tempered
deceitful, corrupt, greedy, cunning
daughter
deceitful, corrupt, greedy, cunning
daughter
24
Cordelia
Duke of Albany
Duke of Cornwall
Duke of Kent
honest, truthful, loving, innocent
daughter
son-in-law
(not known yet)
son-in-law
(not known yet)
loyal respectful, honest, truthful
friend
25
Language points
26
1. The burden of government sits heavily on my
shoulders.
burden n. ??, ?? v. ???, ??, ??
Dont burden yourself with unnecessary problems. 
???????????
27
2. I have decided to retire and hand over the
heavy load of responsibility to you three.
hand over ??, ??
28
Having lied that I still had the money, I was in
rather a corner when they asked me to hand it
over. ?????????, ?????????, ????? ??????????????
The case was handed over to Charles for
investigation.
29
3. responsibility n. ??
Its my responsibility to lock the doors.  Ill
bear full responsibility for the consequences. 
30
4. See, here is a map of my kingdom with all
the boundaries drawn on it.
boundary n. ???, ??
They marked the boundaries of the football
fields.  ?????????????
31
5. I have divided the kingdom into three parts,
and allocated one part to each of you.
allocate v. ??, ??
32
Id like to suggest that the money be equally
allocated between these two areas.
?????????????????? That space has already been
allocated for building a new hospital.
??????????????????
33
6. I love you more than all the riches in the
world, more than my freedom, more even than my
own eyesight. In fact, I love you more than life
itself. ?????????????,???????,??????????????,?????
???????
34
????????,????????I love you more than I love all
the riches in the world, more than I love my
freedom, more even than I love my own eyesight.
In fact, I love you more than I love life itself.
35
?????????????,??????more than,????????????????,???
I love you????
36
  • rich????,???????richness??riches???,??????????
    ,????????
  • Riches have wings.
  • ??????
  • 2. Content is better than riches. 
  • ????????

37
7. I adore you more than anything else in the
whole world.
adore v. ??,??,??(love intensely )
The boys adore their mothers.  ??????????? He
adores his wife and children.  ??????
38
8. I pray you, speak.
pray v. ??, ??, ??, ??
They went to the mosque to pray. 
?????????? They prayed that their enemies might
be defeated.  ????????????
39
9. Try harder, Cordelia, or you may lose your
share of the kingdom. ??? or
...???????,???,?? ?????????????? and
...,???,?????????????if????????????
40
Take care of what you say, or you may regret
it. If you dont take care of what you say, you
may regret it. Do that again and Ill call
the police. If you do that again, Ill call the
police. ?or?and??? 1. Hurry up, ___ youll be
late for school. 2. Work hard, ___ youll
succeed.
or
and
41
10. My dear father, you brought me into this
world, you cared for me and loved me.
care for??????? He likes pop he doesnt
care for classical music.
42
Who will care for the house while the family is
away? He doesnt care for what he eats.
43
care for, look after, take care of
???????????????look after?take care
of,???????,??????????care for,?care
for?????????? You can borrow my camera if you
promise to take care of / look after
it. ????????????????????? I dont really care for
spicy food.
44
??????????? 1. She moved back home to care for
her elderly parents.
?????,?????????
2. He doesnt care for fish, but he is fond of
chicken.
??????,????????
45
11. Goneril, Regan, I shall distribute my kingdom
between the two of you.
distribute v. ??, ??
Mother distributed candy among children. 
??????????
46
12. Do not contradict me. It is done.
??????????????
contradict v. ??, ??, ??
The two statements contradict each other. 
?????????
47
The report contradicts what we heard yesterday. 
???????????????? That is true, and dont you
dare contradict (me).  ????, ???(??)???
48
13. But sir, please hear me out. I speak on
behalf of Cordelia. ??,??,?????????????
??????
hear sb out??????? Dont interrupt, just hear me
out.
49
14. on behalf of?????????I am writing this
letter on behalf of my mother, who wants to thank
you for your nice gift. ??????????,???????????? T
hey are collecting money on behalf of charity.
50
15. Cordelias devotion to Your Majesty is beyond
question. ??????????????????
beyond question( without question/out of
question cannot be doubted)?????,??????
51
His honesty is beyond question. ??????????? ??out
of the question???(?????)
52
16. I have to speak out, my Lord.
speak out vt. ???(???????)
The teacher asked her to speak out.  He had many
secrets, but couldnt speak out.
53
???????????????? The newspapers are afraid to
speak out against the government.  Just speak
out.  ??????
54
17. You do wrong to cause friction between
yourself and your daughter.
friction n. ??
Friction against the rock, combined with the
weight of the climber, caused his rope to break.
????????????????, ??????
55
My daughter and son always have frictions. 
Friction between two sticks can create a fire.
There is a great deal of friction between the
management and the work force.  ?????????????
56
18. I forecast that such actions will cause great
conflict throughout your kingdom.
forecast ??,??
According to the weather forecast it will rain
tomorrow. 
57
They tried to forecast the result of the football
match. 
??????????? The weather
forecast says it will be sunny tomorrow. 
58
19. How dare you oppose me. Get out of my
sight.
oppose v. ??,?...??, ??
They opposed the governments new policies.
??????????? Dont oppose your will against
mine.  ???????????????
59
Learning about language(P15)
1. Complete the following sentences with the
correct form of phrasal verbs from the play.
1. Before I travelled abroad I ______ ___
all my furniture and put it in storage.
packed up
60
2. He _____ _____ at the meeting to tell them he
did not like their decision. 3. She _____ ___ her
sisters children as well as her own. 4. Dont
say no until you have _____ me _____.
spoke out
cared for
61
5. They wont _____ ____ the keys until we pay
the rent. 6. He _____ _____ all his money and
went to live alone on an island.
hand over
gave away
62
2. Complete the following sentences with compound
adjectives from the unit so far.
1. I am always _____________ in the morning
until Ive had my coffee. 2. He wont help you,
hes too ____________.
bad-tempered
hard-hearted
63
3. The _____-_______ boy ran into the road and
pushed the child out of the way of a speeding
car. 4. The _____-_____ son was the tallest of
the brothers. 5. Youre so ___-______, you never
stop to think before you act.
warm-hearted
third-born
hot headed
64
More compound adjectives to learn
warm-blooded cold-blooded warm-hearted
man-made mid-field??? mouth-to-mouth
face-to-face eight-year-old one-way part-time
post-impressionist???? simple-minded
absent-minded middle-aged so-called so-so
sun-blind
65
well-done well-behaved well-bred????
well-chosen??? well-fed????? well-informed?????
well-known well-made????,?????
well-off???,??? well-paid well-written
good-looking worn-out???, ...
66
Avoid repetition with similar meaning
1 I have decided to retire and hand over the
heavy load of responsibility to you three. 2 I
have divided the kingdom into three parts, and
will allocate one part to each of you.
burden
distribute
67
3 I beg you, speak. 4 Here is a map of my kingdom
with all the boundaries drawn on it. 5 I forecast
that such actions will cause great conflict
throughout your kingdom.
pray
frontiers
friction
68
Exercises
69
I.???????????????????(???????????)?
suffer from, hand over, dream of, hear ... out,
inspire ... to, waste time on, lie ahead of, die
down, persevere in ..., give away, be fond of,
block out
1. I tried my best not to think about the tests
that ____________ me. 2. The unnecessary noises
can be _____ ____ by using this kind of earphones.
lay ahead of
blocked
out
70
suffer from, hand over, dream of, hear ... out,
inspire ... to, waste time on, lie ahead of, die
down, persevere in ..., give away, be fond of,
block out
3. Last night, she __________________ a handsome
young prince coming to rescue her from her
suffering. 4. It is reported that more than half
of Chinese cities are ______________ air
pollution.
dreamed / dreamt of
suffering from
71
suffer from, hand over, dream of, hear ... out,
inspire ... to, waste time on, lie ahead of, die
down, persevere in ..., give away, be fond of,
block out
5. Dont judge me before I have finished what I
have to say _____ me ___. 6. The Lake District
scenery _______ the famous poet Wordsworth
___ write his greatest poetry.
out
hear
inspired
to
72
suffer from, hand over, dream of, hear ... out,
inspire ... to, waste time on, lie ahead of, die
down, persevere in ..., give away, be fond of,
block out
7. Teachers and parents always tell us not to
____________ computer games. 8. Despite the
failure of his early experiments, he
_______________ going on with his research.
waste time on
persevered in
73
suffer from, hand over, dream of, hear ... out,
inspire ... to, waste time on, lie ahead of, die
down, persevere in ..., give away, be fond of,
block out
9. She would rather __________ all her modern
possessions and return to nature. 10. He resigned
and __________ his business to one of his younger
colleagues.
give away
handed over
74
II. ??????????????? 1. He treated his friends
________ (freeze) for some time, which made them
puzzled. 2. They stood there ________ (mourn) the
death of their chief. 3. The letter was ______
(delay) three days by the heavy snow. 4. He
regretted having been so ____________ (respect)
to his mother and decided to apologize to her.
freezingly
mourning
delayed
disrespectful
75
5. He was so hungry that he began to eat the food
_______ (greed) as soon as he sat at the
table. 6. The company has improved the efficiency
and ________ (short) working hours. 7. That cat
________ (scratch) me with its claws when I
played with it. 8. Every thing should be
_________ (confirm) before it is accepted as
true.
greedily
shortened
scratched
confirmed
76
  • ???????????????
  • ??????????????????????????(admirable)
  • 2. ??????????????????????(punishment severe)

The firefighters showed admirable courage when
they tried to put out the big fire in the
chemistry factory.
Dont you think these punishments are too severe
for children?
77
3. ????????????????(advocate ban) 4.
??????????????????(have faith in)
The government advocates banning motorcycles in
the city centre.
Im sure shell pass the test. I have great faith
in her.
78
5. ???????????????????(vital) 6.
????,???????????????(caution)
Your support is vital to the success of my plan.
After the heavy snow, every driver drove with
great caution.
79
7. ?????????????????(????) 8.
?????????????????(??????)
This is the reason why I join the expedition to
Antarctica.
I havent got enough opportunity to practise my
oral English.
80
9. ????????????(demand) 10. ?????????????(scold)
I demand that a doctor should be sent for at once.
He was scolded again for being lazy.
81
11. ????,???????????(make a name) 12.
??????????????,????????????????(whichever)
In order to make a name, he doesnt care what he
will have to devote.
The ties are good both in quality and style, so
whichever you choose will match your husband.
82
???? I
1. Would you rather watch TV or go for a walk?
_____ the TV programme is good this
afternoon, I think I need the exercise more.
A. Even though B. No matter C. No matter
how D. Whether
83
2. It was _____ everyone went to the beach.
A. so hot a weather that B. such hot weather
that C. a hot enough weather so that
D. a very hot weather so that 3. _____ he will
not accept the offer, I have to find somebody
else. A. Until B. Though C. As soon
as D. Seeing that
84
4. We must improve the farming methods _____ we
may produce more crops. A. therefore B. as
C. in order that D. if 5. We left the
manager a note _____ he wanted to know where we
were. A. in order to B. unless C. so
that D. in case
85
6. _____, work songs often exhibit the culture of
a people. A. Occurring where B. They
occur where they are C. Where they occur
D. Where do they occur
86
II. ??????????????? 1. Seeing the snake, Fang Mei
stood still, ______________ (?????). 2. The
meeting lasted _________ yesterday (????). 3.
________________________ (?????????), she is
always cheerful. 4. Unless you keep trying,
________________ (???????).
unable to speak
two hours
Whether (she is) sick or well
you wont succeed
87
No matter how many times she has read
5. ____________________________________
_______ (??????????), she still cant understand
it completely. 6. ______________________
(???????), he will never break it. 7. You may use
my bike ___________________________________
(????????). 8. Ms. Green hasnt been well
_____________ ________ (??).
the text
Once he makes a promise
as / so long as you
return it before Friday
lately / recently
/ of late
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